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Rotation insures mediocrity and inexperience,
intelligibility and consequent value, 254.
Constitution for us, 230.
qualities demanding reverence, 201 - a good
238, 239 — expects his boots, 245.
talker by signs, ib. - a successful fisherman
worst pitfall, 243.
fered to, 217.
verse, 183 – a native of Jaalam, ib. - not
has six or more ribs broken, ib. --a rib of
- his account with glory, ib. — a selfish mo-
quent resolution, 217.
pected in, 222 – gets into an enchanted castle,
opinion of Paddies, 284 — of Johnson, ib.
overrated by a saint (but see Lord Boling-
of Rev. Mr. Wilbur, 211 — quoted, 266, 267.
Sermons, some pitched too high, 240.
225 --- of subscriptions, 225, 226 – too high-
Speech-making, an abuse of gift of speech, 196.
in it, 264.
Split-Foot, Old, made to squirm, 228.
Statesman, a genuine, defined, 258.
accomplishments, 227 — has tantrums, ib. Stone Spike, the, 234.
Sumter, shame of, 237.
Swearing commended as a figure of speech, 184,
Swett, Jethro C., his fall, 277.
Swift, Dean, threadbare saying of, 190.
Tag, elevated to the Cardinalate, 187.
Taney, C. J., 247, 256.
Tarandfeather, Rev. Mr., 245.
Taxes, direct, advantages of, 211.
Taylor, General, greased by Mr. Choate, 214.
Taylor zeal, its origin, 214.
Teapots, how made dangerous, 267.
erty, 196 — also keystone, 198 — last crumb Devil, 203.
Theocritus, the inventor of idyllic poetry, 229.
Theory, defined, 256.
They 'll say" a notable bully, 236.
Thirty-nine articles might be made serviceable,
Thoughts, live ones characterized, 275.
Thumb, General Thomas, a valuable member
Thunder, supposed in easy circumstances, 207.
tory organs hypothetically attributed to, ib. note - a scene-shifter, 202.
sensible thing, 242.
Toms, Peeping, 203,
Toombs, a doleful sound from, 253.
Trowbridge, William, mariner, adventure of,
Truth and falsehood start from same point, 188
to a river, 192 — of fiction sometimes truer Water, Taunton, proverbially weak, 215.
Webster, his unabridged quarto, its deleterious-
Mr. Sawin, 214.
Westcott, Mr., his horror, 199.
Whig party has a large throat, 190 — but query
as to swallowing spurs, 214.
Wickliffe, Robert, consequences of his burst-
Wilbur, Mrs. Dorcas (Pilcox), an invariable
money, 211 (for full particulars of, see Homer his instructions to his flock, 183 – a propo
sition of his for Protestant bomb-shells, 187 —
his elbow nudged, ib. his notions of satire,
parent approval by Mr. Biglow, 189- geo
graphical speculations of, ib. - - a justice of
the peace, ib. -- a letter of, ib. - a Latin pun
ib. - does not seek notoriety (whatever some
malignants may affirm), ib. -- fits youths for
with England, ib. - a shrewd observation of,
192 - some curious speculations of, 196, 197 —
pulpit, 200, 206 — extracts from sermon of,
200, 201, 202 — interested in John Smith, 203
- his views concerning present state of let-
hundred and fourth interpretation of Beast in
Apocalypse, ib. - christens Hon. B. Sawin,
proposed by, 210 - curious and instructive
adventure of, 211 his account with an un-
natural uncle, ib. — his uncomfortable imagi-
nation, ib. - speculations concerning Cincin-
mind, 217 -- goes to work on sermon (not
without fear that his readers will dub him
with a reproachful epithet like that with
which Isaac Allerton, a Mayflower man, re-
sanguineus noster, 231 -- but had not, appar- calling him in his will, and thus holding him
sole authorship of Mr. Biglow's writings, 221
- his low opinion of prepensive autographs,
- a chaplain in 1812, 222 - cites a hea-
then comedian, ib. — his fondness for the
course, 223 — is prevented from narrating a
singular occurrence, ib. — is presented with a
pair of new spectacles, 228 – his church ser
vices indecorously sketched by Mr. Sawin,
coats, 193 — mentioned, 197 — grand jury of, 248 - a fable by, ib. - deciphers Runic in-
scription, 253–255 — his method therein, 254
bacco, 255 — his opinion of the Puritans, 260
his death, 265 - born in Pigsgusset, ib. - let-
Page 137. But there comes Miranda, Zeus ! where shall I flee to ?
(If it be not too late, strike out these four verses in “ Miranda :
There is one thing she owns in her own private right,
Lowell to C. F. Briggs, October 4, 1848.]
ter of Rev. Mr. Hitchcock concerning, 265, 266 -- fond of Milton's Christmas hymn, 266 - his monument (proposed), ib. his epitaph, ib. — his last letter, 266, 267 — his supposed disembodied spirit, 269 - table belonging to, ib. - sometimes wrote Latin verses, ið, - his table-talk, 272-275 — his prejudices, 273 – against Baptists, ib. — his sweet nature, 277
his views of style, 278 — a story his, ib. Wildbore, a vernacular one, how to escape, 197. Wilkes, Captain, borrows rashly, 234. Wind, the, a good Samaritan, 206. Wingfield, his "Memorial," 241. Wooden leg, remarkable for sobriety, 207 —
never eats pudding, ib. Woods, the. "See Belmont. Works, covenants of, condemned, 242. World, this, its unhappy temper, 223. Wright, Colonel, providentially rescued, 185. Writing, dangerous to reputation, 222, Wrong, abstract, safe to oppose, 194. Yankees, their worst wooden nutmegs, 253. Zack, Old, 213.
THE BIGLOW PAPERS I am indebted to Mr. Frank Beverly Williams for these illustrative notes.
IV. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS
Page 111. On any pot that ever drew tea.
When Mr. Garrison visited Edinburgh in 1846, a handsome silver tea-set was presented to him by his friends in that city. On the arrival of this gift at the Boston custom-house, it was charged with an enormous entrance duty, which would have been remitted if the articles had ever been used. It was supposed that if the owner had not been the leader of the unpopular abolitionists, this heavy impost would not have been laid on a friendly British tribute to an eminent American.
Page 111. There jokes our Edmund,
On the occasion of the murder of Rev. Elijah P. Lovejoy, editor of an anti-slavery newspaper at Alton, Illinois, an indignation meeting was held in Boston, at which Mr. Austin, AttorneyGeneral of Massachusetts, made a violent proslavery speech, which called forth a crushing reply from Wendell Phillips, who thenceforth became a main pillar of abolitionism.
Page 112. Smiles the reviled and pelted Stephen.
Stephen S. Foster.
Page 131. There is Bryant, as quiet, as cool, and as dignified.
[I am quite sensible now that I did not do Mr. Bryant justice in the “Fable.” But there was no personal feeling in what I said — though I have regretted what I did say because it might seem personal. I am now asked to write a review of his poems for the North American. If I do, I shall to do him justice. Letters I. 221.]
This series of the Biglow Papers relates to the Mexican War. It expresses the sentiment of New England, and particularly of Massachusetts, on that conflict, which in its aim and conduct had little of honor for the American Republic. The war was begun and prosecuted in the interest of Southern slaveholders. It was essential to the vitality of slavery that fresh fields should constantly be opened to it. Agriculture was almost the sole industry in which slaves could be profitably employed. That their labor should be wasteful and careless to preserve the productive powers of the soil was inevitable. New land was ever in demand, and the history of slavery in the United States is one long series of struggles for more territory. It was with this end in view that a colony of roving, adventurous Americans, settled in the thinly populated and poorly gov. erned region now known as Texas, revolted from the Mexican government and secured admission to the Union, thus bringing on the war with Mexico. The Northern Whigs had protested against annexation, but after the war began their resistance grew more and more feeble. In the vain effort to retain their large Southern constituent, they sacrificed justice to expediency and avoided an issue that would not be put down. The story of the Mexican War is the story of the gradual decline of the great Whig party, and of the growth of that organization, successively known as the Liberty, FreeSoil, and Republican party, whose policy was the exclusion of slavery from all new territory. One more victory was granted to the Whigs in 1848. After that their strength failed rapidly. Northern sentiment was being roused to a sense of righteous indignation by Southern aggressions and the fervid exhortations of Garrison and his co-workers in the anti-slavery cause. Few, however, followed
Garrison into disloyalty to the Constitution. The greater number preferred to stay in the Union and use such lawful political means as were available for the restriction of slavery. Their wisdom was demonstrated by the election of Abraham Lincoln twelve years after the Mexican War closed.
Page 181. A cruetin Sarjunt.
The act of May 13, 1846, authorized President Polk to employ the militia, and call out 50,000 volunteers, if necessary. He immediately called
for the full number of volunteers, asking Massa- advocated secession. There were several other chusetts for 777 men. On May 26 Governor instances of an expression of this sentiment, but Briggs issued a proclamation for the enrol- for the most part they were not evoked by ment of the regiment. As the President's call opposition to slavery. was merely a request and not an order, many Page 184. Hoorawin' in ole Funnel. Whigs and the Abolitionists were for refusing The Massachusetts regiment, though called it. The Liberator for June 5 severely censured for May 13, 1846, was not mustered into the the governor for complying, and accused him of United States' service till late in January of not carrying out the resolutions of the last Whig the next year. The officers, elected January 5, Convention, which had pledged the party to 1847, were as follows: Caleb Cushing, of Newpresent as firm a front of opposition to the buryport, Colonel ; Isaac H. Wright, of Roxinstitution as was consistent with their alle- bury, Lieutenant-Colonel; Edward W. Abbott, giance to the Constitution."
of Andover, Major. Shortly before the troops Page 182. Massachusetts . . . she's akneelin' embarked for the South, on the evening of with the rest.
Saturday, January 23, 1847, a public meeting An allusion to the governor's call for troops was held in Faneuil Hall, where an elegant (cf. note to p. 181) as well as to the vote on the sword was presented to Mr. Wright by John War Bill. On May 11, 1846, the President sent A. Bolles, on behalf of the subscribers. Mr. to the House of Representatives his well-known Bolles' speech on this occasion is the one remessage declaring the existence of war brought ferred to. on" by the act of Mexico," and asking for a Page 184. Mister Bolles. supply of $10,000,000. Of the seven members Mr. John Augustus
Bolles was the author of from Massachusetts, all Whigs, two, Robert a prize essay on a Congress of Nations, pubC. Winthrop, of Boston, and Amos Abbott, lished by the American Peace Society, an essay of Andover, voted for the bill. The Whigs on Usury and Usury Laws, and of various throughout the country, remembering the fate articles in the North American Review and of the party which had opposed the last war other periodicals. He was also the first editor with England, sanctioned the measure as neces- of the Boston Journal. In 1843 he was Secresary for the preservation of the army, then in tary of State for Massachusetts. peril by the unauthorized acts of the President. Page 185. Rantoul. Page 182,
Mr. Robert Rantoul (1805–1852), a prominent Ha'n't they sold your colored seamen? lawyer and a most accomplished gentleman, Ha’n't they made your env’ys w'iz?
was at this time United States District Attor South Carolina, Louisiana, and several other ney for Massachusetts. In 1851 he succeeded Southern States at an early date passed acts Webster in the Senate, but remained there a to prevent free persons of color from entering short time only. He was a Representative in their jurisdictions. These acts bore with par- Congress from 1851 till his death. Although a ticular severity upon colored seamen, who were Democrat, Mr. Rantoul was strongly opposed imprisoned, fined, or whipped, and often sold to slavery. into slavery. On the petition_of the Massa- Page 185. Achokin' on 'em. chusetts Legislature, Governor Briggs, in 1844, Mr. Rantoul was an earnest advocate of the appointed Mr. Samuel Hoar agent to Charles- abolition of capital punishment. Public attenton, and Mr. George Hubbard to New Orleans, tion had recently been called to his views by to act on behalf of oppressed colored citizens of some letters to Governor Briggs on the subject, the Bay State. Mr. Hoar was expelled from written in February, 1846. South Carolina by order of the Legislature of Page 186. Caleb. that State, and Mr. Hubbard was forced by Caleb Cushing, of Newburyport, Colonel of threats of violence to leave Louisiana. The the Massachusetts Regiment of Volunteers. obnoxious acts remained in force until after the Page 188. Guvener B. Civil War.
George Nixon Briggs was the Whig Governor Page 183. Go to work an' part.
of Massachusetts from 1844 to 1851. The eamPropositions to secede were not uncommon in paign referred to here is that of 1847. GoverNew England at this time. The rights of the nor Briggs was renominated by acclamation States had been strongly asserted on the acqui- and supported by his party with great enthusition of Louisiana in 1803, and on the admis- siasm. His opponent was Caleb Cushing, then sion of the State of that name in 1812. Among in Mexico, and raised by President Polk to the the resolutions of the Massachusetts Legislature rank of Brigadier-General. Cushing was deadopted in 1845, relative to the proposed annex- feated by a majority of 14,060. ation of Texas, was one declaring that such Page 188. John P. Robinson. an act of admission would have no binding
John Paul Robinson (1799-1864) was a resiforce whatever on the people of Massachusetts. dent of Lowell, a lawyer of considerable ability.
John Quincy Adams, in a discourse before and a thorough classical scholar. the New York Historical Society, in 1839, sented Lowell in the State Legislature in 1820, claimed a right for the States “to part in 1830, 1831, 1833, and 1842, and was Senator friendship with each other when the fra- from Middlesex' in 1836. Late in the guber ternal spirit shall give way, etc. The Garri- natorial contest of 1847 it was rumored that sonian wing of the Abolitionists notoriously Robinson, heretofore a zealous Whig, and a