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VOL. XIV

No. 9

PUBLISHED Monthly BY THE NATIONAL FOUNDERS' AssociATION AND NATIONAL METAL TRADES ASSOCIATION IN THE INTERESTS

OF THEIR WORKMEN

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THE REVIEW, which is published by The National Founders' Association and the National Metal Trades Association, desires to have all foundry and machine shop employees fully acquainted with the policies and purposes of the two Associations.

Employees of members of the Associations who wish to receive the magazine regularly are invited to send their names and addresses to

THE REVIEW
Room 842, 29 South La Salle St.

CHICAGO

· with the understanding that they incur no expense or obligation.

New applicants should state the name of employer and whether they are employed in foundry or machine shop.

THE Class CONFLICT AND THEWAR

“Class consciousness, that homage to some group, must melt away in allegiance to the state; class antagonism, the bitter pitting of one group against another, must yield to the necessity of supporting a common and greater cause.”

Walter Gordon Merritt in
The Unpopular Review

CHICAGO

SEPTEMBER, 1917

The I. W. W. and the A. F. of L. Charge made in some of the Western States that the two

organizations are working hand in hand.

Because of a threat by the I. W. W. to call out some 50,000 workers in the agricultural and construction industries of Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana, on August 20th, the Federal authorities took a hand and arrested James W. Rowan, Secretary of the Northwestern Branch and 27 other I. W. W. leaders. This, for the time being, seems to have put a quietus on the movement, although Rowan says the arrests will only increase the determination of the I. W. W. members and “the harvests now in progress in the fields and orchards of the country will be brought to a standstill.” He claims a membership in the Northwest of 100,000 of which 40,000 are now on strike in the lumber industry.

A staff correspondent to the New York Tribune gives an interesting account of the I. W. W. methods. “Gangs of from two to five terrorists approach field laborers” he states, “and their leader says:”.

Do you fellows own this place?
No.
What are you doing here?
Working for wages.

Now, you guys, listen. If we find you working here tomorrow we promise you that you won't work again for six months.

“This vague threat was sufficient in this vicinity to scare 90 per cent of the laborers from their work. It caused farming operations to be suspended and shut down sawmills and packing plants. Employers were threatened with fire and violence.

“The answer to it was the arrival of about a hundred soldiers of the Federalized National Guard, under the command of Captain Kelly, formerly a Portland policeman. These men were divided into three commands and placed at central points. They promptly proceeded to arrest all the mischief-makers they could find. One hundred and fifty were rounded up and interned. Immediately peace reigned and industry revived.

“Treason!”—Sounds Ominous “The soldiers had little or no difficulty in making arrests. The statute under which they operate makes it in effect treason for two or more persons to resist a soldier in the discharge of his duty. The word treason has a very bad sound in war time. Not very many I. W. W. fanatics are so desirous of a martyr's crown as to take the risk of resisting soldiers under such circumstances.

“Now, the lumbermen say that the strike in the lumber mills and logging camps, which at one time threw 40,000 men out of work, was just as much the result of terrorism as the Yakima and Wenatchee trouble, and they claim that if troops had been provided the trouble would have been over soon. Troops were dispatched to points where violence and rioting were in progress or impending, with excellent results, but they were not used to assure men who wished to work that they would be protected. The employers say that fully 75 per cent of the men employed in the lumber industry did not want to quit. Threats of fire, dynamiting and personal violence intimidated them.

Charge That A. F. of L. Works with I. W. W. "It is charged that I. W. W. members and American Federation agents worked hand in hand, the former being utilized by the latter to throw the industry into such turmoil.that the employers would gladly grasp the life preserver of Federation organization and terms.

“Viewed as a labor trouble without regard to the I. W. W., the present strike is the outcome of the determination of the American Federation of Labor to unionize the Northwestern lumber industry. At its annual meeting in Seattle two or three years ago the Federation appropriated a large sum of

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