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ACCIDENT INQUIRIES.

Boston and Albany. July 29, 1886.- At the highway crossing at Canaan, Lewis Silverman was injured. His horse becoming frightened as a freight train was passing, ran into the train and was killed, and Silverman's arm and leg were broken. Inquiry was made as to whether there were gates or flagman at crossing, and whether the view was unobstructed. The answer was that there were neither gates nor flagman, but an uninterrupted view.

September 22, 1886.- A special engine with the pay car stopped to pay off a gang of section men, at a point about one-fourth of a mile west of the State Line tunnel ; the payment had been completed and the order to go ahead had been given, when suddenly a local freight came around a sharp curve and ran into the pay car. All hands on the pay car jumped, with the exception of George H. Janes, assistant paymaster, who did not have time. The shock of the collision opened ihe throttle of engine of pay car, which ran away, until AssistantPaymaster Janes climbed over on to the engine and stopped it, just west of Canaan, after a run of between three and four miles. Janes was thrown down in the car and badly shaken up and head slightly cut. Inquiry developed the fact that the responsibility for this accident rested on the engineer of the freight train, who was running faster than schedule time. The schedule time was fifteen miles an hour, and the running time of the freight twenty miles an hour. The pay car was flagged, the men had been called in and the pay train in the act of starting. The distance which the pay car could be seen around curre was about 260 feet.

Bradford, Eldred and Cuba. May 13, 1886.- A quarter of a mile east of the depot at Little Genesee, á rail broke under the tender of the engine of an express train and the entire train was turned over on its side. Mrs. Jane Knapp was cut in the head and shoulder, and Miss Lou Mayes hurt in back and stomach both passengers. In answer to inquiry, the president replied that the broken rail was a thirty-pound Trail, and had been on the track ever since the road was built; the ties and track were in good condition. The cause of the breakage was unascertainable.

Buffalo, New York and Philadelphia. October 7, 1885. - William Painter, a tramp, was reported killed, just south of the Erie railway crossing, at Olean, while attempt. ing to cross the tracks in front of engine. In answer to the inquiry as to whether there were gates or flagman at the crossing, the general superintendent replied that Painter was not killed on or near the crossing, but was walking along the side of the track, it trespasser. Just before the engine reached him he attempted to cross to the other side, and falling between the rails, was run over.

December 7, 1885.- One and a quarter miles south of Holland, in a blinding snow storm, a freight train broke into two parts. After the first part had passed a crossing near by, D. Dubois, a farmer, attempted to cross, supposing that the whole train had gone by, but his sleigh was struck by the rear part of the train and broken up. He was bruised. In answer to inquiry, the company replied that the point was a country road, at which there were neither gates nor flagman, and both the highway and railroad were in a cut; trains cannot be seen very far from the track.

June 17, 1886.-- As Michael McCarty stepped between moving cars on a private switch in the Olean yard, to pull out a pin to uncouple cars his foot was caught in a frog and one whcel passed over it. Inquiry brought out the answer that nearly all the frogs on that road as well as switches and guard-rails are blocked to obviate just such accidents, and that the work of blocking all is being prosecuted as fast as possible.

Cooperstown and Susquehanna Valley. November 6, 1885.- A passenger train ran into the rear of a gravel train about half a mile north of Cooperstown Junction, while rounding a curve in a cut. The gravel train which had been working in the cut was moring out, and by reason of sand on the track moved slowly. The engineer of the passenger train tried to stop his engine, but it was down grade and the grarel train was overtaken and struck. Thomas S. Hall, who was on an empty gravel car, which was raised up by the collision, was thrown off and killed.. Charles Sexton and Refenberg were injured by jumping from the train. Inquiry was made first, as to whether the gravel train was running on schedule time; second, if the gravel train was flagged; third, if an investigation had been made by the officers of the company, and if so, who was to blame; and fourth, if a coroner's inquest had been held, and if so, what was the verdict. The answer was that the gravel train was a “wild cat,” in charge of R. D. Briggs, master mechanic and superintendent of track ; that he had an understanding with the engineer of the passenger train to look out for him at that point and for that reason did not flag the train ; this, however, the engineer of the passenger train denied. It was further asserted that Briggs mistakingly thought he had seven minutes more than he had. An inrestigation by the officers of the company resulted in their belief that Briggs was to blame, for knowing the schedule time he should have taken greater precaution. The coroner's verdict was as follows: “That Thomas S. IIall came to his death on the 6th day of November, 1885, in a collision between the freight and passenger and gravel trains on the Cooperatown and Susquehanna Valley railroad, said collision being caused through the culpable negligence and carelessness of the superintendent, Russell D. Briggs, in not cleaning the track in time for the freight and passenger to pass."

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Delaware and Hudson Canal Company. March 26, 1886.- E. Kaapp, a brakeman at Quaker street caught his foot in a frog and it was run over. Inquiry

Inquiry was made as to whether the company had ever considered the advisability of putting blocks between the rails at frogs to prevent these accidents. The superintendent replied that the company, so far as he had knowledge, had never given the matter consideration. He had, however, but had never seen any device which, upon examination, he considered of any practical value.

April 23, 1886.- As passenger train No. 4 was approaching Green Island and at a point near the machine shop it was derailed by a misplaced switch; the engine crashed into some freight cars standing on à side track. F. Bradshaw and H. McGorty, who had either leaped or were thrown from the engine, were seriously injured. Inquiry was made as to whom the company held in fault for the misplaced switch, and whether the switch was interlocked, and if not, if the company deemed such interlocking at that point practicable and expedient. The reply of the company was that the fault lay with Joseph Cushing, the switch tender, whose sole duty it was to attend to this switch, who should have known that the switch was not right, and who had immediately upon the accident left for parts unknown. Further, that an interlocking switch was practicable at this point, and that such with a semaphore signal would be placed there and at other

places. June 2, 1886.- James Murphy, Nap. Chareau and Theodore Blair, were riding in a wood-pedler's wagon, which at Clifton street, Cohoes, was struck by the engine of a passenger train and they were slightly injured. In reply to inquiries, the company said there were neither gates nor a flagman at the point, and that the view was unobstructed, except on one corner where trains moving south cannot be seen by pedestrians moving westward.

June 15, 1886. — William Johnson, brakeman, in drawing a pin when the cars were in motion, at the foot of McCarty avenue, Albany, fell under the trucks of the car and one pair ran over both legs and right arm. He died that day. Inquiry as to whether he was making a flying switch, and whether or not the accident was the result of the brakeman's own carelessness, brought the reply that he was making an ordinary switch and the accident was the result of his own carelessness, in attempting to uncouple two freight cars while in motion.

September 15, 1886.- One mile east of Schoharie Junction, freight train 21 ran into the rear of freight train No. 23. Fireman Charles Beeten of train 21 received' injuries from which he died. The cause was the fast and reckless running on the part of train 21. Inquiry was inade as to the discipline administered to engineer and conductor of 21, and the reply was that both engineer and conductor were discharged.

Delaware, Lackawanna and Western. March 29, 1886.- Elizabeth A. Andrews was struck by an engine while walking across the tracks at the Jarvis street crossing, Binghamton, and killed. · In response to inquiries it was said that there were neither gates nor flagman at the crossing ; that the view from the way the train approached was unobstructed for one mile and that the bell was rung aud the whistle blown.

June 13, 1886.- At the first crossing east of the Rochester and Pittsburg Junction, Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Hendee were killed, as well as the horse they were driving across the track when struck by the engine. In answer to inquiries the company said there were neither gates nor a flagman at the crossing at the time of accident, and the view was slightly obstructed by some apple trees. The crossing is flagged until six o'clock in the evening.

July 14, 1886.— William D. Storms was found by the crew of No.' 21, on the track with his right leg cut off above the ankle, about one mile east of Corning, and was so intoxicated as to be in sensible. He had been put off from passenger train No. 8 at Corning for being drunk and refusing to pay his passage. By what train he was run orer is unknown. The coroner's verdict, a copy of which was sent for by the Board, recited that Storms came to his death by being run over by a train on the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western, and that the jury considered the conductor of passenger train No. 8 censurable for putting him off the train in the condition in which he was, at a place other than a regular stopping place, and that they would advise the company to have instructions printed for conductors informing them where they are to put people, not having tickets or paying fares, off the train.

September 10, 1886.- Charles Mason was killed at the main crossing in Cassville village. He was driving down a steep hill at a rapid pace and did not see approaching train until close to the track, and then attempted to drive across, and was struck by the engine. The company in response to inquiries said there were neither gates nor a flagman, and that the view of the track was obstructed until a point about sixty feet from the tracks, from whence trains can be seen for a long distance.

Geneva, Ithaca and Sayre. February 2, 1886.- Charles White attempted to cross the track ahead of the train and was struck by the engine, breaking his arm, at the first crossing south of Van Liews. The company replied to inquiries that there were neither a flagman nor gates, and that the view was unobstructed for five hundred feet.

August 13, 1886.- Ada, Nina and Clarence Simpson attempted to drive across the tracks at the Willow Avenue crossing, Ithaca, in front of an approaching train and were struck and severely injured. The company replied to inquiries that there were neither gates nor a flag. man at the crossing, and tbat the view was unobstructed.

Lackawanna and Pittsburgh. February 24, 1886.- At about one-fourth mile east of Mead's station. near Nile, train No. 16 was running about eight miles per hour; the back drivers of the engine left the track, and the engine and tender slipped down the bank sideways, and at the foot of the bank tipped over, the tender striking and instantly killing the fireman, Charles Graham. The general manager reported the track in good condition

and the ties sound. No cause for the engine leaving the rails could be attributed.

Lake Shore and Michigan Southern. April 6, 1886.— In the Buffalo yard, engine No. 163, having just cut loose from a train it had brought in, and on its way to the roundhouse, came into collision with engine 268 on its way to the depot to take a train out. M. Kegan, engineer of No. 163, was badly bruised and internally injuređ. Inquiry elicited the fact that the collision was due to the carelessness of both engineers.

August 13, 1886.- About three-quarters of a mile west of Westfield station William H. Allen, who was walking on the track in the same direction the train was going, was struck and killed. The alarmis were sounded, but he did not seem to hear them until within one hundred feet, when he turned, and seeming to be confused, was struck before he could move off. The reply of the company to inquiries was that the man was a trespasser upon the tracks and was not near a crossing.

September 25, 1886.- At Dunkirk, at the Swan Street crossing, John Donovan, while attempting to cross the tracks in front of a moving engine, was struck and killed. The company replied to an inquiry that there were neither gates nor a flagman at the crossing, but that the view of the crossing was unobstructed for 183 feet.

Long Island, April 7, 1886.- At the Graham Avenue crossing in Brooklyn, a wildcat came into collision with a horse-car crossing Graham avenue. Three passengers and a horse slightly injured. The company in reply to inquiries claimed that the fault lay entirely with the horse-car, and said there were neither gates nor flagman at the crossing, and that the tracks are of a branch rarely operated.

May 19, 1886. — Rapid transit train No. 552 struck Patrick Heaney at Waverly place and Atlantic arenue, Brooklyn, and killed him. He attempted to cross the track directly in front of the engine. In reply to inquiries, the company stated that there was no regular crossing at the point of the accident; that the street was eighty feet from curb to curb; that a fence protected the rails, and that at this point there was at three-foot opening for foot passage, and negligence on the part of the man Heaney alone was the cause of accident.

August 14, 1886.- Train No. 72 was a regular east-bound freight train which, on the morning in question, was run upon the siding and into the yard of the Grosjean factory, at Woodhaven, for the purpose of leaving loaded cars ; the switch from the main track was left open and the rear of the train unprotected. While the switch was open a special bound east upon the main track ran into the siding, causing slight injuries to four and killing Fred H. Hartford, brakeman. answer to inquiries as to what discipline had been exercised, the company replied that Doyle, the conductor of 72, was discharged.

Manhattan Elevated. July 15, 1886.- Samuel Barius, a fireman, while lighting the headlight of his engine, was struck by a signal post, causing severe injuries.

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