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fublimity; he will be allowed, if he has lefs fire, to have more fmoke.

He has added nothing to English poetry, yet at least half his book deferves to be read: perhaps he valued most himself that part, which the critick would reject.

P

WEST.

E S T.

GI

ILBERT WEST is one of the writers of whom I regret my inability to give a fufficient account; the intelligence which my enquiries have obtained is general and scanty.

He was the fon of the reverend Dr. Weft; perhaps him who published Pindar at Oxford about the beginning of this century. His mother was fifter to Sir Richard Temple, afterwards lord Cobham. His father, purpofing to educate him for the Church, fent him first to Eton, and afterwards to Oxford; but he was feduced to a more airy mode of life, by a commiffion in a troop of horse procured him by his uncle.

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He continued fome time in the army; though it is reasonable to suppose that he never funk into a mere foldier, nor ever loft the love or much neglected the pursuit of learn ing; and afterwards, finding himself more inclined to civil employment, he laid down his commiffion, and engaged in business under the lord Townshend, then fecretary of ftate, with whom he attended the king to Hanover.

His adherence to lord Townshend ended in nothing but a nomination (May 1729) to be clerk-extraordinary of the Privy Council, which produced no immediate profit; for it only placed him in a state of expectation and right of fucceffion, and it was very long before a vacancy admitted him to profit.

Soon afterwards he married, and fettled himself in a very pleasant house at Wickham in Kent, where he devoted himfelf to learning, and to piety. Of his learning the late Collection exhibits evidence, which would have been yet fuller if the differtations which accompany his verfion of Pindar had not been

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been improperly omitted. Of his piety the influence has, I hope, been extended far by his Obfervations on the Refurrection, published in 1747, for which the University of Oxford created him a Doctor of Laws by diploma (March 30, 1748) and would doubtless have reached yet further had he lived to complete what he had for fome time meditated, the Evidences of the truth of the New Teftament. Perhaps it may not be without effect to tell, that he read the prayers of the publick liturgy every morning to his family, and that on Sunday evening he called his fervants into the parlour, and read to them first a fermon, and then prayers. Crafhaw is now not the only maker of verfes to whom may be given the two venerable names of Poet and Saint.

He was very often vifited by Lyttelton and Pitt, who, when they were weary of faction and debates, ufed at Wickham to find books and quiet, a decent table, and literary converfation. There is at Wickham a walk made by Pitt; and, what is of far more importance, at Wickham Lyttelton received that

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conviction which produced his Differtation on St. Paul.

These two illuftrious friends had for a while listened to the blandishments of infidelity, and when Weft's book was published, it was bought by fome who did not know his change of opinion, in expectation of new objections against Christianity; and as Infidels do not want malignity, they revenged the disappointment by calling him a methodift.

Mr. Weft's income was not large; and his friends endeavoured, but without fuccefs, to obtain an augmentation. It is reported, that the education of the young prince was offered to him, but that he required a more extenfive power of fuperintendence than it was thought proper to allow him.

In time, however, his revenue was improved; he lived to have one of the lucrative clerkships of the Privy Council (1752), and Mr. Pitt at laft had it in his power to make him treasurer of Chelsea Hospital.

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