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WILLIAM BUTLER YEATS. IN HIS ARTICLE IN THIS ISSUE, PROFESSOR
PHELPS SAYS YEATS “HAS DONE MORE FOR ENGLISH POETRY THAN
I require that they shall all be dis. Hugh Gibson's book, A Journal persed under the hammer of the auc from Our Legation in Belgium, now tioneer, so that the pleasure which in its fifth printing, has been transtheir acquisition has given me shall lated into French and will soon have be given again ... to some in publication by one of the large heritor of my own taste.” A notion Parisian publishing houses. Negothat is contrary to the modern spirit, tiations are also under way for a but, for all that, not without its Spanish translation of this same charm.
Word has just come of the death Foreign Minister Trotzky, of the of Dora Sigerson Shorter, whose name government that prevails in Russia is associated with the
at the moment of goDora S. earlier days of the at The Life of
ing to press, gave the Shorter,
tempt to bring into Leon Trotzky following sketch of Irish Poet English literature
his life in a conversasome of the colour and pictu- , tion with some of his friends a week resqueness
that is found in the or so before leaving New York to Gaelic literature of Ireland. Mrs. return to Russia: Shorter was born in Dublin, the daughter of Dr. George Sigerson,
I was born thirty-eight years ago in a
little Jewish colony in southern Russia, in who is remembered for his Bards of
the government of Kherson. When about the Gael and the Gall, translations fourteen years of age I entered the gyminto the original metres of poems nasium of Chernigov, and like most of the from the Irish. Dora Sigerson's work
impressionable youth of Russia soon beshows greater lyric gift than that of
came interested in the revolutionary move
ments. Here in America school boys seem her father, and, at the same time, a to spend most of their time in sports, basedesire to draw on the folk-lore of ball and football. In Russia, the boysher country. She has, therefore, left and the girls too, for that matter-use their behind her many ballads and lyrics History of Civilization, Marx's Capital,
leisure for reading books like Buckle's which breathe the spirit of Ireland. Kautsky's The Social Revolution, and our To her Collected Poems, published own great classics that throb with the pasin 1907, George Meredith contrib
sion of revolt. Our pastime is chiefly atuted an Introduction, praising the
tending underground Socialist meetings and
spreading the propaganda among working. poet's skill in metrical narrative.
men in the city and peasants in the coun. Mrs. Shorter had a command of try. technique, and that feeling for con I was no exception to the rule. The revo
lutionary cause gripped me early in life and notation essential in a ballad writer;
has never relaxed its hold. There was in. while her sense of the supernat deed a great deal of work to do. When ural enhances the weirdness of her I was little more than twenty years old, ballads.
the Russian Revolution blazed up into a
mighty flame. Most of the young people In the lyric, Mrs. Shorter was like
of Russia with any education were enlisted wise distinguished: her poem, Ire in the fight against the unspeakable Czaristic land, found a well-deserved place system, determined to put an end to the in the Oxford Book of English
wrongs it inflicted upon the long-suffering
Russian people. Verse, as one of the most mov
My university education was interrupted, ing tributes to the poet's native
for I soon plunged deep in the work of land. Her powerful Vagrant Heart propaganda, which left no time for any. is of particular interest to-day,
thing else. I continued, however, to apply when
myself to the study of sociology, political women in England have
economy and history and soon became a won the vote. There will be a convinced Marxian Socialist. When the shadow across many an Irish heart Russian Social Democracy split up into two for the passing of Dora Sigerson
sections on the issue of tactics I did not Shorter.
identify myself with either the Mensheviki or the Bolsheviki, but continued to work
for the general cause, for the overthrow of When I shall rise, and full of many fears, Czarism and the cause of Socialism. Since Set forth upon my last long journey, lone, the division in the Party was not based on And leave behind the circling earth to go fundamentals, but only on a difference of Amongst the countless stars to seek God's opinion as to the method to be applied in throne.
gaining the same ends, I used all my efforts
to effect a reconciliation between the two When in the vapourish blue I wander, lost, wings. However, I leaned strongly to the Let some fair paradise reward my eyes radical side. In other words, I was a Hill after hill, and green and sunny vale, Menshevik of the extreme left, or a nearAs I have known beneath the Irish skies. Bolshevik.
My ability as a speaker and as a writer country in Europe practically was soon drew me into the very centre of So. closed to me, and so I turned my gaze cialist activity. I wrote for the party press, across the Atlantic, and arrived at Ellis composed pamphlets, and carried on per Island at the end of December, 1916. sonal propaganda chiefly among the city Here in New York I lived with my wife populations.
and two children in three rooms in a Bronx Naturally, I did not escape the general tenement, wrote for the Novy Mir, the fate of Russian Revolutionists. I was ar. Russian Socialist daily and spoke at Sorested and imprisoned, and as I did not cialist meetings. I do not expect my stay give up my work for the cause after my here to be very long, however, for a revorelease I became what the Russian author. lution is bound to break out in Russia in ities called an “illegal” person, and had to a short time, and as soon as that happens live under an assumed name. My first I shall hasten to my home country and help jailer was called Trotzky, and the idea oc in the work of Russia's liberation. curred to me to take his name.
My book The Bolsheviki and World When the Revolution broke out in full Peace expresses in full my convictions on force in 1905 I was made president of the the world war. It is the result of wide and first Soldiers' and Workingmen's Council deep study and the programme laid down in Petrograd to succeed the first incumbent there is the only solution that I can see to that position. I remained president un. to the problems that confront humanity. til the defeat of the Revolution, when I was arrested and sent to imprisonment and
This personal account is particuexile in Siberia. From there I succeeded larly interesting in comparison with in making my escape, and went to live in the illuminating estimate of Trotzky, Switzerland.
of him and all his works, published In Switzerland I founded a Socialist paper called Prada (The Truth), which was
elsewhere in this issue. published both in Russian and in German.
also established an international news service for the dissemination of truthful
The late William Frend De Morgan's news of current political and revolutionary last novel, The Old Mad House, apevents in Russia.
pears to have the en. In 1910 I went to Germany, where my revolutionary activity incurred the displeas
DeMorgan's gaging qualities of his ure of the Prussian authorities. I was ar.
Last Novel Alice-for-Short and rested and sentenced to imprisonment, but
Somehow Good and escaped. Three days before the outbreak
it is of a more comfortable length, of the present war found me in Vienna.
though it will be nearly seven hunOn the advice of Dr. Adler, the Austrian Socialist leader, I left Austria-Hungary, and
dred pages when issued this spring. was in Servia when that country was in. There is a triple romance: Fred Carvaded by the Austro-Hungarian troops, and taret's with Nancy (nicknamed “Elwas present at the Servian parliament, the
bows," not because of any physical Kuptchina, when the vote for the first war credits was taken.
singularity, but because of something I returned to Switzerland, and was later “cornery” about her personality); summoned to Paris to edit the Russian So. the love affair of Nancy's sister, cialist paper there. When a Russian divi.
Cintra, and Charles Snaith's rosion of troops mutinied and killed the general, I addressed a severe letter of mance with Lucy, a real beauty. The criticism of the French Government to Jules “De Morganish” haunted house and Guesde, a Socialist member of the cabinet, mysterious disappearance are here. for the savage punishment that was meted
Fred Cartaret's uncle goes to look out to the Russian troops. This so displeased the French Government that I was over a house
once had ordered out of France. I then went back been a private lunatic asylum. The to Switzerland, but Switzerland feared com caretaker leaves him a moment, and plications with the Czaristic government he is never seen again. As in SomeSpain. Spain would not have me either. how Good, there is built up for the I was detained at Barcelona, where I was mystery a sense of something sinister to be deported to Cuba, where I knew no and intriguing, which pervades all one, and where I should have found my; the author's casualness and fidelity Government decided to let me go where I to life. The romance and the char. pleased, provided only I left Spain. Every acters are developed within the aura
Photo by Ira L. Hill's Studio
OF HER BOOK CHARLES
I WISH THAT EVERYONE MIGHT READ THIS LITTLE
of DeMorgan's wise and kindly hu Charles H. Caffin, who has just mour. Before his death, DeMorgan died, though he was perhaps the best brought the manuscript to the final
known art critic in chapter or two, and he left Mrs. De. Charles H. the country, was not Morgan with some notes and a very Caffin an American by birth. clear idea of what he was going to
an Englishdo. From these, Mrs. DeMorgan man, graduate of Oxford in completed the story.
1876, who came
in 1892 to take part in the decorative work of the Chicago World's Fair. Subsequently he made his home in New York, where he was at various times art critic to several prominent newspapers. He was the American editor of The International Studio, and had been a regular lecturer at both the University of Pennsylvania and the Yale School of Fine arts. How to Study Architecture was his last book, published last fall; others of his works are How to Study Pictures, The Story of French Painting, The Story of Dutch Painting, The Story of Spanish Painting.
story writer came early; indeed it was a part of his undergraduate literary output that suggested the volume published in 1895 entitled Princeton Stories—a book which is still in demand. Then came his newspaper experience in New York, and from it a series of newspaper stories, the most notable of which, The Stolen Story, became the title of the vol.
Later it was made into a play with the same title and was produced about two hundred times.
It was shortened into a one-act play later and also served as the vehicle for a full-length novel entitled The Day Dreamer. He wrote other successful stories—My Lost Duchess, 1908; The Girl and the Game, 1908; The Married Life of the Frederick Carrolls, 1910; and then in 1915 he produced a play in book form, And So They Were Married.
Prominent stars and managers
had a chance to read it in print, but at
first they did not see A Brilliant
its possibilities. One Comedy
man, Roi Cooper Me
grue, a successful playwright himself, had years before seen it in manuscript and tried to place it and always believed in it. When the Franklin Sar. gent dramatic students produced it at a matinée last spring, he was there and said it simply had to be put
on professionally. He interested the JESSE LYNCH WILLIAMS, AUTHOR OF THAT Selwyns and the play was produced MOST COMEDY, “WHY
(and renamed “Why Marry?”), with MARRY?”
a cast including Nat Goodwin, Estelle Apropos of Mr. Clayton Hamilton's Winwood, Shelley Hull, Ernest Lawdiscussion in his article in this ford, Beatrice Beckley, Lotus Robb
month's issue of that and Edmund Breese. Everything was "Why
most successful com done beforehand to make it a sucMarry?”
edy, Why Marry?, a cess—and it succeeded—ten weeks Its Author
little information in Chicago and then to New York. about its author, Jesse Lynch Wil. But it was not easy—the work, the liams, is in good season. Williams revision, the
revision, the perpetual thinking deserves all the success that has about it; and this revision of the come to him; he has served a dialogue by Williams counted belong and arduous apprenticeship cause his work was intelligently dito play-making. His success as a rected. Sparkling dialogue that seems