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and Don John, the author of all, is fled and gone. Will

you come? Beatrice. Will you go hear this news, signior? Benedick. I will live in thy heart, die in thy arms, and be

buried in thy eyes; and moreover I will go with thee to thy uncle's. (Exeunt C.]

Episode 2 Benedick, waiting again in the garden (L.). There enter [C.) Friar Francis; Governor Leonato and Prince Don Pedro; Hero and Claudio; and Beatrice behind. Benedick. [Confronting them.] Soft and fair, friar. - Where

is Beatrice? Beatrice. (Appearing.] I answer to that name. What is

your will?

Benedick. Do not you love me?
Beatrice.

Why, no; no more than reason. Benedick. Why, then your uncle and the Prince and Claudio

Have been deceived. They swore you did.
Beatrice. Do not you love me?
Benedick.

Troth, no; no more than reason. Beatrice. Why, then my cousin, Margaret, and Ursula

Are much deceived, for they did swear you did.
Benedick. They swore that you were almost sick for me.
Beatrice. They swore that you were well-nigh dead for me.
Benedick. 'Tis no such matter. Then you do not love me?
Beatrice. No, truly, except in friendly recompense.
Leonato. Come, cousin, I am sure you love the gentleman.
Claudio. And I'll be sworn upon it that he loves her;

For here's a paper written in his hand,
A halting sonnet of his own pure brain,
Fashioned 2 to Beatrice.

halting: limping. The lines limp because the meter is not perfect. 2 fashioned: made; i.e. written.

[graphic]

Benedick. I will live in thy heart, die in thy arms, and be buried in toy eyes; and moreover,

I will go with thee to thy uncle's. Hero.

And here's another,
Writ in my cousin's hand, stolen from her pocket,

Containing her affection unto Benedick.
Benedick. A miracle! here's our own hands against our

hearts. Come, I will have thee; but, by this light, I take

thee for pity. Beatrice. I would not deny you; but, by this good day, I

yield upon great persuasion, and partly to save your life. Benedick. Peace! I will stop your mouth. [Kissing her.) Don Pedro. How dost thou, “Benedick, the married man”? Benedick. I'll tell thee what, Prince; a college of wit-crackers

cannot flout me out of my humor. Since I do purpose to marry, I will think nothing to any purpose that the world can say against it. — For thy part, Claudio, I did think to have beaten thee; but in that thou art like to be my

kinsman, live unbruised and love my cousin. Claudio. I had well hoped thou wouldst have denied Beatrice,

that I might have cudgelled thee out of thy single life. Benedick. Come, come, we are friends. — Prince, thou art sad; get thee a wife, get thee a wife.

[Exeunt L., or dance.]

ADDITIONAL READINGS

From the complete play of Much Ado about Nothing.
Dogberry and Verges and the Watch, who brought to light the plot against

Hero.
III, iii, v.
IV, ii.
V, i, 210-274,1 314-337.

1 The line numbers refer to the Tudor edition of Much Ado about Nothing.

TWELFTH NIGHT

A Carnival Playlet, Abstract from
TWELFTH NIGHT; OR, WHAT YOU WILL

THE PERSONS IN THE PLAY

SIR ToBY BELCH (tô’bị bolch), uncle to Olivia.
SIR ANDREW AGUECHEEK (ăn’dro0 a’gu-chūk).
MALVOLIO (mal-vô’11-0), Olivia's steward.
FABIAN* (fa”bl-ăn),

servants to Olivia.
FESTE (fěs'tē), a clown,
OLIVIA (7-liv'i-á), a rich countess.
MARIA' (mä-ri'ä), Olivia's gentlewoman.
7 reading parts.

SETTING: The garden of the Lady Olivia in a city in Illyria (-lyr'1-å).

}

*

SYNOPSIS

Act I. Early evening. Maria and Feste. Olivia, Malvolio, and Fabian. Sir Toby.

ACT II. Night. Sir Toby and Sir Andrew.
Act III. The next afternoon. The letter and Malvolio.
Act IV. That evening.

Episode 1. "Sweet lady, ho, ho."

Episode 2. The clown as Sir Topaz, the curate. ACT V. The next day.

PROLOG-INTRODUCTION Twelfth Night is a festival of the Roman and the English Churches, commemorating the coming of the Three Wise Men. Early Chris

1 Maria is a very tiny creature. Sir Toby calls her “the youngest wren of nine."

* It is possible to reduce the number of readers to 6, if all of Fabian's lines and entrances be appropriated by Feste.

tians celebrated the Feast of the Nativity for twelve days, observing the first day and the last, Christmas and Twelfth Day, with solemnity.

In Shakespeare's time Twelfth Night1 was a merry feast. In Italy it was a carnival. On the streets, masks were worn, there was lawless festivity, and the wildest of all merry pranks were played.

Queen Elizabeth on Twelfth Day often witnessed plays. Although we do not know that Shakespeare wrote this play for a particular occasion, undoubtedly it furnished diversion for a notable Twelfth Night.

The Puritan party then assuming strength in England took no part in Church festivities. Celebrations of that type were mockery to them, a relic of the superstitions of the pagan times. If Puritans were in evidence anywhere on Twelfth Night, it was with solemn countenances, which could not fail of making fun for the hilarious throng. Nothing was more natural, then, than for Shakespeare to poke a bit of innocent fun at them.

To make the diversion innocent, Shakespeare created Malvolio. Malvolio is a vain and self-deluded Puritan, the chief of the Lady Olivia's household. Shakespeare evidently bore no malice toward the Puritans, but they were in the bad books of the players and of those who attended the theatres. Shakespeare's rich good humor could make fun of anything without offense.

Sir Toby Belch, Olivia's uncle, is the embodiment of the spirit of Twelfth Night. He has caroused probably since Christmas, and now with the coming in of Twelfth Night, he must find richer entertainment to celebrate the carnival. With delight he seizes on Malvolio. The plot is laid by Sir Toby's sweetheart, Maria, the waiting gentlewoman to Olivia.

Sir Toby is abetted by a foolish knight, Sir Andrew Aguecheek, the same who against belief is persuaded by Sir Toby that he may yet succeed in marrying Olivia. Sir Andrew can abet, but clearly he cannot aid, since he is not of the very soundest wits.

Real wit and assistance come from the clown, the lady's jester, Feste.

There is another part of the great play, the love story-of the Lady Olivia and a messenger of the Count. But this is Twelfth

1 Twelfth Night: the feast of Epiphany.

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