« ПретходнаНастави »
ACT II. At the Boar's Head Tavern. Falstaff and Bardolph. Called into service by the Prince himself.
Act III. Scene 1. Hotspur and Douglas waiting on the battle field for their allies.
Scene 2. The King and princes receive the embassy of Worcester and Vernon. The battle. Victory. The lights will be cut a number of times during the battle, to suggest the confusion and rapid changes of scene.
PROLOG-INTRODUCTION This play is from the second half of Henry IV, Part 1. It is the story of the rebellion of the powerful Earl of Northumberland and his relatives, the Percy family, against the King. It marks the beginning of the titanic struggle of the barons against the close consolidation of the realm under the English king, which resulted in the decline of the feudal system and whatever we have been pleased to associate with the term knighthood.
Hotspur, the powerful Earl's son, is the idol of his time. The King wishes that Harry Percy (Hotspur) had been his son. His own son Harry, he thinks, has wasted his youth with Falstaff and other loose and riotous companionship. The crown by which he . came at such cost of worry and of devious means is like to descend to a prodigal.
Joined with Hotspur is Worcester, the arch rebel and King Henry's bitterest foe; then later Mortimer and Glendower. Mortimer is the heir presumptive of the preceding king, whose place King Henry obtained. Glendower is Welsh and has the name of being a magician. Of one who it was reputed fought Glendower, the King exclaimed, “He durst as well have met the devil alone as Owen Glendower for an enemy.”
Against these rebels, King Henry must oppose his son and soldiers of a lesser note. Even Falstaff is pressed into the fray. The glory and the wonder is that Prince Hal turns out to be a warrior, bests Douglas, and even Hotspur; and that Falstaff, though a liar and great cheat, has courage to lead his soldiers into the very thickest of the shot and battle of the enemy.
Still the rebels never would have lost had it not been for the desertions from their cause; the hand of destiny, apparently, slips in, and Henry V, destined to be the conqueror of France and Shakespeare's favorite of the English kings, comes off victorious.
The first scene is of the beginnings of the conspiracy. Hotspur, Northumberland, and Worcester are the characters.
Scene 1. London. The palace (Hotspur, Northumberland, and Worcester are discovered.) Hotspur.
Did King Richard then
Heir to the crown?
That wished him on the barren mountains starve.
Of murder and rebellion!
Peace, say no more;
I'll read you matter deep and dangerous.
To pluck bright Honor from the pale-faced moon,
And pluck up drowned Honor by the locks.
Those noble Scots
I'll keep them all!
1 brother: brother-in-law. 2 deep: ocean.
Worcester. Release them without ransom,
And make the Douglas' son your friend.
Why, then the powers of Scotland and of York
Will join with Mortimer, ha? Worcester.
Scene 2. In Wales [Prolog.] Hotspur, Mortimer, and Glendower. [Exit.) Glendower.
Good cousin Hotspur,
A rising sigh he wisheth you in heaven.
The front of heaven was full of fiery shapes,
Shaked like a coward.
If you suppose as fearing you it shook.
Cousin, of many men
Hotspur. I think there's no man speaks better Welsh.
I'll to dinner.
But will they come when you do call for them?
By telling truth.
0, while you live, tell truth and shame the devil! Glendower. Three times the King hath come
Against my power; thrice have I sent him
Bootless home and weather-beaten back.
According to the threefold oath we took.
See how this river
It shall not wind, to rob me of so rich a bottom here.
Will not you?
Who shall say me nay?
For I was train'd up in the English court;
Hotspur. I had rather be a kitten and cry mew;
I had rather hear a dry wheel grate on axle-tree.
To any well-deserving friend. -
(Exit.] Glendower. Come, come, Lord Mortimer, to horse immedi
ately. Mortimer. With all my heart.
ACT II (Prolog.] The Boar's Head Tavern.
[Exit.] Falstaff and Bardolph, drinking. Falstaff. Do thou amend thy face, and I'll amend my life.
Thou art our admiral ?; thou bearest the lantern, but 'tis in the nose of thee. Thou art the Knight of the Burning
Lamp. Bardolph. Why, Sir John, my face does you no harm. Falstaff. No, I'll be sworn; I make good use of it: I never
see thy face but I think upon hell-fire and burning, burning. Thou wert indeed, but for the light in thy face, the son of utter darkness. When thou rannest up Gadshill in the night to catch my horse, if I did not think thou hadst been a ball of wildfire, there's no purchase in money. O, thou art a perpetual triumph, an everlasting bonfire-light! Thou hast saved me a thousand marks in torches, walking with thee in the night betwixt tavern and tavern; but the wine thou hast drunk me would have bought me lights as good as the dearest in Europe.
1 Bardolph's nose is very red, and his face flushed from drinking. The fun in this scene turns upon the noticeableness of this.
2 admiral: flagship. The ship carrying the admiral or commander of the feet bore a light for identification purposes.