Punishment of War Criminals: Hearings Before the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, Seventy-ninth Congress, First Session, on H. J. Res. 93, a Joint Resolution Requesting the President to Appoint a Commission to Cooperate with the United Nations War Crimes Commission, Or Any Other Agency Or Agencies of the United Nations in the Preparation of Definite Plans for the Punishment of War Criminals of the Axis Countries. March 22 and 26, 1945
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1945 - 126 страница
Considers (79) H.J. Res. 93.
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Страница 112 - ... international custom, as evidence of a general practice accepted as law; c. the general principles of law recognized by civilized nations ; d. subject to the provisions of Article 59, judicial decisions and the teachings of the most highly qualified publicists of the various nations, as subsidiary...
Страница 111 - Germany, those German officers and men and members of the Nazi Party who have been responsible for or have taken a consenting part in the above atrocities, massacres, and executions will be sent back to the countries in which their abominable deeds were done in order that they may be judged and punished according to the laws of these liberated countries and of the free Governments which will be erected therein.
Страница 75 - States that an ex post facto law is one which renders an act punishable in a manner in which it was not punishable when it was committed.
Страница 99 - Commission on the Responsibility of the Authors of the War and on Enforcement of Penalties" to the Preliminary Peace Conference at the close of World War I.
Страница 110 - German ex-Emperor has not a judicial character as regards its substance but only in its form. The ex-Emperor is arraigned as a matter of high international policy as the minimum of what is demanded for a supreme offence against international morality, the sanctity of treaties and the essential rules of justice.
Страница 94 - ... is about time we decided to protect the strong against the inferior. It will be one of the chief tasks of German statesmanship for all time to prevent, by every means in our power, the further increase of the Slav races. Natural instincts bid all living beings not merely conquer their enemies, but also destroy them. In former days, it was the victor's prerogative to destroy entire tribes, entire peoples. By doing this gradually and without bloodshed, we demonstrate our humanity. We should remember,...
Страница 108 - Considering the Nazi conception of "total war," 1 we may legitimately define war criminals as persons— regardless of military or political rank — who, in connection with the military, political, economic or industrial preparation for or waging of war, have, in their official capacity, committed acts contrary to (a) the laws and customs of legitimate warfare or ( b ) the principles of criminal law generally observed in civilized States; or who have incited, ordered, procured...
Страница 117 - Individuals of the armed forces will not be punished for these offenses in case they are committed under the orders or sanction of their government or commanders.
Страница 110 - ... placed himself without the pale of civil and social relations ; and that, as an enemy and disturber of the tranquillity of the world, he had rendered himself liable to public vengeance.
Страница 85 - Res. 93, ... requesting the President to appoint a commission to cooperate with the United Nations War Crimes Commission, er any other agency or agencies of the United Nations in the preparation of definite plans for the punishment of war criminals of the Axis countries. March 22 and 26, 1945.