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COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE
HAROLD D. COOLEY, North Carolina, Chairman

W. R. POAGE, Texas, Vice Chairman
GEORGE M. GRANT, Alabama

WILLIAM S. HILL, Colorado E. C. GATHINGS, Arkansas

CHARLES B. HOEVEN, Iowa JOHN L. MCMILLAN, South Carolina

SID SIMPSON, Illinois THOMAS G. ABERNETHY, Mississippi PAUL B. DAGUE, Pennsylvania CARL ALBERT, Oklahoma

RALPH HARVEY, Indiana WATKINS M. ABBITT, Virginia

PAGE BELCHER, Oklahoma JAMES G. POLK, Ohio

CLIFFORD G. MCINTIRE, Maine CLARK W. THOMPSON, Texas

WILLIAM R. WILLIAMS, New York PAUL C. JONES, Missouri

ROBERT D. HARRISON, Nebraska JOHN C. WATTS, Kentucky

HENRY ALDOUS DIXON, Utah HARLAN HAGEN, California

WINT SMITH, Kansas LESTER R. JOHNSON, Wisconsin

OTTO KRUEGER, North Dakota VICTOR L. ANFUSO, New York

CHARLES M. TEAGUE, California ROSS BASS, Tennessee

DONALD E. TEWES, Wisconsin COYA KNUTSON, Minnesota

ALBERT H. QUIE, Minnesota
W. PAT JENNINGS, Virginia
D. R. (BILLY) MATTHEWS, Florida

DELEGATES
E. L. BARTLETT, Alaska
JOHN A. BURNS, Hawaii

RESIDENT COMMISSIONER

A. FERNÓS-ISERN, Puerto Rico
Mrs. MABEL C. DOWNEY, Clerk
HYDE H. MURRAY, A88istant Clerk
JOHN J. HEIMBURGER, Counsel
FRANCIS M. LEMAY, Consultant

SUBCOMMITTEE ON WHEAT

CARL ALBERT, Oklahoma, Chairman PAUL C. JONES, Missouri

PAGE BELCHER, Oklahoma JOHN C. WATTS, Kentucky

WINT SMITH, Kansas ROSS BASS, Tennessee

OTTO KRUEGER, North Dakota W. PAT JENNINGS, Virginia

PAUL B. DAGUE, Pennsylvania

II

CONTENTS

H. R. 3987. A bill to provide for a minimum acreage allotment for corn, Pago

and for other purposes..

211

H, R. 10169. A bill to amend the Agricultural Act of 1949 to provide for

price support at parity for the first 3,500 bushels of wheat produced on
each farm

215

H. R. 10193. A biu to amend section 101 of the Agricultural Act of 1949,

as amended, relating to price support on wheat --

214

H. R. 10204. A bill to amend section 101 of the Agricultural Act of 1949,

as amended, relating to price support on wheat..

214

H. R. 10241. 'A bill to amend section 101 of the Agricultural Act of 1949,

as amended, relating to the price support on wheat.

215

H. R. 10269. A bill to amend section 101 of the Agricultural Act of 1949, as

amended, relating to the price support on wheat.-

215

H. R. 10837. A bill to provide a support level for the 1958 crop of wheat

of not less than $2 per bushel.

215

H. R. 12112. A bill to amend the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938,
as amended, to establish a domestic parity plan for wheat..

295

Statement of

American Farm Bureau Federation, supplemental, re multiple price

plans, particularly wheat.

265

Anderson, Hon. Le Roy, a Representative in Congress from the Second

District of the State of Montana.

293

Baker, John A., National Farmers Union.

285

Breeding, Hon. J. Floyd, a Representative in Congress from the State

of Kansas

331

Counihan, Donald M., Caretta & Counihan, counsel for American
Corn Millers' Federation....

372

Creed, Joseph M., counsel, American Bakers Association. - 328, 372

Horan, Hon. Walt, a Representative in Congress from the Fifth Dis-

trict of the State of Washington.-

333

Hughes, Herbert J., National Association of Wheat Growers, chairman,

field crops committee, National Conference of Commodity Organi-

zations; and Floyd Root, president, National Association of Wheat

Growers; assisted by Ted Fiedler, chairman, program committee,

National Association of Wheat Growers..

334

McGovern, Hon. George S., a Representative in Congress from the

State of South Dakota...

332

McLain, Marvin L., Assistant Secretary, United States Department of

Agriculture; accompanied by Martin Sorkin, assistant to the Secre-
tary, USDA; Edward M. Shulman, Deputy General Counsel,
USDA; and Albert J. Borton, Chief, Commodity Programs Branch,

Grain Division, Commodity Stabilization Service, USDA.

216

Marshall, Charles, member of the board of directors, American Farm

Bureau Federation, and president of the Nebraska Farm Bureau;

accompanied by Frank Woolley, legislative counsel, The American

Farm Bureau Federation; Lewis Munn, president of the Oklahoma

Farm Bureau; and G. H. Mikkelson, president of the North Dakota

Farm Bureau.

254

Parker, Joseph O., legislative consultant, The National Grange-

299

Quinlan, William A., general counsel, 'Associated Retail Bakers of

America

327

WHEAT

ACREAGE ALLOTMENTS-PRICE SUPPORT-IMPROVED

FARM PROGRAM

TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 1958

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMODITY SUBCOMMITTEE ON WHEAT OF
THE COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to recess, at 10:10 a. m.,

in room 1310, New House Office Building, Hon. Carl Albert (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding:

Present: Representatives Albert (presiding), Watts, Bass, Belcher, Smith, Krueger, and Dague.

Also present: John J. Heimburger, counsel; Mabel C. Downey, clerk

Mr. ALBERT (presiding). The committee will please come to order.

We have met this morning to discuss a general wheat program. We have pending before us a number of bills introduced by various members of Congress.

Without objection the list of the various bills as shown on the schedule will be inserted in the record, showing the authors and the numbers of the bills.

(H. R. 3987, Mr. McGovern; H. R. 10193, Mr. Anderson, Montana; H. R. 10204, Mr. McGovern; H. R. 10228, Mr. Breeding; H. R. 10241, Mr. Metcalf; H. R. 10269, Mr. Burdick; H. R. 10837, Mr. Berry H. R. 5127, Mr. Holmer; H. R. 4106, Mr. Horan; H. R. 4637, Mr. Berry; H. R. 7815, Mr. Ullman; H. R. 7939, Mr. Smith, Kansas; H. R. 8059, Mr. Breeding; H. R. 10203, Mr. George; H. R. 10169, Mr. Berry; and H. R. 5308, Mr. Horan.)

(H. R. 3987, 85th Cong., 1st sess. ] A BILL To provide for a minimum acreage allotment for corn, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section 328 of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, as amended, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "Notwithstanding any other provision hereof, the acreage allotment for corn for any calendar year beginning with 1957 shall not be less than forty-nine million acres." Sec. 2. Price support shall be made available by Commodity Credit Corporation for the 1957 crop of corn at a level not less than $1.60 per bushel therefor, as provided in the Agricultural Act of 1949, as amended.

SEC. 3. Section 408 (b) of the Agricultural Act of 1949, as amended, is amended by inserting after the first sentence thereof the following: "For the purpose of price support in the commercial corn producing area for any crop of corn for which an acreage reserve program is in effect, a 'cooperator" shall be a producer who does not exceed 85 per centum of such producer's farm

acreage allotment for corn; and (2) who devotes an acreage of cropland (tilled in normal rotation), at the option of the producer, to either the acreage reserve program for corn or the conservation reserve program equal to 15 per centum of such producer's farm allotment for corn."

Sec. 4. (a) Notwithstanding any provision of law, the Secretary is authorized and directed to make payments to producers of corn, wheat, cotton, rice, and peanuts who are cooperators, as defined in section 408 of the Agricultural Act of 1949, as amended, under the 1957 acreage allotment programs applicable to such commodities. Such payments shall be made on the normal production of the acreage allotted under such programs in amounts which, when added to the support prices established by the Secretary for the 1957 crops of such commodities, will provide a return to such producers which is as nearly equal to ninety per centum of the parity price for such commodities as the funds made available therefor will permit.

(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law and under such regulations as he deems necessary, the Secretary is authorized for the marketing year April 1, 1957, to March 31, 1958, to make payments in connection with marketings of milk and butterfat by dairy farmers at a rate not to exceed that required to bring producers' returns per unit up to amounts which, when added to the support prices established by the Secretary for the 1957-1958 marketing year, is as nearly equal to 90 per centum of the parity price therefor as the funds made available will permit: Provided, That no producer shall be eligible to receive such payments with respect to a volume of sales in excess of 90 per centum of his average sales in the marketing year ending March 31, 1957.

(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law and under such regulations as he deems necessary, the Secretary is authorized to make payments with respect to the 1957 crop of feed grains (as defined in section 5 of this Act) to producers of such feed grains who comply with acreage allotments under section 5 at a rate not in excess of that necessary, when added to the support prices established by the Secretary for the 1957 crops of such commodities, to provide such producers with a return on such feed grains, which is as nearly equal to their feed value equivalent to corn at $1.60 per bushel or 90 per centum of the parity price therefor, whichever is higher, as the funds made available will permit.

(d) The payments authorized by this section shall be in addition to and not in substitution for any other payments authorized by law and shall be made as soon as possible after determination of compliance under the 1957 acreage allotment programs or other determination of eligibility for payment. The provisions of sections 385 and 388 of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, as amended, shall apply in all respects to payments made pursuant to this section. There is hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as Congress may determine to be necessary for the purposes of this section.

SEC. 5. For each year in which an acreage allotment program will be in effect for corn, an acreage allotment shall be established for other feed grains. For 1957, in the commercial corn-producing area, such acreage allotment for other feed grains shall be 85 per centum of the average acreage on the farm planted to grain sorghums, barley, rye, and oats for the three years 1953, 1954, and 1955; and outside the commercial corn-producing area, such acreage allotments for feed grains shall be 85 per centum of the average acreage of the farm planted to grain sorghums, barley, rye, oats, and corn for the three years 1953, 1954, and 1955. For 1958 and subsequent years in which an acreage reserve program will be in effect for corn, there is hereby established an acreage allotment for feed grains (corn produced outside the commercial corn-producing area, grain sorghums, barley, rye, and oats). Such acreage allotment for feed grains shall be 85 per centum of the average acreage planted to such feed grains for the three years 1953, 1954, and 1955 adjusted to reflect change in the commercial corn-producing area. The acreage allotment of feed grains shall be apportioned by the Secretary among the States on the basis of the acreage of feed grains (planted and diverted) in such States for the five calendar years immediately preceding the calendar year in which the apportionment is made, with adjustments for abnormal weather conditions and for trends in acreage during such period. The acreage allotment of feed grains for each State, less a reserve of not to exceed 3 per centum thereof for apportionment as provided by this subsection, shall be apportioned by the Secretary among the counties on the basis of the acreage of feed grains (planted and diverted) in such counties for the five calendar years iminediately pre

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