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excluding corn used for silage, an average of at least 450 bushels of corn per farm, and an average of at least 4 bushels for each acre of farmland in the county, or in the minor civil division, as the case may be, he shall cause immediate investigation to be made to determine such facts. If upon the basis of such investigation the Secretary finds such county or minor civil division is likely to produce corn in such average amounts during such calendar year he shall proclaim such a determination and commencing with such calendar year, such county shall be included in the commercial corn producing area.

There are other provisions here, but that is the meat of this provision. Mr. McMILLAN. As I understand you, in Dillon County, from the correspondence I have had, there is only one township in that county that raised enough corn to place it in the commercial area.

Mr. WALKER. That is true. Mr. Watts. Can I ask one question? When you talk about a minor civil division, do you break it down into smaller units than counties?

Mr. WALKER. Yes, sir.
Mr. WATTS. You say half a county?

Mr. WALKER. No; minor civil divisions, as in Georgia, the military district, but in most Śtates they are called townships.

Mr. McMILLAN. This is a township.
Mr. Watts. We are divided into counties and magisterial districts.
Mr. WALKER. That is similar to the townships.

Mr. Watts. You mean that if one of the magisterial districts raised corn or produced corn on the rates that you talk about, that would become a commercial-corn area, and the rest of the county would not be?

Mr. WALKER. That township would bring the whole county in.
Mr. McMILLAN. The whole county?

Mr. WALKER. Only if it is adjacent to a county that meets the requirements on the 10-year basis.

Mr. Watts. What has that got to do with the "adjacent to"?
Mr. WALKER. That is the provision of law.
Mr. Watts. Why was it put in there? What is the purpose ?

Mr. WALKER. We will have to go back to the origin of the AAA Act to find why.

Mr. Watts. I don't see why, because some other county happens to be in that.

Mr. Johnson. You mean if the township is adjacent to it?

Mr. WALKER. No; any township within any county that is adjacent to a county designated on a 10-year basis.

Mr. JOHNSON. It could be 20 or 30 miles away from the other township.

Mr. Watts. It may be a hundred miles away?
Mr. WALKER. Yes.

Mr. McMillan. That is what is causing so much trouble. I cannot understand why a little township within the county, because they happen to grow a certain amount of corn, places the whole county into the commercial-corn area. That is more than I have been able to explain to my farmers up to the present time.

Mr. WALKER. As my second step here I would like to refer you to this exhibit that you have. In the first place, Dillon and Horry Counties, S. C., are tested because they are adjacent to a county that meets these requirements on a 10-year-average basis.

Mr. McMILLAN. They border on Robeson County, N. C.?

Mr. WALKER. Yes, Robeson, N. C.; that is right. They all corner right in the middle of the river there. So, they are adjacent.

Mr. McMILLAN. We understand that part. But we could not understand why one little township would bring the whole county under the commercial-corn area, and we further could not understand why, with so much of the corn being used on the farm.

Mr. WALKER. The provision of law specifically excludes corn used for silage purposes.

Mr. JOHNSON. I imagine the dairy people put that in.

Mr. MCMILLAN. We have 25 cattlemen in that county and, in fact, all of them will be out of business if your order remains in effect. Twenty-five cattle farms in that one county will be without feed.

Mr. WATTS. You have what? Please explain more fully.
Mr. McMILLAN. They won't let silage go into the allotment.
Mr. WATTS. You mean they can't raise enough corn?
Mr. McMILLAN. That is correct.
Mr. Johnson. They do not have to comply.

Mr. McMILLAN. They can't put any of their money crops in the soil bank if the Department's order prevails.

Mr. Johnson. I see.
(The tables previously referred to are as follows:)

Corn-Annual yields and acreage planted to corn, excluding silage, 1948-57

ROBESON COUNTY, N. C.

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2, 541, 302

5,200 415, 966

!!!

1948-57 average.
1948–57 average, adjusted for abnormal weather conditions.
10-year average production as adjusted for abnormal weather conditions

bushels..
Number of farms (ACP 1957).
Acres of farmland (U.S. Census)
Production per farm

bushels. Production per acre of farmland.

.do.. 1948. 1949. 1950. 1951. 1952. 1953. 1954, 1955. 1956. 1957.

24.9 26. 0 28.8 28.0 21. 29.7 14. 7 31. 4 31.0 27.9

6.1
61.965
61, 465
64, 485
59.970
58, 460
56, 465
57, 260
57, 570
53, 420
35, 030

26.4
27.7

58, 509 58, 509

1948-57 average
1948–57 average, adjusted for abnormal weather conditions.
10-year average production as adjusted for abnormal weather conditions

bushels.
Number of farms (ACP 1957).
Acres of farmland (U. 8. Census)
Production per farm

bushels.. Production per acre of farmland.

do..

1,620, 699

5,031 391, 260

321 4.1

Corn-Annual yields and acreage planted to corn, excluding silage, 1948–57-Con.

DILLON COUNTY, 8. C.

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1948- 57 average.
1948- 57 average, adjusted for abnormal weather conditions.-
10-year average production as adjusted for abnormal weather conditions

bushels.
Number of farms (ACP 1957).
Acres of farmland (U.S. Census).
Production per farm

bushels. Production per acre of farm land.

do..

662, 782

1. 363 188, 057

486 3. 5

1958 corn-allotment program-Selection of strongest minor civil division

HORRY COUNTY, s. C.

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Total.

3,001

1, 412

188, 057

256, 155

1958 CORN ALLOTMENT PROGRAM: PARAGRAPH B TEST OF MINOR CIVIL-DIVISION

DATA FOR COMMERCIAL AREA DETERMINATION FOR COUNTIES NOT IN THE 1957 AREA

HORRY COUNTY, 8. C.

Strongest minor civil-division data from 1954 census production
A. Name: Bayboro.
B. MCD production per farm, 249.
C. MCD production per farmland acre, 3.8.
D. County production on which B. and C. are based (from sheet 58-C-3a),
708,075 bushels.

PART I. IS PRODUCING (NO WEATHER ADJUSTMENT OR DIVERSION CREDIT)

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PART II. IS LIKELY TO PRODUCE (NORMAL YIELD WITH WEATHER ADJUSTMENT

AND DIVERSION CREDIT)

Item

10-year
1948-57

1956

1957

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6. Adjusted 10-year average county yield (sheet 58-C-2, col.

20). 7. Adjusted corn acres, excluding silage (sheet 58-C-2, cols.

19, 9 and 10). 8. 10 percent of 1950 diversion (sheet 13a or sheet 1) 9. 10 percent of 1954 diversion credit (sheet 8). 10. Corn acres adjusted for weather and diversion (7+8+9). 11. County production as adjusted (6X10). 12. Factors for adjusting MCD quotients (11:D). 13. Adjusted MCD production per farm (12XB).. 14. Adjusted MCD production per farmland acre (12XC). 15. Does MCD meet tests? (Yes or No)-

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1958 CORN ALLOTMENT PROGRAM: PARAGRAPH B TEST OF MINOR CIVIL-DIVISION

DATA FOR COMMERCIAL AREA DETERMINATION FOR COUNTIES NOT IN THE 1957 AREA

DILLON COUNTY, s. C.

Strongest minor civil-division data from 1954 census production
A. Name: Carmichael.
B. MCD production per farm, 255.
C. MCD production per farmland acre, 2.0.

D. County production on which B and C are based (from sheet 58-C-3a), 256,155 bushels.

PART I. IS PRODUCING (NO WEATHER ADJUSTMENT OR DIVERSION CREDIT)

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