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Historical markets have been developed by other agricultural commodities such as corn and rice, which at certain prices are very competitive. To subsidize wheat for industrial users at the bread buyer's expense will seriously jeopardize a market for dry corn mill products which now compete on the free and open market.

Bad as it is to put a tax on bread, certainly the least that should be required would be export of all processed wheat before credit under the certificate plan would apply. As long as only food processed wheat needs the certificate, the industrial wheat user is getting his discounted rate even without requiring the export of the product. To get a credit refund for a certificate of food processed wheat, proof of export must be shown. A reasonable view would be that the same should be required of the industrial wheat user but under the present proposal he gets his wheat at low prices even without being concerned with the certificate plan required of food wheat processors.

We urge the rejection of this two-price plan for wheat-certainly at least until the processing tax is charged to all alike-fairly and equitably.

Mr. ALBERT. And if there is nothing further the committee stands adjourned subject to further announcement.

(Thereupon, at 12:50 p. m., the committee adjourned.)

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COUNTIES IN COMMERCIAL CORN-PRODUCING AREAS

3

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON DEPARTMENTAL ADMINISTRATION AND CROP INSURANCE

AND THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON
LIVESTOCK AND FEED GRAINS

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-FIFTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

H. R. 10316, H. R. 10754, H. R. 10756,

H. R. 10762, and H. R. 10843

FEBRUARY 7, 19, AND 21, 1958

Printed for the use of the Committee on Agriculture

Serial QQ

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1958

22857

COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE

HAROLD D. COOLEY, North Carolina, Chairman

WILLIAM S. HILL, Colorado, ex officio member of all subcommittees W. R. POAGE, Texas

CHARLES B. HOEVEN, Iowa GEORGE M. GRANT, Alabama

SID SIMPSON, Illinois E. C. GATHINGS, Arkansas

PAUL B. DAGUE, Pennsylvania JOHN L. MCMILLAN, South Carolina

RALPH HARVEY, Indiana THOMAS G. ABERNETHY, Mississippi PAGE BELCHER, Oklahoma CARL ALBERT, Oklahoma

CLIFFORD G. MCINTIRE, Maine WATKINS M. ABBITT, Virginia

WILLIAM R. WILLIAMS, New York JAMES G. POLK, Ohio

ROBERT D. HARRISON, Nebraska CLARK W. THOMPSON, Texas

HENRY ALDOUS DIXON, Utah PAUL C. JONES, Missouri

WINT SMITH, Kansas JOHN C. WATTS, Kentucky

OTTO KRUEGER, North Dakota HARLAN HAGEN, California

CHARLES M. TEAGUE, California LESTER R. JOHNSON, Wisconsin

DONALD E. TEWES, Wisconsin VICTOR L. ANFUSO, New York

ALBERT H. QUIE, Minnesota
ROSS BASS, Tennessee

DELEGATES
COYA KNUTSON, Minnesota
W. PAT JENNINGS, Virginia

E. L. BARTLETT, Alaska
D. R. (BILLY) MATTHEWS, Florida

JOHN A. BU'RNS, Hawaii

RESIDENT COMMISSIONER

A. FERNÓS-ISERN, Puerto Rico
MRS. MABEL C. DOWNEY, Clerk
HYDE H, MURRAY, Assistant Clerk
JOHN J. HEIMBURGER, Counsel
Francis M. LEMAY, Consultant

II

CONTENTS

H. R. 10316. A bill to exclude Ottawa County, Mich., from the commer- Page

cial corn-producing area during 1958.

17

H. R. 10754. A bill to amend section 114 of the Soil Bank Act.

29

H. R. 10756. A bill to exclude from the commercial corn-producing area

38 counties in the United States during 1958..

29

H. R. 10762. A bill to amend section 114 of the Soil Bank Act for purpose

of excluding certain counties in United States from the commercial pro-

ducing area during 1958.--

30

H. R. 10843. A bill to amend section 114 of the Soil Bank Act with

respect to compliance with corn acreage allotments --

45

Statement of -

Doggett, Howard, Soil Bank Division, Commodity Stabilization

Service; accompanied by Raymond J. Pollock, director, Grain

Division, Commodity Stabilization Service; Claude Coffman, attor-

ney, General Counsel's Office; and Thomas B. Walker, Grain Divi-

sion, United States Department of Agriculture -

34, 46

Ford, Hon. Gerald R., Jr., a Representative in Congress from the

fifth district in the State of Michigan.

17, 30

Pollock, Raymond J., Director, Grain Division, Commodity Stabiliza-

tion Service, United States Department of Agriculture; accompanied

by Thomas B. Walker, Chief of Program Analysis Branch, Grain

Division, Commodity Stabilization Service, United States Depart-

ment of Agriculture

8

Additional data submitted to the subcommittees by-

Department of Agriculture:

Corn-annual yields and acreage planted to corn, excluding silage,

1948–57, Robeson County, and Dillon County--

10

Report on H. Res. 477 by Marvin L. McLain, Assistant Secretary,

of February 21, 1958.--

51

1958 commercial corn area (map)

Faces 12

1958 corn allotment program: Paragraph B test of minor civil-

division data for commercial area determination for counties

not in the 1957 area.

12

1958 corn-allotment program--selection of strongest minor civil
division, Horry County, and Dillon County--

11

Ford, Hon. Gerald R., Jr.:

Harrington, R. L., General Counsel, Department of Agriculture,

letter of January 21, 1958.-

19

Letter to Hon. Harold D. Cooley, chairman, House Committee

on Agriculture, dated January 29, 1958.

1958 soil-bank wheat acreage reserve agreements reported
through deadline, October 4, 1957..

20

3.8 million acres signed for winter wheat acreage reserve at pro-

gram close..

19

McMillan, Hon. John L.:

Altman, J. Eugene, Columbia, S. C., letter of December 11, 1957-. 4

Atkinson, John H., Jr., Conway, S. C., letter.---

6

Bethea Coal & Distributing Co., Inc., Dillon, S. C., letter of

January 17, 1958.

5

Bethea, W. L., Dillon, S. C., telegram of January 13, 1958.

3

Cottingham, R. D., Dillon, S. C., telegram of January 14, 1958. 4

Dew, P. M., & Sons, Inc., Latta, S. C., letter of January 13, 1958. 6

Dillon County Farm Bureau, Dillon, S. C., letter of February 1,

1958..

1

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