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The brucellosis eradication program in Arkansas has expanded to the limit of available funds. One deficiency in the program resulted from failure of the State Legislature at its last session to pass an auction barn law. However, the Legislature did enact two laws which are proving beneficial to the program; one inaugurating Statewide compulsory calfhood vaccination and the other providing for complete area work.
Local brucellosis committees have been very helpful in sponsoring meetings for the purpose of publicizing the program. They have also taken an active part in obtaining signatures on petitions requesting area testing.
Technicians are being used extensively in the Arkansas program. Carefully selected, well-trained and properly-supervised lay personnel have proved entirely satisfactory in carrying out many of brucellosis project operations.
The anticipated goals for calendar year 1958 are: (a) 25 counties to be initially certified; (b) area work will be in progress in 36 counties; (c) 31 counties will be qualified as certified.
The Statewide certification goal is 1960, which does not represent any change.
There is no program or provision for the establishment and maintenance of brucellosis-free swine herds in Arkansas.
Counties Removed. Total Cert. Counties.
( ) % difference
Brucellosis eradication continues to progress in Pennsylvania at a satisfactory rate. The chief factor retarding the project during 1957 was failure of practitioners to participate fully. Both State and Federal veterinarians were used as widely as possible to help meet testing schedules.
As usual, State and County brucellosis committees have been very active and are largely responsible for the good support given the program by the livestock industry in Pennsylvania.
The goal for State-wide certification is still July 1, 1958. While this may not be possible, there is every reason to believe all counties in the State will be qualified sometime during this calendar year. It is anticipated that infection rates will be reduced to 1.5 percent herd and 0.3 percent cattle by December 31, 1958.
Pennsylvania does not have either a swine brucellosis eradication program or provisions for certifying brucellosis-free swine herds. Blood samples are being collected from swine at State inspected abattoirs and tested to determine the extent of infection. Once this has been established, funds will be requested by the State to inaugurate a swine brucellosis project.
Adequate legislation is available in Rhode Island to conduct brucellosis eradication activities on a complete area basis and has resulted in such a program being in operation in all counties at the present time.
Although more extensive use of the BRT would benefit the program, it is expected that all counties in the State will qualify for certification by December 31, 1958. This reflects a change from the previously set goal of April 1958.
There are no State provisions for certifying brucellosis free swine herds.
The South Carolina brucellosis eradication project is making good progress with funds available for carrying out the work. Program deficiencies during 1957 included the tendency on the part of fee-testing veterinarians to test easily available herds rather than to give complete coverage of areas assigned. Other factors that retarded activities were the reluctance of some veterinarians to test until restraining chutes were provided and the interruption of fee-testing in June 1957 due to budgetary problems which developed near the close of the fiscal year.
There are only a few local brucellosis committees operating in South Carolina, but livestock committees of the Farm Bureau, the Grange, extension agents and vocational agricultural teachers have effectively supported the.work.
Under current operating schedules fourteen counties should be initially certified during calendar year 1958, and all of the remaining forty-six will be doing complete area work at the close of the year. A total of twenty-six counties should be certified as of December 31, 1958.
The goal for Statewide certification has now been established as January 1, 1960 rather than December 1960 as previously reported.
There is ample authority for the certification of brucellosis-free swine herds. Because of the cost and difficulties of establishing and maintaining certified swine herds no program of this type is now in effect nor is one contemplated, during 1958.
Legislation enacted during 1957 provides authority to conduct complete area work in South Dakota. Supplementing this authority there was a substantial increase in State funds appropriated for brucellosis control and eradication activities. Other improvements in the program include enlargement of laboratory facilities, quarantine of infected herds and the use of properly trained and supervised technicians to supplement the professional force.
The most serious problem preventing faster expansion of the program in South Dakota is the acute shortage of veterinary personnel. Through increased use of qualified technicians this problem will be partially alleviated.
Local brucellosis committees were helpful in obtaining the necessary legislation that now permits complete area work.
It is estimated that by December 31, 1958, twelve counties will be certified and complete area work will be underway in an additional eight counties. A goal for State-wide certification has not yet been established.
There are no provisions in South Dakota for the establishment and maintenance of brucellosis-free swine herds.