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The brucellosis program in Indiana has progressed at a faster rate than anticipated. Every county except one has petitioned for area work and been declared under the complete area eradication plan. Local brucellosis committees have done a fine job of circulating petitions.
Adequate legislation and funds have been available to carry out the program and January 1, 1960 remains the goal for State-wide certification of Indiana. The forty-two counties executed to be initially certified during calendar year 1958, will bring the State total to 78. During 1958 area work will be in progress in all remaining counties except one (Knox County).
The principal deterrent to the program is poor cooperation on the part of a very small minority of herd owners. Occasional difficulties are encountered in securing the services of fee-testing veterinarians to implement the work.
Provisions are available in Indiana for the certification of brucellosis-free swine herds. There is some sentiment for a voluntary "area brucellosis eradication field trial". At present, there are 86 swine herds certified brucellosis-free and this number is expected to increase during the year.
Significant improvements were made in the Iowa brucellosis program during 1957 through enactment into law of authority to conduct brucellosis control and eradication work on a complete area basis after so petitioned by owners. Supporting regulations providing for the quarantine of infected herds, and passage of laws requiring negative brucellosis tests before sale of bovine animals will materially aid the program.
In addition to the lack of authority for complete area work which existed during most of 1957, the program has been handicapped because of the inability to conduct appropriate follow-up blood tests on BRT suspicous herds and retests of infected herds.
County brucellosis committees are rendering valuable assistance in obtaining the necessary signatures to petitions for complete area work. It is anticipated that three counties will be certified and complete area work under way in twelve other counties by December 31, 1958.
Based upon delayed progress to date and anticipated reduction in available funds, the goal for State-wide certification has been changed from 1960 to 1965. It is believed that if sufficient funds and personnel were provided, the goal could be attained considerably earlier than 1965.
Provisions are available in Iowa for a voluntary brucellosis-free swine certification program. During 1957, sixteen new herds were certified making a total of 102 herds so designated at the end of the year. It is not expected that this total will materially change during 1958.
The brucellosis eradication program in Kansas is still being retarded by a lack of sufficient funds and the absence of an organized area program. It would appear that an expanded informational campaign would materially help the brucellosis eradication effort in this State. Where local brucellosis committees are active they have contributed to promotion of the program.
The anticipated goals for the calendar year 1958 are: (a) three counties to be initially certified and (b) area work to be in progress in three other counties.
The Statewide certification goal is June, 1961. This represents a change from the December 31, 1961 date originally established.
There is no provision for the establishment and maintenance of brucellosisfree swine herds in Kansas.
An unexpected increase of infection rates. disclosed in some areas of Kentucky during the year resulted in the expenditure of a larger share of available brucellosis funds in the State than anticipated with a consequent necessity for restricting activities. This lack of adequate State and Federal funds together with an acute shortage of veterinary personnel constituted the major program weaknesses noted during the past year.
The State brucellosis committee has been enlarged to include all segments of the livestock industry. County committees are quite active and have worked with the Extension Service in developing and distributing informational material relative to the program.
The State-wide certification goal is still December 31, 1960.
It is expected that ten counties will be certified and area work underway in 16 other counties by the end of calendar year 1958. A total of 12 counties should be qualified for certification as of December 31, 1958.
There are no certified brucellosis-free swine herds in Kentucky at this time. However, plans are under consideration for developing State provisions relative to the establishment of such herds.
The brucellosis eradication program continues to progress in Louisiana although it has not reached its full potential because of lack of sufficient funds. The high rate of infection being disclosed is also a retarding factor in advancing the project.
There have been two significant improvements in the program: (1) the inauguration of area testing and (2) the adoption of a State regulation governing the sale of breeding cattle auction markets.
Local brucellosis committees have been quite active in some parishes through arranging meetings with local groups and helping to circulate petitions requesting area work.
The anticipated goals for the calendar year 1958 are: (a) 10 counties to be initially certified, (b) area work will be in progress in 20 counties and (c) a total of 10 counties will be qualified as certified by December 31, 1958.
The Statewide certification goal of 1960 remains unchanged.
There are provisions in Louisiana for the certification of brucellosis-free swine herds. Acceptance of the brucellosis program by the swine industry has been limited only by the possibility of building up the program with available personnel and funds. No new swine herds were certified during calendar year 1957. The total number of certified brucellosis-free swine herds in Louisiana as of December 31, 1957, was two. The anticipated number of brucellosis-free swine herds in Louisiana as of December 31, 1958 is three to six. Several purebred breeders are interested in herd certification and in a program similar to the bovine brucellosis project. The testing carried out so far indicates a lower percentage of infection in Louisiana swine than in cattle. During 1957, 273 herds were tested, including 1,197 swine. Only three reactors were revealed on these tests.