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The brucellosis eradication program in Mississippi continues to make excellent progress. The greatest deficiency in the program is failure to complete area testing on scheduled target dates.
Two significant improvements in the program have been; (1) a new Mississippi State Regulation requires the testing of all breeding cattle going from livestock markets to farms in Mississippi; (2) the recognition by the State Board of Health of the BRT, resulting in the exemption from blood test of herds in area counties which have passed two consecutive negative milk ring tests and herds outside of area counties · which have passed three consecutive negative milk ring tests.
Local brucellosis committees have been very active in the program and particularly helpful in securing the adoption of area testing.
The anticipated goals for the calendar year 1958 are: (a) 25 counties to be initially certified (b) area work will be in progress in 45 counties and (c) a total of 30 counties certified by December 31, 1958.
The Statewide certification goal of January 1960, does not represent a change from the date originally established.
There are no provisions for the establishment and maintenance of brucellosisfree swine herds in Mississippi.
Blood testing for brucellosis continues to break all previous records in Missouri, largely due to the number of counties under area work. The major deficiency in the program is the inability to complete area testing on scheduled dates.
The most significant improvement in the program is the placing of quarantines on infected herds where sale barn reactors are found, as well as herds which are suspicious to the milk ring test.
Local brucellosis committees are now designated "Livestock Disease Control Committees", and have been very active, in cooperation with the Extension Service, in contributing to the advancement of the program.
The anticipated goals for the calendar year 1958 are: (a) 46 counties to be initially certified; (b) area work will be in progress in 66 counties and (c) a total of 48 counties certified by December 31, 1958.
The Statewide certification goal is 1960.
There are no provisions for the establishment and maintenance of brucellosisfree swine herds in Missouri.
Adequate legislation is available for Montana to conduct brucellosis eradication work on an area basis. However, the livestock people of one county have failed to petition for area work and it is doubtful if Montana will reach certification by the end of 1958. It is anticipated that 54 of the 56 counties in the State will be certified by June 30, 1958, and the 55th county should reach certification during the last half of the year.
The goal of July 1, 1958 for achieving Statewide certification has been changed to December 31, 1958.
The county and State brucellosis committees have functioned very successfully in the State. The county committees have assumed the responsibility for circulating petitions for area testing and have contributed an important service to the brucellosis program in this regard.
Statewide coverage with the BRT was inaugurated during the past year. With so many of the counties certified or nearing certification, efforts are being concentrated on the reduction of the number of quarantined herds.
Montana continues to have difficulty in servicing their program because of the shortage of veterinarians. Twenty-six (26) counties of the State do not have veterinary practitioners. Technicians have been used in the testing and vaccinations and have performed very satisfactorily.
There are no provisions for certified brucellosis-free swine herds, even though there is authority for the adoption of the necessary regulations for such a program. Only brucellosis-free breeding swine are allowed entry into the State.
Authority for conducting brucellosis control and eradication on a complete area basis is provided in Nebraska by adequate legislation. State regulations were modified during 1957 to permit reactors to qualify for indemnity by disposal through local markets approved under the requirements of the Federal interstate brucellosis regulation. This change has aided in the prompt removal of reactors by establishing a more competitive market. The program has been immeasurably strengthened as a result of the Federal interstate regulation which became effective January 1, 1957.
A shortage of veterinary personnel appears to be the greatest handicap to further expansion of the program in Nebraska.
The State Brucellosis Committee was responsible during the year for an increased educational campaign directed primarily toward the Western counties.
As of December 31, 1957, 31 of the 93 counties in Nebraska were certified. It is expected that this number will be increased to 76 by the end of calendar year 1958. Complete area work will be underway in the balance of the counties at the same time.
The goal established for Statewide certification has been changed from January 1, 1960 to 1961 as a result of failure of certain counties to petition for area work.
Provisions are available in Nebraska for the establishment and maintenance of brucellosis-free swine herds. However, interest in the swine program has been low, probably due to the fact that all swine testing is at the expense of the individual owner, Five swine herds were certified as of December 31, 1957.
The entire State of Nevada is now operating under complete area testing procedures. The shortage of veterinary personnel and, as in other range States, the limited time that herds are available for tests continue to slow down the program, However, progress has been made in the enforcement of State regulations.
The local brucellosis committees have participated in circulating petitions for area work.
The goal for complete State certification has been advanced from December 31, 1960 to January 1, 1960. It is anticipated that 14 of the 17 counties of the State will be certified by the close of calendar year 1958.
Provisions are not available for the certification of brucellosis-free swine herds in Nevada.