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bushel measure containing one thousand and ninety-nine cubic inches, very near, a peck measure, and a half peck measure, when reduced to a just proportion, be the standard of the corn measures in this state, which are called by those names respectively; that the brass vessels ordered to be provided by this assembly, one of the capacity of two hundred and twenty-four cubic inches, and the other of the capacity of two hundred and eighty-two cubic inches, shall be, when procured, the first of thom the standard of a wine gallon, and the other the standard of ale or beer gallon in this state ; that the iron or brass red, or plate, ordered by this assembly to be provided, of one yard in length, to be divided into three equal parts for feet in length, and one of those parts to be subdivided into twelve equal parts for inches, shall be the standard of those measures, respectively; and that the brass weights, the property of this state, kept at the treasury, of one, two, four, seven, fourteen, twenty-eight, and fiftysix pounds, shall be the standard of avoirdupois weight in this state.

SEC. 2. Be it further enacted, That the treasurer of this state, for the time being, shall have the custody and safe-keeping of all the aforesaid weights and measures; and it shall be his duty, personally, or by some meet person or persons by him appointed, to try all such weights and measures as shall, pursuant to the provisions of this act, be presented to him to be tried by the proper standard, and to seal such as are found true with the capital letters S. C.

Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the treasurer of each county shall, on or before the first day of January next, provide, and constantly keep and preserve in good order, weights and measures correspondent to all the aforesaid standards, and of like materials, and shall, within the time aforesaid, cause them to be tried and sealed by those standards; and, in default thereof, shall, on conviction, before the county coyrt of the same county, pay a fine of seventeen dollars to the treasury of such county, to be recovered at the suit of the state's attorney for such county ; and the county treasurer, for the time being, after such conviction, shall incur a like penalty every term of three months he shall neglect his duty herein prescribed, to be recovered as aforesaid, for the use aforesaid : Always provided, That the state standards aforesaid may be used and improved, as heretofore, as standards for weights and measures for the county of Hartford.

Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the treasurer of each county, for the time being, shall have the custody and safe-keeping of the weights and measures belonging to the county, and it shall be his duty, either personally, or by some meet person or persons by him deputed, to try all such weights and measures as shall, pursuant to the provisions of this act, be presented to him to be tried by the county standard, and to seal such as are found true with the capital letter C, and that which begins the name of the county.

Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the selectmen of each town shall, on or before the first day of March next, at the cost and charge of the town, provide weights and measures of the various kinds aforesaid, of good and sufficient materials, which, for the standards of liquid measure, shall be copper, brass, or pewter, as standards for such town, and cause the same to be tried and sealed by the county standards; also, the following vessels for corn measure, of the forms and dimensiong herein described, to wit: a two quart measure, the bottom of which on the inside is four inthies wide on two opposite sides, and four inches and a half on the two other sides, and its height from thence seven inches and sixty-three hundredths of an inch; a quart measure, the capacity of which is three inches square from bottom to top throughout, and its height seven inches and sixty-three hundredths of an inch; and a pint measure, the capacity of which from bottom to top is three inches square throughout, and its height three inches and eighty-two hundredths of an inch, and, in default thercof, such selectmen shall, on conviðtion before an assistant or justice of the peace, forfeit and pay a fine of seven dollars; the one half to him or them who shall prosecute to effect, and the other half to the town treasury. And all informing oflicers are required to inquire after, and due presentment make of, all breaches of this act, and, after such conviction, the selectien, for the time being, shall incur a like penalty for every terin of two months they shall neglect their duty herein prescribed, or shall, at any future time, fail to preserve such weights and measures, true and in good order for the use of the town, to be recovered as aforesaid for the use aforesaid.

Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That the sealers of weights and measüres in each town shall have the custody and safe-keeping of the weights and measures belonging to the town, respectively, and it shall be their duty, once in every year, to try the several weights, stoelyards, and measures, that are used and improved by any person, or persons, in such town, by the town standards; to deface and destroy all such as cannot be brought equal with the standard, and to seal with the capital letter initial in the name of the town all such as are found or made true; and such sealer shall, sometime in the month of April yearly, give notice in writing to the inhabitants of the town, posted on the sign post and other public places in the town, to bring their steelyards, weights, and measures, at time and place therein fixed, to be tried and sealed. And if any person, or persons, shall, after the first day of May next, for the purpose of buying or selling, use any weight or measure until the same shall have been sealed in the manner aforesaid, each person, so offending, shall, for every such offence, forfeit the sum of two dollars, one half for the benefit of the town in which such offence shall be committed, and the other half for the benefit of the sealer of weights and measures for said town, whose duty it shall be to prosecute the same to effect.

Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That every sealer who shall neglect his duty required in this act, shall forfeit the sum of five dollars for every such neglect, to the town treasury.

Séo. 8. Be it further enacted, That the statute entitled “ An act for due regulation of weights and measures,” be, and the same is - hereby, repealed.

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STATE OF CONNECTICUT.

At a general assembly of the state of Connecticut, in America, holden at New Haven, in said state, on the second Thursday of October, being day of said month, and continued by adjournments from day to day, until the - in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and one.

An act in alteration of the statute, entitled An act prescribing and regu

lating weights and measures."

SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representatives, in General Court assembled, That the treasurer of this state do, without delay, provide a vessel of brass, the capacity of which shall be five inches square from bottom to top throughout, and nine inches and twenty-four hundredths of an inch in height, containing two hundred and thirty-one cubic inches, and the same, when provided, shall be the standard of a wine gallon in this state; any thing in said act to the contrary notwithstanding.

Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the provisions of said act shall relate to the said standard in all respects as they related to that in place of which it is substituted : and the treasurer of each county, by the first day of January next, and the selectmen of each town, by the first day of March next, shall, respectively, on penalty as by said act is in each case provided, to be recovered and applied as therein directed, provide, and cause to be tried and sealed by the proper standard, and constantly kept in good order, a vessel or measure of the same capacity as and for a standard of a wine gallon, for such counties and towns respectively.

At a general assembly of the state of Connecticut, holden at Hartford, in said state, on the second Thursday of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ten.

An act regulating the measure of charcoal.

Be it enacted by the Governor and Council, and House of Representatives, in General Court assembled, That the standard measure of charcoal shall be the half bushel measure prescribed by the act, entitled “ An act prescribing and regulating weights and measures," and that in measuring charcoal such measure shall be well heaped. General Assembly, May session, 1810.

LYMAN LAW,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
JOHN TREADWELL,

Governor.
Attest-THOMAS DAY, Secretary.

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The Governor of New York to the Secretary of State.

ALBANY, 4th September, 1817. SIR : In compliance with the request contained in your letter of the 29th of July, I now transmit a copy of the law of this state relative to weights and measures, marked number 6. The papers numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, exhibit our regulations on this subject, at different periods. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, Your most obedient servant,

DE WITT CLINTON. The Hon. R. Rush.

E. 6. b.

An act to ascertain the assize of casks, weights, measures, and bricks,

within this colony. Passed June 19, 1703.

Whereas nothing is more agreeable to common justice and equity, nor for the good and benefit of any people or government, who live in community and friendship together, than that they have one equal and just weight and balance, one true and perfect standard and assize of measure among them ; for want whereof experience shews that many frauds and deceits happen, which usually fall heavy upon the meanest and most indigent sort of people, who are least able to bear the same, and may be accounted little better than oppression. For remedy of which evil,

Be it enacted, and it is hereby enacted, by his excellency the Governor, by and with the consent of her majesty's council and representatives of this colony, fc. That, from and after the first day of August next, no cooper, or other person or persons whatsoever, within this city or colony, shall make any dry cask or vessel but of good and well seasoned timber, and of the respective dimensions following, viz. : Every hogshead to be forty inches long, thirty-three inches in the bulge, and twenty-seven inches in the head. Every tierce to be thirty-six inches long, twenty-seven inches in the bulge, and twenty-three inches in the head. Every barrel to be thirty inches long, twentysix inches in the bulge, and twenty-two inches in the head. Every half barrel to be twenty five inches long, twenty inches in the bulge, and sixteen inches in the head. Every quarter barrel to be twenty inches long, sixteen inches in the bulge, and thirteen inches in the head. All tight barrels to contain thirty-one gallons and a half of wine measure each, and not to exceed or be half a gallon over or under the same, and all other casks to contain in proportion to a barrel, upon penalty of five shillings for every offence committed to the contrary hereof, to be paid by the maker or user of such casks or vessels, in whose hands the said offence shall first happen to be known or discovered.

And to the preventing other frauds and deceits that may be in casks made as aforesaid,

Be it further enacted, &c. That, from and after the said first day of August, all and every the cask and casks, which shall be employed or used for the stowing or packing of flour or biscuit, within this city or province, for transportation thereof, or otherwise, in any way, of merchandise, before any of the said goods or commodities shall be put or packed therein, shall be truly weighed, and the just weight and tare thereof be set with a marking iron upon the head of each cask so employed as aforesaid, together with the name of each respective person using or employing the same, upon the penalty of nine pence, to be paid for every neglect herein, by the person or persons, respectively, on whose account any of the goods or commodities aforesaid shall, to the contrary hereof, be stowed or packed as aforesaid.

And be it further enacted, &c. That, from and after the first day of August aforesaid, there shall be one just beam or balance, one certain weight and measure, and one yard, that is to say, avoirdupois and troy weights, bushels, half bushels, pecks, and half pecks, according to the standard of her majesty's exchequer, in her realm of England, throughout all this colony, as well in places privileged as without any usage or custom to the contrary notwithstanding ; and that every mea. sure of corn shall be striked without heap. And whosoever sell, buy, or keep any other beam, weight, measure, or yard, than as aforesaid, whereby any corn, grain, or other thing, is bought or sold, from and after the time limited as aforesaid, shall forfeit for every such offence 20s.

And for the better observance and putting in execution of this act, fit persons be appointed in all counties and cities within this colony, for the sealing and marking all beains, weights, measures, and yards, to be used within the respective counties and cities aforesaid, with the letter A, according to the standard of her majesty's exchequer in England, that the same may be known throughout this colony; and that his excellency the governor aforesaid be desired to nominate and appoint such fit persons in all proper places within this colony aforesaid, the which respective persons, when nominated and appointed, shall take for their pains in sealing and marking all such beams, weights, measures, and yards, as shall from time to time for that purpose be brought in to them, the rate of nine pence, except weights and small liquid measures, which shall pay only one penny each, and no more, on penalty of five shillings for the least exaction therein, saving always, nevertheless, unto the cities of New York, Albany, and borough of Westchester, and the mayors thereof, for the time be

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