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The documents mentioned in your letter of the 4th altimo have been duly received at this department.
I have the honor to be,
JOHN CLARK: Honorable John QUINCY ADAMS,
Secretary of State.
An Act to regulate weights and measures in this state.
SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the state of Georgia, in general assembly met, and by the authority of the same, That the standard of weights and measures established by the corporations of the cities of Savannah and Augusta, and now in use within the said cities, shall be, and the same are hereby declared to be, the fixed standard of weights and measures within this state; and all persons buying or selling shall buy and sell by that standard, until the Congress of the United States shall have made provision on that subject.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That it shall be the duty of the justices of the inferior courts, or a majority of them, in their respective counties, by their clerk, or some other person especially authorized by them for that purpose, to obtain from the said corporations, or one of them, to be paid out of the county funds, the standard of weights and measures as fixed by them, within six months from the passing of this act; and that the said justices, or a majority of them, shall, so soon as they obtain the standard of such weights and measures, give thirty days' notice thereof at the courthouse and three other public places in the county; and if any person or persons whosoever shall sell, or attempt to sell, any article or thing by any other or less weight or measure than that so established, he, she, or they, so offending, shall forfeit and pay three times the value of the article so sold, or attempted to be sold, to be recovered before any justice of the peace, if it should not amount to more than thirty dollars, and if above that sum before any judge of the superior court, or the justices of the inferior court, by action of debt; one half whereof shall be for the use of the informer or person bringing the action, and the other for the use of the county in which such act or offence may happen.
SEC. 3. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That it shall be the duty of the justices of the inferior court, or a majority of them, of the respective counties of this state, to procure a marking instrument, seal, or stamp, for the purpose of marking, sealing,
or stamping, all weights and measures within their several counties, which marking instrument, seal, or stamp, shall remain in the clerk's office of the inferior court, by him to be affixed to any weight or measure which he may find to correspond with or not less than the standards established by said corporations of Savannah and Augusta.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the said clerks of the inferior courts shall receive six and one-fourth cents for every weight and measure by them so marked, sealed, or stamped, to be paid by the person obtaining the same.
ABRAHAM JACKSON, Speaker of the House of Representatives.' DAVID EMANUEL,
President of the Senate. Assented to, December 10, 1803.
JOHN MILLEDGE, Governor.
“ And be it further ordained, That all weights for weighing any articles of produce or merchandise shall be of the avoirdupois standard weight; and all measures for liquor, whether of wine or ardent spirits, of the wine measure standard; and all measures for grain, salt, or other articles usually sold by the bushel, of the dry or Winchester measure standard : and all weights and measures used within this city shall be in conformity to the said public standard. It shall not be lawful for any person or persons to make use of any other than brass or iron weights, regulated as aforesaid, or weights of any other description than those of fifty, twenty-five, fourteen, seven, four, two, one, half, quarter pound, two ounce, one ounce, and down
I certify the above to be true extracts from the original ordinance of the city council of Augusta. Clerk's Office, 30th November, 1819.
JOSEPH CRANE, Dep. C. C.
The Governor of Kentucky to the Secretary of State.
FRANKFORT, November 26, 1817. SIR: In compliance with your request, and the resolution of Congress on the subject of weights and measures, I have the honor to transmit to you a copy of the law of this state on that subject.
It may not be improper to remark, that weights and measntes, agreeably to said law, have been procured as a general standard for this state.
I have the honor to be,
GABRIEL SLAUGHTER. The Hon. SECRETARY OF STATE,
E 15—6. An Act concerning Weights and Measures, approved December 11, 1798.
Whereas the Congress of the United States are empowered, by the federal constitution, to fix the standard of weights and measures, and they have not hitherto passed any law for the aforesaid purpose : whereby an act passed by the general assembly of Virginia, in the year 1734, entitled “ An act for more effectually obliging persons to buy and sell by weights and measures according to the En. glish standard,” still remains in force in this commonwealth:
SEC. 1. Therefore, be it enacted by the General Assembly, That the governor be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to procure one set of the weights and measures in the said act specified, with proper scales for the weights, together with measures of the length of one foot and of one yard; and the bushel, dry measure, shall contain two thousand one hundred and fifty and two-thirds solid inches; and the gallon of wine measure shall contain two hundred and thirtyone inches; and the said weights, measures, and scales, shall be deposited in the custody of the secretary of state, to serve as a general standard for weights and measures within this commonwealth.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That, when the aforesaid weights, measures, and scales, shall be procured as aforesaid, the governor shall cause to be made for each county, within this state, one set of weights and measures, and the last mentioned weights and measures shall be compared by the secretary of state with the aforesaid general standard, and, if found to agree therewith, shall be forthwith transmitted by him, together with scales proper for the weights to be procured as aforesaid, to the clerks of the several county courts in this state.
SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said weights, measures, and scales, shall be kept by such person, in each county, as the court of the said county shall appoint; and, immediately after such appointment, the clerk shall make known the same by advertisement, to be fixed up at the door of the court house. And all persons, desirous of trying their weights and measures, may resort to the aforesaid county standards for that purpose; and the person appointed to keep the said standards shall, if he find them true, seal them with a
seal, to be provided by the county court, at the expense of the county: and the persons appointed in the several counties to keep the said county standards shall be entitled, for trying every steelyard, and certificate thereof, to twenty-five cents; for trying any weights or measures, and sealing the same, twelve and one half cents, for each weight or measure sealed, to be paid by the person for whom such service shall be done.
SEC. 4. And be it it further enacted, That, three months after the appointment of a person to keep the said county standards shall have been made known as aforesaid, every person who shall knowingly buy, or who shall sell, any commodity whatever by weight or measure that shall not correspond with the said county standards, or shall keep any such for the purpose of buying or selling with them, shall, for every such offence, forfeit and pay four dollars, to go towards lessening the county levy, and to be recovered before any justice of the peace for the county in which such offence shall be committed.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the auditor of public accounts shall issue his warrant, or warrants, on the treasurer, to such amount as the governor shall certify to be due, and to such person or persons as the same shall be owing, for furnishing and transporting the aforesaid weights, measures, and scales.
This act shall be in force from and after the passage thereof.
The Governor of Tennessee to the Secretary of State.
mmunication, rand as no fixed stand who are now in
MURFREESBORO', November 24, 1819. Sir: Your communication, relative to a standard of weights and measures, has been received, and as no fixed standard exists as to weights, I laid your request before the legislature, who are now in session-indeed I pursued the same course two years past, when a similar request was made by Mr. Rush, and am sorry to say the subject was not attended to, which, I trust, will not be the case in the present instance. At all events, I will do myself the honor to advise you of the result.
I am, with great respect,
JOS. M-MINN. JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, Esq.
Secretary of State of the United States.
Governor Worthington to Mr. Rush, acting Secretary of State.
CHILLICOTHE, 18th August, 1817. SIR : In compliance with the request made in your letter of the 29th ult. I have directed the secretary of state of Ohio to forward a certified copy of any law of the state for the regulation of weights and measures. I have the honor to be, very respectfully,
T. WORTHINGTON. RICHARD Rush,
Acting Secretary of State of the United States.
COLUMBUS, (Ohio,) 13th September, 1817. SIR : Pursuant to a request of the governor of our state, I have the honor to transmit an extract from an act of this state, relating to measures. I concluded it was not necessary to transcribe the whole act, as the remainder thereof only relates to the appointment of a person to keep said standard, and to try and prove others thereby. As to weights, we have no legislative provision on the subject, which is much to be regretted. I have the honor to be, with great respect, Your most obedient, humble servant,
JOHN MʻLENE. The Hon. SECRETARY OF STATE,
for the United States.
Extract from an act of the General Assembly of the state of Ohio, enti
tled “ An act for regulating measures," passed the 22d day of January, 1811, and now in force.
“ Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the state of Ohio, That the county commissioners of each county in this state are hereby required and directed to cause to be made for each county one half bushel measure, which shall contain one thousand seventy-five and two tenths solid inches, which shall be kept in the county seat, and shall be called the standard."