International Law: A Treatise, Том 2

Предња корица
Longmans, Green and Company, 1921

Шта други кажу - Напишите рецензију

Нисмо пронашли ниједну рецензију на уобичајеним местима.

Садржај

Award binding upon Parties only
24
Costs of Arbitration
25
25a Arbitration by Summary Procedure
26
VI The League of Nations and State Differences 25b The League of Nations as a Factor in State Differences
34
25c The Duties of the League itself
35
25e Inquiry by the Assembly
37
25g Disputes in which nonMembers are involved
38
CHAPTER II
39
Compulsive Means in contradistinction to War
40
Compulsive Means in contradistinction to an Ultimatum and De monstrations
41
Retorsion
42
Conception and Character of Retorsion 30 Retorsion when justified 31 Retorsion how exercised 32 Value of Retorsion
43
Reprisals
44
Conception of Reprisals in contradistinction to Retorsion 34 Reprisals admissible for all International Delinquencies 35 Reprisals admissible for Intern...
48
Positive and Negative Reprisals 39 Reprisals must be proportionate
50
teet Pagº 44 Development of Practice of Pacific Blockade
53
Admissibility of Pacific Blockade
55
in Pacific Blockade and vessels of third states sº 47 Pacific Blockade and Vessels of the Blockaded State
57
Walue of Pacific Blockade
58
Time of Intervention
60
Economic Boycott 52a The socalled Economic Boycott
61
PART II
63
WAR CHAPTER I
65
Conception of War
66
War a Contention
67
War a Contention between States
68
War a Contention between States through Armed Forces
69
57a Recent Developments affecting the Distinction between Armed Forces and Civilians
73
War a Contention between States for the purpose of overpower ing each other
74
Civil War
75
Guerilla War
76
Causes Kinds and Ends of
78
Rules of Warfare independent of Causes of War
79
Just Causes of War
81
Causes in contradistinction to Pretexts for War
82
Ends of War
83
sect page 67 Origin of the Laws of War
84
The most important Developments of the Laws of War
86
Binding Force of the Laws of War
90
The Region of War 70 Region of War in contradistinction to Theatre of War
92
Particular Region of every War
93
Exclusion from Region of War through Neutralisation
96
C
97
Asserted Exclusion of the Baltic Sea from the Region of War
98
Qualification to become a Belligerent facultas bellandi
99
Possibility in contradistinction to Qualification to become a Belligerent
100
Insurgents as a Belligerent Power
101
Principal and Accessory Belligerent Parties
102
The Armed Forces of the Belligerents 78 Regular Armies and Navies
103
NonCombatant Members of Armed Forces
105
Levies en masse
106
Barbarous Forces
108
Privateers
109
The Crews of Merchantmen
113
Deserters and Traitors
115
Enemy Character 87 On Enemy Character in general
116
Enemy Character of Individuals
117
88a Enemy Character of Corporations
122
Enemy Character of Vessels
124
Enemy Character of Goods
128
Transfer of Enemy Vessels
130
Transfer of Goods on Enemy Wesse
133
CHAPTER II
136
Declaration of War
138
Ultimatum
140
Initiative hostile Acts of War
141
sect Page 97 General Effects of the Outbreak of War
143
Rupture of Diplomatic Intercourse and Consular Activity
144
Cancellation of Treaties
145
Precarious Position of Belligerents Subjects on Enemy Territory
147
100a Persona standi in judicio on Enemy Territory
150
Intercourse especially Trading between Subjects of Belli gerents
152
Position of Belligerents Property in the Enemy State
157
102a Effect of the Outbreak of War on Merchantmen
160
CHAPTER III
166
On Violence in general against Enemy Persons
168
Killing and Wounding of Combatants
169
Lawful and Unlawful Means of Killing and Wounding Com
170
Explosive Bullets
171
Expanding DumDum Bullets
172
Violence against nonCombatant Members of Armed Forces
173
Violence against Private Enemy Persons
175
Violence against the Head of the Enemy State and against Officials in Important Positions
176
Origin of Geneva Convention
177
The Wounded and the Sick
179
Medical Units and Establishments and Material
180
Personnel
181
Convoys of Evacuation
183
Treatment of the Dead 124a Prevention of Abuses
185
Captivity sect Paolº 125 Development of International Law regarding Captivity
186
sect page 187 Immunity of Fishing Boats and Small Boats employed in Local
187
Treatment of Prisoners of War
188
Who may claim to be Prisoners of War
191
Release on Parole
192
Bureau of Information
193
131a Prisoners of War during the World War
194
End of Captivity
196
Appropriation and Utilisation of Public Enemy Property 133 Appropriation of all the Enemy Property no longer admissible
197
Immoveable Property of Municipalities and of Religious Chari table and the like Institutions
198
Utilisation of Public Buildings
199
Moveable Property of Municipalities and of Religious Chari table and the like Institutions
200
138a Moveable Public Property during the World War 139 Booty on the Battlefield
201
Appropriation and Utilisation of Private Enemy Property 140 Immoveable Private Property
202
Private War Material and Means of Transport
203
Other Private Personal Property
204
Booty on the Battlefield
205
Private Enemy Property brought into a Belligerents Territory
206
Requisitions and Contributions 146 War must support War
207
Requisitions in Kind and Quartering
209
Contributions
210
Destruction of Enemy Property 149 Wanton Destruction prohibited
212
Destruction in Marching Reconnoitring and Conducting Trans port
213
Destruction of Arms Ammunition and Provisions
214
General Devastation
215
Assault Siege and Bombardment
216
Assault Siege and Bombardment when lawful 216 º 156 Assault how carried out
218
Bombardment how carried out
220
Espionage and War Treason SECT Page 159 Twofold Character of Espionage and War Treason
222
Espionage in contradistinction to Scouting and Despatch bearing
223
Punishment of Espionage
225
War Treason
226
Ruses 163 Character of Ruses of War
227
Stratagems in contradistinction to Perfidy
229
Occupation of Enemy Territory 166 Occupation as an Aim of Warfare
230
Occupation when effected
233
Occupation when ended
236
Rights of the Occupant regarding the Inhabitants
238
Position of Government Officials and Municipal Functionaries during Occupation
242
Position of Courts of Justice during Occupation
243
CHAPTER IV
246
Lawful and Unlawful Practices of Sea Warfare
247
Objects of the Means of Sea Warfare
248
Declaration of Paris
250
The Principle of Appropriation of Private Enemy Vessels and Enemy Goods thereon
251
Codification of Law of Sea Warfare
254
Attack and Seizure of Enemy Vessels 180 Importance of Attack and Seizure of Enemy Vessels
256
Attack how effected
258
182a Submarine Contact Mines
259
Duty of giving Quarte
261
Effect of Seizure
262
Immunity of Vessels charged with Religious Scientific or Philanthropic Mission
263
Trade
265
Immunity of Merchantmen at the Outbreak of War on their Voyage to and from a Belligerents Port
266
Vessels in Distress
267
Appropriation and Destruction of Enemy Merchantmen
269
The Wounded Sick and Shipwrecked 205a Treatment of the Dead
285
206a Hospital Ships in Neutral Ports
288
Neutral Vessels assisting the Wounded Sick or Shipwrecked
289
The Religious Medical and Hospital Staff
290
Espionage Treason Ruses 210 Espionage and Treason
291
Requisitions Contributions Bombardment 212 Requisitions and Contributions upon Coast Towns
293
Bombardment of the Enemy Coast
294
Interference with Submarine Telegraph Cables
297
Uncertainty of Rules concerning Interference with Submarine Telegraph Cables
298
AIR WARFARE
299
Licences to Trade
305
Cartels
312
Armistices
320
sect page
325
How Legitimate Warfare is to a certain extent secured
331
Reprisals admissible for every Illegitimate Act of Warfare
337
Hostilities in Arms by Private Individuals
345
Modern Practice of taking Hostages
351
END OF WAR AND POSTLIMINIUM I On Termination of War in general Padre War a Temporary Condition Three Modes of Termination of War
356
Simple Cessation of Hostilities Exceptional Occurrence of Simple Cessation of Hostilities
357
Subjugation Subjugation in contradistinction to Conquest
358
Subjugation a Formal End of War
360
Treaty of Peace the most frequent End of War
361
Preliminaries of Peace
363
Form and Parts of Peace Treaties
364
Competence to conclude Peace
365
Effects of Treaty of Peace 272 Restoration of Condition of Peace
366
Principle of Uti Possidetis
368
Release of Prisoners of War
370
Revival of Treaties
371
Treaty of Peace how to be carried out
372
Breach of Treaty of Peace
373
Conception of Postlininium
374
Postlininium according to International Law in contradistinc 375 281 Revival of the Former Condition of Things tion to Postlininium according to M...
375
Invalidity of Illegitimate Acts
377
No Postliminium after Interregnum
378
sect PAGE 398 Carriage of Contraband Penal by the Municipal Law of Belli
398
Different Kinds of Neutrality
408
Commencement of Neutrality in Civil War
414
Violation in contradistinction to End of Neutrality
418
srct page 315 Rights and Duties of Neutrals contested
420
Contents of Duty of Impartiality
422
Duty of Impartiality continuously growing more intense before the World War
423
Contents of Duty of Belligerents to treat Neutrals in accordance with their Impartiality
424
Neutrals and Military Operations
428
Hostilities by and against Neutrals
429
Furnishing Troops and MenofWar to Belligerents
432
Subjects of Neutrals fighting among Belligerent Forces
433
Passage of Troops and War Material through Neutral Territory
434
Passage of Wounded through Neutral Territory
436
Passage of MenofWar
437
Occupation of Neutral Territory by Belligerents
438
Prize Courts on Neutral Territory
439
Belligerents Prizes in Neutral Ports 328a The Case of The Appam
440
Neutrals and Military Preparations
442
Depots and Factories on Neutral Territory
443
Passage of Bodies of Men intending to Enlis
444
Organisation of Hostile Expeditions
445
Building and Fittingout of Vessels intended for Naval Opera tions
451
The Alabama case and the Three Rules of washington
453
Neutral Asylum to Land Forces War Material and Airmen 336 On Neutral Asylum in general
456
Neutral Territory and Prisoners of War
457
Fugitive Soldiers and Deserters on Neutral Territory
459
Neutral Territory and Fugitive Troops
460
Neutral Territory and nonCombatant Members of Belligerent Forces
462
34la Neutral Territory and Belligerent Airmen
463
Asylum to Naval Forces in contradistinction to Asylum to Land Forces
464
Neutral Asylum to Naval Forces optional
465
Asylum to Naval Forces in Distress
466
Exterritoriality of MenofWar during Asylum
467
Facilities to MenofWar during Asylum
469
Embargo 41 Reprisals to be preceded by Negotiations and to be stopped when Reparation is made
503
365
505
368
511
373a Blockade of Straits
516
Justification of Blockade
517
CHAPTER III
518
Length of Time for Egress of Neutral Vessels
521
End of Blockade
522
Effectiveness of Blockade 379 Effective in contradistinction to Fictitious Blockade
523
Condition of Effectiveness of Blockade
524
Amount of Danger which creates Effectiveness
526
Cessation of Effectiveness
527
Breach of Blockade 383 Definition of Breach of Blockade
528
The Former Practice as to what constitutes an Attempt to break Blockade
530
385a What constituted an Attempt to break Blockade according to the unratified Declaration of London
532
When Ingress is not considered Breach of Blockade
534
When Egress is not considered Breach of Blockade
535
Passage through Unblockaded Canal no Breach of Blockade
536
Penalty for Breach of Blockade
538
The socalled LongDistance Blockade 390a Conception of the LongDistance Blockade
539
The Isolation of the Central Empires during the World War
542
CHAPTER IV
545
Definition of Contraband of War
546
Absolute and Conditional Contraband and Free Articles
548
Articles absolutely Contraband
549
Articles conditionally Contraband
552
Hostile Destination essential to Contraband
557
Free Articles
560
396a Articles destined for the use of the Carrying Vessel or to aid the Wounded
561
Contraband Wessels
562
gerents
563
Direct Carriage of Contraband
566
Indirect Carriage of Contraband Doctrine of Continuous Transports
568
Continental Support to the Doctrine of Continuous Transports 57 1
573
Consequences of Carriage of Contraband 404 Capture for Carriage of Contraband
576
Penalty for Carriage of Contraband according to the Practice hitherto prevailing
578
Penalty according to the Declaration of London for Carriage of Contraband
581
406a Seizure of Contraband without Seizure of the Vessel
583
UNNEUTRAL SERVICE I The Different Kinds of Unneutral Service 407 Unneutral Service in general
585
Carriage of Persons for the Enemy
586
Transmission of Intelligence to the Enemy
592
Unneutral Service creating Enemy Character
594
Consequences of Unneutral Service 411 Capture for Unneutral Service
596
Seizure of Enemy Persons and Despatches without Seizure of Vessel
599
413a Seizure of Enemy Reservists during the World War
601
CHAPTER WI VISITATION CAPTURE AND TRIAL OF NEUTRAL VESSELS I Visitation 414 Conception of Right of Visitation
604
Right of Visitation by whom when and where exercised
605
Only Private Vessels may be visited
606
No Universal Rules regarding Mode of Visitation
609
Visit
610
Search
611
421a Bringing Vessels into Port for Search
612
What constitutes Resistance
613
Sailing under Enemy Convoy equivalent to Resistance
614
Resistance by Neutral Convoy
615
Deficiency of Papers
616
Double and False Papers
617
428a Call at an Enemy Port of a Vessel with Neutral Destination
618
Grounds and Mode of Capture
619
Destruction of Neutral Prizes
623
Ransom and Recapture of Neutral Prizes
624
Release after Capture
625
Trial of Captured Vessels a Municipal Matter
626
Result of Trial
630
Protests and Claims of Neutrals after Trial
632
THE PROPOSED INTERNATIONAL PRIZE COURT I Proposals for International Prize Courts 438 Early Projects
634
German Project of 190
636
Convention XII of the Second Hague Conference
637
The Hague Project for an International Prize Court 442 The Court
638
Competence
639
What Law to be applied
641
Action in Damages instead of Appeal
642
Present Position of the Hague Project
643
Blockade Outwards and Inwards
645

Друга издања - Прикажи све

Чести термини и фразе

Популарни одломци

Страница 24 - Disputes as to the interpretation of a treaty, as to any question of international law, as to the existence of any fact which if established would constitute a breach of any international obligation, or as to the extent and nature of the reparation to be made for any such breach, are declared to be among those which are generally suitable for submission to arbitration or judicial settlement.
Страница 38 - If a State so invited shall refuse to accept the obligations of membership in the League for the purposes of such dispute, and shall resort to war against a Member of the League, the provisions of Article 16 shall be applicable as against the State taking such action.
Страница 454 - First, to use due diligence to prevent the fitting out, arming, or equipping, within its jurisdiction, of any vessel which it has reasonable ground to believe is intended to cruise or to carry on war against a power with which it is at peace...
Страница 37 - Assembly, if concurred in by the Representatives of those Members of the League represented on the Council and of a majority of the other Members of the League, exclusive in each case of the Representatives of the parties to the dispute...
Страница 106 - To conduct their operations in accordance with the laws and customs of war. In countries where militia or volunteer corps constitute the army, or form part of it, they are included under the denomination "army.
Страница 92 - The right of belligerents to adopt means of injuring the enemy is not unlimited.
Страница 343 - A belligerent is forbidden to force the inhabitants of territory occupied by it to furnish information about the army of the other belligerent or about its means of defence.
Страница 344 - Convention for the adaptation to maritime warfare of the principles of the Geneva Convention of August 22, 1864.
Страница 591 - If, to the knowledge of either the owner, the charterer, or the master, she is transporting a military detachment of the enemy, or one or more persons who, in the course of the voyage, directly assist the operations of the enemy.
Страница 561 - Articles intended for the use of the vessel in which they are found, as well as those intended for the use of her crew and passengers during the voyage.

Библиографски подаци