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There was a time, “ in Esher's peaceful grove,
“ When Kent and Nature vy'd for Pelham's love,"
That Pope beheld them with auspicious smile,
And own'd that beauty blest their mutual toil.
Mistaken bard! could such a pair design
Scenes fit to live in thy immortal line?
Hadst thou been born in this enlighten'd day,
Felt, as we feel, taste's oriental ray,
Thy satire sure had given them both a stab,
Call’d Kent a driveller, and the nymph a drab.
For what is Nature ? Ring her changes round,
Her three flat notes are water, plants, and ground';

the person here mentioned received a considerable pension in the time of lord Bute's administration.

1 This is the great and fundamental axiom, on which oriental taste is founded. It is therefore expressed here with the greatest precisiun, and in the identical phrase of the great original. The figurative terms, and even the explanatory simile, are entirely borrowed from sir William's Dissertation. “ Nature" (says the Chinese, or sir William for them) “ affords us but few materials to work with. Plants, grounds and water, are her only productions; and though both the forms and arrangements of these may be varied to an incredible degree, yet they have but few striking varieties, the rest being of the nature of changes rung upon bells, which, though in reality different, still produce the same uniform kind of gingling; the variation being too minute to be easily perceived.”." Art must therefore supply the scantiness of Nature,” &c. &c. Page 14. And again, “ Our larger works are only a repetition of the small ones, like the honest bachelor's feast, which consisted in nothing but a multiplication of his own dinner; three legs of mutton and turnips, three roasted geese, and three buttered apple-pies.” Preface, page 7.

Prolong the peal, yet, spite of all your clatter,
The tedious chime is still ground, plants and water.
So, when some John his dull invention racks,
To rival Boodle's dinners, or Almack's; . .
Three uncouth legs of mutton shock our eyes,
Three roasted geese, three butter'd apple-pies.
Come then, prolific Art, and with thee bring
The charms that rise from thy exhaustless spring;
To Richmond come, for see, untutor'd Browne
Destroys those wonders which were once thy own.
Lo, from his melon ground the peasant slave
Has rudely rush'd, and levellid Merlin's cave;
Knock'd down the waxen wizard, seized his wand,
Transform'd to lawn what late was fairy land;
And marr'd, with impious hand, each sweet design
Of Stephen Duck, and good queen Caroline.
Haste, bid yon livelong terrace re-ascend,
Replace each vista, straighten every bend;
Shut out the Thames; shall that ignoble thing
Approach the presence of great Ocean's king ?
No! let barbaric glories feast his eyes',
August pagodas round his palace rise,
And finish'd Richmond open to his view,
“ A work to wonder at, perhaps a Kew.”
Nor rest we here, but, at our magic call,
Monkeys shall climb our trees, and lizards crawl";

! So Milton.

Where the gorgeous east with richest hand .

Showers on her kings barbaric pearl and gold. • " In their lofty woods serpents and lizards, of many beautiful

Huge dogs of Tibet bark in yonder grove,
Here parrots prate, there cats make cruel love;
In some fair island will we turn to grass
(With the queen's leave) her elephant and ass.
Giants from Africa shall guard the glades,
Where hiss our snakes, where sport our Tartar maids;
Or, wanting these, from Charlotte Hayes we bring
Damsels, alike adroit to sport and sting.
Now to our lawns of dalliance and delight,
Join we the groves of horror and affright;
This to achieve no foreign aids we try,
Thy gibbets, Bagshot! shall our wants supply);

sorts, crawl upon the ground. Innumerable monkies, cats, and parrots clamber upon the trees.” Page 40. “ In their lakes are many islands, some small, some large, amongst which are often seen stalking along, the elephant, the rhinoceros, the dromedary, - ostrich, and the giant baboon.” Page 66. “They keep in their enchanted scenes, a surprising variety of monstrous birds, reptiles and animals, which are tamed by art, and guarded by enormous dogs of Tibet, and African giants, in the habits of magicians." Page 42. “ Sometimes in this romantic excursion, the passenger finds himself in extensive recesses, surrounded with arbours of jessamine, vine, and roses; where beauteous Tartarean damsels, , in loose transparent robes that flutter in the air, present him with rich wines, &c. and invite him to taste the sweets of retirement, on Persian carpets, and beds of Camusakin down.” Page 40.

1 “Their scenes of terror are composed of gloomy woods, &c. gibbets, crosses, wheels, and the whole apparatus of torture are seen from the roads. Here, too they conceal in cavities, on the summits of the highest mountains, foundries, lime-kilns, and glassworks, which send forth large volumes of flame, and continued

Hounslow, whose heath sublimer terror fills,
Shall with her gibbets lend her powder mills.
Here too, O king of vengeance, in thy fane',
Tremendous Wilkes shall rattle his gold chain;
And round that fane, on many a Tyburn tree,
Hang fragments dire of Newgate-history;
On this shall Holland's dying speech be read,
Here Bute's confession, and his wooden head;
While all the minor plunderers of the age
(Too numerous far for this contracted page)
The Rigbys, Calcrafts, Dysons, Bradshaws there,
In straw stuft effigy, shall kick the air. .

columns of thick smoke, that give to these mountains the appearance of volcanos.” Page 37. “ Here the passenger from time to time is surprised with repeated shocks of electrical impulse; the earth trembles under him by the power of confined air,” &c. Page 39. Now to produce both these effects, viz, the appearance of volcanos and earthquakes, we have here substituted the occasional explosion of a powder-mill, which (if there be not too much simplicity in the contrivance) it is apprehended will at once answer all the purposes of lime-kilns and electrical machines, and imitate thunder and the explosion of cannon into the bargain. Vide page 40.

1.- In the most dismal recesses of the woods, are temples dedicated to the king of vengeance, near which are placed pillars of stone, with pathetic descriptions of tragical events; and many acts of cruelty perpetrated there by outlaws and robbers.” Page 37.

. This was written while Mr. Wilkes was sheriff of London, and when it was to be feared he would rattle his chain a year longer as lord mayor.

But say, ye powers, who come when fancy calls,
Where shall our mimic London rear her walls??
That eastern feature, art must next produce,
Though not for present yet for future use,
Our sons some slave of greatness may behold,
Cast in the genuine Asiatic mould:
Who of three realms shall condescend to know
No more than he can spy from Windsor's brow;
For him that blessing of a better time,
The Muse shall deal awhile in brick and lime;
Surpass the bold AAEAQI in design,
And o'er the Thames fling one stupendous line
Of marble arches, in a bridge, that cuts 2
From Richmond Ferry slant to Brentford Butts.
Brentford with London's charms will we adorn;
Brentford, the bishopric of parson Horne.
There, at one glance, the royal eye shall meet
Each varied beauty of St. James's street;

1 « There is likewise in the same garden, viz. Yven-MingYven, near Pekin, a fortified town, with its ports, streets, public squares, temples, markets, shops, and tribunals of justice; in short, with every thing that is at Pekin, only on a smaller scale."

“In this town the emperors of China, who are too much the slaves of their greatness to appear in public, and their women, who are excluded from it by custom, are frequently diverted with the hurry and bustle of the capital, which is there represented, several times in the year, by the eanuchs of the palace.” Page 32.

* Sir William's enormous account of Chinese bridges, too long to be here inserted. Vide page 33.

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