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Citizens of the United States shall at all times enjoy the same rights and privileges in regard to the importation and sale of spirits, beer, wines, and spirituous liquors in Siam as the subjects of the most favored nation; and spirits, beer, wines, and spirituous liquors coming from the United States shall enjoy the same privileges in all respects as similar articles coming from any other country the most favored in this respect.

It is therefore clearly understood that citizens of the United States are not bound to conform to the provisions of the present agreement to any greater extent than the subjects of other nations are so bound.


Subject to the provisions of Article V, the present Agreement shall come into operation on a date to be fixed by mutual consent between the two Governments and shall remain in force until the expiration of six months' notice given by either party to determine the same.

The existing treaty engagements between the United States and Siam shall continue in full force until the present Agreement comes into operation and after that date, except in so far as they are modified hereby.

Should the present Agreement be terminated, the Treaty engagements between the United States and Siam shall revive, and remain as they existed previously to the signature hereof.


In this agreement the words “ citizen of the United States” shall include any naturalized citizen of the United States, and the words

Consul General of the United States” shall include any consular officer of the United States in Siam.

The present agreement shall be ratified, and its ratification shall be exchanged as soon as possible.

In witness whereof, the Undersigned have signed the same in duplicate, and have affixed thereto their seals.

Done at Washington, the fourteenth day of May 1884, corresponding to the fifth day of the waning moon of the month of Visagamas of the year Wauk Sixth Decade 1246 of the Siamese Astronomical Era.


(SEAL.] In the name of His Majesty Chulalonkorn I., King of Siam, and by His Royal Command and authority, I, Krom Mun Narès Varariddhi, His Majesty's duly empowered Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, hereby ratify and confirm the within Agreement and every part thereof.

Done at Washington this thirtieth day of June, 1884, being the eighth day of the waxing moon of the month Asalhamas of the year Wauk, sixth Decade 1246 of the Siamese astronomical era. [SEAL.]


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Article XXIX of the treaty of friendship concluded July 3, 1902, page 1701, provides:

"All treaties, agreements, conventions and contracts between the United States and Spain prior to the treaty of Paris shall be expressly abrogated and annulled, with the exception of the treaty signed the seventeenth of February, 1834, between the two countries, for the settlement of claims between the United States of America and the Government of His Catholic Majesty, which is continued in force by the present convention.”



Concluded October 27, 1795; ratification advised by the Senate March

3, 1796; ratifications exchanged April 25, 1796; proclaimed August 2, 1796.


I. Amity.
II. Boundary line.
III. Commissioners and surveyors.
IV. Western boundary of the United

V. Conduct toward Indians.
VI. Protection of vessels.
VII. Embargo.
VIII. Asylum for vessels.
IX. Property taken from' pirates.

X. Vessels wrecked.
XI. Disposition of property.
XII. Passports for vessels.

XIII. Time allowed merchants in

XIV. Privateers prohibited.

XV. Liberty of trade.
XVI. Contraband.
XVII. Sea letters.
XVIII. Search.
XIX. Consuls.

XX. Courts of justice.
XXI. Claims.
XXII. Deposit of goods at New Or-

XXIII. Ratification.

His Catholic Majesty and the United States of America, desiring to consolidate, on a permanent basis, the friendship and good correspondence which happily prevails between the two parties, have determined to establish, by a convention, several points, the settlement whereof will be productive of general advantage and reciprocal utility to both nations.

4 Federal cases: The Nereide (9 Cranch, 388), The Pizarro (2 Wheat., 227), The Nuestra Señora de la Caridad (4 Wheat., 497), The Amiable Isabella (6 Wheat., 1), The Bello Corrunes (6 Wheat., 152), The Santissima Trinidad (7 Wheat., 283), Henderson v. Poindexter's Lessee (12 Wheat., 530), U. S. v. The Amistad (15 Pet., 518), Pollard v. Hagan (3 How., 212), Robinson v. Minor (10 How., 627), Le Tigre (3 Wash. C. C., 567), The Santissima Trinidad (1 Brock., 478).

With this intention, His Catholic Majesty has appointed the most excellent Lord Don Manuel de Godoy, and Alvarez de Faria, Rios, Sanchez, Zarzosa, Prince de la Paz, Duke de la Alcudia, Lord of the Soto de 'Roma, and of the State of Albalá, Grandee of Spain of the first class, perpetual Regidor of the city of Santiago, Knight of the illustrious Order of the Golden Fleece, and Great Cross of the Royal and distinguished Spanish Order of Charles the III, Commander of Valencia del Ventoso, Rivera, and Acenchal in that of Santiago; Knight and Great Cross of the religious Order of St. John; Counsellor of State; first Secretary of State and Despacho; Secretary to the Queen; Superintendent General of the Posts and Highways; Protector of the Royal Academy of the Noble Arts, and of the Royal Societies of Natural History, Botany, Chemistry, and Astronomy; Gentleman of the King's Chamber in employment; Captain General of his Armies; Inspector and Major of the Royal Corps of Body Guards, &a., &a., &a., and the President of the United States, with the advice and consent of their Senate, has appointed Thomas Pinckney, a citizen of the United States, and their Envoy Extraordinary to His Catholic Majesty. And the said Plenipotentiaries have agreed upon and concluded the following articles:


There shall be a firm and inviolable peace and sincere friendship between His Catholic Majesty, his successors and subjects, and the United States and their citizens, without exception of persons or places.


To prevent all disputes on the subject of the boundaries which separate the territories of the two high contracting parties, it is hereby declared and agreed as follows, to wit: The southern boundary of the United States, which divides their territory from the Spanish colonies of East and West Florida, shall be designated by a line beginning on the River Mississippi, at the northernmost part of the thirtyfirst degree of latitude north of the equator, which from thence shall be drawn due east to the middle of the River Apalachicola, or Catahouche, thence along the middle thereof to its junction with the Flint; thence straight to the head of St. Mary's River, and thence down the middle thereof to the Atlantic Ocean. And it is agreed that if there should be any troops, garrisons, or settlements of either party in the territory of the other, according to the above-mentioned boundaries, they shall be withdrawn from the said territory within the term of six months after the ratification of this treaty, or sooner if it be possible; and that they shall be permitted to take with them all the goods and effects which they possess.


In order to carry the preceding article into effect, one Commissioner and one Surveyor shall be appointed by each of the contracting parties, who shall meet at the Natchez, on the left side of the

• These articles are annulled by Article XII of the Treaty of February 22, 1819.


River Mississippi, before the expiration of six months from the ratification of this convention, and they shall proceed to run and mark this boundary according to the stipulations of the said article. They shall make plats and keep journals of their proceedings, which shall be considered as part of this convention, and shall have the same force as if they were inserted therein. And if on any account it should be found necessary that the said Commissioners and Surveyors should be accompanied by guards, they shall be furnished in equal proportions by the commanding officer of His Majesty's troops in the two Floridas, and the commanding officer of the troops of the United States in their southwestern territory, who shall act by common consent, and amicably, as well with respect to this point as to the furnishing of provisions and instruments, and making every other arrangement which may be necessary or useful for the execution of this article.


It is likewise agreed that the western boundary of the United States which separates them from the Spanish colony of Louissiana, is in the middle of the channel or bed of the River Mississippi, from the northern boundary of the said States to the completion of the thirty-first degree of latitude north of the equator. And His Catholic Majesty has likewise agreed that the navigation of the said river, in its whole breadth from its source to the ocean, shall be free only to his subjects and the citizens of the United States, unless he should extend this privilege to the subjects of other Powers by special convention,


The two high contracting parties shall, by all the means in their power, maintain peace and harmony among the several Indian nations who inhabit the country adjacent to the lines and rivers, which, by the preceding articles, form the boundaries of the two Floridas. And the bet[t]er to obtain this effect, both parties oblige themselves expressly to restrain by force all hostilities on the part of the Indian nations living within their boundaries: so that Spain will not suffer her Indians to attack the citizens of the United States, nor the Indians inhabiting their territory; nor will the United States permit these last-mentioned Indians to commence hostilities against the subjects of His Catholic Majesty or his Indians, in any manner whatever.

And whereas several treaties of friendship exist between the two contracting parties and the said nations of Indians, it is hereby agreed that in future no treaty of alliance, or other whatever, (except treaties of peace,) shall be made by either party with the Indians living within the boundary of the other, but both parties will endeavour to make the advantages of the Indian trade common and mutual[1]y beneficial to their respective subjects and citizens, observing in all things the most complete reciprocity; so that both parties may obtain the advantages arising from a good understanding with the said nations, without being subject to the expence which they have hitherto occasioned.

. This article is annulled by Article XII of the Treaty of February 22, 1819.


Each party shall endeavour, by all means in their power, to protect and defend all vessels and other effects belonging to the citizens or subjects of the other, which shall be within the extent of their jurisdiction by sea or by land, and shall use all their efforts to recover, and cause to be restored to the right owners, their vessels and effects which may have been taken from them within the extent of their said jurisdiction, whether they are at war or not with the Power whose subjects have taken possession of the said effects.


And it is agreed that the subjects or citizens of each of the contracting parties, their vessels or effects, shall not be liable to any embargo or detention on the part of the other, for any military expedition or other public or private porpose whatever; and in all cases of seizure, detention, or arrest for debts contracted, or offences commit[t]ed by any citizen or subject of the one party within the jurisdiction of the other, the same shall be made and prosecuted by order and authority of law only, and according to the regular course of proceeding usual in such cases. The citizens and subjects of both parties shall be allowed to employ such advocates, sollicitors, notaries, agents, and factors, as they may judge proper, in all their affairs, and in all their trials at law, in which they may be concerned, before the tribunals of the other party; and such agents shall have free access to be present at the proceedings in such causes, and at the taking of all examinations and evidence which may be exhibited in the said trials.


In case the subjects and inhabitants of either party, with their shipping, whether public and of war, or private and of merchants, be forced, through stress of weather, pursuit of pirates or enemies, or any other urgent necessity, for seeking of shelter and harbor, to retreat and enter into any of the rivers, bays, roads, or ports belonging to the other party, they shall be received and treated with all humanity, and enjoy all favor, protection, and help, and they shall be permitted to refresh and provide themselves at reasonable rates, with victuals and all things needful for the sustenance of their persons, or reparation of their ships and prosecution of their voyage; and they shall no ways be hindered from returning out of the said ports or roads, but may remove and depart when and whither they please, without any let or hindrance.


All ships and merchandize, of what nature soever, which shall be rescued out of the hands of any pirates or robbers on the high seas, shall be brought into some port of either state, and shall be delivered to the custody of the officers of that port, in order to be taken care of, and restored entire to the true proprietor, as soon as due and sufficient proof shall be made concerning the property thereof.

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