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and if they wish to establish them- and if they wish to establish themselves within our ports, no oppo- selves within out ports, no opposition shall be made thereto, and sition shall be made thereto; and they shall be free to avail them- they shall be free to avail themselves of such interpreters as they selves of such interpreters as they may judge necessary, without any may judge necessary, without any obstruction, in conformity with obstruction, in conformity with the usages of other nations; and the usuages of other nations; and if a Tunisian subject shall go to if a Tunisian subject shall go to establish himself within the de- establish himself within the dependencies of the United States, pendencies of the United States, he shall be treated in like manner. he shall be treated in like manner.

If any Tunisian subject shall If any Tunisian subject shall freight an American vessel, and freight an American vessel, and load her with merchandise, and load her with merchandise, and shall afterwards want to unload, shall afterwards want to unlade or ship them on board of another or ship them on board of another vessel, we shall not permit him vessel, we will not permit him, until the matter is determined by until the matter is determined by a reference of merchants, who a reference of merchants, who shall decide upon the case; and shall decide upon the case; and after the decision the determina- after the decision the determination shall be conformed to.

tion shall be conformed to. No captain shall be detained in No captain shall be detained in port against his consent, except port against his consent, except when our ports are shut for the when our ports are shut for the vessels of all other nations, which vessels of all other nations; which may take place with respect to may take place with respect to merchant vessels, but not to those merchant vessels, but not to those of war.

The subjects and citizens of the The subjects of the two contwo nations, respectively, Tunisi- tracting Powers shall be under ans and Americans, shall be pro- the protection of the Prince, and tected in the places where they under the jurisdiction of the chief may be by the officers of the Gov- of the place where they may be, ernment there existing; but, on and no other person shall have failure of such protection, and for authority over them. If the redress of every injury, the party Commandant of the place does may resort to the chief authority not conduct himself agreeably to in each country, by whom ade- justice, a representation of it shall quate protection and complete be made to us. justice shall be rendered.

In case the Government of Tu- In case the Government shall nis shall have need of an Ameri- have need of an American mercan vessel for its service, such ves- chant vessel, it shall cause it to sel being within the Regency, and be freighted, and then a suitable not previously engaged, the Gov- freight shall be paid to the capernment shall have the preference, tain, agreeably to the intention of on its paying the same freight as the Government, and the captain other merchants usually pay for shall not refuse it. the same service, or at the like rate, if the service be without a customary precedent.

of war.

ARTICLE the 14th-As it now is.

ARTICLE 14th-As it was.

All vessels belonging to the citi- A Tunisian merchant, who may zens and inhabitants of the United go to America with a vessel of States shall be permitted to enter any nation soever, loaded with the ports of the Kingdom of Tu- merchandize, which is the pronis, and freely trade with the sub- duction of the Kingdom of Tunis, jects and inhabitants thereof, on shall pay duty (small as it is) paying the usual duties which are like the merchants of other napaid by other most favoured na- tions; and the American mertions at peace with the Regency. chants shall equally pay for the In like manner, all vessels belong merchandize of their country, ing to the subjects and inhabit- which they may bring to Tunis, ants of the Kingdom of Tunis under their flag, the same duty shall be permitted to enter the as the Tunisians pay in America. different ports of the United But if an American merchant, States, and freely trade with the or a merchant of any other nacitizens and inhabitants thereof, tion, shall bring American meron paying the usual duties which chandize under any other flag, he are paid by other most favoured shall pay six per cent. duty; in nations at peace with the United like manner, if a foreign merStates.

chant shall bring the merchandize of his country under the American flag, he shall also pay six per cent.

Concluded, signed, and sealed, at the Palace of Bardo, near Tunis, the 24th day of the moon jumed-teni, in the year of the Hegira 1239, corresponding (to] the 24th of February, 1824, of the Christian year, and the 48th year of the Independence of the United States, reserving the same, nevertheless, for the final ratification of the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. [SEAL.]

S. D. HEAP, Chargé d'Affaires. [SEAL.]

SIDI MAHMOUD,

TWO SICILIES.“

(SEE ITALY.)

1832.

CLAIMS CONVENTION.

Concluded October 14, 18.32; ratification advised by the Senate Janu

ary 19, 1833; ratifications exchanged June 8, 1833; proclaimed August 27, 1833.

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The Government of the United States of America and His Majesty the King of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, desiring to terminate the reclamations advanced by said Government against his said Majesty, in order that the merchants of the United States may be indemnified for the losses inflicted upon them by Murat, by the depredations, seizures, confiscations, and destruction of their vessels and cargoes, during the years 1809, 1810, 1811, and 1812, and His Sicilian Majesty desiring thereby to strengthen with the said Goverment the bonds of that harmony, not hitherto disturbed: The said Government of the United States and his aforesaid Majesty the King of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, have with one accord resolved to come to an adjustment; to effectuate which, they have respectively named and furnished with the necessary powers, viz:

The said Government of the United States, John Nelson, Esquire, citizen of said States, and their Chargé d'Affaires near His Majesty the King of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies; and his Majesty, His Excellency D. Antonio Maria Statella, Prince of Cassaro, Marquis of Spaccaforno, Count Statella, etc., etc., etc., his said Majesty's Minister Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, etc., etc.;

Who, after the exchange of their respective full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed to the following articles:

ARTICLE I.

His Majesty the King of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, with a view to satisfy the aforesaid reclamations, for the depredations, sequestrations, confiscations, and destruction of the vessels and cargoes

of the merchants of the United States, (and for every expense of every kind whatsoever incident to or growing out of the same,) inflicted by Murat during the years 1809, 1810, 1811, and 1812, obliges himself to pay the sum of two millions one hundred and fifteen thousand Neapolitan ducats to the Government of the United States; seven thousand six hundred and seventy-nine ducats, part thereof to be applied to reimburse the said Government for the expense incurred by it in the transportation of American seamen from the Kingdom of Naples, during the year 1810, and the residue to be distributed amongst the claimants by the said Government of the United States, in such manner and according to such rules as it may prescribe.

a Treaties with Two Sicilies became obsolete by the consolidation of the Two Sicilies with Italy in 1861,

ARTICLE II.

The sum of two millions one hundred and fifteen thousand Neapolitan ducats agreed on in article the 1st, shall be paid in Naples, in nine equal installments of two hundred and thirty-five thousand ducats, and with interest thereon at the rate of four per centum per annum, to be calculated from the date of the interchange of the ratifications of this convention, untill the whole sum shall be paid. The first installment shall be payable twelve months after the exchange of the said ratifications, and the remaining installments, with the interest, successively, one year after another. The said payments shall be made in Naples into the hands of such person as shall be duly authorised by the Government of the United States to receive the same.

ARTICLE III.

The present convention shall be ratified and the ratifications thereof shall be exchanged in this capital, in the space of eight months from this date, or sooner if possible.

In faith whereof the parties above named have respectively subscribed these articles, and thereto affixed their seals.

Done at Naples on the 14th day of October, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two. SEAL.

JNO. NELSON. (SEAL.]

The PRINCE OF CASSARO.

1835.

ARRANGEMENT PROVIDING FOR THE RECEPTION IN ONE PAYMENT OF

THE BALANCE OF THE INDEMNITY REMAINING UNDER THE CONVENTION OF OCTOBER 14, 1832.

Concluded December 26, 1835.

The claimants entitled to indemnity by the award of the Commissioners under the Convention with the Kingdom of The Two Sicilies, concluded on the fourteenth of October, eighteen hundred and thirtytwo, having agreed to an arrangement proposed by the Consul-General of the King of The Two Sicilies, to receive in full payment of the balance of the indemnity remaining unpaid under said convention, one million five hundred thousand Neapolitan ducats, to be paid in Naples, on the eighth day of February, eighteen hundred and thirty-six; and having authorised and requested the Government of the United States to adopt the measures necessary to accomplish that object; the President of the United States has empowered and directed the Secretary of State to make with the Chevalier Morelli, who has the instructions and powers of his Government for that purpose, the following arrangement:

On the deposite in the Treasury Department by the claimants under the Treaty of Indemnity of their several certificates, the Secretary of the Treasury will give directions to the agent of the United States, to apply in Naples for one million five hundred thousand Neapolitan ducats, on or after the eighth day of February, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, to His Sicilian Majesty's Government, which, if paid, will be considered by the United States as a full and complete execution of the said treaty. The said one million five hundred thousand ducats shall be distributed pro rata among the claimants, according to the amount of their certificates in the Treasury Department, as the several instalments would have been paid if this arrangement had not been made. The certificates shall be delivered to His Sicilian Majesty's Government, or such other disposition made of them as it shall direct. If the said sum of one million five hundred thousand Neapolitan ducats shall not be paid within forty-eight hours after the demand so as aforesaid to be made by the agent of the United States at Naples, this arrangement shall be void and of no effect.

Signed at the city of Washington, on the twenty-sixth day of December, A. D. 1835, by John Forsyth, Secretary of State, on the part of the United States, and the Chevalier Morelli, on the part of His Majesty the King of the Two Sicilies.

John FORSYTH,
Secretary of State of the United States.

The CHEVALIER DOMINICO MOBELLI,
His Sicilian Majesty's Consul-General at the United States.
The Commission of three to decide on the distribution of the in-
demnity met at Washington September, 1833. The awards of the
Commission amounted to $1,925,034.68.

1845.

TREATY OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION.

Concluded December 1, 1845; ratification advised by the Senate April

11, 1846; ratified by the President April 14, 1846; ratifications exchanged June 1, 1846; proclaimed July 24, 1846.

ARTICLES.

I. Freedom, commerce, and naviga- VI. Right of travel, etc. tion.

VII. Privileges of citizens. II. Discrimination in duties, draw- VIII. Consuls. backs.

IX. Shipwrecks. III. Discrimination in tonnage, har- X. Asylum for vessels. bor, etc.

XI. Difference of duty.
IV, Coasting trade.

XII. Duration.
V. Discrimination in purchase im- XIII. Ratification.

ports.
« This treaty was superseded by the convention of October 1, 1855.

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