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In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed it, and have thereunto affixed their seals. Done at Brussels in eight copies the 15th of March, 1886.

LAMBERT TREE SEAL.]
Pr. DE CARAMAN SEAL.]
Chưlier D. MOREAU SEAL.
Cte. DE VILLENEUVE
José M. DE TAVIRA SEAL.]
MAFFEI

SEAL.
Bon DE SANT ANNA SEAL.]
J. MARINOVITCH

SEAL. ALPHONSE RIVIER SEAL.]

SEAL.

1886.

CONVENTION FOR THE IMMEDIATE EXCHANGE OF OFFICIAL JOURNALS,

PARLIAMENTARY ANNALS, AND DOCUMENTS. Concluded at Brussels March 15, 1886; ratification advised by the

Senate June 18, 1888; ratified by the President July 19, 1888; ratifications exchanged January 14, 1889; proclaimed January 15, 1889.

ARTICLES.

I. Immediate exchange of official

journals, parliamentary annals,
documents.

II. Adhesion of other states.
III. Ratification ; duration,

[Translation.]

The President of the United States, His Majesty the King of the Belgians, His Majesty the Emperor of Brazil, Her Majesty the Queen Regent of Spain, His Majesty the King of Italy, His Majesty the King of Portugal and of the Algarves, His Majesty the King of Servia, desiring to assure the immediate exchange of the Official Journal as well as of the parliamentary Annals and Documents of their respective States, have named as their Plenipotentiaries, to wit:

The President of the United States of America, Mr. Lambert Tree, Minister Resident of the United States of America at Brussels,

His Majesty the King of the Belgians, The Prince de Caraman, His Minister of Foreign Affairs, and the Chevalier de Moreau, His Minister of Agriculture, Industry and Public Works,

His Majesty the Emperor of Brazil, The Count de Villeneuve, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary near His Majesty the King of the Belgians,

Her Majesty the Queen Regent of Spain, Mr. de Tavira, Chargé d'Affaires, ad interim, of Spain at Brussels,

His Majesty the King of Italy, The Marquis Maffei, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary near His Majesty the King of the Belgians,

His Majesty the King of Portugal and of the Algarves, the Baron de Sant' Anna, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of His Very Faithful Majesty,

His Majesty the King of Servia, Mr. Marinovitch, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary near His Majesty the King of the Belgians.

Who, after having communicated between themselves their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon the following Articles:

ARTICLE I.

Independently of the obligations which result from Article 2 of the General Convention of this day, relative to the exchange of official documents and of scientific and literary publications, the respective Governments undertake to have transmitted to the legislative chambers of each contracting State, as fast as their publication, a copy of the Official Journal as well as of the parliamentary Annals and Documents, which are given publicity.

ARTICLE II.

The States which have not taken part in the present Convention are admitted to adhere thereto on their request.

This adhesion will be notified diplomatically to the Belgian Government, and by that Government to all the other signatory States.

ARTICLE III.

The present Convention will be ratified and the ratifications will be exchanged at Brussels as soon as practicable. It is concluded for ten years from the day of the exchange of the ratifications and it will remain in force beyond that time, so long as one of the Governments shall not have declared six months in advance that it renounces it.

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed it, and have thereunto affixed their seals. Lone at Brussels, in seven copies the 15th of March, 1886.

LAMBERT TREE SEAL.]
Pr. DE CARAMAN [SEAL.]
CH Vller D. MOREAU [SEAL.]
Cte. DE VILLENEUVE SEAL.]
José M. DE TAVIRA SEAL.
MAFFEI

SEAL.
Bon DE SANT ANNA SEAL.]
J. MARINOVITCH SEAL.

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1890.

GENERAL ACT FOR THE REPRESSION OF AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE.

Signed July 2, 1890; ratification advised by the Senate January 11,

1892; ratified by the President January 19, 1892; ratification deposited with Belgian Government February 2, 1892; proclaimed April 2, 1892.

(The original of this treaty is in the French language and the text here given is from the translation submitted to the Senate and attached to the proclanation.)

ARTICLES.

CHAPTER I.-slave-trade countries.Measures to le taken in the places of origin,

I. Measures to counteract slare

trade.
II. Duties of stations, cruisers,

and posts.
III. Support of powers.
IV. National associations.

V. Legislation to be enacted.
VI. Return of liberated slaves.
VII. Protection of fugitive slaves.
VIII. Importation of firearms pro-

hibited.

IX. Regulations for use of fire

arms, X. Transit of arms and ammu

nition. XI. Information to be furnished. XII. Legislation to panish of

fenders. XIII. Prevention of introduction

of firearms. XIV. Duration of firearms provi.

sions.

CHAPTER II.-Caravan routes and transportation of slaves by land.

XV. Stoppage of convoys. XVI. Posts on caravan routes. XVII. Prevention of sales, etc.

XVIII. Care of liberated slaves.

XIX. Punishinents.

CHAPTER III.-Repression of slave trade by sed.

Section 1.-General provisions.

XX. Agreement of powers.
XXI. Maritime zone.
XXII. Right of search, etc.
XXIII. Vessels liable to search, etc.
XXIV. Effect of present conventions.

XXV. Unlawful use of flag.
XXVI. Exchange of information.

XXVII. International Bureau at

Zanzibar.
XXVIII. Slaves escaping to shij of

war.
XXIX. Release of slaves on native

vessels.

Section II.-Regulations concerning the use of the flags and supervision by

cruisers.

1. Rules for granting the flag to native vessels, and as to crew lists and mani

fests of black passengers on board.

XXX. Control over native vessels. XXXI. Definition of native vessels. XXXII. Native vessels which may

carry flag.
XXXIII. Renewal of authority.
XXXIV. Act of authority.

XXXV. Crew lists.
XXXVI. Carriage of negro passengers.

XXXVII. Entry of vessels.
XXXVIII. Negro passengers not al.

lowed on native vessels. XXXIX. Vessels excepted.

XL. Forfeiture of license.
XLI. Forms to be issued,

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CHAPTER IV.-Countries to which slaves are sent, whose institutions recognize

the existence of domestic slavery.

LXII. Prohibition of slave trade. LXIII. Disposition of liberated

slaves. LXIV. Freedom of fugitive slaves.

LXV. Sales declared void. LXVI. Examination of native ves

sels. LXVII. Penal punishments. LXVIII. Turkish law.

LXIX. Assistance by Shah of Per

sia. LXX. Assistance by Sultan of

Zanzibar. LXXI. Assistance of diplomatic

and consular officers. LXXII. Liberation office. LXXIII. Exchange of statistics.

CHAPTER V.-Institutions intended to insure the execution of the general act.

Section 1.-Of the international maritime office.

LXXIV. International office at Zanzi

bar. LXXV. Organization. LXXVI. Expenses.

LXXVII. Objects. LXXVIII. Archives; translations. LXXIX. Branch offices. LXXX. Annual reports.

Section 11.-Of the exchange between the Governments of documents and in

formation relative to the slave trade.

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CHAPTER VI.Measures to restrict the traffic in spirituous liquors.

XC. Prohibited zone. XCI. Prohibition of importation

and manufacture. XCII. Import duty in certain lo

calities.

XCIII. Excise duty.
XCIV. Prevention of introduction

of liquors. XCV. Information to be commu.

nicated.

CHAPTER VII.-F'inal provisions. XCVI. Contrary stipulations re XCIX. Ratification. pealed.

C. Duration. XCVII. Modifications.

Protocol. XCVIII. Adhesion of Powers.

[Translation.) IN THE NAME OF GOD ALMIGHTY.

The President of the United States of America;
His Majesty the German Emperor, King of Prussia, in the name

of the German Empire; His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia, &c., and

Apostolic King of Hungary; His Majesty the King of the Belgians; ; His Majesty the King of Denmark; His Majesty the King of Spain, and in his name Her Majesty the

Queen Regent of the Kingdom; His Majesty the Sovereign of the Independent State of the Congo; The President of the French Republic; Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain

and Ireland, Empress of India; His Majesty the King of Italy; His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxem

burg;
His Majesty the Shah of Persia;
His Majesty the King of Portugal and the Algarves, &c.;
His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias;
His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, &c.;
His Majesty the Emperor of the Ottomans; and
His Highness, the Sultan of Zanzibar;

Being equally actuated by the firm intention of putting an end to the crimes and devastations engendered by the traffic in African slaves, of efficiently protecting the aboriginal population of Africa, and of securing for that vast continent the benefits of peace and civilization;

Wishing to give fresh sanction to the decisions already adopted in the same sense and at different times by the powers, to complete the results secured by them, and to draw up a body of measures guaranteeing the accomplishment of the work which is the object of their common solicitude;

Have resolved, in pursuance of the invitation addressed to them by the Government of His Majesty the King of the Belgians, in agreement with the Government of Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, to convene for this purpose a conference at Brussels, and have named as their plenipotentiaries: THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Mr. Edwin H. Terrell, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni

potentiary of the United States of America near His Majesty the King of the Belgians, and Mr. Henry Shelton Sanford; His MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF GERMANY, KING OF PRUSSIA, IN THE

NAME OF THE GERMAN EMPIRE, Frederic John, Count of Alvensleben, His Chamberlain and Actual

Privy Councillor, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary near His Majesty the King of the Belgians, and

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