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His Majesty the Emperor of Germany, King of Prussia; His Majesty

the Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia etc. and Apostolic King of Hungary; His Majesty the King of the Belgians; His Majesty the Emperor of China; His Majesty the King of Denmark; His Majesty the King of Spain and in His Name Her Majesty the Queen Regent of the Kingdom; the President of the United States of America; the President of the United Mexican States; the President of the French Republic; Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India; His Majesty the King of the Hellenes; His Majesty the King of Italy; His Majesty the Emperor of Japan; His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Luxemburg, Duke of Nassau; His Highness the Prince of Montenegro; Her Majesty the Queen of the Netherlands; His Imperial Majesty the Shah of Persia; His Majesty the King of Portugal and of the Algarves etc.; His Majesty the King of Roumania; His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias; His Majesty the King of Servia ; His Majesty the King of Siam; His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway; the Swiss Federal Counci?; His Majesty the Emperor of the Ottomans and His Royal Highness the Prince of Bulgaria

Animated by a strong desire to concert for the maintenance of the general peace;

Resolved to second by their best efforts the friendly settlement of international disputes;

Recognizing the solidarity which unites the members of the society of civilized nations;

Desirous of extending the empire of law, and of strengthening the appreciation of international justice;

Convinced that the permanent institution of a Court of Arbitration, accessible to all, in the midst of the independent Powers, will contribute effectively to this result;

Having regard to the advantages attending the general and regular organization of arbitral procedure;

Sharing the opinion of the august Initiator of the International Peace Conference that it is expedient to record in an international Agreement the principles of equity and right on which are based the security of States and the welfare of peoples;

Being desirous of concluding a Convention to this effect, have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries, to-wit:His MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF GERMANY, KING OF PRUSSIA:

His Excellency COUNT DE MÜNSTER, Prince of Derneburg, His Ambassador at Paris.

His MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF AUSTRIA, KING OF BOHEMIA ETC., AND APOSTOLIC KING OF HUNGARY:

His Excellency Count R. DE WELSERSHEIMB, His Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary.

MR. ALEXANDER OKOLICSANYI D'OKOLICSNA, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

His MAJESTY THE KING OF THE BELGIANS :

His Excellency MR. AUGUSTE BEERNAERT, His Minister of State, President of the Chamber of Representatives.

COUNT DE GRELLE ROGIER, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

The CHEVALIER DESCAMPS, Senator.
His MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF CHINA:

MR. Yang Yü, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at St. Petersburg.

HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF DENMARK : His Chamberlain Fr. E. DE BILLE, His Envoy Extraordinary, and Minister Plenipotentiary at London.

His MAJESTY THE KING OF SPAIN AND IN His NAME, HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN REGENT OF THE KINGDOM :

His Excellency the DUKE OF TETUAN, formerly Minister of Foreign Affairs.

MR. W. RAMIREZ DE VILLA URRUTIA, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Brussels.

MR. ARTHUR DE BAGUER, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA :

His Excellency MR. ANDREW D. WHITE, Ambassador of the United States at Berlin.

MR. SETH Low, President of Columbia University, New York.

MR. STANFORD NEWEL, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

CAPTAIN ALFRED T. MAHAN.
CAPTAIN WILLIAM CROZIER.
THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED MEXICAN STATES:

MR. DE MIER, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Paris.

MR. ZENIL, Minister Resident at Brussels.

THE PRESIDENT OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC:

Mr. Léon BOURGEOIS, formerly President of the Council, formerly Minister of Foreign Affairs, Member of the Chamber of Deputies.

MR. GEORGES BIHOURD, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

The BARON D’ESTOURNELLES DE CONSTANT, Minister Plenipotentiary, Member of the Chamber of Deputies.

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, EMPRESS OF INDIA:

His Excellency the Right Honorable BARON PAUNCEFOTE OF PRESTON, Member of Her Majesty's Privy Council, Her Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at Washington.

SIR HENRY HOWARD, Her Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

His MAJESTY THE KING OF THE HELLENES : MR. N. DELYANNI, formerly President of the Council, formerly Minister of Foreign Affairs, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Paris.

HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF ITALY: His Excellency Count NIGRA, His Ambassador at Vienna, Senator of the Kingdom.

Count A. ZANNINI, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

COMMANDER GUIDO POMPILJ, Deputy in the Italian Parliament. His MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF JAPAN:

MR. I. MOTONO, His Envoy Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at Brussels.

His Royal HIGHNESS THE GRAND DUKE OF LUXEMBURG, DUKE OF NASSUA.

His Excellency Mr. EYSCHEN, His minister of State, President of the Grand Ducal Government.

His HIGHNESS THE PRINCE OF MONTENEGRO:

His Excellency the present Privy COUNCILLOR DE STAAL, Ambassador of Russia at London.

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN OF THE NETHERLANDS:

JONKHEER A. P. C. van KARNEBEEK, formerly Minister of Foreign Affairs, Member of the Second Chamber of the States-General.

GENERAL J. C. C. DEN BEER POORTUGAEL, formerly Minister of War, Member of the Council of State.

Mr. T. M. C. ASSER, Member of the Council of State.

Mr. E. N. RAHUSEN, Member of the First Chamber of the StatesGeneral.

His IMPERIAL MAJESTY THE SHAH OF PERSIA:

His Aid-de-Camp GENERAL MIRZA Rıza Khan, Arfa-ud-Dovleh, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at St. Petersburg and at Stockholm.

His MAJESTY THE KING OF PORTUGAL AND OF THE ALGARVES, ETC.:

COUNT DE MACEDO, Peer of the Kingdom, formerly Minister of the Navy and of the Colonies, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Madrid.

Mr. D'ORNELLAS ET VASCONCELLOS, Peer of the Kingdom, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at St. Petersburg.

COUNT DE SELIR, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

His MAJESTY THE KING OF ROUMANIA :

MR. ALEXANDER BELDIMAN, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, at Berlin.

MR. JEAN N. PAPINIU, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

His MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF ALL THE RUSSIAS :

His Excellency the present Privy COUNCILLOR DE STAAL, His Ambassador at London.

Mr. DE MARTENS, Permanent Member of the Council of the Imperial Ministry of Foreign Affairs, His Privy Councillor.

His present COUNCILLOR OF STATE DE BASILY, Chamberlain, Director of the First Department of the Imperial Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

His MAJESTY THE KING OF SERVIA :

MR. MIYATOVITCH, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at London and at The Hague.

His MAJESTY THE KING OF SIAM: Phya SURIYA NUVATR, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at St. Petersburg and at Paris.

Phya VISUDDHA SURIYASAKTI, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague and at London.

His MAJESTY THE KING OF SWEDEN AND NORWAY:

BARON DE Bildt, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Rome.

THE SWISS FEDERAL COUNCIL:

DR. ARNOLD Roth, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Berlin.

His MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF THE OTTOMANS:

His Excellency Turkhan PACHA, formerly Minister of Foreign Affairs, Member of His Council of State.

Noury Bey, Secretary-General at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Hış ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCE OF BULGARIA :
Dr. DIMITRI STANCIOFF, Diplomatic Agent at St. Petersburg.
MAJOR CHRISTO HESSAPTCHIEFF, Military Attaché at Belgrade.

Who, after communication of their full powers, found in good and due form have agreed on the following provisions:

TITLE 1.—ON THE MAINTENANCE OF THE GENERAL PEACE.

ARTICLE I.

With a view to obviating, as far as possible, recourse to force in the relations between States, the Signatory Powers agree to use their best efforts to insure the pacific settlement of international differences.

TITLE II.-ON GOOD OFFICES AND MEDIATION.

ARTICLE II.

In case of serious disagreement or conflict, before an appeal to arms, the Signatory Powers agree to have recourse, as far as circumstances allow, to the good offices or mediation of one or more friendly Powers.

ARTICLE III.

Independently of this recourse, the Signatory Powers recommend that one or more Powers, strangers to the dispute, should, on their own initiative, and as far as circumstances may allow, offer their good offices or mediation to the States at variance.

Powers, strangers to the dispute, have the right to offer good offices or mediation, even during the course of hostilities.

The exercise of this right can never be regarded by one or the other of the parties in conflict as an unfriendly act.

ARTICLE IV.

The part of the mediator consists in reconciling the opposing claims and appeasing the feelings of resentment which may have arisen between the States at variance.

ARTICLE V.

The functions of the mediator are at an end when once it is declared, either by one of the parties to the dispute, or by the mediator himself, that the means of reconciliation proposed by him are not accepted.

ARTICLE VI.

Good offices and mediation, either at the request of the parties at variance, or on the initiative of Powers strangers to the dispute, have exclusively the character of advice and never having binding force.

ARTICLE VII.

The acceptance of mediation can not, unless there be an agreement to the contrary, have the effect of interrupting, delaying, or hindering mobilization or other measures of preparation for war.

If mediation occurs after the commencement of hostilities it causes no interruption to the military operations in progress, unless there be an agreement to the contrary.

ARTICLE VIII.

The Signatory Powers are agreed in recommending the application, when circumstances allow, of special mediation in the following form :

In case of a serious difference endangering the peace, the States at variance choose respectively a Power, to whom they intrust the mission of entering into direct communication with the Power chosen on the other side, with the object of preventing the rupture of pacific relations.

For the period of this mandate, the term of which, unless otherwise stipulated, cannot exceed thirty days, the States in conflict cease from all direct communication on the subject of the dispute, which is regarded as referred exclusively to the mediating Powers, who must use their best efforts to settle it.

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