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The said Convention was signed by the Plenipotentiaries of the United States of America under reservation of the following declaration:

“Nothing contained in this convention shall be so construed as to require the United States of America to depart from its traditional policy of not intruding upon, interfering with, or entangling itself in the political questions of policy or internal administration of any foreign state; nor shall anything contained in the said convention be construed to imply a relinquishment by the United States of America of its traditional attitude toward purely American questions;"

In pursuance of the stipulations of Article LVIII of the said Convention the ratifications of the said Convention were deposited at The Hague on the 4th. day of September, 1900, by the Plenipotentiaries of the Governments of the United States of America, Germany, AustriaHungary, Belgium, Denmark, Spain, France, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Persia, Portugal, Roumania, Russia, Siam, Sweden and Norway and Bulgaria; on the 6th. day of October, 1900, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Japan; on the 16th. day of October, 1900, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Montenegro; on the 29th. day of December, 1900, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Switzerland; on the 4th day of April, 1901, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Greece; on the 17th. 'day of April, 1901, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Mexico; on the 11th day of May, 1901, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Servia ; and on the 12th. day of July, 1901, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Luxembourg.

1899.

DECLARATION AS TO LAUNCHING OF PROJECTILES AND EXPLOSIVES. Concluded July 29, 1899; ratification advised by Senate February 5,

1900; ratified by President April 7, 1900; ratifications deposited with Netherlands Government September 4, 1900; proclaimed November 1, 1901.

[Translation.]

DECLARATION.

The Undersigned, Plenipotentaries of the Powers represented at the International Peace Conference at The Hague, duly authorized to that effect by their Governments, inspired by the sentiments which found expression in the Declaration of St. Petersburg of the 29th November (11th December) 1868,

Declare that:

The Contracting Powers agree to prohibit, for a term of five years, the launching of projectiles and explosives from balloons, or by other new methods of similar nature.

The present Declaration is only binding on the Contracting Powers in case of war between two or more of them.

This declaration expired July 30, 1904; renewed by declaration at Second Peace Conference, p. 2366.

It shall cease to be binding from the time when, in a war between the Contracting Powers, one of the belligerents is joined by a nonContracting Power.

The present Declaration shall be ratified as soon as possible.
The ratifications shall be deposited at The Hague.

A procès-verbal shall be drawn up on the receipt of each ratification, of which a copy, duly certified, shall be sent through the diplomatic channel to all the Contracting Powers.

The non-Signatory Powers may adhere to the present Declaration. For this purpose they must make their adhesion known to the Contracting Powers by means of a written notification addressed to the Netherland Government, and communicated by it to all the other Contracting Powers.

In the event of one of the High Contracting Parties denouncing the present Declaration, such denunciation shall not take effect until a year after the notification made in writing to the Netherlands Government, and by it forth with communicated to all the other Contracting Powers.

This denunciation shall only affect the notifying Power.

In faith of which the Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Declaration, and affixed their seals thereto.

Done at The Hague the 29th July, 1899, in a single copy, which shall be kept in the archives of the Netherlands Government, and of which copies, duly certified, shall be sent through the diplomatic channel to the Contracting Powers. For Germany:

For the United States of Mexico: (L. S.) MUNSTER DERNEBURG. (L. S.) A. DE MIER. For Austria-Hungary:

(L. S.) J. ZENIL. (L. S.) WELSERSHEIMB.

For France : (L. S.) OKOLICSANYI.

(L. S.) LEON BOURGEOIS. For Belgium :

L. S.) G. BIHOURD. (L. S.) A. BEERNAERT.

(L. s.) d’ESTOURNELLES DE (L. s.) Cte. de GRELLE Ro

CONSTANT.

For Greece: (L. S.) Chr. DESCAMPS.

(L. S.) N. DELYANNI. For China:

For Italy:

(L. S.) NIGRA. (L. S.) YANG YU. For Denmark:

L. S.) A. ZANNINI.

(L. S.) G. POMPILJ. (L. S.) F. BILLE.

For Japan:
For Spain:

(L. S.) I. MOTONO.
(L. s.) El Duque DE TETUAN. For Luxemburg:
(L. S.) W. R. DE VILLA URRU-

(L. s.) EYSCHEN.
TIA.

For Montenegro: (L. s.) ARTURO DE BAGUER.

(L. s.) STAAL For the United States of America: For the Netherlands: (L. S.) ANDREW D. WHITE.

(L. S.) v. KARNEBEEK. L. S.) SETH Low.

(L. s.) DEN BEER POORTU(L. S.) STANFORD NEWEL.

GAEL. (L. S.) A. T. MAHAN.

(L. 8.) T. M. C. ASSER. (L. S.) WILLIAM CROZIER.

(L. S.) E. N. RAHUSEN.

GIER.

For Persia:

For Siam: (L. 8.) MIRZA RIZA KHAN, (L. S.) PHYA SURIYA NUVATR. Arfa-ud-Dovleh.

(L. S.) VISUDDHA. For Portugal:

For the United Kingdom of Swe-
(L. S.) Conde de Macedo. den and Norway:
(L. s.) AGOSTINHO D'ORNEL- (L. S.) BILDT.

LAS DE VASCONCEL- For Switzerland:
LOS.

(L. S.) ROTH.
(L. s.) Conde de SELIR. For Turkey :
For Roumania :

(L. S.) TURKHAN. (L. S.) A. BELDIMAN.

(L. S.) M. NOURY. (L. S.) J. N. PAPINIU.

L. S.) ABDULLAH. For Russia :

(L. S.) R. MEHEMMED. (L. 8.) STAAL.

For Bulgaria : (L. 8.) MARTENS.

(L. S.) D. STANCIOFF. (L. S.) A. BASILY.

(L. s.) Major HESSAPTCHIEFF. For Servia:

(L. s.) CHEDO MIYATOVITCH.

Certified as a true copy, Secretary General of the Department of Foreign Affairs,

L. H. RUYSSENAERS. THE HAGUE, January 31, 1900,

In pursuance of a stipulation of the said Declaration, the ratifications thereof were deposited at the Hague on the 4th. day of September, 1900, by the Plenipotentiaries of the Governments of the United States of America, Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, Spain, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Persia, Portugal, Roumania, Russia, Siam, Sweden and Norway, and Bulgaria; on the 6th. day of October, 1900, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Japan; on the 16th day of October, 1900, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Montenegro; on the 29th. day of December, 1900, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Switzerland; on the 4th. day of April, 1901, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Greece; on the 17th. day of April, 1901, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Mexico; on the 11th. day of May, 1901, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Servia, and on the 12th. day of July, 190i, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Luxembourg.

1899...

CONVENTION FOR THE ADAPTATION TO MARITIME WARFARE OF THE

PRINCIPLES OF THE GENEVA CONVENTION OF August 22, 1864.

Concluded July 29, 1899; ratification advised by Senate May 4, 1900;

ratified by the President August 3, 1900; ratifications deposited with the Netherlands Government September 4, 1900; proclaimed November 1, 1901.

ARTICLES.

I. Military hospital ships.
II. Private hospital ships.
III. Hospital ships of neutral coun-

tries.
IV. Use of hospital ships,

V. Color; flag.
VI. Neutral vessels.
VII. Relief staffs.

VIII. Disabled prisoners.
IX. Prisoners of war.

X. Excluded.
XI. Powers bound by rules.
XII. Ratification.
XIII. Non-signatory powers.
XIV. Denunciation.

[Translation.)

CONVENTION FOR THE ADAPTATION TO MARITIME WARFARE OF THE

PRINCIPLES OF THE GENEVA CONVENTION OF AUGUST 22, 1864.a

His Majesty the Emperor of Germany, King of Prussia; His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia etc. and Apostolic King of Hungary; His Majesty the King of the Belgians; His Majesty the Emperor of China; His Majesty the King of Denmark; His Majesty the King of Spain and in His Name Her Majesty the Queen Regent of the Kingdom; the President of the United States of America; the President of the United Mexican States; the President of the French Republic; Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India; His Majesty the King of the Hellenes; His Majesty the King of Italy; His Majesty the Emperor of Japan; His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Luxemburg, Duke of Nassau; His Highness the Prince of Montenegro; Her Majesty the Queen of the Netherlands; His Imperial Majesty the Shah of Persia ; His Majesty the King of Portugal and of the Algarves etc.; His Majesty the King of Roumania; His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias; His Majesty the King of Servia; His Majesty the King of Siam; His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway; the Swiss Federal Council; His Majesty the Emperor of the Ottomans and his Royal Highness the Prince of Bulgaria.

The convention of the Second International Peace Conference, signed October 18, 1907, for the adaption to naval war of the principles of the Geneva Convention, provides: “Article XXV. The present convention duly ratified shall replace as between contracting powers the convention of the 29th July, 1899, for the adaption to maritime warfare of the principles of the Geneva Convention

“The convention of 1899 remains in force as between the powers which signed it, but which do not also ratify the present convention."

o Adhered to by the Argentine Republic, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Salvador, Uruguay, Venezuela, Honduras, and Korea.

Alike animated by the desire to diminish, as far as depends on them the evils inseparable from warfare, and wishing with this object to adapt to maritime warfare the principles of the Geneva Convention of the 22nd August, 1864, have decided to conclude a convention to this effect:

They have, in consequence, appointed as their Plenipotentiaries, to wit:

His Majesty the Emperor of Germany, King of Prussia, His Excellency Count Munster, Prince of Derneburg, His Ambassador at Paris.

His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia, etc. and Apostolic King of Hungary: His Excellency Count R. de Welser. sheimb, His Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary; Mr. Alexander Okolicsanyi d'Okolicsna, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

His Majesty the King of the Belgians: His Excellency Mr. Auguste Beernaert, His Minister of State, President of the Chamber of Deputies; Count de Grelle Rogier, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Ilague; the Chevalier Descamps, Senator.

His Majesty the Emperor of China : Mr. Yang Yu, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at St. Petersburg.

His Majesty the King of Denmark: His Chamberlain Fr. E. de Bille, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at London.

His Majesty the King of Spain and in His Name, Her Majesty the Queen Regent of the Kingdom: His Excellency the Duke of Tetuan, formerly Minister for Foreign Affairs; M. W. Ramirez de Villa Urrutia, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Brussels; M. Arthur de Baguer, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

The President of the United States of America: Mr. Stanford Newel, Envoy Extraordinary and minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

The President of the United Mexican States: Mr, de Mier, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Paris; Mr. Zenil, Minister Resident at Brussels.

The President of the French Republic: M. Léon Bourgeois, formerly President of the Council, ex-Minister of Foreign Affairs, Member of the Chamber of Deputies; M. Georges Bihourd, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague; Baron d'Estournelles de Constant, Minister Plenipotentiary, Member of the Chamber of Deputies.

Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Èmpress of India : Sir Henry Howard, Her Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

His Majesty the King of the Hellenes: Mr. N. Delyanni, formerly President of the Council, ex-Minister for Foreign Affairs, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Paris.

His Majesty the King of Italy: His Excellency Count Nigra, His Ambassador at Vienna, Senator of the Kingdom; Count A. Zannini, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague; Commander Guido Pompilj, Deputy in the Italian Parliament,

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