Слике страница
PDF
ePub

bombard the undefended town holds good, as in the case given in paragraph 1, and that the commander shall take all due measures in order that the town may suffer as little harm as possible.

ARTICLE III.

After due notice has been given, the bombardment of undefended ports, towns, villages, dwellings, or buildings may be commenced, if the local authorities, after a formal summons has been made to them, decline to comply with requisitions for provisions or supplies necessary for the immediate use of the naval force before the place in question.

These requisitions shall be in proportion to the resources of the place. They shall only be demanded in the name of the commander of the said naval force, and they shall, as far as possible, be paid for in cash; if not, they shall be evidenced by receipts.

ARTICLE IV.

Undefended ports, towns, villages, dwellings, or buildings may not be bombarded on account of failure to pay money contributions.

CHAPTER II.-General Provisions.

ARTICLE V.

In bombardments by naval forces all the necessary measures must be taken by the commander to spare as far as possible sacred edifices, buildings used for artistic, scientific, or charitable purposes, historic monuments, hospitals, and places where the sick or wounded are collected, on the understanding that they are not used at the same time for military purposes.

It is the duty of the inhabitants to indicate such monuments, edifices, or places by visible signs, which shall consist of large stiff rectangular panels divided diagonally into two coloured triangular portions, the upper portion black, the lower portion white.

ARTICLE VI.

If the military situation permits, the commander of the attacking naval force, before commencing the bombardment, must do his utmost to warn the authorities.

ARTICLE VII.

A town or place, even when taken by storm, may not be pillaged.

CHAPTER III.-Final Provisions.'

ARTICLE VIII.

The provisions of the present Convention do not apply except between Contracting Powers, and then only if all the belligerents are parties to the Convention.

ARTICLE IX.

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

The present Convention shall be ratified as soon as possible.
The ratifications shall be deposited at The Hague.

The first deposit of ratifications shall be recorded in a procès-verbal signed by the Representatives of the Powers which take part therein and by the Netherland Minister of Foreign Affairs.

The subsequent deposits of ratifications shall be made by means of a written notification addressed to the Netherland Government and accompanied by the instrument of ratification.

A duly certified copy of the procès-verbal relative to the first deposit of ratifications, of the notifications mentioned in the preceding paragraph, as well as of the instruments of ratification, shall be at once sent by the Netherland Government, through the diplomatic channel, to the Powers invited to the Second Peace Conference, as well as to the other Powers which have adhered to the Convention. In the cases contemplated in the preceding paragraph, the said Government shall inform them at the same time of the date on which it received the notification.

ARTICLE X.
Non-Signatory Powers may adhere to the present Convention.

The Power which desires to adhere shall notify its intention to the Netherland Government, forwarding to it the act of adhesion, which shall be deposited in the archives of the said Government.

This Government shall immediately forward to all the other Powers a duly certified copy of the notification, as well as of the act of adhesion, mentioning the date on which it received the notification.

ARTICLE XI. The present Convention shall come into force, in the case of the Powers which were a party to the first deposit of ratifications, sixty days after the date of the procès-verbal of that deposit, and, in the case of the Powers which ratify subsequently or which adhere, sixty days after the notification of their ratification or of their adhesion has been received by the Netherland Government.

ARTICLE XII. In the event of one of the contracting Powers wishing to denounce the present Convention, the denunciation shall be notified in writing to the Netherland Government, which shall at once communicate a duly certified copy of the notification to all the other Powers informing them of the date on which it was received.

The denunciation shall only have effect in regard to the notifying Power, and one year after the notification has reached the Netherland Government.

ARTICLE XIII. A register kept by the Netherland Minister for Foreign Affairs shall give the date of the deposit of ratifications made in virtue of Article IX, paragraphs 3 and 4, as well as the date on which the notifications of adhesion (Article X, paragraph 2) or of denunciation (Article XII, paragraph 1) have been received.

Each Contracting Power is entitled to have access to this register and to be supplied with duly certified extracts from it.

In faith whereof the Plenipotentiaries have appended their sig. natures to the present Convention.

Done at The Hague, the 18th October, 1907, in a single copy, which shall remain deposited in the archives of the Netherland Government, and duly certified copies of which shall be sent, through the diplomatic channel, to the Powers which have been invited to the Second Peace Conference. 1. Pour l'Allemagne. Sous ré- MARSCHALL.

serve de l'article 1, alinéa 2: KRIEGE.
2. Pour les Etats Unis d'Amer- JOSEPH H. CHOATE.
ique:

HORACE PORTER.
U. M. ROSE.
DAVID JAYNE HILL,
C. S. SPERRY.

WILLIAM I. BUCHANAN. 3. Pour l'Argentine:

ROQUE SAENZ PEÑA.
Luis M. DRAGO.

C. RÚEZ LARRETA. 4. Pour l'Autriche-Hongrie: MÉREY.

Bon MACCHIO. 5. Pour la Belgique:

A. BEERNAERT.
J. VAN DEN HEUVEL.

GUILLAUME. 6. Pour la Bolivie:

CLAUDIO PINILLA. 7. Pour le Brésil:

RUY BARBOSA.

E. LISBOA. 8. Pour la Bulgarie:

GÉNÉRAL-MAJOR VINAROFF.

Iv. KARANDJOULOFF. 9. Pour le Chili. Sous la ré. DOMINGO GANA.

serve de l'article 3 formulée AUGUSTO MATTE.
dans la quatrième séance Carlos CONCHA.

plénière du 17 août:
10. Pour la Chine.
11. Pour la Colombie:

JORGE HOLGUIN.
S. PERÉZ TRIANA.

M. VARGAS.
12. Pour la République de Cuba: ANTONIO S. DE BUSTAMANTE.

GONZALO DE QUESADA.

MANUEL SANGUILY. 13. Pour le Danemark:

C. BRUN. 14. Pour la République Domini. DR. HENRIQUEZ Y CARVAJAL. caine:

APOLINAR TEJERA. 15. Pour l'Equateur:

VICTOR M. RENDÓN.

E. DORN Y DE ALSÚA. 16. Pour l'Espagne: 17. Pour la France. Sous ré- MARCELLIN PELLET.

serve du deuxième alinéa de

alinéa de l'article I:
18. Pour la Grande-Bretagne. Edw. Fry.

Sous réserve du second ERNEST SATow.
alinéa de l'article I:

REAY.
HENRY HOWARD.

19. Pour la Grèce:

CLÉON RIZO RANGABÉ.

GEORGES STREIT. 20. Pour le Guatemala:

JOSÉ TIBLE MACHADO. 21. Pour le Haïti:

DALBÉMAR JN JOSEPH.
J. N. LÉGER.

PIERRE HUDICOURT. 22. Pour l'Italie:

POMPILJ.

G. FUSINATO. 23. Pour le Japon. Avec réserve AIMARO SATO.

de l'alinéa 2 de l'article pre

mier. 24. Pour le Luxembourg:

EYSCHEN.

CTE. DE VILLERS. 25. Pour le Mexique:

G. A. ESTEVA.
S. B. DE MIER.

F. L. DE LA BARRA. 26. Pour le Monténégro:

NELIDOW.
MARTENS

N. TCHARYKOW.
27. Pour le Nicaragua:
28. Pour la Norvège:

F. HAGERUP. 29. Pour le Panama :

B. PORRAS. 30. Pour le Paraguay:

G. DU MONCEAU. 31. Pour les Pays-Bas:

W. H. DE BEAUFORT.
T. M. C. ASSER.
DEN BEER POORTUGAEL.
J. A. RÖELL.

J. A. LOEFF. 32. Pour le Pérou:

C. G. CANDAMO. 33. Pour la Perse:

MOMTAZOS-SALTANEH M. SAMAD

KHAN.
Sadiga UL MULK M. AHMED

KHAN. 34. Pour le Portugal:

ALBERTO D'OLIVEIRA. 35. Pour la Roumanie:

EDG. MAVROCORDATO. 36. Pour la Russie:

NELIDOW.
MARTENS.

N. TCHARYKOW. 37. Pour le Salvador:

P. J. MATHEU.

S. PEREZ TRIANA. 38. Pour la Serbie:

S. GROUÏTCH.
M. G. MILOVANOVITCH.

M. G. MILITCHEVITCH. 39. Pour le Siam:

Mom CHATIDEJ UDOM.
C. CORRAGIONI D'ORELLI.

LUANG BHÜVANARTH NARÜBAL. 40. Pour la Suède:

K. H. L. HAMMARSKJÖLD.

Joh. HELLNER. 41. Pour la Suisse:

CARLIN. 42. Pour la Turquie:

TURKHAN. 43. Pour l'Uruguay:

José BATLLE Y ORDOÑEZ. 44. Pour le Vénézuéla:

J. GIL. FORTOUL.

X.

1907.6

CONVENTION FOR THE ADAPTION TO NAVAL WAR OF THE PRINCIPLES

OF THE GENEVA CONVENTION.

Concluded October 18, 1907; ratification advised by the Senate

March 10, 1908; ratified by the President February 23, 1909; ratification deposited with the Netherlands Government November 27, 1909; proclaimed February 28, 1910.

ARTICLES.

I. Military hospital ships.
II. Hospital ships equipped at

private expense.
III. Conditions of exemption from

capture. IV. Relief by private hospital ships.

V. Distinguishing marks; flag, etc.
VI. Protection by distinguishing

signs.
VII. Sick wards to be respected.
VIII. Neutrality of hospital ships.
IX. Protection to yachts, etc. Car-

ing for sick.
X. Inviolability of religious med-

ical staff, etc. XI. Treatment of captured sailors

and soldiers. XII. Demand that sick, etc., to be

handed over. XIII. Not to again take part in oper

ations of war.

XIV. Prisoners of war.
XV. Wounded landed in neutral

port, treatment of.
XVI. Protection against pillage

and ill treatment.
XVII. Identification of dead.
XVIII. Applicability of convention.
XIX. Duty of commander in chief.

XX. Notification to naval forces.
XXI. Legislation.
XXII. Convention not to apply in

war between land and sea.
XXIII. Ratification.
XXIV. Nonsignatory powers.

XXV. Time of ratification.
XXVI. Force and effect.
XXVII. Denunciation.
XXVIII. Register of ratifications.

[Translation.) His Majesty the German Emperor, King of Prussia; the Presi. dent of the United States of America; the President of the Argentine Republic; His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia, &c., and Apostolic King of Hungary; His Majesty the King of the Belgians; the President of the Republic of Bolivia; the President of the Republic of the United States of Brazil; His Royal Highness the Prince of Bulgaria; the President of the Republic of Chile; His Majesty the Emperor of China; the President of the Republic of Colombia; the Provisional Governor of the Republic of Cuba ; His Majesty the King of Denmark; the President of the Dominican Republic; the President of the Republic of Ecuador; His Majesty the King of Spain; the President of the French Republic; His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India; His Majesty the King of the Hellenes; the President of the Republic of Guatemala; the President of the Republic of Haïti; His Majesty the King of Italy; His Majesty the Emperor of Japan; His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Luxemburg, Duke of Nas

& The ratifications of this convention were deposited at The Hague November 27, 1909, by Germany, the United States of America, Austria-Hungary, China, Denmark, Mexico, the Netherlands, Russia, Bolivia, and Salvador.

« ПретходнаНастави »