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ARTICLE XXI.

The Signatory Powers likewise undertake to enact or to propose to their Legislatures, if their criminal laws are inadequate, the measures necessary for checking in time of war individual acts of pillage and ill-treatment in respect to the sick and wounded in the fleet, as well as for punishing, as an unjustifiable adoption of naval or military marks, the unauthorized use of the distinctive marks mentioned in Article V by vessels not protected by the present Convention.

They will communicate to each other, through the Netherland Government, the enactments for preventing such acts at the latest within five years of the ratification of the present Convention.

ARTICLE XXII.

In the case of operations of war between the land and sea forces of belligerents, the provisions of the present Convention do not apply except between the forces actually on board ship.

ARTICLE XXIII.

The present Convention shall be ratified as soon as possible.
The ratifications shall be deposited at The Hague.

The first deposit of ratifications shall be recorded in a procèsverbal signed by the Representatives of the Powers taking part therein and by the Netherland Minister for Foreign Affairs.

Subsequent deposits of ratifications shall be made by means of a written notification addressed to the Netherland Government and accompanied by the instrument of ratification.

A certified copy of the procès-verbal relative to the first deposit of ratifications, of the notifications mentioned in the preceding paragraph, as well as of the instruments of ratification, shall be at once sent by the Netherland Government through the diplomatic channel to the Powers invited to the Second Peace Conference, as well as to the other Powers which have adhered to the Convention. In the cases contemplated in the preceding paragraph the said Government shall inform them at the same time of the date on which it received the notification.

ARTICLE XXIV. Non-Signatory Powers which have accepted the Geneva Convention of the 6th July, 1906, may adhere to the present Convention.

The Power which desires to adhere notifies its intention to the Netherland Government in writing, forwarding to it the act of adhesion, which shall be deposited in the archives of the said Government.

The said Government shall at once transmit to all the other Powers a duly certified copy of the notification as well as of the act of adhesion, mentioning the date on which it received the notification.

ARTICLE XXV.

The present Convention, duly ratified, shall replace as between Contracting Powers, the Convention of the 29th July, 1899, for the adaptation to maritime warfare of the principles of the Geneva Convention.

The Convention of 1899 remains in force as between the Powers which signed it but which do not also ratify the present Convention.

ARTICLE XXVI.

The present Convention shall come into force, in the case of the Powers which were a party to the first deposit of ratifications, sixty days after the date of the procès-verbal of this deposit, and, in the case of the Powers which ratify subsequently or which adhere, sixty days after the notification of their ratification or of their adhesion has been received by the Netherland Government.

ARTICLE XXVII.

In the event of one of the Contracting Powers wishing to denounce the present Convention, the denunciation shall be notified in writing to the Netherland Government, which shall at once communicate a duly certified copy of the notification to all the other Powers, informing them at the same time of the date on which it was received.

The denunciation shall only have effect in regard to the notifying Power, and one year after the notification has reached the Netherland Government.

ARTICLE XXVIII.

A register kept by the Netherland Ministry for Foreign Affairs shall give the date of the deposit of ratification made in virtue of Article XXIII, paragraphs 3 and 4, as well as the date on which the notifications of adhesion (Article XXIV, paragraph 2) or of denunciation (Article XXVII, paragraph 1) have been received

Each Contracting Power is entitled to have access to this register and to be supplied with duly certified extracts from it.

In faith whereof the Plenipotentiaries have appended their signatures to the present Convention.

Done at The Hague, the 18th October, 1907, in a single copy, which shall remain deposited in the archives of the Netherland Government, and duly certified copies of which shall be sent, through the diplomatic channel, to the Powers which have been invited to the Second Peace Conference. 1. Pour l'Allemagne:

MARSCHALL.

KRIEGE.
2. Pour les Etats Unis d'Amér- JOSEPH H. CHOATE
ique:

HORACE PORTER.
U. M. Rose.
DAVID JAYNE HILL.
C. S. SPERRY.

WILLIAM I. BUCHANAN. 3. Pour l'Argentine:

ROQUE SAENZ PEÑA.
Luis M. DRAGO.
C. RÚEZ LARRETA.

4. Pour l'Autriche-Hongrie: MÉREY.

Bon MACCHIO. 5. Pour la Belgique:

A. BEERNAERT.
J. VAN DEN HEUVEL.

GUILLAUME. 6. Pour la Bolivie:

CLAUDIO PINILLA. 7. Pour le Brésil:

RUY BARBOSA.

E. LISBÔA. 8. Pour la Bulgarie:

GÉNÉRAL-MAJOR VINAROFF.

Iv. KARANDJOULOFF. 9. Pour le Chili:

DOMINGO GANA.
AUGUSTO MATTE.

CARLOS CONCHA. 10. Pour le Chine. Sous réserve LU TSENG-TSIANG. de l'article 21 :

TSIEN-SUN. 11. Pour la Colombie:

JORGE HOLGUIN.
S. PEREZ TRIANA.

M. VARGAS. 12. Pour la République de Cuba: ANTONIO S. DE BUSTAMANTE.

GONZALO DE QUESADA.

MANUEL SANGUILY. 13. Pour le Danemark:

C. BRUN. 14. Pour la République Domini. DR. HENRIQUEZ Y CARVAJAL. caine:

APOLINAR TEJERA. 15. Pour l'Equateur:

VICTOR M. RENDON.

E. DORN Y DE ALSÚA. 16. Pour l'Espagne:

W. R. DE VILLA URRUTIA.
JOSÉ DE LA RICA Y Calvo.

GABRIEL MAURA. 17. Pour la France:

LÉON BOURGEOIS.
D'ESTOURNELLES DE CONSTANT.
L. RENAULT.

MARCELLIN PELLET. 18. Pour la Grande - Bretagne. Edw. Fry.

Sous réserve des articles 6 ERNEST SATOW.
et 21 et de la déclaration REAY.
suivante :

HENRY HOWARD.
“En apposant leurs sig.
natures à cette Convention
les Plénipotentiaires Bri-
tanniques déclarent que le
Gouvernement de Sa Ma-
jesté entend que l'applica-
tion de l'article 12 se borne
au seul cas des combattants
recueillis pendant ou après
un combat naval auquel ils

auront pris part": 19. Pour la Grèce:

CLÉON Rizo RANGABÉ.

GEORGES STREIT. 20. Pour le Guatémala:

José TIBLE MACHADO. 21. Pour le Haïti:

DALBÉMAR JN JOSEPH.
J. N. LÉGER.
PIERRE HUDICOURT.

22. Pour l'Italie:

POMPILJ.

G. FUSINATO. 23. Pour le Japon:

AIMARO SATO. 24. Pour le Luxembourg:

EYSCHEN.

CTE. DE VILLERS. 25. Pour la Mexique:

G. A. ESTEVA.
S. B. DE MIER.

F. L. DE LA BARRA. 26. Pour le Monténégro:

NELIDOW.
MARTENS.

N. TCHARYKOW.
27. Pour le Nicaragua:
28. Pour la Norvège:

F. HAGERUP. 29. Pour le Panama :

B. PORRAS. 30. Pour le Paraguay:

J. Du MoxcEAU. 31. Pour les Pays-Bas:

W. H. DE BEAUFORT.
T. M. C. ASSER.
DEN BEER POORTUGAEL.
J. A. RÖELL.

J. A. LOEFF. 32. Pour le Pérou:

C. G. CANDAMO. 33. Pour la Perse. Sous réserve MOMTAZOS-SALTANEH M. SAMAD

du droit reconnu par la KHAN.
Conférence de l'emploi du Sadigh UL MULK M. AHMED
Lion et du Soleil rouge au

KHAN.
lieu et à la place de la

Croix Rouge. 34. Pour le Portugal.

MARQUIS DE SOVERAL.
CONDE DE SÉLIR.

ALBERTO D'OLIVEIRA. 35. Pour la Roumanie:

Eng. MAVROCORDATO. 36. Pour la Russie:

NELIDOW.
MARTENS

N. TCHARYKOW. 37. Pour le Salvador:

P. J. MATHEU.

S. PEREZ TRIANA. 38. Pour la Serbie:

S. GROUÏTCH.
M. G. MilovaNOVITCH.

M. G. MiliTCHEVITCH, 39. Pour le Siam:

Mon CHATIDEJ UDOM.
C. CORRAGIONI D'ORELLI.

LUANG BHÜVANARTH NARÜBAL. 40. Pour la Suède:

K. H. L. HAMMARSKJÖLD.

Joh. HELLNER. 41. Pour la Suisse:

CARLIN. 42. Pour la Turquie. Sous ré- TURKHAN.

serve du droit reconnu par
la Conférence de la Paix
de l'emploi du Croissant

Rouge.
43. Pour l'Uruguay:

JOSÉ BATLLE Y ORDOÑEZ, 44. Pour le Vénézuela:

J. GIL FORTOUL.

XI.

1907. CONVENTION RELATIVE TO RIGHT OF CAPTURE IN NAVAL WAR. Concluded October 18, 1907; ratification advised by Senate March 12,

1908; ratified by the President February 23, 1909; ratification deposited with the Netherlands Government November 27, 1909; proclaimed February 28, 1910.

ARTICLES.

CHAPTER 1.-Postal correspondence. 1. Inviolability of postal correspoud. | II. Exemption of neutral mail siips.

ence.

or

CHAPTER II.The exemption from capture of certain vessels. III. Fishing vessels.

IV. Religious, scientific, philan.

thropic. CHAPTER III.Regulations regarding the crews of enemy merchant ships cup

tured by a belligerant. V. Captains, officers, and crews not VII. Names to be notified. prisoners of war.

VIII. Not applicable to ships taking VI. Conditions.

part in hostilities. CHAPTER IV.-Final provisions. IX. Applicability of convention.

XII. When to come into force. X. Ratification.

XIII. Denunciation. XI. Nonsignatory powers.

XIV. Register of ratifications.

[Translation.) His Majesty the German Emperor, King of Prussia; the President of the United States of America; the President of the Argentine Republic; His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia, &c., and Apostolic King of Hungary; His Majesty the King of the Belgians; the President of the Republic of Bolivia; the President of the Republic of the United States of Brazil; His Royal Highness the Prince of Bulgaria; the President of the Republic of Chile; the President of the Republic of Colombia ; the Provisional Governor of the Republic of Cuba ; His Majesty the King of Denmark; the President of the Dominican Republic; the President of the Republic of Ecuador; His Majesty the King of Spain; the President of the French Republic; His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India ; His Majesty the King of the Hellenes; the President of the Republic of Guatemala ; the President of the Republic of Haïti; His Majesty the King of Italy; His Majesty the Emperor of Japan; His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Luxemburg, Duke of Nassau; the President of the United States of Mexico; His Majesty the King of Norway; the President of the Republic of Panamá; the President of the Republic of Paraguay; Her Majesty the Queen of the Netherlands; the President of the Republic of Peru; His Imperial Majesty the Shah of Persia; His Majesty the King of Portugal and of the Algarves, &c.; His Majesty the

The ratifications of this convention were deposited at The Hague November 27, 1909, by Germany, the United States of America, Austria-Hungary, Denmark, Great Britain, Mexico, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Salvador.

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