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with second Hague conference treaties, February 27, 1908,

RESERVATIONS.

I. America. -Under reservation of the declaration made in the

plenary session of the Conference of October 16,

1907. Brazil. With reservation as to article 53, paragraphs 2, 3,

and 4. Chile.- Under reservation of the Declaration formulated with

regard to article 39 in the seventh session of October

7 of the First Commission. Greece.—With reservation of paragraph 2 of article 53. II. Argentina.—The Argentine Republic makes the following

reservations: 1. With regard to debts arising from ordinary contracts

between the citizen or subject of a nation and a foreign government, recourse shall not be had to arbitration except in the specific case of a denial of justice by the courts of the country where the contract was made, the remedies before which courts

must first have been exhausted. 2. Public loans, secured by bond issues and constituting

the national debt, shall in no case give rise to military aggression or the material occupation of the

soil of American nations. Bolivia. With the reservation stated to the First Commission. Colombia.- Colombia makes the following reservations: She

does not agree to the employment of force in any case for the recovery of debts, whatever be their nature. She accepts arbitration only after a final decision has been rendered by the courts

of the debtor nations. Dominican Republic.—With the reservation made at the ple

nary session of October 16, 1907. Greece.-With the reservation made at the plenary session of

October 16, 1907.
Guatemala.—1. With regard to debts arising from ordinary

contracts between the citizens or subjects
of a nation and a foreign government, re-
course shall be had to arbitration only in
case of a denial of justice by the courts of
the country where the contract was made,
the remedies before which courts must first

have been exhausted. 2. Public loans secured by bond issues and con

stituting national debts shall in no case give rise to military aggression or the material occupation of the soil of American

nations. Peru.-With the reservation that the principles laid down in

this Convention shall not be applicable to claims or differences arising from contracts concluded by

Translation submitted to Senate by Department of State with second Hague conference treaties, February 27, 1908.

a country with foreign subjects when it has been expressly stipulated in these contracts that the claims or differences must be submitted to the judges

or courts of the country. II. Salvador.- We make the same reservations as the Argentine

Republic above.
Uruguay.-Under reservation of the first paragraph of arti-

cle 1, because the Delegation considers that arbi-
tration may always be refused as a matter of
right if the fundamental law of the debtor na-
tion, prior to the contract which has given rise
to the doubts or disputes, or this contract itself,
has stipulated that such doubts or disputes

shall be settled by the courts of the said nation. IV. Montenegro.—With the reservations formulated in article 44

of the Regulations annexed to the present Convention and contained in the minutes of the fourth plenary session of August 17,

1907. Russia.— With the reservations formulated in article 44 of

the Regulations annexed to the present Convention and contained in the minutes of the fourth

plenary session of August 17, 1907. V. Argentina.—The Argentine Republic makes reservation of

article 19. VI. Russia.-With the reservations formulated in article 3 and

article 4, paragraph 2, of the present Convention, and embodied in the minutes of the seventh ple

nary session of September 27, 1907. VIII. Dominican Republic.—With reservation as to the first para

graph of article 1. Siam.—With reservation of article 1, paragraph 1. IX. Chile.—With reservation of article 3, formulated during the

fourth plenary session of August 17. X. Persia.—With reservation of the right, recognized by the Con

ference, to use the Lion and Red Sun instead of

and in the place of the Red Cross. XII. Chile. With reservation of article 15, formulated at the sixth

plenary session of September 21.
Cuba.—With reservation of article 15.
Guatemala.—With the reservations formulated concerning

article 15.
Haiti.-With the reservation regarding article 15.
Persia.-With reservation of article 15.
Salvador.-With reservation of article 15.
Siam.—With reservation of article 15.

Uruguay.-With reservation of, article 15.
XIII. Dominican Republic.-With reservation regarding article. 12.

Persia.-With reservation of articles 12, 19, and 21.

Siam.-With reservation of articles 12, 19, and 23. XV. With reservations of Wish No. 1, which the Federal Council

did not accept.

TREATIES AND CONVENTIONS CONCLUDED AT THE CENTRAL AMER

ICAN PEACE CONFERENCE, HELD IN WASHINGTON 1907, BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENTS OF COSTA RICA, GUATEMALA, HONDURAS, NICARAGUA AND SALVADOR.

The United States Government was not a signatory party to these conventions, but as the conference met on the initiative of the Presidents of the United States of America and the United States of Mexico and the treaties were concluded under the auspices of the Governments of the United States and the United Merican States, represented, respectively in said conference by Mr. Wm. I. Buchanan, and Ambassador Don Enrique Creel, who were, by the Central American plenipotentiary representatives of the five Central American Republics, invited to be present at all the deliberations of the conference, the treaties referred to are included in this compilation.

1907.

Preliminary Protocol. We, the Representatives of the five Republics of Central America, having met in the city of Washington on the initiative of Their Excellencies the Presidents of the United States of America and of the United Mexican States, to settle upon the means of preserving the good relations between the said Republics and of obtaining an enduring peace in those countries; and with the purpose of fixing upon the bases for bringing to a realization these ends, being duly authorized by our respective Governments, have agreed to the following:

ARTICLE I. Upon receipt of the formal invitation which, as is understood, will be issued simultaneously to each one of the five Republics of Central America, by Their Excellencies the Presidents of the United States of America and of the United Mexican States, a Conference of the Plenipotentiary Representatives, which the Governments of the Republics referred to shall appoint for that purpose—that is to say, Costa Rica, Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua-will meet in the first fifteen days of November next, in the city of Washington, to discuss the steps to be taken and the measures to be adopted for the purpose of adjusting any differences which exist between the said Republics or between any of them, and for the purpose of concluding a treaty which shall define their general relations.

ARTICLE II. Their Excellencies the Presidents of the Republics of Central America will invite Their Excellencies the Presidents of the United States of America and of the United Mexican States to appoint, if agreeable to them, their respective representatives who, in a purely

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