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it is declared that all stipulations remain void and revoked by the present, after final approval and exchange of ratifications,

ARTICLE XXI.

The exchange of ratifications of the present Treaty, as well as that of the other Conventions of this date, shall be made by means of communications which are to be addressed by the Governments to that of Costa Rica, in order that the latter shall notify the other contracting States. The Government of Costa Rica shall also communicate its ratification if it effects it.

Signed at the city of Washington on the twentieth day of December, one thousand nine hundred and seven.

LUIS ANDERSON
J. B. CALVO
ANTONIO BATRES JAUREGUI
LUIS TOLEDO HERRARTE
VÍCTOR SÁNCHEZ O.
POLICARPO BONILLA
ANGEL UGARTE
E. CONSTANTINO FIALLOS
José MADRIZ
Luis F. COREA
SALVADOR GALLEGOS
SALVADOR RODRÍGUEZ G.
F. MEJÍA.

1907.

ADDITIONAL TREATY TO THE TREATY OF PEACE CONCLUDED AT THE

CENTRAL AMERICAN CONFERENCE.

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The Governments of the Republics of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Salvador, have seen fit to conclude a Convention additional to the General Treaty, and to that end have named as Delegates:

Costa Rica: Their Excellencies Doctor Don Luis Anderson and Don Joaquín B. Calvo;

GUATEMALA: Their Excellencies Doctor Don Antonio Batres Jáuregui, Doctor Don Luis Toledo Herrarte, and Don Víctor Sánchez Ocaña;

HONDURAS: Their Excellencies Doctor Don Policarpo Bonilla, Doctor Don Angel Ugarte, and Don E. Constantino Fiallos;

NICARAGUA: Their Excellencies Doctors Don José Madriz and Don Luis F. Corea ; and

SALVADOR: Their Excellencies Doctor Don Salvador Gallegos, Doctor Don Salvador Rodríguez González, and Don Federico Mejía.

By virtue of the invitation sent in accordance with Article II of the protocol signed 'at Washington on September 17, 1907, by the Plenipotentiary Representatives of the five Central American Republics, their excellencies, the Representative of the Government of the United Mexican States, Ambassador Don Enrique C. Creel, and the Representative of the Government of the United States of America, Mr. William I. Buchanan, were present at all the deliberations.

The Delegates assembled in the Central American Peace Conference at Washington, after having communicated to one another their respective full powers, which they found to be in due form, have agreed to carry out the said purpose in the following manner:

ARTICLE I.

The Governments of the High Contracting Parties shall not recogs nize

any other Government which may come into power in any of the five Republics as a consequence of a coup d'etat, or of a revolution against the recognized Government, so long as the freely elected representatives of the people thereof, have not constitutionally reorganized the country.

ARTICLE II.

No Government of Central America shall in case of civil war intervene in favor of or against the Government of the country where the struggle takes place.

ARTICLE III.

The Governments of Central America, in the first place, are recommended to endeavor to bring about, by the means at their command. a constitutional reform in the sense of prohibiting the reelection of the President of a Republic, where such prohibition does not exist secondly to adopt all measures necessary to effect a complete guarantee of the principle of alternation in power.

Signed at the city of Washington on the twentieth day of Decenber, one thousand nine hundred and seven.

Luis ANDERSON
J. B. CALVO
ANTONIO BATRES JÁTREGTI
Luis TOLEDO HERRARTE
VÍCTOR SÁNCHEZ O.
POLICARPO BONILLA
ANGEL UGARTE
E. CONSTANTINO FIALLOS
JOSÉ MADRIZ
LUIS F. COREA
SALVADOR GALLEGOS
SALVADOR RODRÍGUEZ G.
F. MEJÍA.

1907.

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CONVENTION FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A CENTRAL AMERICAN COURT

OF JUSTICE, CONCLUDED AT THE CENTRAL AMERICAN PEACE CON-
FERENCE.

Concluded December 20, 1907.

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Jurisdiction over conflicts between legislative, executive, and judicial powers.

The Governments of the Republics of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Salvador, for the purpose of efficaciously guaranteeing their rights and maintaining peace and harmony inalterably in their relations, without being obliged to resort in any case to the employment of force, have agreed to conclude a Convention for the constitution of a Court of Justice charged with accomplishing such high aims, and, to that end, have named as Delegates:

Costa Rica.-Their Excellencies Doctor Don Luis Anderson and Don Joaquín B. Calvo;

GUATEMALA.-Their Excellencies Doctor Don Antonio Batres Jáuregui, Doctor Don Luis Toledo Herrarte, and Don Víctor Sánchez Ocaña;

HONDURAS.—Their Excellencies Doctor Don Policarpo Bonilla, Doctor Don Angél Ugarte, and Don E. Constantino Fiallos;

NICARAGUA.—Their Excellencies Doctors Don José Madriz and Don Luis F. Corea; and

Salvador.—Their Excellencies Doctor Don Salvador Gallegos, Doctor Don Salvador Rodríguez González, and Don Federico Mejía.

By virtue of the invitation sent in accordance with Article II of the Protocol signed at Washington on September 17, 1907, by the

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Plenipotentiary Representatives of the five Central American Republics, their excellencies, the Representative of the Government of the United Mexican States, Ambassador Don Enrique C. Creel, and the Representative of the Government of the United States of America, Mr. William I. Buchanan, were present at all the deliberations.

The Delegates, assembled in the Central American Peace Conference at Washington, after having communicated to one another their respective full powers, which they found to be in due form, have agreed to carry out the said purpose in the following manner:

ARTICLE I.

The High Contracting Parties agree by the present Convention to constitute and maintain a permanent tribunal which shall be called the “ Central American Court of Justice”, to which they bind themselves to submit all controversies or questions which may arise among them, of whatsoever nature and no matter what their origin may be, in case the respective Departments of Foreign Affairs should not have been able to reach an understanding.

ARTICLE II.

This Court shall also take cognizance of the questions which individuals of one Central American country may raise against any of the other contracting Governments, because of the violation of treaties or conventions, and other cases of an international character; no matter whether their own Government supports said claim or not; and provided that the remedies which the laws of the respective country provide against such violation shall have been exhausted or that denial of justice shall have been shown.

ARTICLE III.

It shall also take cognizance of the cases which by common accord the contracting Governments may submit to it, no matter whether they arise between two or more of them or between one of said Governments and individuals.

ARTICLE IV.

The Court can likewise take cognizance of the international ques. tions which by special agreement any one of the Central American Governments and a foreign Government may have determined to submit to it.

ARTICLE V.

The Central American Court of Justice shall sit at the City of Cartago in the Republic of Costa Rica, but it may temporarily transfer its residence to another point in Central America whenever

• The text of this article was corrected by an additional Protocol of the same date so that the true text will be found on p. 2406.

it deems it expedient for reasons of health, or in order to insure the exercise of its functions, or of the personal safety of its members.

ARTICLE VI.

The Central American Court of Justice shall consist of five Justices, one being appointed by each Republic and selected from among the jurists who possess the qualifications which the laws of each country prescribe for the exercise of high judicial office, and who enjoy the highest consideration, both because of their moral character and their professional ability.

Vacancies shall be filled by substitute Justices, named at the same time and in the same manner as the regular Justices and who shall unite the same qualifications as the latter.

The attendance of the five justices who constitute the Tribunal is indispensable in order to make a legal quorum in the decisions of the Court.

ARTICLE VII. The Legislative Power of each one of the five contracting Republics shall appoint their respective Justices, one regular and two substitutes.

The salary of each Justice shall be eight thousand dollars, gold, per annum, which shall be paid them by the Treasury of the Court. The salary of the Justice of the country where the Court resides shall be fixed by the Government thereof. Furthermore each State shall contribute two thousand dollars, gold, annually toward the ordinary and extraordinary expenses of the Tribunal. The Governments of the contracting Republics bind themselves to include their respective contributions in their estimates of expenses and to remit quarterly in advance to the Treasury of the Court the share they may have to bear on account of such services.

ARTICLE VIII.

The regular and substitute Justices shall be appointed for a term of five years, which shall be counted from the day on which they assume the duties of their office, and they may be reelected.

In case of death, resignation or permanent incapacity of any of them, the vacancy shall be filled by the respective Legislature, and the Justice elected shall complete the term of his predecessor,

ARTICLE IX.

The regular and substitute Justices shall take oath or make affirmation prescribed by law before the authority that may have appointed them, and from that moment they shall enjoy the immunities and prerogatives which the present Convention confers upon them. The regular Justices shall likewise enjoy thenceforth the salary fixed in Article VII.

ARTICLE X Whilst they remain in the country of their appointment the regular and substitute Justices shall enjoy the personal immunity which

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