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HONDURAS: Their Excellencies Doctor Don Policarpo Bonilla, Doctor Don Angel Ugarte, and Don E. Constantino Fiallos;

NICARAGUA: Their Excellencies Doctors Don José Madriz and Don Luis F. Corea : and

SALVADOR: Their Excellencies Doctor Don Salvador Gallegos, Doctor Don Salvador Rodríguez González, and Don Federico Mejía.

By virtue of the invitation sent in accordance with Article II of the Protocol signed at Washington on September 17, 1907, by the Plenipotentiary Representatives of the five Central American Republics, their excellencies, the Representative of the Government of the United Mexican States, Ambassador Don Enrique C. Creel, and the Representative of the Government of the United States of America, Mr. William I. Buchanan, were present at all the deliberations.

The Delegates, assembled in the Central American Peace Conference at Washington, after having communicated to one another their respective full powers, which they found to be in due form, have agreed to carry out the said purpose in the following manner:

ARTICLE I.

.

The Contracting Republics agree to deliver up reciprocally the individuals who may take refuge in the territory of one of them and who in the other may have been condemned as authors, accomplices, or abettors of a crime, to a penalty of not less than two years of deprivation of their liberty, or who may have been indicted for a crime which, in accordance with the laws of the demanding country, carries a penalty equal to or greater than that above stated.

ARTICLE II.

Extradition shall not be granted in any of the following cases:

1. When the evidence of criminality presented by the demanding party would not justify, according to the laws of the place where the fugitive so charged is found, his apprehension and commitment for trial, if the offense had been there committed.

2. When the offense charged is of a political character, or, being a common crime, is connected therewith.

3. When under the laws of the demanding country or of that of asylum, the action or the penalty has been barred.

4. If the accused demanded should have been already tried and sentenced for the same act in the Republic wherein he resides.

5. If in the latter, the act because of which extradition is requested should not be considered a crime.

6. When the penalty corresponding to the crime for which extradition is requested shall be that of death, unless the demanding Government binds itself to apply the next lower penalty.

ARTICLE III.

The person whose extradition is conceded, because of one of the crimes mentioned in Article I, shall in no case be tried and punished in the country to which he is surrendered for a political críme committed before his extradition nor for an act which may have connection with a political crime. The attempt against the life of the head

of the Government or anarchistical attempts shall not be considered a political crime, provided that the law of the demanding country and of the country of which extradition is requested shall have fixed a penalty for said acts. In that case extradition shall be granted, even when the crime in question shall carry a penalty of less than two years of imprisonment.

ARTICLE IV.

The High Contracting Parties shall not be obliged to deliver their nationals; but they must try them for the infractions of the Penal Code committed in any of the other Republics, and the respective government must communicate the corresponding proceedings, information, and documents, and deliver the articles which constitute the corpus delicti, furnishing everything conducive to the investigation necessary for the expedition of the trial. This having been done, the cause shall continue until its determination, and the government of the country of the trial shall inform the other of the final result.

ARTICLE V.

If the individual whose extradition is sought should have been indicted or should have been found guilty in the country of his asylum for a crime committed therein, he shall not be delivered except after having been acquitted by a final judgment, and in case of his conviction after he has served the sentence or has been pardoned.

ARTICLE VI.

If the fugitive whose extradition is requested by one of the contracting parties should also have been sought by one or more governments he shall be delivered in preference to the one first making the requisition.

ARTICLE VII.

Request for the delivery of fugitives shall be made by the respective diplomatic agents of the contracting parties, or, in their absence from the country or from the seat of government, it may be made by consular officers.

In urgent cases the provisional detention of the accused may be requested by means of telegraphic or postal communication, addressed to the ministry of foreign relations, or through the respective diplomatic agent, in his absence, through the consul. The provisional arrest shall be made according to the rules established by the laws of the country of which extradition is requested; but shall cease if the request for extradition has not been formally presented within the term of one month following the arrest.

ARTICLE VIII.

The request for extradition shall specify the evidence or foundation thereof which, by the laws of the country wherein the crime has been committed, shail be sufficient to justify the apprehension and commitment of the accused. The judgment, indictment, warrant of arrest, or any other equivalent document shall also accompany the same; and the nature and gravity of the acts charged, and the provisions of the penal codes which are applicable thereto must be indi. cated. In case of flight after having been found guilty and before serving the sentence, the request for extradition shall express these circumstances and shall be accompanied with the judgment only.

ARTICLE IX.

The proper authority shall apprehend the fugitive, to the end that he may be brought before the competent Judicial authority to be examined. If it is decided that according to the laws and the evidence presented the surrender shall be carried out in accordance with this Convention, the refugee shall be delivered in the manner prescribed by law in such cases.

ARTICLE X.

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The

person delivered can not be tried or punished in the country to which his extradition has been granted, nor delivered to a third country because of a crime not included in this Convention, and committed before his surrender, unless the Government which makes the surrender consents to the trial, or to the delivery to said third nation.

Nevertheless this consent shall not be necessary:

1. When the accused may voluntarily have requested that he be tried or delivered to the third nation;

2. When he may have been at liberty to leave the country for thirty days, his release having been based on the lack of foundation in the charge for which he was surrendered, or, in case of conviction, a term of thirty days after serving his sentence or obtaining a pardon.

ARTICLE XI.

The expenses of arrest, maintenance, and travel of the claimed person, as well as of the delivery and transportation of the articles which, because of their connection with the crime, have to be returned or forwarded, shall be borne by the demanding Government.

ARTICLE XII.

All the objects found in the possession of the accused and obtained through the commission of the act of which he is accused, or that may serve as evidence of the crime on account of which extradition is requested, shall be confiscated and delivered with his person if the competent authority so orders. Nevertheless the rights of third parties concerning these articles shall be respected, and delivery thereof shall not be made until the question of ownership has been determined.

ARTICLE XIII.

In all cases of detention the fugitive shall be acquainted within the term of twenty-four hours with the cause thereof, and notified that he may, within not to exceed three days counted from the one following that of the notification, oppose extradition, by alleging:

1. That he is not the person claimed;
2. Substantial defects in the documents presented; and
3. The inadmissibility of the request for extradition,

ARTICLE XIV.

In cases where it is necessary to prove the facts alleged, evidence shall be taken, in full observance of the provisions of the law of procedure of the Republic of which extradition is requested. The evidence having been produced, the matter shall be decided without further steps, within the period of ten days, and it shall be declared whether or not the extradition shall be granted. Against such a decision, and within three days following notification thereof, the legal remedies of the country of asylum may be invoked.

ARTICLE XV.

The present convention shall take effect one month after the last ratification, and shall continue in effect until one year after notification of a desire to terminate it shall have been given in due form by one of the Governments to the others. In such case it shall continue in force between the others who have not renounced it.

ARTICLE XVI.

Each government shall give notice to the others of the legislative ratification of this convention within ten days at the latest after it has taken place. This advice, by notes, shall be considered as an exchange of ratification without the necessity of any special formality.

Signed at the city of Washington on the twentieth of December, one thousand nine hundred and seven.

LUIS ANDERSON
J. B. Calvo
ANTONIO BATRES JAUREGUI
LUIS TOLEDO HERRARTE
VÍCTOR SÁNCHEZ O.
POLICARPO BONILLA
ANGEL UGARTE
E. CONSTANTINO FIALLOS
José MADRIZ
Luis F. COREA
SALVADOR GALLEGOS
SALVADOR RODRÍGUEZ G.
F. MEJÍA.

1907.

CONVENTION FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INTERNATIONAL CENTRAL.

AMERICAN BUREAU CONCLUDED AT THE CENTRAL AMERICAN PEACE CONFERENCE.

Concluded December 20, 1907.

ARTICLES.

I. Organization and purpose of bu

reau.
II. Delegates.
III. Presidency.
IV. Functions of bureau.

V. Reports.
VI. Location of bureau.

VII. Assistance by diplomatic and

consular agents.
VIII. Expenses.
IX. Organ of publicity.
X. Exchange of information.
XI. Force.

The Governments of the Republics of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Hon. duras, Nicaragua, and Salvador being desirous to develop the interests common to Central America, have agreed to establish an International Bureau that shall take charge of the supervision and care of such interests, and, in order to attain so important an end, have seen fit to conclude a special Convention, and for that purpose have named as Delegates :

Costa RICA.-Their Excellencies Doctor Don Luis Anderson and Don Joaquín B. Calvo;

GUATEMALA.—Their Excellencies Doctor Don Antonio Batres Jáuregui, Doctor Don Luis Toledo Herrarte, and Don Víctor Sánchez Ocaña;

HONDURAS.—Their Excellencies Doctor Don Policarpo Bonilla, Doctor Don Angel Ugarte, and Don E. Constantino Fiallos;

NICARAGUA.-Their Excellencies Doctors Don José Madriz and Don Luis F. Corea ; and

SALVADOR.—Their Excellencies Doctor Don Salvador Gallegos, Doctor Don Salvador Rodríguez González, and Don Federico Mejía.

By virtue of the invitation sent in accordance with Article II of the Protocol signed at Washington on September 17, 1907, by the Plenipotentiary Representatives of the five Central American Republics, their excellencies, the Representative of the Government of the United Mexican States, Ambassador Don Enrique C. Creel, and the Representative of the Government of the United States of America, Mr. William I. Buchanan, were present at all the deliberations.

The Delegates, assembled in the Central American Peace Conference at Washington, after having communicated to one another their respective full powers, which they found to be in due form, have agreed to carry out the said purpose in the following manner:

ARTICLE I.

The following Central American interests are recognized as being those to which special attention should be paid:

1. To combine every effort toward the peaceful reorganization of their mother country, Central America.

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