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2. To impress upon public education an essentially Central American character, in a uniform sense, making it as broad, practical, and complete as possible, in accordance with the modern pedagogical tendency.

3. The development of Central American Commerce and of all that may tend to make it more active and profitable, and its expansion with other nations.

4. The advancement of agriculture and industries that can be developed to advantage in its different sections.

5. The uniformity of civil, commercial, and criminal legislation, recognizing as a fundamental principle the inviolability of life, respect for property, and the most absolute sacredness of the personal rights of man; uniformity in the system of custom-houses; in the monetary system, in such manner as to secure a fixed rate of exchange; general sanitation, and especially that of the Central American ports; confidence in the Central American credit; uniformity in the system of weights and measures; the definition of what constitutes real property, in such a firm and unquestionable manner as will serve as a solid foundation for credit and permit the establishment of mortgage banks.

ARTICLE II.

For the purposes hereinbefore mentioned the signatory Governments bind themselves to establish an International Central American Bureau, composed of one delegate from each one of them.

ARTICLE III.

The Presidency of the Bureau shall be exercised alternatively by the members that compose it, the alphabetical order of the contracting States being followed for that purpose.

ARTICLE IV.

The functions of the Bureau shall be all those considered necessary and expedient to achieve the objects placed in its care by the present agreement, and to that end the office shall enumerate them in the rules that it may establish, being empowered to make all provisions of internal regulation that may be conducive to the proper fulfillment of the mission of maintaining and developing the Central American interests that may be placed under its care and supervision.

In order to attain this end the contracting governments bind themselves to lend to the Bureau all the support and protection necessary for the proper fulfillment of its object.

ARTICLE V.

The Bureau shall every six months send to each of the signatory Governments a detailed report of the work accomplished in the preceding half-year.

ARTICLE VI.

The Bureau shall be located in the city of Guatemala, and effort shall be made to install it at the latest on September 15 of the coming

year 1908.

ARTICLE VII.

The diplomatic and consular agents of the contracting Governments shall lend all the assistance that the Bureau may ask of them, furnishing it with all the needed data, reports, and information and shall fulfiĩl the commissions and requests that it may see fit to entrust to them.

ARTICLE VIII.

The expenses incident to the maintenance of the Bureau shall be paid in equal parts by the signatory Powers.

ARTICLE IX.

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The Bureau shall have an organ of publicity in connection with its work, and shall endeavor to maintain intercourse with other offices of a like nature, particularly with the International Bureau of the American Republics established in Washington.

ARTICLE X.

The Bureau shall be a medium of intelligence among the signatory countries and shall send the respective governments the communications, information, and reports that it may deem necessary for the development of the relations and interests with which it is entrusted.

ARTICLE XI.

The present Convention shall remain in force for fifteen years, and may be extended at the will of the High Contracting Parties.

Signed at the city of Washington on the twentieth day of December, one thousand nine hundred and seven.

LUIS ANDERSON
J. B. CALVO
ANTONIO BATRES JAUREGUI
LUIS TOLEDO HERRARTE
VÍCTOR SÁNCHEZ O.
POLICARPO BONILLA
ANGEL UGARTE
E. CONSTANTINO FIALLOS
José MADRIZ
Luis F. COREA
SALVADOR GALLEGOS
SALVADOR RODRÍGUEZ G.
F. MEJÍA

1907.

CONVENTION FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A CENTRAL AMERICAN PEDA

GOGICAL INSTITUTE.

Concluded December 20, 1907.

ARTICLES.

1. Foundation of institute.
II. Grade of institute.
III. Control of institute.
IV. Students.
V. Expenses.

VI. Payment of expenses.
VII. Continuance of pedagogical

league.
VIII. Ratification.

1

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The Governments of the Republics of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Salvador, recognizing it as of the greatest importance and consequence to model public instruction on a spirit of Central-Americanism and to direct it uniformly along the lines which modern pedagogy establishes, and being animated by the desire to make this recognition effective and practical, have decided to conclude a convention, and to that end have named as Delegates :

COSTA RICA: Their Excellencies Doctor Don Luis Anderson and Don Joaquín B. Calvo;

GUATEMALA: Their Excellencies Doctor Don Antonio Batres Jáuregui, Doctor Don Luis Toledo Herrarte, and Don Víctor Sánchez Ocaña;

HONDURAS: Their Excellencies Doctor Don Policarpo Bonilla, Doctor Don Angel Ugarte, and Don E. Constantino Fiallos;

NICARAGUA: Their excellencies Doctors Don José Madriz and Don Luis F. Corea; and

SALVADOR: 'Their Excellencies Doctor Don Salvador Gallegos, Doctor Don Salvador Rodríguez González, and Don Federico Mejía.

By virtue of the invitation sent in accordance with Article II of the Protocol signed at Washington on September 17, 1907, by the Plenipotentiary Representatives of the five Central American Republics, their excellencies, the Representative of the Government of the United Mexican States, Ambassador Don Enrique C. Creel, and the Representative of the Government of the United States of America, Mr. William I. Buchanan, were present at all the deliberations.

The Delegates, assembled in the Central American Peace Conference at Washington, after having communicated to one another their respective full powers, which they found to be in due form, have agreed to carry out the said purpose in the following manner:

ARTICLE I.

The Republics of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Salvador, animated by the desire of establishing a common, essentially homogeneous system of education, which shall tend toward the moral and intellectual unification of these sister countries, have

agreed to found, at the expense and to the advantage of all, a Pedagogical Institute, with a division for men and for women, for the professional education of teachers. Costa Rica shall be the seat of the institute.

ARTICLE II.

It is understood that with regard to its staff of teachers, buildings, furnishings, and scientific apparatus the Pedagogical Institute shall be of as high a grade as the best institutes of its class.

ARTICLE III.

The installation, organization, and economical administration, as also the general control of the establishment, shall pertain to the Government of Costa Rica ; but the other interested Governments shall have the right, when they consider it expedient, to name a representative on the executive board of the same. The Government of Costa Rica shall communicate annually to the other Governments the progress and condition of the establishment,

ARTICLE IV.

Each Republic has the right to maintain as many as one hundred students in the Pedagogical Institute, fifty of each sex, but shall not send less than twenty of each sex.

ARTICLE V.

The estimate of extraordinary expenses of installation, in which shall be included the buildings, the furnishings, the scientific equipment, the transportation of the professorial staff, etc., having been made, it shall be communicated to the Governments interested, each one of which shall place its respective quota at the disposal of the Government of Costa Rica.

In view of the progressive expansion and development of the Central American Pedagogical Institute, the Government of Costa Rica is authorized to construct special buildings, removed from the great centers of population, in cool, healthy places appropriate for intellectual work.

ARTICLE VI.

With regard to the ordinary expenses of salaries, board, administration, etc., they shall be paid to Costa Rica at the beginning of each

school year.

ARTICLE VII.

The Pedagogical League hereby agreed to—the first step toward the unification of the systems of education shall continue in existence fifteen years, and may be extended at the will of the High Con tracting Parties.

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ARTICLE VIII.

This Convention shall be ratified by means of notes exchanged among the Governments interested; and once ratified, it shall take effect without loss of time.

Signed at the city of Washington on the twentieth day of December, one thousand nine hundred and seven.

LUIS ANDERSON
J. B. Calvo
ANTONIO BATRES JAUREGUI
Luis TOLEDO HERRARTE
Víctor SÁNCHEZ O.
POLICARPO BONILLA
ANGEL UGARTE
E. CONSTANTINO FIALLOS
José MADRIZ
Luis F. COREA
SALVADOR GALLEGOS
SALVADOR RODRÍGUEZ G.
F. MEJÍA.

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The Governments of the Republics of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Salvador, desiring to promote the unification and harmony of their interests, as one of the most efficacious means to prepare for the fusion of the Central American peoples into one single nationality, have agreed to conclude a Convention for the naming of Commissions and for the meeting of Central American Conferences, which shall agree upon the most efficacious and proper means to the end of bringing uniformity into their economical and fiscal interests; and to that end have named as Delegates :

Costa Rica: Their Excellencies Doctor Don Luis Anderson and Don Joaquín B. Calvo;

GUATEMALA: Their Excellencies Doctor Don Antonio Batres Jáuregui, Doctor Don Luis Toledo Herrarte, and Don Víctor Sánchez Ocaña;

HONDURAS: Their Excellencies Doctor Don Policarpo Bonilla, Doctor Don Angel Ugarte, and Don E. Constantino Fiallos;

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