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The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senator must be speaking iu the time of (he Senator from Maryland.

Mr. BRUCE. I am sorry, I can not yield.

The PRESIDENT pro teinpore. The Senator from Maryland declines to yield.

Mr. BRUCE. I am compelled to decline to yield.

Mr. SHORTRIDGE. I want to ask a question.

The PRESIDENT pro teuipore. The Senator from Maryland declines to yield.

Mr. BRUCE. There is no evidence, so far as I know, that the soldier had ever been in action.

Mr. SHORTRIDGE. I want to ask a question.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senator declines to yield.

Mr. BRUCE. There is no evidence that this soldier was a soldier of exemplary character in any respect. It is fair to infer that in all probability he had a very poor general reputation, because we can almost see that by reading between the lines. But. be that as it may, the fact was that the courtmartial came to the conclusion that he had been guilty of theft, and that he had been guilty of theft under circumstances sufficiently heinous to justify them in sentencing him to prison for nine months and having him discharged dishonorably from the Army.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The time of the Senator from Maryland has expired.

Mr. STEPHENS. Mr. President, I am not going to takemuch time. I merely desire to say

Mr. SWANSON. Mr. President, will the Senator yield?

Mr. STEPHENS. I yield.

Mr. SWANSON. I ask unanimous consent that next Thursday, when we meet for the consideration of contested bills, the first bill that shall be taken up promptly at S o'clock and disposed of by S.20, granting 10 minutes to each side, shall be this turkey bill. [Laughter.] I ask unanimous consent for that purpose.

Mr. BRATTON and Mr. JONES. I object.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Objection is made.

Mr. STEPHENS. Mr. President, I am going to say just a word or two.

Mr. CURTIS. Mr. President, will the Senator from Mississippi yield to me?

Mr. STEPHENS. I yield.

Mr. CURTIS. We have a unanimous-consent agreement to take up the calendar under Rule VIII Thursday night. When this bill is reached that night, if there is objection, a motion can be made to proceed to its consideration.

Mr. STEPHENS. Pardon me just a moment, anyway.

Mr. CURTIS. I do hope that .Senators will let us complete the call of the calendar for unobjected bills to-night. If we put in all our time discussing one or two bills there will be no others passed. I think Senators ought to let the bill go over because there is objection to it.

Mr. STEPHENS. I am going to say just a word or two.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senator from Mississippi has the floor.

Mi'. BRUCE. I object. If we are going to discuss the bill under Rule VIII Thursday night, I object to discussing it now.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senator from Mississippi has, the tloor in his own right and it can not be denied him. •

Mr. STEPHENS. Mr. President, before I say what I rose to say, I desire to state in answer to the Senator from Kansas that I have been here five years and I have never objected to the consideration of any Senator's bill. I have not occupied much of the time of the Senate on private bills or other bills.

I rose to say, in answer to the Senator from Maryland [Mr. Bruce], when he spoke of the character of that man, that if the Senator would go down to the city of Vicksburg, where that poor fellow, weak and feeble and almost unable to walk the streets of the city, now lives, he would find that the best people of that community are the friends of this man.

He would find that Cromwell L. Barsley stands as high in his own community as the Senator from Maryland does in his. I rose, Mr. President, merely to repudiate the statement or the charge or suggestion that this is a man of poor reputation, a man of bad character. I hope we will discuss the matter further at another time.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill goes over.

I'EACTJCE OF IIEALlNO IN TUB DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The clerk will restate Order of Business No. 70S.

The Chief Cleuk. A bill (S. 3930) to regulate the practice of the healing art to protect the public health in the District of Columbia.

Mr. DILL. Let the bill go over.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will go over.

Mr. COPELAND. Mr. President, did I understand the Senator from Maryland [Mr. Br.rcE] to object to the bill?

Mr. BRUCE. I have no objection if the amendment is adopted. So far as 1 know there is no objection to it.

Mr. DILL. I objected.

Mr. COPELAND. Will not the Senator let us consider it?

Mr. DILL. Not to-night.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will be passed over.

BILLS PASSKt) OVEK

The bill (S. 1215) for the relief of Helen F. Griffin was announced as next iu order.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill was reported from the Committee on Claims adversely. Without objection the bill will be indefinitely posljioiied.

The bill (S. ir>.~i2) for the relief of Thomas J. Roff was announced as next in order.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill was reported from the Committee on Claims adversely. Without objection the bill will be indefinitely postponed.

Mr. McNARY. Mr. President, I regret to state to the Chair that I should like to have the bill (S. 1215) for the relief of Helen F. Griffin remain on the calendar for further consideration.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Without objection, the bill will remain on the calendar and will be passed over.

Mr. DENEEN. I make a similar request with respect to the bill (S. 1552) for the relief of Thomas J. Roff.

The PRESIDENT pro tem]x>re. Without objection, the bill will remain on the calendar and will lie passed over.

The bill (S. 2901) to amend the national prohibition act. as amended and supplemented, was announced as next iu order.

Mr. BRUCE. Over.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will lie passed over.

LIABILITY IN HREACHES OF FIDUCIARY OBLIGATIONS

The bill (H. R. C844) concerning liability for participation in breaches of fiduciary obligations and to make uniform the law with reference thereto was considered as iu Committee of the Whole, and was read, as follows:

Be it enacted, etc., That tin- following provisions concerning liability for participation ill breaches of fiduciary obligations, and to make uniform the law with reference thereto, .-hill be in force in the District of Columbia, namely:

"section 1. Definition of terms: (1) In this act unless the context or subject matter otherwise requires:

"' Bank' includes any person or association of persons, whether incorporated or not, carrying on the. business of banking.

"'Fiduciary' Includes a trustee under any trust, expressed, Implied, resulting or constructive, executor, administrator, guardian, conservator, curator, receiver, trustee in bankruptcy, assignee for the benefit of creditors, partner, agent, officer of a corporation, public or private, public officer, or any other person acting In a fiduciary capacity for any person, trust, or estate.

"' Person' includes a corporation, partnership, or other association, or two or more persons having a Joint or common interest.

"' Principal' includes any person to whom a fiduciary as such owes an obligation.

"('2) A thing is done 'in good faith' within the meaning of this act when it is in fact done honestly, whether it be done negligently or not.

"Sec. 2. Application of payments made to fiduciaries: A person who In good faith pays or transfers to a fiduciary any money or other property which the fiduciary as such is authorized to receive, is not responsible for the proper application thereof by the fiduciary; and any right or title acquired from the fiduciary in consideration of such payment or transfer is not invalid iu consequence of a misapplication by the fiduciary.

"Sbc. 3. Registration of transfer of securities held by fiduciaries: If a fiduciary in whose name are registered any shares of stock, bonds, or other securities of any corporation, public or private, or company or other association or of any trust, transfers the same, such corporation or company or other association, or any of the managers of the trust, or its or their transfer agent, is not bound to inquire whether the fiduciary is committing n breach of his obligation as fiduciary in making the transfer, or to see to the performance of the fiduciary obligation, and is lliiblc for registering such transfer only where registration of the transfer is made witb actual knowledge that the fiduciary is committing a breach of his obligation as fiduciary iu making the transfer, or with knowledge of such facts that the action in registering the transfer amounts to bad faith,

"Sec. 4. Transfer of negotiable instrument by fiduciary: If any negotiable instrument payable or Indorsed to a fiduciary as such is Indorsed by the fiduciary, or If any negotiable instrument payable or Indorsed to Ins principal is indorsed by n fiduciary empowered to indorse such instrument on behalf of hig principal, the Indorsee is not bound to inquire whether the. fiduciary U committing a breach of his obligation ns fiduciary in indorsing or delivering the instrument, and is not chargeable with notice that the fiduciary is committing a breach of his obligation as (iduclary unless he takes the Instrument with actual knowledge of such breach or with knowledge of such facts that his action In taking the instrument amounts to bad faith. If, however, such instrument is transferred by the fiduciary in payment of or as security for a personal debt of the fiduciary to the actual knowledge of the creditor, or la transferred in any transaction known by the transferee to be for the personal benefit of the fiduciary, the creditor or other transferee is liable to the principal If the fiduciary in fact commits a breach of his obligation ns fiduciary in transferring the instrument.

"Sec. 5. Check drawn by fiduciary payable to third person: If a check or other bill of exchange is drawn by a fiduciary as such, or In the name of his principal by a fiduciary empowered to draw such Instrument in the name of his principal, the payee is not bound to inquire whether the fiduciary is committing a breach of his obligation as fiduciary in drawing or delivering the instrument, and is not chargeable with notice that the fiduciary is committing a breach of his obligation as fiduciary unless be takes the instrument with actual knowledge of such breach or with knowledge of »uch facts that his action in taking the instrument amounts to bad faith. If, however, such instrument is payable to a personal creditor of the fiduciary and delivered to the creditor in payment of or as security for a personal debt of the fiduciary to the actual knowledge of the creditor, or is drawn and delivered In any transaction known by the payee to be for the personal benefit of the fiduciary, the creditor or other payee Is liable to the principal if the fiduciary in fact commits a breach of his obligation as fiduciary in drawing or delivering the instrument.

"Sec. 0. Check drawn by and payable to fiduciary: If a check or other bill of exchange is drawn by a fiduciary as such or in the name of his principal by a fiduciary empowered to draw such instrument in the name of his principal, payable to the fiduciary personally, or payable to a third person and by him transferred to the fiduciary, and is thereafter transferred by the fiduciary, whether In payment of a personal debt of the fiduciary or otherwise, the transferee is not bound to inquire whether the fiduciary is committing a breach of his obligation as fiduciary In transferring the instrument, and is not chargeable with notice that the fiduciary is committing a breach of his obligation as fiduciary unless he takes the Instrument with actual knowledge of such breach or with knowledge of such facts that his action in taking the instrument amounts to bad faith.

"Skc. 7. Deposit in name of fiduciary as such: If a deposit is made in n bank to the credit of a fiduciary as such, the bank is authorized to pay the amount of the deposit or any part thereof upon the check of the fiduciary, signed with the name in which such deposit is entered, without being liable to the principal, unless the bank pays the check with actual knowledge that the fiduciary is committing a breach of his obligation as fiduciary in drawing the check or with knowledge of such facts that its action in paying the check amounts to bad faith. If, however, such a check la payable to the drawee bank and is delivered to it In payment of or as security for a personal debt of the fiduciary to it, the bank is liable to the principal if the fiduciary in fact commits a breach of his obligation as fiduciary in drawing or delivering the check.

"Skc. 8. Deposit In name of principal: If a check is drawn upon the account of his principal In a bank by a fiduciary who Is empowered to draw checks upon his principal's account, the bank is authorized to pay such check without being liable to the principal, unless the bank pays the check with actual knowledge that the fiduciary is committing a breach of his obligation as fiduciary in drawing such check, or with knowledge of such facts that its action in paying the check amounts to bad faith. If, however, such a check is payable to the drawee bank and Is delivered to it in payment of or as security for a personal debt of the fiduciary to it, the bank is liable to the principal if the fiduciary in fact commits a breach of his obligation ns fiduciary In drawing or delivering the check.

"Sbc. 9. Deposit in fiduciary's personal account: If a fiduciary makes a deposit in a bank to his personal credit of checks drawn by him upon an account in his own name as fiduciary, or of checks payable to him as fiduciary, or of checks drawn by him upon an account in the name of his principal If he is empowered to draw checks thereon, or of checks payable to his principal and Indorsed by him, if he Is empowered to indorse such checks, or If he otherwise makes a deposit of funds held by him as fiduciary, the bank receiving such deposit is not bound to inquire whether the fiduciary is committing thereby a breach of his obligation as fiduciary; and the bank Is authorized to pay the amount of the deposit or any part thereof upon the personal check of the fiduciary without being liable to the principal, unless the bank receives the deposit or pays the check with actual knowledge that the fiduciary is committing a breach of his obligation as fiduciary In making suci deposit or In drawing such check, or with knowledge of such facts that its action in receiving the deposit or paying the check amonni" to bad fnith.

"Sbo. 10. Deposit in names of two or more trustees: When a deposit is made in a bank in the name of two or more persons as trustees

and a check is drawn upon the trust account by any trustee or trustees authorized by the other trustee or trustees to draw checks upon the trust account, neither the payee nor other holder nor the bank Is bound to Inquire whether it is a breach of trust to authorize such trustee or trustees to draw checks upon the trust account, and Is not liable unless the circumstances be such that the action of the payee or other holder or the bank amounts to bad faith.

"SEC. 11. Act not retroactive: The provisions of this act shall not apply to transactions taking place prior to the time when it takes effect.

"Sec. 12. Cases not provided for in act: In any case not provided for In this act the rules of law and equity, including the law merchant and those rules of law and equity relating to trusts, agency, negotiable Instruments, and banking, shall continue to apply.

"Sec. 13. Uniformity of interpretation: This act shall be so Interpreted and construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law of those States which enact It.

"Sbc. 14. Short title: This act may be cited as the uniform fiduciaries act.

"Sec. 15. Inconsistent laws repealed: All acts or parts of acts inconsistent with this act are hereby repealed.

"Sec. 16. Time of taking effect: This act shall take effect upon the date of its passage."

The bill was reported to the Senate without amendment, ordered to a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

PAYMENT OF BANK DEPOSITS, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

The bill (H. R. 6856) relating to the payment of delivery by banks or other persons or institutions In the District of Columbia of deposits of money and property held in the names of two or more persons, and for other purposes, was considered as in Committee of the Whole, and was read as follows:

Be it enacted, etc., That when a deposit shall have been made or shall hereafter be made In, or any collection Item shall have been placed or shall hereafter be placed with, any bank, trust company, savings bank, building association, or other banking institution including national banks, transacting business in the District of Columbia, or when any shares of stock shall have been Issued or shall hereafter be Issued by any building association, transacting business In the District of Columbia, In the names of two or more persons. Including husband and wife, payable to either, or payable to either or the survivor or survivors, such deposit, or iu any part thereof, or any interest or dividend thereon, and such collection Item or Its proceeds, or any Interest or dividend thereon, or such shares of stock issued by a bnildlng association or any interest or dividend thereon, may be paid or delivered to either of said persons whether the other or others be living or not; and the receipt or acquittance of the person to whom such payment or delivery is made shall be a valid, sufficient, and complete release and discharge of the bank, trust company, savings bank, building association, or other banking Institution, Including national banks, for any payment or delivery so made.

Sec. 2. That when a safety deposit box or vault shall have been hired or shall hereafter be hired from any bunk, trust company, savings bank, building association, or other banking institution, including national banks, or any other corporation, transacting business in the District of Columbia, in the names of two or more persons, including husband and wife, with the right of access being given to either, or with access to either or the survivor or survivors of said persons, or property Is held for safe-keeping by any such bank, trust company, savings bank, building association or other corporation or banking institution. Including national banks, for two or more persons. Including husband and wife, with the right of delivery being given to either, or with the right of delivery to either or the survivor or survivors of said persons, any one or more of such persons, whether the other or others be living or not, shall have the right of access to such safety deposit box or vault and to remove the contents thereof, or any part of such contents, or to have delivered to him or them, the property so held for safe-keeping, or any port thereof, and In case of such removal or delivery the said bank, trust company, savings bank, building association, or other corporation or banking institution, including national banks, shall be exempt from any liability for permitting such access or removal or for the delivery to such person or persons.

Sec. 3. Whenever a writ of attachment shall be served on any bank, trust company, savings bank, or other banking institution, Including national banks, or on any other corporation, association, or person as garnishee, and such garnishee holds a credit or property for two or more persons, Including the person whose credit or property Is sought to be attached, or holds a credit or property for any person as agent or trustee or in any other representative capacity without designation of the principal or beneficiary, such credit or property shall not be subject to withdrawal by any person, but shall be held by the garnishee until the attachment shall have been dismissed or otherwise disposed of by the court. If the credit or property Is condemned, payment or delivery thereof as ordered by the court shall be a complete discharge of the garnished from all liability to any person in respect of said credit or property. The provisions of this section shall not be construed to apply to a credit or property of a partnership.

The bill was reported to the Senate without amendment, ordered to a third reading, read the third time, iind passed.

SURVEY FOB NICARAGUA^ CANAL

The joint resolution (S. J. Res. 117) authorizing an investigation and survey for a Nicaragua!! canal was announced as next in order.

Mr. KINU. Let that go over.

The PRESIDENT pro tcuiiwre. The joint resolution will be passed over.

Mr. EDGE. Mr. President, will the Senator withhold his objection just a moment? I want to make a brief statement.

Mr. KING. I am familiar with it, and I am opposed to the proposition entirely.

Mr. LA FOLLKTTE. Regular order!

The PRESIDENT pro temporc. The regular order is demanded.

Mr. EDGE. I still think the Senator should be courteous enough to allow me to make a statement.

The PRESIDENT pro tempnre. The Senator from New Jersey is .speaking on the next bill. Calendar 791, Senate bill 2097, the regular order having been demanded.

Mr. EDGE. I am not averse, to shaking 011 it if I am allowed to make the statement which I would like to make.

Calendar 785, Senate Joint Resolution 117, is a joint resolu. tion which, in my judgment, is very important and should be disposed of at this session. It does not commit the Government to any constructive engineering work in the slightest degree. It simply provides for the accumulation of information which must necessarily be accumulated either this year or next year or .some other year before we can consider what is definitely known to be a proposition we must consider, to wit, the enlargement of the Panama Canal or the building of another canal.

Just why any Member of the Senate or Congress would object to securing the information, which is absolutely essential, Is beyond my understanding. We are not committing ourselves to the building of any canal. We are simply endeavoring to find out what is necessary from an engineering stand|K>int if we meet the commercial obligation which the enlarged business of the Panama Canal suggests we must meet.

It Is information that sooner or later we must procure. Just why we should not permit the engineering board of the War Department to attempt to bring down to date a survey which was made some 25 years ago, and give us the information necessary to decide as business men whether we will enlarge the Panama Canal or whether we will build another canal, I repeat, is beyond my understanding.

I can not understand why we should be denied that information. We must get it and can get It in only one way, and that is to investigate. We do not commit ourselves to a single constructive act. We simply say to the War Department, "Use your Corps of Engineers, investigate the Panama ('anal, investigate the possibility of a Nicaraguan canal for which we have spent .$3.000.000 to have the privilege of using if we want it, and report back to Congress whether either of them is advisable from a professional engineering standpoint." That is all the resolution provides. I can not understand why Congress would not want to get the information. We can not get it iu any other possible manner.

I wish to announce that on Thursday night I shall move to bring this measure before the Senate for consideration.

Mr. MoKELLAR. Mr. President, may I ask the Senator from New Jersey a question?

Mr. EDGE. Certainly.

Mr. MoKELLAR. I will not be here Thursday night. I am leaving the city to-night. As I understand it, the Senator is willing to present my amendments and accept them so far as he can.

Mr. EDGE. I am entirely prepared to accept the amendments which have been presented by the Senator from Tennessee, which add to the resolution the authority that the President may negotiate with the countries of Costa Rica, Honduras, and Salvador in order to provide, if necessary, for certain private rights in order that if Congress decides to build a canal it can be done, and if Congress desires to do it we will then lie in possession of the necessary information.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The time of the Senator from New Jersey has expired.

The bill (S. 2097) to provide for the protection of municipal watersheds within the national forests was announced as next in order.

Mr. KING. Let the bill go over.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will be passed over.

Mr. IJLAINE. Mr. President, I desire to ask the Senator from New Jersey a question.

Mr. EDGE. I shall be glad to answer if I may l>e permitted to do fa.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It is in the time of the Senator from Wisconsin.

Mr. BLAINE. I shall ask the question, and then grant the Senator from New Jersey the balance of my time in which to answer.

Mr. EDGE. I thank the Senator from Wisconsin.

Mr. BLAINE. How many additional marines will it be necessary to send to Nicaragua to protect the Americans who go down there to make the survey?

Mr. EDGE. I am very glad to have the three and one-half minutes to answer that question, if I may be permitted to do so without being called to order.

In my judgment, if the Government of the United States takes advantage of the Bryan-Chamorro treaty, for which we paid $3,000,000 in order to have a right of way across Nicaragua, and proceed in a businesslike way to get the information necessary, to ascertain whether the construction of a canal is fe.-isible. is practical, or is advisable, it will be a type of diplomacy that perhaps will result very similarly to the tyjH? of diplomacy resulting when we constructed or completed the construction of the Panama Canal.

We have not had any difficulty with Colombia or Panama since we started and completed the Panama Canal. We seem to have a community of understanding and interest with Colombia and Panama. If we consider the construction, which is all the resolution contemplates, or the possibility ((f building a Nicaragua!! canal, with Costa Rica, Honduras, and Salvador all interested iu it and all interested in having it dime, in my judgment, we will find a type of common sense and practical diplomacy which will solve a great many of our political problems that we have been worrying about a great deal here in the last few weeks.

Mr. BLAINE. I desire to ask the Senator from New Jersey to give me back, out of the time which I gave him, sufficient time to ask him another question.

Mr. KDGE. I am glad to do so.

Mr. BLAINE. I assume the statement the Senator has just made is correct, that if the proper kind of diplomacy were employed in Nicaragua there would be no necessity for sending marines.

Mr. EDGE. I am not discussing the marines. 1 am discussing a practical, common sense, commercial proposition. We will find the situation in a very few years to be that the Panama Canal will not take care of our commerce and traffic. We must either increase the facilities of the Panama Canal or build another canal, which in ordinary common sense is a pretty good thing to do anyway.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The time of the Senator from Wisconsin has expired.

Mr. EDGE. I would like to have another Senator give me a moment. Will the Senator from Tennessee ask me a question and give me a moment?

Mr. SWA NSC )N. I object. I demand the regular order.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The regular order is demanded. The clerk will state the next bill on the calendar.

BILLS PASSED OVER

The bill (S. 3158) to create the reserve division of the War Department, and for other purposes, was announced as next iu order.

Mr. LA FOLLETTE. Over.

Mr. REED of Pennsylvania. Mr. President, the objections that have been made to the bill come from the inclusion of the reserve officers' training corps and citizens' military training camps.

Mr. LA FOLLETTE. I ask that the bill go over.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will be passed over.

The bill (S. 1024) to authorize the payment of additional compensation to the assistants to the engineer commissioner of the District of Columbia was announced as next in order.

Mr. KING. Let the bill go over.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will be passed over.

The bill (S. 1025) to fix the salaries of the members of the Board of Commissioners of the District of Columbia was announced as next in order.

Mr. KING. Over.

Tlie PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will be passed over.

The bill (S. 1945) to amend the act entitled "An act to provide that the United States shall aid the States in the construction of rural post roads, and for other purposes, approved July 11. 1916, and for other purposes," was announced as next iu order.

Several Sknators. Over.

The PRESIDENT pro tenipore. The bill will be passed over.

The hill (S. 3554) to authorize the Public Health Service and the National Academy of Sciences to investigate the menus and methods fr.r affft'ording Federal aid in discovering a cure .for cancer, and for other puriwsos. was announced ns next in order.

Mr. CURTIS. The Senator from Utah | Mr. Smoot] asked me to request that the bill go over.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will be passed over.

UPPER MISSISSIPPI OAMB REFUGE

The joint resolution (H. J. Res. 200) to amend section 10 of the act entitled "An act to establish the upper Mississippi River wild life and fish refuge," approved June 7, 1!)24, was announced as next in order.

Mr. BLAIXK. Mr. President, I desire to offer an amendment. I will ask that the amendment he read.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The amendment will be reported.

The Chief Clerk. Amend by adding a new paragraph on page 2, after line 3, as follows:

Provided, however, That the Secretary of Agriculture shall not grant any exclusive privilege to any perHon for the trapping or taking of furbearing nnim'als on any of the land purchased heremider, nor shall he grant any privilege of trapping or taking of fur-bearing animals until the person to whom such privilege is granted shall lirst have complied with the laws relating to trapping of the State wherein the land is situated.

Mr. NORHKCK. Mr. President, I hope the Senator will not press the amendment, not that there is anything wrong with it. I have had a letter from the Agricultural Department, to whom the amendment was referred, in which they state it is in line with their policy. Hut I am hopeful the amendment will not be agreed to, because the bill has to go back to the House, and I do not think they will take it in any other form than that in which they sent it here. I have not the letter with me; hut if the Senator will withdraw the amendment, I will have the letter printed in the Recohd to-morrow.

Mr. BLAIXK. I understand the Senator from South Dakota to say that the Department of Agriculture states In the letter to which he refers that the department has no objection to the policy proposed by the amendment, and that in the future the department will adhere to the policy proposed by the amendment, but that the department fears that if the amendment is pressed at this time and adopted, the Senate amendment going to the House for concurrence might defeat the legislation, and that it becomes important to them to have the additional right, as conferred by the measure under consideration, in order to increase the acreage of the Mississippi River wild life and fish refuges. 1 appreciate that such a letter has not the effect of law, but I assume and believe the department will in good faith hereafter refrain from issuing special privileges to special individuals. If the Senator will insert the letter in the Recohd, I wish it might be placed immediately following the discussion on the amendment which I have offered, so that there will he a continuity as to the bill, the amendment, and my remarks for future reference. Under those circumstances I shall be glad to comply with the request of the Senator from Smith Dakota.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senator from Wisconsin withdraws his amendment, and without objection the joint resolution will be placed on its passage.

The joint resolution was considered as in Committee of the Whole, and was read, as follows:

Hcsolrca, etc., That section 10 of the act entitled "An act to establish the upper Mississippi River wild life and fish refuge," approved June 7, 1924 (43 Stat. L. 650), as amended by joint resolution of March 4. 1U25 (43 Stat. L. l.')54), be, and the same is hereby, amended by substituting in lieu of the proviso therein contained the following: Provided, That the Secretary of Agriculture shall not pay for any land or laud and water a price which shall exceed an average cost of $10 per acre: Provided farther. That this provision shall not apply to any land or land and water heretofore acquired or contracted for under the provisions of this act."

Mr. NOHBECK. I ask to have printed in the Record a letter from Secretary .Tardine in support of the joint resolution.

There being no objection, the letter was ordered to be printed in the Record, as follows:

DKI'AllT.MKXT OF AGRICULTURE,

Washington, D. C., Hay 7, 1918. lion. Pktku Nohbbck,

Untied Mates Senate.

Dbar Senator: Reference is made to your letter of May 4, transmitting copy of Senator Hlaink'.s proposed amendment to If. J. Res. 200, amending section 10 of the act entitled "An act to establish the upper Mississippi Kiver wild life and fish refuge," approved Juuc 7, 1924.

•Senator Blaink's amendment, proposed as a new paragraph, page 2, after line 3, is understood to read as follows:

"Provided, Jiowerer, That the Secretary of Agriculture shall not grant any exclusive privilege to any person for the trapping or taking of fur-bearing animals on any of the land purchased herpunder, nor shall he grant any privilege of trapping or taking of fur-bearing animals until the person to whom such privilege is granted shall first have complied with the laws relating to trapping of the State wherein the land is situated."

We have no objection to this amendment in itself, as it contains nothing whatever that counters with what will be our policy In the administration of the upper Mississippi Klver wild life and fish refuge, but would appreciate It If the Senator would not press bis amendment, as It would mean that tile resolution would have to he referred back to the House and there might be some delay that would prevent favorable action on the resolution so near the end of the session, and It Is extremely urgent that this resolution be approved by the Congress lu order to enable us to proceed advantageously with our land-acquisition program.

You are, I think, already familiar with the reasons why it is so urgent that the average price limit be raised from $5 to $10 per acre. \Ve have now reached the point in our purchase work where, unless the averjige limit is raised, our purchase work must practically come to an end, as the most of the lands within the lower-priced ranges have been purchased or are tinder purchase agreement. Sincerely,

\V. M. Jabdink, Secretary.

The joint resolution was reported to the Senate without amendment, ordered to a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

LATIN-AMERICAN HIGHWAY MATTERS

The bill (S. 1718) to authorize the President to detail engineers of the Bureau of Public Roads of the Department of Agriculture to assist the governments of the Latin-American Republics in highway matters, was announced as next in order.

Mr. KING. Mr. President, I would like to have an explanation of the hill.

Mr. CURTIS. The Senator from Colorado [Mr. Phipps] asked me to request that the bill go over.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will be passed over.

J. C. PEIXOTTO

The bill (S. 1433) for the relief of J. C. Peixotto was considered as in Committee of the Whole, and was read, as follows:

Be it enacted, etc.. That the United Stales Employees' Compensation Commission shall be, and it is hereby, authorized and directed to waive the statute of limitations in the application filed by .1. C. I'eixotto, a former employee in the medical and utilities division of the War Department at Fort Mcl'herson, Ga., the provision of an act entitled "An act to provide compensation for employees of the United States suffering injuries while in the performance of their duties, and fur other purposes," approved September 7, 1910, in order that be may receive the same consideration as though he had applied within the specified time required by law.

Tlie hill was reported to the Senate without amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

MARKETING OF PEltlSIIABLE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

The bill (S. 1294) to suppress unfair and fraudulent practices in the marketing of perishable agricultural commodities in interstate and foreign commerce was announced as next in order.

Mr. COPELAND. Mr. President, I am' sorry to object to this hill, I will say to the Senator from Idaho [Mr. Bobab], but a number of niy constituents are not in sympathy with the bill and I want to find out what is the ground of their objection. I do not intend to he disagreeable about it and keep it forever from being considered, but I would like to have it go over until I can do that.

Mr. BORAH. Mr. President, I simply desire to say that the amendments which have been proposed by those who are not favorable to the hill as it stands are now in process of being agreed upon and I presume we will make time by permitting the bill to go over.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will be passed over.

BILLS PASSED OVER

The bill (S. 17C2) granting consent to the city and county of San Francisco, State of California, its successors and assigns, to construct, maintain, and operate a bridge across the Hay of San Francisco from Rincon Hill to a point near the South Mole of San Antonio Estuary, in the county of Alameda, in said State, was announced as next in order.

Mr. ODDIE. Let that go over.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will be passed over.

The bill (II. H. 391) to regulate the use of the Capitol Building and Grounds was announced as next in order.

Mr. DILL. Let that go over.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will be passed over.

LAKE CHAMPI.AIN BRIDGE

The bill (H. R. 10643) authorizing the Gulf Coast Properties (Inc.), its successors and assigns, to construct, maintain, and operate a bridge across Lake Champlaiu at or near Rouses Point, N. Y., was announced as next in order.

Mr. DALE. Mr. President, I should like to call the attention of the Senator from New York to this bill. There are some matters connected with it that were under consideration.

Mr. WAGNER. Mr. President, is this the so-called bridge bill?

Mr. DALE. Yes.

Mr. WAGNER. I am quite content to be recorded in the negative, without offering any further opposition.

The Senate, as in Committee of the Whole, proceeded to consider the bill.

The bill was reported to the Senate without amendment, ordered to a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

PENSIONS AND INCREASE OF PENSIONS

The bill (II. R. 10159) granting pensions and increase of pensions to widows and former widows of certain soldiers, sailors, and marines of the Civil War, and for other purposes, was considered as in Committee of the Whole.

The bill had been reported from the Committee on Pensions with amendments.

Mr. KING. Mr. President, may I inquire of the Senator from South Dakota whether this is a House bill or a Senate bill'.'

Mr. NORBECK. This is the House bill. It passed the House carrying a rate of $40 a month, made no change in the marriage date, but limited it to those who had reached the age of 75 years.

Mr. KING. Very well.

The PRESIDENT pro teinpore. The amendments proposed by the committee will be stated.

The first amendment of the Committee on Pensions was, on page 2, line 1, before the word "years," to strike out "75" and insert "72."

The amendment was agreed to.

The next amendment was, on page 2, line 5, after the words "rate of." to strike out "$40" and insert "$50."

Mr. NORBECK. Mr. President, the Senator from Utah and I have an agreement that the rate of $50 will be cut to $40, to conform to the House bill. I therefore suggest that that amendment be rejected.

The amendment was rejected.

The next amendments were, on page 2, line 12, before the word "month," to strike out "next," and in the same line, after the word "month," to insert "next."

The amendments were agreed to.

Mr. JONES. Mr. President, may I ask the Senator a question? Did the committee give consideration to the proposal to change the marriage date?

Mr. NORBECK. Yes. I will say that the present marriage date is approximately 40 years after the close of the war. For 20 years or 23 years the question of changing the date has been before the committee regularly; and every committee, as far as I know, has held consistently to the idea that it should not be changed. There are bills introduced at every session to bring it up to date. It has been contended by some that a woman who married a soldier 60 years after the war ended should be given a pension of $50 a month; but the committee does not agree to that.

Mr. JONES. That is not the contention generally. Of course, these widows might desire a pension of $50 a month, but there are mighty few of them who get it under the law as it is now. It is contended by many, however, that those who marry a soldier who may be 75 or 80 years of age—that happens sometimes, and I think very properly—to take care of him, to look after him, are entitled to some consideration. I wanted to find out whether or not the committee had given that proposition careful consideration, and had come to the conclusion not to make the change.

Mr. NORBECK. I think the committee was unanimous against those changes.

Mr. BLEASE. Mr. President, I should like to ask the Senator a question. The senior Senator from Utah [Mr. Smoot] stated on the floor of the Senate the other day that the widow of one of the Presidents of the United States was

not paid any pension because she married him after he was President of the United States. Are we paying pensions to widows of soldiers who married these soldiers after the war?

Mr. NORBECK. Yes; but we are holding down the limit.

Mr. BLEASE. Then I object to the bill, Mr. President.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will be passed over.

Mr. NORBECK. I desire to give notice of my intention to move to take up this bill on Thursday evening.

BILLS PASSED OVER

The bill (S. 2475) to create a prosperity reserve and to stabilize industry and employment by the expansion of public works during periods of unemployment and industrial depression was announced as next in order.

Mr. KING. Mr. President, that bill will take some time.

The PRESIDENT pro teinpore. The bill will bo passed over.

The bill (S. 3845) to prohibit predictions with respect to cotton or grain prices in any report, bulletin, or other publication issued by any department or other establishment in the executive branch of the Government, was announced as next in order.

Mr. SHORTRIDGE. Let that go over.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will be passed over.

The bill (H. R. 11074) to promote the agriculture of the United States by expanding in the foreign field the service now rendered by the United States Department of Agriculture in acquiring and diffusing useful information regarding agriculture, and for other purposes, was announced as next in order.

Mr. KING. Let that go over.

The PRESIDENT pro teinpore. The bill will bo passed over.

EMPLOYMENT OF MINORS WITHIN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

The bill (H. R. C685) to regulate the employment of minors within the District of Columbia was announced as next in order.

Mr. FLETCHER. Let that go over.

Mr. CAPPER. Mr. President, was objection raised to House bill 66S5?

Mr. KING. Yes; the Senator from Florida [Mr. Fletcher] objected.

Mr. CAPPER. I wish the Senator would withhold his objection until I can state, just in a minute or two, that there is no measure on this calendar affecting the District of Columbia for which there is more universal support than this measure, known as the child labor bill. Every civic organization in the city, the District Commissioners, the Board of Public Welfare, the Board of Education, the Central Labor Union, all the commercial and trade organizations in the city, were represented at the hearing before the Committee on the District of Columbia, and urged the passage of this measure.

The present child labor law is much l>elow the standards of all the States. It was passed over 20 years ago. In that time there have been very great changes in the child-labor legislation of the country, and the District of Columbia is out of line with the progressive legislation of all the States.

I hoi>e. therefore, that the Senator who offered the objection will withdraw it.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Does the Senator from Florida maintain his objection?

Mr. FLETCHER. I do, Mr. President.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will Ite passed over.

Mr. FLETCHER. I should like an opportunity to look into the bill. My understanding was that we hud a very good child labor law in the District of Columbia.

Mr. CAPPER. We have not, Mr. President

Mr. McNARY. I call for the regular order.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The regular order is demanded. The Secretary will state the next bill on the calendar.

BILLS PASSED OVER

The bill (S. 814) to rearrange and reconstruct the Senate wing of the Capitol was announced as next in order.

Mr. COPELAND. Let that go over.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will be passed over.

The bill (S. 3089) to increase the efficiency of the Military Establishment, and for other purposes, was announced as next in order.

Mr. REED of Pennsylvania. Let that go over.

The PRESIDENT pro teinpore. The bill will be passed over.

WILLIAM H. CHAMBLI8S

The bill (S. 2274) for the relief of William H. Chainbliss was announced as next in order.

Mr. KING. Let that go over.

Mr. EDGE. Mr. President, will not the Senator withhold his objection for a moment?

Mr. KING. I will withhold It.

Mr. EDGE. This is the first time this bill has been reached. The Senator from Alabama [Mr. Black] is the chairman of

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