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Committee on Labor conld hold hearings and give to the world the fnets that have already h?en accumulated and which could he restated in such a manner that the great newspapers of the country which mold and crystalize public opinion, the mighty law that rules the land, would find it attractive and stimulating enough to make for numberless news stories which would pave the way for a fruition of the hopes of those who have through nights of sorrow foreseen the glories of the coming days.

As I understand it from a letter that I have received from a very dear friend who has investigated the subject, a wealth of information is awaiting the committee whenever it undertakes the investigation. I am informed that—

At least two very exhaustive State investigations have been made in regard to old-age pensions, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania. Three nation-wide organizations are studying and issuing propaganda material constantly on the subject of old-age pensions. In this group is the American Association for Old Age Security, whose headquarters address is Kooni 2004, 104 Fil'th Avenue, New York City. One of the activities of the American Association for Labor Legislation, 131 East Twentythird Street, New York City, is the furtherance of old-agepensjon legislation. The Independent Order of Eagles has been .studying this subject and advocating old-age pensions for a number of years.

A very informative article is in the issue of the American Labor Legislation Review for June, 1927. In 1!>27 two additional States passed old-age pension laws, Colorado and Maryland, which makes a total of six—Colorado, Maryland, Montana, Nevada. Wisconsin, and Kentucky, and the Territory of Alaska. In Wyoming a bill passed both houses and was vetoed by the governor. In six States—Idaho, Indiana, Nebraska, Texas, Utah, and Washington—such bills succeeded in passing one or the other of the houses. In Washington it was a question of repassing a bill over the governor's veto In 1926. Four Slates—Arkansas, California. Iowa, and New York—made provisions for an investigation of old-age dependency with a view to such legislation.

The Uureau of Labor Statistics of (his department has in its reports and in its (lies all the information that any such a commission as II. J. Res. 278 proposes could obtain. They have and have published information relative to the pension systems of private corporations. They have all the information in regard to the unions that have established old-age pension systems, such as the bricklayers and masons, bridge and structural iron workers, electrical workers, granite cutters, locomotive engineers, and others.

On the question of old-age retirement I think the following material which has been published in the Monthly Labor Ill-view of the Bureau of Labor Statistics would prove exceedingly valuable to the Committee on Labor should they ever conclude to hold hearings on the subject or publish investigations they may make of their own motion in newspapers where II will prove efficacious, instead of dry reports which are sepulcliered on the shelves of rooms that really are vaults for dead books:

Jnnufiry, 1020: Industrial pensions for old age and disability. (Separate).

June, 1926: Public pensions for aged dependents. (I'p. 1-9.) Ribliograph. Public old age pension* in tbe United Slates. (Pp. 238-2-10.)

August, 1927: Public service retirement systems: Pennsylvania. (I'p. 10-24.)

December, 1927: Public service retirement systems: State employees. (Pp. 30-40.)

January. 1928: Trade-union provision for sick, aged, and disabled members, and for dependents. (Pp. 1-16.)

Public service retirement sj'stems in Great Britain and France. (Pp. 33-42.)

February, 1928: Trade-union old age pensions and homes for the aged and tubercular. (I'p. 1-28.)

Federal employees' retirement act. (Pp. 37-47.)

Public service retirement systems in foreign countries. (I'p. 47-73.)

March, 1928: Public service retirement system of Belgium—a supplementary note. (I*. 26.)

April, 1928: Retirement systems for municipal employees. (Pp. 38-43.)

I would also cull your attention to an article by Secretary Davis in this mouth's issue of the North American Review on "Old age at fifty." The National Civic Federation has made two separate investigations of old-age pensions the results of which it has already published.

Let me close by saying that. I believe that we should be liberal in n?3eting the request of the Department of Labor for funds for which to make investigations along the lines of the subject matter of II. J. Res. 278 and H. R. Cull. We want all the light we can get and all the information we can secure upon

tills tremendous possibility that has to be faced by so many men and women in moving across the stage of life—the fear of want. In the grand drama of life each any every one must play a part and our colleague Doctor Sirovicii is one of the principal actors of his generation in carrying to the hearts and minds of his countrymen the truth that civilization must justify itself by a finer fruit than mere material grandeur. "Ye shall know the truth and the truth shall make ye free" will always be upon the lips of the real reformer who desires to promote the interest of his country along benevolent roads. A civilization that can boast of having exercised the demon and evil spirit, poverty and dread, from the household of those whose only fear is that they will suffer want in their old age will endure. No other can survive the constant and steady stroke of remorseless time. All the kingdoms and empires that are hurled beneath the sands of centuries were tried in the balance and found wanting. We too shall pass away, perish as a people if we have not the vision to see.

BIUIHiE ACROSS THE MISSISSIPPI

Mr. DENISON. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent to take up Calendar No. C82, a bridge bill that I am informed is a matter of emergency.

The SPEAKER. The Clerk will report tbe bill.

The Clerk read the bill, as follows (H. R. 12235):

II. R. 12235. Seventieth Congress, first session A bill authorizing B. F. Peek, G. A. Shallberg, and C. I. Josephson, of

Mollne, III.; J. W. Bettendorf, A. J. Hussell, and J. L. Hecbt, of

Betteudorf and Davenport, Iowa, their heirs, legal representatives,

and assigns, to construct, maintain, and operate a bridge across the

Mississippi River at or near Bettendorf, Iowa, and Moline, 111.

Be it enacted, etc., That, In order to facilitate Interstate commerce, improve the Postal Service, and provide for military and other purposes, B. F. Peek, G. A. Shallberg, and C. I. Josephson, of Mnlino, III.; J. W. Bettendorf, A. J. Hussell. and J. L. Hecht, of Br-ttendorf and Davenport, Iowa, their hoirs, legal representatives, and assigns, be, and they are hereby, authorized to construct, maintain, and operate a bridge and approaches thereto across the Mississippi River, at a point suitable to the interests of navigation, at or near Twenty-third Street in Moline, State of Illinois, and at or near Tenth Street in Bettendorf, State of luwn, in accordance with the provisions of the act entitled "An act to regulate the construction of bridges over navigable waters," approved March 23. 1900, and subject to the conditions and limitation.; contained in this act.

S«c. 2. There is hereby conferred upon B. F. Peek, G. A. Shallberg, and C. I. Josephson, of Moline, 111.; J. W. Bettendorf, A. J. Hussell, and J. L. Hecht, of Bettendorf and Davenport, Iowa, their heirs, legal representatives, and assigns, all such rights and powers to enter upon lauds and to acquire, condemn, occupy, possess, and use real estate and other property needed for the location, construction, operation, and maintenance of such bridge and its approaches as are possessed by railroad corporations for railroad purposes or by bridge corporations for bridge purposes In the State in which such real estate or other property Is situated, upon making Just compensation therefor, to be ascertained and paid according to the laws of such State, and the proceedings therefor shall be the same as in the condemnation or expropriation of property for public purposes In such State.

SEC. 3. The said B. F. 1'eek, G. A. Shallberg, and C. I. Josephson, of Moline, 111.; J. W. Betlendorf, A. J. Russell, and J. L. Hecht, of Bettendorf and Davenport, Iowa, their heirs, legal representatives, and assigns, are hereby authorized to fix and charge tolls for transit over such bridge, and the rates of toll no fixed shall be the legal rates until changed by the Secretary of War under the authority contained in the act of March 23. litOn'.

Sbc. 4. After the completion of such bridge, as determined by the Secretary of War, either the State of Illinois, the State of Iowa, any public agency or political subdivision of either of such States, within or adjoining which any part of such bridge is located, or any two or more of them Jointly, may at any time acquire and take over all rU;bt, title, and interest in such bridge and Its approaches, and any interest in real property necessary therefor, by purchase or by condemnation or expropriation, in accordance with the laws of either of such Slates governing the acquisition of private property for public purposes by condemnation or expropriation. If at any time after the expiration of 20 years after the completion of such bridge the same is acquired by condemnation or expropriation, the amount of damages or compensation to be allowed shall not include good will, going value, or prospective revenues or profits, but shall bo limited to the sum of (1) the actual cost of constructing such bridge and its approaches, less a reasonable deduction for actual depreciation in value; (2) tbe actual cost of acquiring such interests in real property; (3) actual financing and promotion costs, not to exceed 10 per cent of tbe sum of the cost of constructing the bridge and its approaches and acquiring such interests in real property; and (4) actual expenditures for necessary improvements.

Sec. 5. If such bridge shall at any time be taken over or acquired by tlic States or public agencies or political subdivisions thereof, or by either of them, as provided in section 4 of this act, and if tolls are thereafter charged for the use thereof, the rates of toll shall be so adjusted as to provide a fund sufficient to pay for the reasonable cost of maintaining, repairing, and operating the bridge and its approaches under economical management, and to provide a sinking fund sufficient to amortize the amount paid therefor, Including reasonable interest and financing cost, as soon as possible under reasonable charges, but within a period of not to exceed 20 years from the date of acquiring the sume. After a sinking fund sufficient for such amortization shall have been so provided such bridge shall thereafter be maintained and operated free of tolls, or the rates of toll shall thereafter be so adjusted as to provide a fund of not to exceed the amount necessary for the proper maintenance, repair, and operation of the bridge and its approaches under economical management. An accurate record of the amount paid for acquiring the bridge and its approaches, the actual expenditures for maintaining, repairing, and operating the same, and of the daily tolls collected, shall be kept and shall be available for the information of all persons Interested.

Sec. 6. The said B. F. Peek, G. A. Shallberg, and C. I. Josephson, of Mollne, III.; .T. W. Bettendorf, A. J. Russell, and J. L. Hecht, of Betteridorf and Davenport, Iowa, their heirs, legal representatives, and assigns, shall, within 90 days after the completion of such bridge, file with the Secretary of War and with the Highway Departments of the States of Illinois and Iowa a sworn itemized statement showing the actual original cost of constructing the bridge and its approaches, the actual cost of acquiring any interest in real property necessary therefor, and the actual financing and promotion costs. The Secretary of War may, and upon request of the highway department of either of such States shall, at any time within three years after the completion of such bridge, investigate such costs and determine the accuracy and the reasonableness of the costs alleged In the statement of costs Bo tiled, and shall make a finding of the actual and reasonable costs of constructing, financing, and promoting such bridge; for the purpose of Buch investigation the said B. F. Peek, G. A. Shallberg, and C. I. Josephson, of Moline, 111.; and J. W. Bettendorf, A. J. Bussell, and J. L. Hecht, of Bettendorf and Davenport. Iowa, their heirs, legal representatives, and assigns, shall make available all of its records in connection with the construction, financing, and promotion thereof. The findings of the Secretary of War as to the reasonable costs of the construction, financing, and promotion of the bridge shall be conclusive for the purposes mentioned in section 4 of this act, subject only to review in a court of equity for fraud or gross mistake.

Sec. 7. The right to sell, assign, transfer, and mortgage all the rights, powers, and privileges conferred by this act is hereby granted to B. F. Peek, G. A. Shallberg, and C. I. Josephson. of Moline, 111.; J. W. Bcttendorf, A. J. Kussell, and J. L. Hecht, of Betteudorf and Davenport, Iowa, their heirs, legal representatives, and assigns, and any corporation to which or any person to whom such rights, powers, and privileges may be sold, assigned, or transferred, or who shall acquire the same by mortgage foreclosure or otherwise, is hereby authorized and empowered to exercise the same as fully as though conferred herein directly upon such corporation or person.

Sec. 8. The right to alter, amend, or repeal this act la hereby expressly reserved.

The bill was ordered to be engrossed and read a third time, was read the third time, and passed.

Amend the title so as to rend: "A hill authorizing B. F. Peek, G. A. Shallberg, and C. I. Josephson, of Moline, 111.; J. W. Bettendorf, A. J. Russell, and J. L. Heeht, of Bettendorf and Davenport, Iowa, their heirs, legal representatives, and assigns, to construct, maintain, and operate a bridge across the Mississippi River, at or near Tenth Street in Bettendorf, State of Iowa."

A motion to reconsider was laid on the table.

ADJOURNMENT

Mr. TILSON. Mr. Speaker, I move the House do now adjourn.

The motion was agreed to; accordingly (at 5 o'clock and 1 minute p. m.) the House adjourned until to-morrow, Wednesday, May 9, 1928, at 12 o'clock noon.

COMMITTEE HEARINGS

Mr. TILSON submitted the following tentative list of committee hearings scheduled for Wednesday, May 9, 1928, as reported to the floor leader by clerks of the several committees:

COMMITTEE ON WORLD WAR VETERANS' LEGISLATION

(10 a. m.) To consider various bills on the committee calendar.

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

(10 a. m.)

To amend the Judicial Code and to define nnd limit tlie jurisdiction of courts sitting in equity (H. R. 7759).

COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE

(10 n. m.)

To amend the packers and stockyards act, 3921 (H. R. 13596).

COMMITTEE ON BANKING AND CURRENCY

(10.30 a. m.)

To amend the act approved December 23, 1913, known as the Federal reserve act; to define certain policies toward which the powers of the Federal reserve system shall be directed; to further promote the maintenance of n stable gold standard; to promote the stability of commerce, industry, agriculture, and employment; to assist in realizing a more stable purchasing power of the dollar (H. R. 11800).

COMMITTEE ON RIVERS AND IIARI1ORS

(10 a. m.)

To consider a report from the Chief of the Army Engineers on the proposal to deepen the Great Lukes channel.

COMMITTEE ON THE LIBRARY

(10.30 a. m.)

To provide a medal of honor and awards to Government employees for distinguished work in science (II. R. 424).

To authorize the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution to make recommendations regarding conspicuous service (H. R. 13036).

EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS, ETC. Under clause 2 of Rule XXIV, executive communications were taken from the Speaker's table and referred as follows:

489. A letter from the Secretary of War, transmitting lists of certain records in the offices of the Secretary of War, Quartermaster General, Surgeon General, and director of civilian marksmanship, which the department wishes to destroy under the terms of the F.xecutive order of March 16, 1912 (No. 1499); to the Committee on the Disposition of Useless Executive Papers.

490. A communication from the President of the United States, transmitting deficiency estimate of appropriation for the Post Office Department for the fiscal year 1927, for the payment of personal or property damage claims in accordance with the act approved June 16. 1921, $1,000 (H. Doe. No. 26fi); to the Committee on Appropriations and ordered to be printed.

491. A communication from the President of the United States, transmitting supplemental estimates of appropriations for the War Department for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1928 and 1929, amounting in all to $215,878; also a draft of proposed legislation affecting an existing appropriation of the War Department (H. Doc. No. 267); to the Committee on Appropriations and ordered to be printed.

492. A letter from the chairman of the Federal Power Commission, transmitting, in accordance with the provisions of the act (Public, No. 100, 70th Cong.), information that the commission has investigated the proposed development of hydroelectric power at the Coolidge Dam nnd the compensation that is to be paid to the Apache Indians of the San Carlos Reservation for the use of their lands in connection with the Coolidge Dam project; to the Committee on Indian Affairs.

REPORTS OF COMMITTEES ON PUBLIC BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS

Under clause 2 of Rule XIII,

Mr. GRAHAM: Committee on the Judiciary. H. K. 9054. A bill to amend section 118 of the Judicial Code to provide for the appointment of law clerks to the United States circuit judges; without amendment (Rept. No. 1561). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union.

Mr. KELLY: Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads. H. R. 56. A bill to authorize the Postmaster General to issue receipts to senders for ordinary mail of any character, domestic or international, and to fix the fees chargeable therefor; with amendment (Rept. No. 1503). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the .state of the Union.

Mr. KELLY: Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads. II. R. 5837. A bill to increase the salaries of certain postmasters of the first class; without amendment (Rept. No. 1564). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union.

Mr. GRAHAM: Committee on the Judiciary. H. R. 9343. A bill to provide for dispensing with oath or affirmation as a method of verifying certain written instruments; with amendment (Rept. No. 15(>0). Referred to the House C'alendar.

Mr. LEA: Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. H. R. 13071. A bill to amend section 8 of the food and drugs act, approved June 30, 1'dOli. u.s amended; without amendment (Kept. No. 1570). Referred to the House Calendar.

HEl'ORTS OF COMMITTEES ON PRIVATE BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS

Under clause 2 of Rule XIII,

Mr. GRAHAM: Committee on the Judiciary. H. R. 11859. A bill for the relief of B. C. Miller; with amendment (Rept. Xo. 1502). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House.

Mr. COCIIItAN of Pennsylvania: Committee on Claims. H. R. 7230. A hill for the relief of James M Long; without amendment (Rept. No. 15GS). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House.

Mr. STEELE: Committee on Claims. H. R. 12117. A hill for the relief of Samuel F. Tait; with amendment (Rept. No. 1509). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House.

CHANGE OF REFERENCE

Under clause 2 of Rule XXII the Committee on Pensions was discharged from the consideration of the bill (H. R. 13551) granting a pension to Myzella Rowe. and the same was referred to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

PUBLIC BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS

Under clause 3 of Rule XXII, public bills and resolutions were introduced and severally referred as follows:

By Mr. HALE: A bill (H. R. 13014) to equalize the pay and allowances of officers of the Navy and Marine Corps on sea duty; to the Committee on Naval Affairs.

By Mr. HAUGEN: A hill (H. R. 13«15> to authorize arrests in certain cases and to protect employees of the Department of Agriculture in the execution of their duties; to the Committee on Agriculture.

By Mr. McKEOWN: A bill (H. R. 13010) authorizing an appropriation for cooperating with States granting old age and disabled persons pensions, and for other purposes; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. SMITH: A bill (II. R. 13017) to amend section 177 of the Judicial Code; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. WILLIAMSON: A bill (IF. R. 13018) to establish the Teton National Park in the State of South Dakota, and for other purposes; to the Committee on the Public Lands.

By Mr. DOUGLAS of Arizona: A bill (II. It. 13819) authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to dispose of two bridges on the San Carlos Indian Reservation in Arizona, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Indian Affairs.

By Mr. COLE of Maryland: A bill (H. R. 13620) authorizing Elmer J. Cook, his heirs, legal representatives, and assigns, to construct, maintain and operate a bridge across Bear Creek at or near Lovel Point, Baltimore County, Md., and a point opposite in Baltimore County, Md.; to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce.

By Mr. ROY G. FITZGERALD: A bill (H. R. 13621) to authorize preparation and publication of supplements to the Code of Laws of the United States with perfecting amendments; printing of bills to codify the laws relating to the District of Columbia and of such code and of supplements thereto, and for distribution; to the Committee on Revision of the Laws.

Also, a bill (H. R. 13622) to amend and supplement the Code of the Laws of the United States of America; to the Committee on Revision of the Laws.

By Mr. SMITH: A bill (H. R. 13623) to authorize the improvement of the Ice Caves near Shoshone, Idaho; to the Committee on the Public Lands.

Also, a bill (H. R. 13624) to authorize the building of roads and imikiiig improvements in I he craters of the Moon National Monument in Idaho; to the Committee on the Public Lands.

By Mrs. ROGERS: A bill (II. R. 13025) to amend the act (Public, No. 135. 68th Cong.) approved May 24. 1!)24, entitled "An act for the reorganization and improvement of the Foreign Service of the United States, and for other purposes"; to the Committee on Foreign Affairs.

Also, joint resolution (H. J. Res. 29!)) to provide for the printing of the names of and other information relating to members of the military and naval forces who died during the World War; to the Committee on Printing.

PRIVATE HILLS AND RESOLUTIONS

Under clause 1 of Rule XXII, private bills and resolutions were introduced and severally referred as follows:

By Mr. BEERS: A bill (II. It. 13020) granting an increase of pension to Catherine J. Shindledecker; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

By Mr. BELL: A bill (II. R. 12627) for the relief of Anthony Stewart; to the Committee on Military Affairs.

By Mr. CANNON: A bill (II. R. 13028) granting a pension to Daniel 15. Fitispatrick; to thu Committee on Invalid Pensions.

By Mr. DAVENPORT: A bill (H. It. 13629) granting an increase of pension to Catherine D. Hyland; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

By Mr. FISH: A bill (H. It. 13030) authorizing the President to order Clive A. Wray before a retiring board for a hearing of his case and upon the findings of such board determine whether or not he be placed on the retired list with the rank and pay held by him at the time of his discharge; to the Committee on Military Affairs.

By Mr. FREE: A bill (II. R. 13031) granting an increase of pension to Gertrude Williams; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

By Mr. FROTIHNGIIAM : A bill (II. R. 13032) for the relief of Ruth B. Lincoln; to the Committee on Claims.

By Mr. GREEN: A bill (II. It. 13033) for the relief of Martin G. Schenck, alias Martin G. Sclianck; to the Committee on Military Affairs.

By Mr. MILL1GAN: A bill (II. It. 13634) granting an increase of pension to Syllinia Bryan: to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

By Mr. QUAYLE: A bill (II. R. 13035) for the relief of E. A. McCormack; to the Committee on Claims.

By Mr. SABATH: A bill (II. It. 13030) for the relief of William Chinsky; to the Committee on Claims.

Also, a bill (II. R. 13037) for the relief of the John F. Lalla Co.; to the Committee on Claims.

Also, a bill (H. R. 13038) for the relief of Weymoulh Kirkland and Robert N. Golding; to the Committee on Claims.

Also, a bill (H. R. 13639) for the relief of Hal>el, Armbruster & Larsen Co.; to the Committee on Claims.

Also, a bill (H. R. 13640) for the relief of Olaf Nelson; to the Committee on Claims.

By Mr. SPEAKS: A bill (H. R. 13641) granting an increase of pension to Helen McCartney; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

By Mr. THURSTON: A bill (II. It. 13642) granting an increase of pension to Sarah A. Cole; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

PETITIONS, ETC.

Under clause 1 of Rule XXII. petitions and papers were laid on the Clerk's desk and referred as follows:

7459. By Mr. I5OYLAN: Resolution adopted by executive council of the American Federation of Labor, favoring better housing conditions for the Army; to the Committee on Military Affairs.

7460. By Mr. CHINDBLOM: Memorial of the city council of the city of Chicago, in the matter of a proposed amendment to subdivision (d) of section 116 of House bill 1, "An act to reduce and equalize taxation, provide revenue, and for other purposes," relative to the tax on incomes of public utilities, resulting in the diminution of returns or profits to any State, Territory, the District of Columbia, or any political subdivision of a State or Territory; to the Committee on Ways and Means.

7401. By Mr. COCHHAN of Pennsylvania: Petition of Mrs. Ted Jones, of Clarendon, and other residents of Warren County, Ph.. protesting against the passage of House bill 78; to the Committee on the District of Columbia.

7462. Also, petition of Mrs. M. L. Nollinger, rural route 2, Warren, and other residents of Warren County. Pa., protesting against the passage of House bill 78; to the Committee on the District of Columbia.

7463. By Mr. CRAIL: Petition of approximately 1,000 citizens of Los Angeles County, Calif., favoring the national flood control bill: to the Committee on Flood Control.

7404. By Mr. ESTEP: Resolutions of the Engineers' Council of the Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce, through their secretary. A. V. Snell, offering resolutions concerning Senate bills 3434 and 3740; to the Committee on Flood Control.

7405. By Mr. GARHER: Petition of Soldiers Tubercular Sanatorium, Sulphur, Okla., in support of Senate bill 777, without amendment; to the Committee on World War Veterans' Legislation.

7466. Also, petition of Rev. George N. Carlson, Oklahoma City, Okla., in support of Semite bill 777. without amendment; to the Committee on World War Veterans' Legislation.

7467. Alsn, petition of residents of Major County, Ringwood, Okla.. in support of the Sproul bill (II. R. 11410) to amend the national prohibition act; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

746K. Also, petition of Eugene \Vliitlington & ('<>.. of Oklahoma City, Okla., in opposition to the bill amending the law of subdivision 1, section 41, title 28, of the Judicial Code; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

7409. Also, petition of Ed S. Roberts, Avnrd. Okla., in opposition to Oddie bill (S. 1752); to the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads.

7470. Also, petition of Hubert R. Pentecost, American National Red Cross, United States Veterans' Hospital No. 80, Fort Lyou, Colo., in support of Senate bill 777, without amendment; to the Committee on World War Veterans' Legislation.

7471. Also, petition of Brady P. Gentry, Fitzsimons General Hospital, Denver, Colo., in support of House bill 500 and Senate bill 777; to the Committee on World Wur Veterans' Legislation.

7472. Also, petition of George McAneny, president National Civil Service Reform League of New York City, N. Y.t In opposition to House bill 393; to the Committee on the Census.

7473. By Mr. GRAHAM: Petition of sundry citizens of Philadelphia, Pa., favoring the passage of House bill 13143; to the Committee on Ways and Means.

7474. By Mr. GREGORY: Petition of Kittio G. Sunderlaud and others, urging that immediate stops be taken to bring to a vote a Civil War pension bill for veterans and widows of veterans; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

7475. Also, petition of Carrie Palmer and others, urging that immediate steps be taken to bring to a vote a Civil War pension bill for veterans and widows of veterans; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

7476. Also, petition of Ozzie Vaudergriff and other citizens of Paducali, Ky., protesting against the passage of House bill 78 and other Sunday legislation; to the Committee on the District of Columbia.

7477. By Mr. HAWLEY: Petition of residents of Marion County, Oreg., to increase the pensions of Civil War veterans and their dependents; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

7478. By Mr. IIICKEY: Petition of Frances C. Hedger and other residents of South Bend. Ind., urging passage of the MacGrcgor resolution (H. J. Res. 234) ; to the Committee on Immigration and Naturalization.

7479. Also, petition of Jennie H. Bhymer, of Westville, Ind., urging passage of a bill increasing the pensions of Civil War veterans and widows of veterans; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

7480. By Mr. HUDSON: Petition of citizens of Oakland County, Mich., urging the enactment of House bill 11, known as the fair trade act; to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce.

7481. By Mr. IRWIN: Memorial of the city council of the city of Chicago, HI., urging Congress to amend subdivision (d) of section 116 of the pending tax bill of 1928 (H. R. 1) to exempt from payment of the income tax those portions of the revenue of public utilities which the utility companies are, or in the future may be, under contract to pay to the municipalities in which they operate; to the Committee on Ways and Means.

7482. By Mr. KINDRED: Petition of the Rainbow Division, Veterans of New York, indorsing the Tyson-Fitzgerald bill for the retirement of disabled emergency officers, and urging Congress for early and favorable enactment of this bill without amendment; to the Committee on World War Veterans' Legislation.

7483. By Mr. McREYNOLDS: Petition from the voters of Hamilton County, Tenn., urging that immediate steps be taken to bring to a vote a Civil War pension bill carrying the rates proposed by the National Tribune; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

7484. By Mr. McSWEENEY: Evidence in support of House bill 13607, granting a pension to Regina W. SiniUi; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

7485. By Mr. MILLER: Petition of citizens of Seattle, Wash., opposing the District of Columbia Sunday observance bill; to the Committee on the District of Columbia.

7486. Also, petition of citizens of Kitsap County, Wash., indorsing legislation for Civil War veterans' and widows' increases in pensions: to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

7487. By Mr. O'CONNELL: Petition of Hon. William M. Calder, former Senator of New York, favoring the passage of the Wainwright-McSwain bill (H. R. 13509), for the revision of promotion list and promotion on length of service; to the Committee on Military Affairs.

7488. Also, petition of the Aviators Post No. 743, American Legion, New York City, favoring the passage of the Tyson bill (S. 777) without amendments; to the Committee on World War Veterans' Legislation.

7489. Also, petition of V. F. Owens, inspector of customs; John Rowan; and Vincent Kane, of New York City, favoring the passage of the Baeharach bill (H. R. 13143) ; to the Committee on Ways and Means.

7490. Also, petition of Powers & Mayer (Inc.), New York City, favoring the passage of the Boulder Dam legislation; to the Committee on Irrigation and Reclamation.

7491. Also, petition of the National Civil Service Reform League, New York City, opposing the passage of House bill 393,

to provide for the fifteenth and subsequent decennial censuses; to the Committee on the Census.

7492. Also, petition of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America, opposing certain provisions of the pending legislation in regard to Muscle Shoals; to the Committee on Military Affairs.

741(3. By Mr. QUAYLE: Petition of the Disabled American Veterans of the World War, Department of California (Inc.), favoring the passage of the Tyson bill (S. 777) ; to the Committee on World War Veterans' Legislation.

7494. Also, petition of the American Legion, Department of New York, New York City, favoring the passage of House bill 12023, for the relief of chief warrant officers; to the Committee on Naval Affairs.

749.5. Also, petition of Aviators Post, No, 743, American Legion, of New York, favoring the passage of tli<> Tyson bill (S. 777) ; to the Committee on World War Veterans' Legislation.

7496. Also, petition of National Civil Service Reform League, of New York City, opposing the passage of Houso bill 393, to provide for the fifteenth and subsequent decennial censuses; the blanket exemption from the provisions of the civil service law for all special agents, supervisors, supervisor's clerks, enumerators, and interpreters which appear in lines 16 and 17 on page 3 of this bill should be stricken out; to the Committee on the Census.

7497. Also, petition of the Colorado River Commission of Arizona. Phoenix, Ariz., with reference to the Boulder Dam bill (H. R. 5773) ; to the Committee on Irrigation and Reclamation.

7498. Also, petition of Powers & Mayer (Inc.), of New York City, favoring the passage of the Boulder Dam bill; to the Committee on Irrigation and Reclamation.

7499. Also, petition of the National Fertilizer Association, Washington. D. C.. opposing the pending House substitute for the Norris Muscle Shoals resolution (S. J. Res. 46), particularly paragraph C of section 20, for which a special rule is now being sought; to the Committee on Foreign Affairs.

7500. Also, petition of the Ithaca Gun Factory, Ithaca, N. Y., favoring the passage of the Tyson-Fitzgerald bill (S. 777) without amendment; to the Committee on World War Veterans' Legislation.

7501. By Mr. SMITH: Petition by the Central Baptist Association of South-Central Idaho, for the enactment of House bill 11410. to amend the national prohibition act; to the Committee oti the Judiciary.

7502. By Mr. SPEARING: Petition of Charles O. Chalmers and other citizens of New Orleans, for the passage of the Sproul bill (H. R. 31410); to the Committee on the Judiciary.

7503. By Mr. TILSON: Petition of Antoinette M. Reiman and other residents of Meriden. Conn., urging the passage of legislation providing increased pensions for Civil War soldiers and their dependents; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

7504. Also, petition of Antoinette M. Reimau and other residents of Meriden, Conn., urging the passage of legislation providing increased pensions for Civil War soldiers and their dependents; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

SENATE

Wednesday, May 9,1928
(Legixlative day of Tlnimd-ai/, May 3, 1!)>8)

The fenate reassembled at 12 o'clock meridian, on the expiration of the recess.

Mr. CURTIS. Mr. President, I suggest the absence of • quorum.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The clerk will call the roll.

The legislative clerk called the roll, and the following Senators answered to their names:

Ashurst Dale Ilawes Norris

Jlarkley Dcneen IFavdeu Nye

Fayard 1)111 Hefiln OdriMe

BliiKbam Kdge. Howell Overman

Ulack Fess Johnson Fliinps

Hlaino Fletcher .Tones Pine

Bleuse Fruitier Kendrlck Plttnian

Korah George Keyes Kansdell

Hratton G< rry King Reed, Mo.

- - T .. !.'«'

Hrookhart

Hi'ousRard

Hruoe

Capper

Caraway

Cnpelnnd

Conzous

Curtis

Cutting

Gillett

Glass

(iolT

Gooding

Gould

Greene

Hale

Harris

Harrison

La Follette

McLean

McMaster

McNary

Mayllcld

Metcalf

Moses

Neely

Norbeck

Reed, I'a.

Sackett

Schnll

Sltoppard

Shipstead

Sliortridne

Simmons

Smith

Srnoot

Steck Thrmag Wagner Waterman

Steiwer Tydlngs Walsh, Mass. Wheeler

Stephens Tyson Walsh, Mont.

Swanson VandenberR Warren

The VICE PRESIDENT. Eighty-six Senators having answered to their names, a quorum is present.

PAVINO OF INTERNATIONAL STREET, NOOALES, ARIZ.

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate the •amendment of the House of Representatives to the bill (S. 2004) authorizing the paving of the Federal strip known as International Street, adjacent to Nogales, Ariz., which was, on page 1, line 13, to strike out "$60,000" and insert "$40,000."

Mr. ASHURST. I move that the Senate concur in the House amendment.

The motion was agreed to.

PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS

Mr. 8HIPSTEAD presented a memorial of sundry citizens of Swan Lake, Minn., remonstrating against the passage of legislation providing for compulsory Sunday observance in the District of Columbia, which was referred to the Committee on the District of Columbia.

Mr. VANDENBERG presented letters in the nature of petitions from sundry publishers in the State of Michigan, and the chairman legislative committee, of the National Editorial Association, of Washington, D. C., praying for the passage of the bill (S. 1752) to regulate the sale and manufacture of stamped envelopes, which were referred to the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads.

He also presented letters in the nature of memorials from sundry firms, associations, and citizens, all in the State of Michigan, remonstrating against the passage of the bill (S. 1752) to regulate the sale and manufacture of stamped envelopes, which were referred to the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads.

REPORTS OF COMMITTEES

Mr. DILL, from the Committee on Irrigation and Reclamation, to which was referred the bill (S. 3039) making an appropriation for the construction of a bridge and approach road leading to the Zillah State Park, Wash., reported it with amendments and submitted a report (No. 1062) thereon.

Mr. BAYARD, from the Committee on Claims, to which were referred the following bills, reported them severally without amendment and submitted reports thereon:

A bill (S. 460) for the relief of the owners of the barge Mary M (Rept. No. 1064);

A bill (S. 3056) for the relief of the estate of Moses M. Bane (Rept. No. 1065);

A bill (H. R. 4396) for the relief of Jesse R. Shivers (Rept. No. 1066);

A bill (H. R. 8001) conferring jurisdiction upon certain courts of the United States to hear and determine the claim by the owner of the steamship City of Beaumont against the United States, and for other purposes (Rept. No. 1067) ; and

A bill (H. R. 8810) for the relief of John L. Nightingale (Rept. No. 1068).

Mr. MOSES, from the Committee on Foreign Relations, to which was referred the bill (S. 4382) to amend the act (Public, No. 135. 68th Cong.) approved May 24, 1924, entitled "An act for the reorganization and improvement of the Foreign Service of the United States, and for other purposes," reported it with amendments and submitted a report (No. 1069) thereon.

Mr. McNARY', from the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry, to which were referred the following bill and joint resolution, reported them each without amendment and submitted reports thereon:

A. bill (H. R. 7459) to authorize the appropriation for use by the Secretary of Agriculture of certain funds for wool standards, and for other purposes (Rept. No. 1070) ; and

A joint resolution (S. J. Res. 130) suspending certain provisions of law in connection with the acquisition of lands within the Alabama National Forest (Rept. No. 1071).

Mr. McNARY also, from the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry, to which were referred the following bills, reported them each with amendments and submitted reports thereon:

A bill (S. 1344) to amend an act entitled "An act to provide for the protection of forest lands, for the reforestation of denuded areas, for the extension of national forests, and for other pui-poses, in order to promote the continuous production of timber on lands chiefly suitable therefor," approved June 4, 1924 (Rept. No. 1072) ; and

A bill (H. R. 10374) for the acquisition of hinds for an addition to the Beal Nursery at East Tawas, Mich. (Rept. No. 1073).

Mr. MAYFIELD, from the Committee on Claims, to which was referred the bill (H. R. 10067) for the relief of Marion

Banta, reported it without amendment and submitted a report (No. 1074) thereon.

Mr. FRAS5IER, from the Committee on Indian Affairs, to which was referred the bill (S. 3794) for the relief of R. E. Hansen, reported it with an amendment and submitted a report (No. 1075) thereon.

He also, from the same committee, to which was referred the bill (H. R. 167) to amend the act of February 12, 1925 (Public, No. 402, 68th Cong.), so as to permit the Cowlitz Tribe of Indians to file suit in the Court of Claims under said act, reported it without amendment and submitted a report (No. 1076) thereon.

Mr. BLACK, from the Committee on Claims, to which was referred the bill (S. 3595) for the relief of Arch L. Gregg, reported it with an amendment and submitted a report (No. 1077) thereon.

Mr. BORAH. As in executive session, from the Committee on Foreign Relations, I submit three reports for the Executive Calendar.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The reports will be placed on the Executive Calendar.

INVESTIGATION RELATIVE TO UNEMPLOYMENT

Mr. COUZENS, from the Committee on Education and Labor, to which was referred the resolution (S. Res. 219) providing for an analysis and appraisal of reports on unemployment and systems for prevention and relief thereof, reported it with amendments, submitted a report (No. 1063) thereon, and moved that the resolution with the report be referred to the Committee to Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate, which was agreed to.

ENROLLED BILLS PRESENTED

Mr. GREENE, from the Committee on Enrolled Bills, reported that this day that committee presented to the President of the United States the following enrolled bills:

S. 805. An act donating Revolutionary cannon to the New York State Conservation Department;

S. 1456. An act to authorize an appropriation for a road on the Zuni Indian Reservation. N. Mex.;

S. 3791. An act to aid the Grand Army of the Republic in its Memorial Day services May 30, 1928; and

S. 3947. An act to provide for the times and places for holding court for the eastern district of North Carolina.

SAND ISLAND, COLUMBIA RIVER

Mr. DILL. Mr. President, I introduce a bill relating to Sand Island, in the mouth of Columbia River, concerning which the Committee on Public Lands held hearings two years ago, but no decision was arrived at regarding it. I should like to have the bill printed in the Record, together with the statement I am about to make regarding the need for the legislation.

The VICE PRESIDENT. Without objection, it is so ordered.

The bill (S. 4396) for the purpose of authorizing payment of moneys received for fishing licenses on Snnd Island to the bureau of fisheries of the State of Washington and the State fish commission of the State of Oregon and authorizing them to control fishing rights on Sand Island hereafter, and for other purposes, was read twice by its title, referred to the Committee on Public Lands and Surveys, and ordered to be printed in the Record, as follows:

S. 4390, Seventieth Congress, first session A bill for the purpose of authorizing payment of moneys received for

fishing licenses on Sand Island to the bureau of flstuties of the

State of Washington and the State fish commission of the State of

Oregon and authorizing them to control fishing rights on Sand

Island hereafter, and for other purposes

Whereas. August 29, 1803, Abraham Lincoln, then President of the United States, assumed that Sand Island, In the entrance to Columhla River. Oreg., was part of the public domain belonging to the United States, did upon recommendntion of the Secretary of War Issue an order reserving Sand Island from sale for military purposes; nnd

Wherens the War Department thereafter discovered that Sand Island did not rise above high tide, but laid between low and high water mark, and concluded that Snnd Island was not a part of the public domain, but belonged to the State of Oregon, and September 26, 1804. the War Department requested an act be passed by the Legislature of Oregon ceding to the United States Sand Island; and

Whereas the Legislature of Oregon passed an act so ceding Sand Island to the United States, Intending thereby to convey to the United States the use of said island for military purposes only; and

Whereas the Supreme Court of the United States in the case of Washington v. Oregon (211 T.T. S. 127), found that Sand Island had been gradually moving northward until it has now moved north of what was formerly the north channel of the Columbia Hlver, and said north channel has become Ho shallow that the channel to the south of the island Is now the main channel used by ships; and

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