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Hob Committee we discussed the resiling of analysis made by the Illinois Committee on Public Utility Information of the accredited textt'ooks used in the regular courses of the Illinois public schools relative *° their treatment of public utility problems. We were astonished at ^ne of the statements to be found in these textbooks. No doubt the "ooks in our own State are much the same.
Mr. Shearer, of Altoona, advised us that the Electric Association had ""in matter In hand and was making an Investigation of Pennsylvania t«tbooks, and that he would send us a list of the books. Everyone was '"y much Interested. It would seem that here is something that our Committee might take a real interest in and see where we could help.
The thought occurs to me that the reason why so many educators are more or less hostile to big business is in many cases due to the fact tbut they themselves are not successful in a business way. There ought tn be some way in which educators could be better paid. It would help to cure at least some of their mental bias, me thought has come to me in regard to ministers, who are genunfalrly critical of corporations, including public-service companies. If «>-w*-ver, this la going pretty far afield, but nevertheless I believe that in our business life could well consider the advisability of giving real attention to the economic welfare of educators and others who
responsible for training the minds of our children. I write, the final thought comes to me In regard to the textbook
•r would It not be possible for some of our men to approach the
publishers of textbooks and produce some quick results In clearing
•were very sorry to miss you, and hope to see you at the next
A. W. Robertson.
.*: letter was answered on January 24. The answer reads
January 24, 1925. . Robertson, President and General Attorney Philadelphia Co.,
Ab Mb. Robertson: Apparently I bad overlooked Informing t for the past three months this bureau has been engaged in an analysis of textbooks used in the schools of Pennsylvania, •vey is nearly three-quarters complete, and should be finished n.
encountered obstacles in this State which, I am Informed, «xlst in other States. For Instance, each district superintendIVennsylvania appears to have carte blanche in selecting such Ch as he deems proper. Consequently we have had to cover «ronud. The returns show that several unwholesome textbooks k £ used.
* very glad to note your expressions relating to the underpayC teachers. If the utility companies, in a discreet way, could a. movement for adequate remuneration of teaching personnel public schools, I am convinced good results could come. The of those superintendents approve the use of so-called Govand municipal ownership propaganda in textbooks is the usual 'or indorsing such stuff. They are sour. Their outlook is dis
thelr judgment warped through personal disappointment. Is true also of some denominational ministers, though not to the tent.
my Inability to attend your meeting, and assure you I shall
efforts next month, truly yours,
J. S. S. Richardson.
Is a letter that was offered in evidence, dated January ', directed to Mr. Aylesworth, managing director of the »1 Electric Light Association:
[Exhibit No. 954]
January 21, 1925. Tl. Aylksworth, staying Director National Electric Light Association,
t3 West Thirty-ninth Street, Netc York City. *iar Mr. Aylesworth: I have not replied to your wire relating Chicago meeting of the 28th and 29th, as Mr. Oxley assured onally he would list me among the starters.
way, do yon desire an Itemized bill of my expenses incurred irlng the article on the Smithsonian Institution Niagara monond unloading It In Washington? sincere personal regards, mrs very truly,
J. S. S. Richabdson, Director.
is a letter signed by Samuel S. Wyer, who is probably who was the author of this article referred to in the have Just read. This is written to Mr. Richardson, and
Mdscle Shoals, June 4, 1925. Mr. J. S. 8. Richabdson,
Director Pennsylvania Public Service Information Committee,
XO •',':, Center Building, Philadelphia, Pa.
In u: Sir: I assume you have received the newspaper story on no Muscle Shoals paper to be released June 7, which Mr. Oxlcy hi arranged to send out.
I understand that Mr. Oxley has also arranged to send a copy of tl reprint direct to each Member of the incoming Congress in addition 1 all of the daily newspapers in the United States. It has occurred t me that some live newspaper man could write a most Interestlt Muscle Shoals symposium by getting In touch with leading Members i Congress and get an expression from them regarding the Muse Shoals situation after they have read the report. Furthermore, believe that such a program would be of very great service in gccurlr a wider diffusion of this information—
He is talking abont his own pamphlet, which he sent out—
The electric Industry to-day is very much under fire primaril because of the misinformation on Muscle Shoals, and one of the moi effective ways of righting public opinions will be to show the lusl; nificancc of Muscle Shoals and, therefore, the needless fears from tt fictitious Power Trust.
If this suggestion appeals to you and you can do anything with 1 then merely act along the lines Indicated by your own Judgment.
I am inclosing four reprints that you might want to use with loci newspapers.
Sam Del S. Wybb.
Samuel S. Wyer is the same man who has figured in othc exhibits offered in evidence. He is the same man who seven years ago this trust seut over to Canada. He went over tliei and with many false pretenses he secured information and ga\ out misinformation to the people of the United States, all in tl) name of the Smithsonian Institution in the United States, an under the theory that he was acting for it. I exposed Hit fraud in the Senate shortly after it occurred and put into tb Record at that time, two or three years ago, the letter of repl written by Sir Adam Beck. It seemed to me then, it still seem to me, that those in charge of the Smithsonian Institution wei conniving with this Water Power Trust through the instn mentality of this Wyer to put out misinformation to the peopl of the United States under the guise that it was scientific ii formation coming from the Smithsonian Institution. I said the that the head of such an institution who would permit anyon in the name of the institution to participate, even though h might believe he was on the right side, in an activity of that kin< misrepresenting a friendly nation, ought to have been remove from the institution. This bears out that I was right at the time. He ought to have been removed for thus bringing tl) name of a great institution into disrepute in behalf of the Pow« Trust in a disreputable way, without letting the people of th country know that this man was paid by the Power Trust fc the efforts lie was making. This letter shows what a wlllin tool this man was of the Power Trust
I have only a few minutes left, and I think I will be justifie in reading a letter from my own State that was offered in ev dence before the Federal Trade Commission. This letter i dated January 28. 1926. It is written on the letterhead of tli Nebraska Power Co., which is a concern affiliated with the trus It was written to Mr. R. V. Prather, secretary-treasurer Gret Lakes division, National Electric Light Association, 205 IlHnoi Mine Workers' Building, Springfield, III. It is as follows: I Exhibit No. 343]
Nebraska Power Co., Omaha, Jfcbr., June IS, 19X. Mr. R. V. Feather, Secretary-Treasurer,
Great Lakes Division, National Electric Light Association,
f05 Illinois Mine WorTcert Building, Springfield, III.
Dear Mr. Pratheb: I wish to thank you for your letter of Juno 1 for the proceedings of your last meeting, which are both very interes ing, indeed. You have a great division and arc doing splendid work.
As you say, you are fortunate In having several large companies wl can spare men to do the work. We are In rather sparsely settlf territory and find it hard to get anything of real value done.
You very kindly requested me to ask any questions which came to ir mind. At this time I am particularly Interested In public-utility info mat Ion work. In Nebraska we have a newspaper man in charge < this work, but about all we are doing is putting out a weekly bullet! to all the newspapers In the State. We find that a certain proportic of this material is used by the country papers, although not as large proportion as we would like.
So they are sending to every newspaper In the State their bulletins, their side of the controversy, and I presume the readers of those papers, if they read the articles, have no information that they are coming from the Water Power Trust.
It would appear from your proceedings as if you are doing considerabl» work among the schools In your area. We receive reports from your public-speaking activities and know that they are very extensive.
I would be pleased to know if there are any other activities engaged in by the utility-information committee, and would also be glad to know what you do with regard to school work.
They are trying to get ready to go after the school children of Nebraska.
Any pamphlets you have which have been distributed among the schools of your district would be appreciated.
We feel that here in Nebraska there is a fertile field for work In the State which produces a Howell and a Nobris. We feel that this work in the past has not been done, and we are particularly anxious to get any information we can about what a public-utility Information committee could do in addition to sending out the weekly bulletins.
I call the attention of my colleague to the fact that —
And they're sure he won't be missed.
Thanking you for your courtesy in supplying the information already given and trusting that we are not troubling you too much in nskiug for this further Information, we are. Yours very truly,
So, Mr. President, if we would follow the evidence, we would find there is no locality in the United States that is being missed by this great corporation, and everywhere it is developing, so far as anything in that line lias developed at all, that they are starting with the children in the schools, they are putting the poison into the minds of the growing children, they are doing it under a deceptive practice, they are doing it without letting the children or the parents of the children know that they are getting information from men whose reputations may be established in the communities, but they are secretly drawing pay from this great trust.
Mr. HOWELL. Mr. President, will the Senator yield?
Mr. NORRIS. I yield.
Mr. HOWELL. I would like to ask my colleague if there Is any evidence indicating that Mr. Wyer was paid by the electrical interests of this country for the pamphlet that was issued under the auspices of the Smithsonian Institution.
Mr. NORRIS. Oh. yes; it was paid for by the National Electric Light Association. I do not think that is disputed. He was paid, as some other evidence bus already developed, for other work he did in Ohio, either directly by the Electric Light Association or some one of the corporations connected with that organization.
MEMORIAL ADDRESSES OS THE LATE SENATOR WILLIS
The VICE PRESIDENT. The hour of 3 o'clock having arrived. the clerk will read the special order. The Chief Clerk read as follows:
Ordered, That Friday, May 11, at 3 o'clock p. m., be set aside for memorial addresses on the life, character, and public services of Hon. Fbank B. Willis, late a Senator from the State of Ohio.
Mr. FESS. Mr. President, I ask that the resolutions which I send to the desk be read and adopted.
The VICE PRESIDENT. The resolutions will be read.
The resolutions (S. Res. 231) were read, considered by unanimous consent, and unanimously agreed to, as follows:
Keeolved, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow of the death of Hon. Fkank B. Willis, late a Senator from the State of Ohio.
Resolved, That as a mark of respect to the memory of the deceased the business of the Senate be now suspended to enable bis associates to pay tribute to his high character and distinguished public service.
Resolved, That as a further mark of respect to his niem'ory the Senate at the conclusion of these exercises shall stand In recess.
Resolved, That the Secretary communicate these resolutions to the House of Representatives and transmit a copy thereof to the family of the deceased.
Mr. FESS. Mr. President, on such sad occasions as will mark this hour it is very difh'cult for one who has been very closely associated with our departed friend to utter what is in his heart, and I do not intend to speak at any length whatever.
I knew Senator Willis probably as intimately as anyone outside of his own family would know him. I learned to love him when he first came to the university In which I was at that time a teacher. He was not only in my classes, but he studied his Latin under Mrs. Fess, who wiis also a teacher in the uni
versity. That brought him into close Intimate relationship with our family. He frequently came to the home, and later on, with two other students who were quite favorites of ours, was a frequent visitor not only at the home but at the table. I learned to know him very intimately and grew into a very high appreciation of his qualities.
When we analyze characters of his sort, quite naturally we look into what he received from his ancestry and also from his associations with books and friends. From that source of judgment, Senator Willis was rich in promise. We find that the Willis family dates back iu America as far as 1&30, only 10 years after the landing of the Pilgrim Fathers. I also note that one of his ancestry owned the property which has been so distinguished by the literature of a great poet in which he christened Wayside Inn. One of the Willis ancestry owned all the property surrounding this particular locality. An ancestor of the Senator built the famous Wayside Inn. The grandmother of the Senator lived there and was married in that famous hostelry. In the famous inn to-day has been placed the furniture by a brother of the Senator, who had collected it in other days and later returned it where it now Is.
Senator Willis came from an unusually patriotic stock. The father and mother, caught up in the excitement of the movement west, and especially in that stimulating era of 1S49. started west and got as far as Kansas in 1850, and, because of illness, they in time returned and took up their permanent residence in Ohio. While in the AVest the Senator's father fell under the influence of the leadership of Abraham Lincola when he attended some of the famous debates between Lincoln and Douglas, and became later one of the ardent advocates of the war President. I am of opinion that this background will largely explain a certain type of thought that dominated Senator Willis throughout his public life.
I recognized, as soon as an opportunity was given to test him as a pupil, that he was one of the brightest that has come to the university. The one subject which appealed to him most was history. Later on he specialized in that subject together with the kindred subject of political science. He was all eyes and ears for anything of a political nature. The literary societies of the college gave him a forum for his talent, that of oratory. Senator Willis was a very clear-headed thinker, and I sometimes think in his frequent addresses that he spoke often without the preparation that he was so capable of giving any subject which he might attack.
Senator Willis became one of the most popular men of the college, and on the day of his graduation was made a member of the faculty. I was very closely associated with him in that when I left the university he became my successor, taking up the work that I left. Soon after I had gone he entered the political field. He had been elected to the State legislature, where he added to his record laws that reflected credit upon a constructive mind. He was later promoted to membership in the lower House of Congress. When I came to Congress in 1013 I found my former pupil there to greet me. When I walked down the aisle to take the oath of office I was honored by being accompanied by him to the dais of the Chamber.
After two terms in the House, where he had been very active upon many lines of legislation, he was promoted to the governorship of our State in 1914. Later on he was elected to this body. When I was elected in 1922 I was greeted at the door here by my former pupil, Senator Willis, and was accompanied down the aisle by him. He said to me, "The one thing that I wish could happen would be that our old friend. Doctor Lehr," the president of the college which opened its doors to hfm and thousands of others, "could be alive and see his two boys walk down the aisle of the United States Senate together."
I know very few men who have the lofty ambition to achieve in public life, as did Senator Willis. He had so completely devoted himself to public service that at times he was criticized because, it was said, he was doing nothing except serving the public. I recognized that his ambition from the beginning was to be a public servant, and it was perfectly natural, with the background this man had. with the possibilities of the future in a Republic like ours, that he should have an ambition, if the way were opened, to puss from this body to even a higher promotion.
Senator Willis was known in his day as one of the best political speakers we ever had in our political history. I need not mention incidents which are historic that would indicate his power. Two or three stand out and will stand alone in the political history of our country. Suffice it to say that he was a very ready speaker, having received the training in his college carter. He was a keen thinker, spoke often extemporaneously, and was unusually versatile and fluent. He had a wonderful speaking voice that would immediately command attention either iu or out of doors, 110 matter what size the audience.
Those of us who knew Senator Willis best knew his fine personality. I do not think that he had any real enemy anywhere. Those who might differ from him, either in principle or in method, always recognized that he was one of the most lovable characters we ever had in public life. In that way he gripped the public. He probably knew more people whom he could call by name in onr State than anybody living to-day, and I doubt whether there was anybody in the past who was his superior in that respect. When he would meet a friend and slap him on the shoulder, sometimes it would proroke a criticism, but it was not the basis for criticism, because that was the heart of Frank B. Willis. It was the sincere expression of his attitude toward friends. To meet him was to like him. To know him was to love him. That can be attested by every person who was associated with him here In public life. He was a genuinely good man.
Mr. President, it seems difficult to explain that one so young, go full of promise, with such conditions of health, with such laudable ambitions, should pass on as did our lamented friend. Jjut if we could choose the way that we were to go, I do not jtjiow anything finer than to die with the harness on, in the jajidst of one's friends who had gathered about to express their ._; r»-;i: love and gratitude and aspiration for his possibilities, as %v -•' - the case of our lamented friend. To know him was to love and the time will never come when we will forget the pleaspersonality aud the charming individuality of the muchFrank B. Willis, of Ohio.
SHEPPARD. Mr. President, the State of Ohio has this body with many leaders in legislative science -1 In political philosophy. Among them we find Jeremiah -rz-«w, prominent in the affairs of Ohio and the Nation, ernor and Congressman; William Allen Trimble, military / f »:'ji<i'-r, wounded and decorated at Fort Erie; Ethan Allen s«- n, law student under Alexander Hamilton, member of the ^s- supreme court, head of the State government; William K-.3T Harrison, hero of Tippecanoe, diplomat, President of the ^^«d States; Thomas Ewing, Secretary of the Treasury under • «i,-ni William Henry Harrison, Secretary of the Interior •:m^ President Taylor, delegate to the peace congress which E^vored to avert the Civil War, tendered the Secretaryship ^^"ar by President Johnson, refused confirmation by the ~*r~e; Thomas Corwin, master of humor and of eloquence, =»-le for utterances that have become a part of our permaliterature; Salmon P. Chase, one of the great figures of
«. Uivil War era, author with Giddings of what has been
g=J—d the first proclamation of Republican Party doctrine, ^ tr of a standard edition of the annotated laws of Ohio, ~ ^er of the Liberty platform of 1843, the Liberty address of and of the declaration of principles of the Free Soil '^t* , celebrated lawyer, Secretary of the Treasury in Lincoln's •^Cabinet and father of the national banking system, Chief i--^ce of the United States, rendering landmark opinions, in ^^ ^f which he described the Nation as an indestructible union ^ -destructible States; John Sherman, 30 years a Senator, tary of the Treasury and Secretary of State, influential urty councils, molder of the Government's financial poli•n war and reconstruction, one of the principal framers « Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890; Allen G. Thurman, disished for half a century in both law and politics, assoand chief justice of the State's highest legal tribunal, c~tant aspirant for the Presidency; Stanley Matthews, jurist, potent in political management and legal disputaof four decades, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court s United States; George Hunt Pendleton, Democrat in the al House of Representatives during the Civil War, , practitioner of the law, railroad president, originator initial civil service act, the Pendleton Act of 1883; » Harding, the only man in our history elected President . Member of the Senate.
jc B. Willis was qualified by nature, training, and expeJor a conspicuous place in this succession. Equipped university education, member of a university faculty, ?• of the bar, twice a member of the Ohio General Assemin the National House for two terms, GovOhlo for two years, he came into the Senate already for its multifold demands, with a national standing most — -*r- his. Also he was already recognized as one of the In K*owerful advocates of prohibition in the United States, unil -^.^^MnmUtees and on the floor his activities were'intense as tc* ^" *:'<K'- Id fact, they attained such character and volume His » !^*^come a peril to his health, vigorous as he usually was. of s^r/-*^-lresses aud discussions in the Senate related to hundreds fliotj^*-3«cts, covering almost the entire range of national jurismeatj-.** a concern. He was skilled in the presentation of ^^^-^s and in conducting them through parliamentary chan
nels. He was especially active in securing substantial adt' tions to the Volstead Act, among them the measures know popularly as the Willis antibeer bill.
His first assignment to committees included Commerce ai Territories, and these he held throughout his service, becomii chairman of the latter. In connection with the former he toe a deep interest in the Shipping Board, the merchant marin the improvement of rivers and harbors, the promotion of tl foreign commerce service. His work on the Committee t Territories made him familiar with the needs and aspiratioi of their peoples. He sponsored a number of measures for the advancement. From the Senate and House of Representativt of Porto Rico came oJHcial expressions of grief over his dent the house resolution referring to him as Porto Rico's kind ar distinguished friend.
Soon after his entry here he became a member of the Cor mittee on Immigration and was one of the chief developei and advocates of legislation regarding entrants from abron which set up new safeguards for the standards nnd traditioi of our country. Later he reached that aristocrat of comini tees, Foreign Relations, aud became one of the most diligei students, one of the most earnest defenders, of the foreign pol cies of his party. He spoke with characteristic aggressivenei and thoroughness on the Colombian treaty, naval disarm: ment, the treaty of peace with Germany, our relations wil Haiti and San Domingo, the Isle of Pines, the Near East, tl foreign-debt settlements, the World Court, Central America affairs, Nicaragua, and Mexico.
Among other subjects on which he spoke and labored wei prohibition, welfare of ex-service men, Federal reserve sy tem, farm relief, national resources, particularly forestatio: the tariff, internal tax revision, Muscle Shoals, good road postal rates and salaries, commercial and military aviatio: cooperative "marketing, radio control, railway-labor disputes, tl Oldroyd collection of Lincoln relics, compensation for quarai tine losses, oil pollution of navigable waters, seasonal coi rates, agricultural diversification, aud industrial conditions.
Such is a meager outline of the amazing labors he crowde into the brief space of his seven years and two months in tt United States Senate. Impressive in stature, attractive in pe sonality, tireless in research, able, courageous, resourceful combining with these attributes a boldness, a directness, an a resonance of expression, it is not strange that he loome large in the Nation's life as orator and statesman. On the le tnre platform and as a speaker for patriotic and historic occi skms he was in constant demand outside the Senate. Natural! his time and strength were taxed to the breaking point. Whe to all this was added the strain of his candidacy for Presiden a distinction that came to him as the logical outgrowth of h career, the burden was too colossal even for his unusui strength. With the plaudits of the people of his home clt ringing about him and as he was about to speak before the) of his claims to the loftiest position in our political systej dissolution suddenly came.
Viewing his life as a whole, we may well conclude that ni merous as were the subjects with which he dealt, diversified i were the interests he touched, honorable and exalted as wei his public capacities, the dominant feature was his devotion I prohibition. For his work In behalf of prohibition he will I best remembered and most loved. With that momeutoi cause, that magnificent reform, he was most intimately assoc ated In the public estimation and will be most signally idei tilled in history. From the early contests on local option 1 the struggles in the States and in the Nation, he was ever i the front for prohibition, a favorite among its hosts, a tern to its adversaries. How admirable such an existence! Ho glorious to be so catalogued! I would rather be Fbank Wim and take to the assizes of eternity the record of a life who.* best efforts had been expended against the trafllc in intoxica ing liquor than to be the monarch of the earth with all ii treasure, its glitter, and its pomp at niy command.
Mr. GOFF. Mr. President, to-day our thoughts turn to re ignation and reverence as we meet to honor Frank B. Will: with the tribute of our praise. In recollection of when 1 was here moving among us, beautiful unpainted pictures appei in the mind of how much sweeter life is that he lived. He wi a friend, a friend worthy of the name in the best sense of tl word, and I would be false to my deepest emotions if I fails to bring the love of my heart and embalm it in his memoi to-day.
The warm, red blood of the Anglo-Saxon flowing and cor mingling with the life currents of other peoples has in a history produced men to stir with quickening speech, to thri with ecstatic song, to die with superb daring, to live in trul for their loves and in faith for their friends, and with it a to wear a sun smile In their souls that carries warmth and cheer wherever it beams. This was the blood from which Fuank B. Willis sprung, and eminently did he illustrate its noblest traits. He had excellent common sense. He was definite in his purposes. He believed in what was just. He never descended to vindictiveness, so often the weapon of the prejudiced and the insincere. He was not a man of expediency, substituting tact for courage; nor did his affection for his friends find its origin in dependence. It was the impulse rather of a heart us tender as it was fearless and true, and his gracious manner and winning smile gained for him the confidence and the esteem of all who knew him. It is not the length of an association that gives it value but the lifelong impression it makes and the good that comes from it.
Death always preaches an impressive sermon and warningly teaches us what shadows we are and what shadows we pursue. We understand death for the first time when it lays its immortal hand upon those we love. We know little of each other, even under conditions of the greatest intimacy. We mingle with men who can never know us and whom we can never know. Our'real world is within ourselves, secret chambers to which no one carries a key. Across its portals none may ever step except to catch the imperfect reflections of another soul— the twilight that faintly heralds the glow of the approaching dawn.
Frank B. Willis was typically human—so true and so real. He was untaught to feign. He was wedded to the principles nud the practices of self-trust and strong and great in all that should become a man. He saw things straight as a ray of light. He, too, had heard the lions roar, but he knew no fear except the fear of doing wrong. In his real world he wore the breastplate of untainted candor. He believed that the essential element in all life is conduct and that conduct springs from what we are taught, what we cling to, what we yearn for in faith and resolution. He lived the truth that it is not life that matters but the valor we bring to it, the spirit that enables us to do the best we can just when and where we are.
Every environment produces its type, every age Its men. In America birth has neither given the rank nor determined the station. Every path leading to a goal has been free to every foot. Our great and worthy men have risen by their innate qualities and powers. Our departed friend demonstrated that It is the thoughts that come from the brain and the heart that move us to action. And as he came and went among us he always sought the contests of struggle and toil, because he realized that all man can do is to turn and face the battle, just as we now know that in the hour of pain and sorrow— Memory Is the only friend That grief can call her Owd.
Turning to where man meets man in the absorbing activities of life, where can we go or to whom ran we point as a truer example of American manhood than Senator Willis? No storm of passion ever unbalanced him; and we who knew him realized that he possessed a standard of truth which no ambition could ever cause him to violate. He lived the best of all lives, because he lost self in the service of others. He knew that no man ever makes a friend who has never made a foe. I can never forget him, Mr. President; he was such a sturdy, kindly, rugged man—divine with all the divinities.
After all is said and all is done, when the play is over and the player gone, the spirit of duty remains; not success for its own sake, but the doing justice between man and man, our brother and the stranger within our gates.
There is nothing heroic in the discharge of duty. The incentive is often lacking, and at times it will cost us the admiration and the respect we crave; but if we are content with our part and our share in common hope, and responsive to the highest promptings, then we will the best express, as Frank Willis always did. the ideals of the race and the Nation. He lived a friend of man in that mystic house by the side of the road where all the world is kin. No truer eulogy can he paid his name and his fame than is contained in the words "death" and "duty."
Dead at the post of duty.
What liner eulogy—•
All tlie boast of pomp and glory seem but idle breath
Beside the calm, quiet dignity of death,
Where death and duty meet.
Is found solution most complete
Of nil life's problems; 'tis enough—
Dead at the post.
Death always leaves in its train the thought that he who was
taken was fitted for a higher destiny and for grander achievements. Such occasions always seem like admonitions. To-day our brother sleeps. It is we who speak. To-morrow our lips
may be silent and other voices speak as we are- doing now. The dread moments are sure to come, when the happiness of a lifetime melts away in one'sad moment. Yes; when the pale messenger lays his hand upon an accomplished life, a life which has rounded out the years allotted to human endeavor; when those years have been occupied and filled with usefulness, rewarded by success, and crowned with love and gratitude; yes; when a good man, having performed the trusts and discharged the duties of life, lies down calmly and peacefully to his final repose we may grieve, but we can not complain. The tears of deep affection can not be kept back, but the voice of reason is hushed.
To complain at the close of such a life as Frank B. Willis lived is to complain that the ripened fruit drops from the overloaded bough and that the golden harvest waits for the sickle. To complain under such circumstances is to reprove the Creator because He did not make man immortal on the earth. We can not understand, and here we shall never know.
It is the temporal conception of life that so profoundly disturbs mankind. Three thousand years of profound thought, grave contemplation, philosophy, and religion, and we have advanced no nearer the solution of the problem. We must not despair. This is a world in the making. We must find hope in growth, faith in conscience, courage in knowledge, and inspiration in the listening planets and the sentinel stars. We can do this only as Frank B. Willis did It, by keeping our hearts and our hands clean.
What a comfort It is to have had him with us, and to have heard, as we hear now, the echo of his thrilling and convincing voice! What a consolation it is that where he was known, respected, and loved, undaunted and unafraid, he gladdened the. everlasting God by lying down to his dreamless sleep in the unmolested hope of a glorious immortality! How wonderful is death! Dentil and bis brother sleep.
But he Is not dead. He lives in his example and his influence. He lives in the splendor of his deeds. He lives in the hearts he left behind. He will live in the traditions that pass from generation to generation and from age to age. He has just wandered over the boundary, there to illuminate and irradiate the pathway of mankind. His sunset has come, but we believe it was a sunrise that will never again set.
We have gratitude, honor, pride, and affection, but no blindIng tears for such a man as he. We should save our tears for those who have failed, for those who have fainted by the wayside; not for those who have finished the journey without a spot or a blemish on their escutcheon.
This we know, that In the death of .Senator Frank B. Willis, whose career and whose services we commemorate to-day, an earnest, active intellect is stilled; that just as he harkened to the call of duty, God's finger touched him, and he slept; beckoned him away from all the splendid, majestic achievements and beauties of life, from love and care and sorrow, to awaken in eternity free from grief and pain. He is safe without panegyric. No; he is not dead. The living are the only dead.
The dead live never more to die; and as we bid him a gracious, a sorrowful, yes, a lingering good-by, let us think of him as John o' the Mountains:
John o' the Mountains, wonderful John,
Is past the summit and traveling on;
The turn of I tie trail on the mountain side,
A smile and "Hull" where the glaciers slide.
A streak of red where the condors ride,
And John is over the Great Divide.
John o' the Mountains camps to-day
On a level spot by the Milky Way;
And God ix telling him how he rolled
The smoking earth from the iron mold,
And hammered the mountains till they were cold.
And planted the redwood trees of old.
And John o' the Mountains says: "I know.
Mr. ROBINSON of Indiana. Mr. President, school days come back to me this afternoon. I find my feolin?-* strangely stirred! The old university rises up before me. Back there was my dear friend, the Senator from Ohio (Sir. Fess], who is with us to-day. There also was dear old "Prexy" I>hr, the president of the university. There, too, was this Brent, bi.it, fine, wholesome young man who had recently become a member of the faculty and whose memory we honor to-day.
How loyal he remained to the old university throughout the years, ever ready to assist in all its worthy undertakings!
For more than a quarter of a century I enjoyed the intimate friendship of Frank B. Willis, aud what a loyal friend he was I
Throughout his distinguished career, I have followed him with the greatest admiration and the most profound respect.
To-day, on this solemn occasion, I go back in memory to the first time I ever saw him. It was in 1901. He was a teacher at Ohio Northern University in Ada, Ohio, and I was a student. Big in body and mind, popular with faculty and student body alike, wholesome, magnanimous, he could only be an inspiration to all who came in contact with him.
In those days, as throughout his life, he was universally admired, and with infinite patience he gave of hLs talent and his genius to the youth of the land. From every State in the Union and from most countries of the earth they came there for light, and none left the university without having been Influenced tremendously, and for good, by the nobility of character of FbANK B. \vhxis.
Small wonder that in the years which followed those who had known him in college days rallied unanimously to his support!
His entire life was given to the public service. He was the most industrious man I have ever known. "Toiling upward in the night,'' he fitted himself for the law, and in 1900 was admitted to the bar in Ohio, where he continued to be an honored member to the day of his death.
We who loved him watched his rapid rise in public life. It seemed his people delighted to do him honor. As their representative he served with distinction in the seventy-fourth aud seventy-fifth general assemblies of his native State. Here, indeed, his service was so outstanding that he was promoted to the National House of Representatives, where he was an honored Member during the Sixty-second and Sixty-third Congresses.
That his untiring efforts in behalf of the people of Ohio and the Nation were fully appreciated by the folks at home is attested by the fact that he was triumphantly elected to the office of governor while in the House, and resigned his seat there in January, 1915, to become the chief executive of the State of Ohio.
Throughout these years we who had known him in college days looked on with admiration and applauded.
As Governor of Ohio his courage and force of character were splendidly tasted, and the people found him in the forefront and on the right side of every great moral issue.
From this high office to the Senate of the United States was but a logical step and none was surprised to see him overwhelmingly triumphant in both nomination and election.
Coming to the Senate in January, 1921, when his friend and neighbor, Warren G. Harding, became President of the United States, he served with great distinction until the day of his tragic death.
What a wholesome influence he wielded in this body! Genial, companionable, helpful, and withal tremendously able, he was a powerful moral force in the Government of the United States.
•Senator Willis was a righteous man. He had moral stamina and his counsel was good. He was an ideal public servant who could never be stampeded from what he conceived fo be his line of duty.
And now, in the prime of life, he is stricken down. The ways of the infinite are Inscrutable, but we know that He doeth all things well.
The living are the only dead, the dead live never more to die.
Fbajik B. Willis, in the flesh, has departed this life but his gentle spirit and his great influence for good go on forever. He tais passed on, out Into the silence and has taken on the robes of Immortality.
In the fact that all men speak well of him, that he was a Christian gentleman who rendered outstanding patriotic sen-ice to his country and his people throughout his life, he has left a priceless heritage to his loved ones.
America was proud of him and every State in the Union shares the grief of Ohio in the loss of her distinguished son.
Mr- GEORGE. Mr. President, I wish that I might pay suitable tribute to the memory of the late Senator Frank B. Wiling, of Ohio. Words do not enable me to do so. A certain physical disability makes it necessary for me to speak but briefly.
Seiiator Wit.lis was a strong man physically. He had all the Bemes-nts of physical strength which make death all the more ditfioijit to realize. We have always admired strength, even physi <^i strength, since the earlier days, when the crude cave
man stood at the doorway of his cave and, with stone-pointed weapons, defended the woman whom his savage heart loved, the children she had borne him. We have always admired fine physical strength and courage.
Our race is no exception. We have admired physical strength, the thing that we call physical courage, and that quality which we call courage which consists of a commingling of both the mind and the heart with the physical strength of the body to endure. As a nation we have admired strength and courage throughout our history, from that hour when Betsey Ross first pieced together the colors in our flag, to the last battle in the last war in which our sons were engaged.
Senator Willis was a man of superb physical strength. He was a man of fine mental strength. He was a man of great vigor of intellect. He was a man of infinite good nature and infinite good will.
He spoke often in this body. He spoke upon many occasions and upon many public questions. It would be most difficult to recall a single sentence from his lips which impugned or questioned the motive of any man.
He did not agree with the opinions of men, he differed from their views, he was willing to take his side upon issues, and not one of his colleagues can recall when he failed to take his position upon any question of moment or of importance, whether we agreed or disagreed with the position taken by him.
He fell in the very prime of his life. In action he passed away. It is most difficult for all of us, for any of us, to realize that he has gone. It seems strange that a man of such strong physique, such robust mental vigor, such intense activity, such infinite good will and good faith, should pass away in action in the prime of life. We do not yet realize it. His going serves to remind us again and again that in the midst of life we are in death.
It is difficult to appraise men here, Mr. President. It is difficult to estimate them at their true value. Suffice it to say that whatever may be our judgments in this body, engaged as we are in the consideration of public questions of great moment, it is hardly probable that any one of us comes here who does not possess in some marked degree the elements of human greatness and strength.
In this body the man who does not possess some element of strength, some virtue of mind or soul, some willingness and capacity to work and to labor will scarcely attract the attention of his neighbors about him. Senator Willis had a zeal for his work. I think that no one of his colleagues would question that statement. He was always industrious, he was always alert, he wns always active, and he seemed to have a zeal for public service. It therefore is not strange when we read that he was a representative in his State legislature, a Member of the other House of Congress, a governor of his State, and a United States Senator from liis State.
Certainly there was no abatement of his energy in the study of public questions; certainly there was no slackening of the pace in his prosecution of his duties as a Senator from his State. Back In his State at the time of his death he was engaged in an ardent campaign. He was still carrying forward with that same physical strength and mental vigor so characteristic of him in this body.
It would be untrue to say, and no occasion, it seems, would demand a statement inconsistent with the facts, that Senator Willis never made mistakes upon public questions. That we can always occupy the right position upon great questions which disturb the thought of the people is scarcely to be hoped. But whether he was right or wrong his colleagues here knew his position. He stated his position with force and with energy. He was prepared to maintain his position and did maintain it upon every important question to which he gave his thought and attention.
He served liis State well in this body. He was alert in the Interest of his immediate constituents. But his interest and his sympathy and his efforts were not confined to Ohio. He linked his name with the great causes which have inspired men of this generation in America. He took his side upon a great question, and there was never any doubt about his loyalty and devotion to the side on which he cast his affections. He was a man of loftiest patriotism. He possessed the virtues common to all men of greatness. He possessed a certain fine strength, a certain strong and charming personality, a certain mental and moral vigor that distinguished him even in this body in a day of men of great strength and vigor.
On occasions like this. Mr. President, we regret that we have not the words to pay suitable tribute, but those of us who were privileged to associate with the figures that have left their impress upon this body and upon the history of this time may pay genuine and sincere tribute to one such, who in due season, has been called away.