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officer after a certain period of service following appointment or promotion in rank. The theory of the bill was that on account of the long periods elapsing for most officers between promotions in rank, principally majors and captains, an increase iti pay would form the only recognition which could be expected by many officers for long and faithful service.

By an oversight the bill failed to give certain emergency World War officers who had come into the Army under the act of 1920 the benefit of these periodical increases when they do not receive a promotion in rank. Under the law of 1920 these officers had to be over 48 years old to be colonels, over 45 to be lieutenant colonels, over 36 to be majors. The average age of those officers appointed majors was about 43 years, while hundreds of officers already in the Army became majors at 26, 27, 28, and 29 years of age; 1,200 under 36 years. Their omission, however, from the privilege of period increase in pay, added to the fact that on account of age they can never expect promotion, makes their present condition hopeless. About 1,200 officers are in this situation.

About 1,200 officers would be affected by this measure. The bill simply gives them the period increase which the pay bill of 1922 intended that they should have.

Mr. KING. Mr. President, will the Senator yield?

Mr. SHEPPARD. I yield.

Mr. KING. I notice in the report, on page 6, the recommendation is adverse from Mr. Dwight F. Davis. Secretary of War.

Mr. SHEPPARD. He adds, however, that unless strong reasons are given to the contrary, he will oppose it. He is not unqualifiedly opposed to the bill.

Mr. ROBINSON of Arkansas. And the Senator is giving the strong reasons.

Mr. KING. He states:

I Uo not favor the enactment of Senate bill 3569 for the following reasons.

Then he assigns a number of reasons.

Mr. SHEPPARD. But he goes ahead and states that unless strong reasons are given to the contrary he will oppose the bill.

Mr. METOALF. Mr. President, the Senator from Connecticut, who is absent, asked me to present an amendment to this bill; but I am not familiar enough with it, so I will ask that the bill go over.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will be passed over.

BILLS PASSED < >v l:

The bill (H. R. 8988) for the relief of Milton Longsdorf was announced as next in order.

Mr. ROBINSON of Arkansas. Let that go over.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will be passed over.

The bill (H. R. 3241) for the relief of Seymour Buckley was announced as next in order.

Mr. ROBINSON of Arkansas Let that go over.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will be passed over.

SATURDAY HALF HOLIDAYS FOR GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

The bill (S. 2440) to provide that four hours shall constitute a day's work on Saturdays throughout the year for all employees in the Government Printing Office was considered as in Committee of the Whole and was read, as follows:

Bg it enacted, etc., That four hours shall constitute a day's work on Saturday throughout the year for all employees under the supervision of the Public Printer, a«d that when the needs of the service require work in excess of four hours all per hour employees shall be granted compensatory wages and all other employees compensatory time.

The bill was reported to the Senate without amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

Teachers' Salaries

The bill (S. 4063) to amend certain sections of the teachers' salary act, approved June 4, 1924, and for other purposes, was considered as in Committee of the Whole, and was read, as follows:

He it enacted, etc., That the following quoted provisions of Article I covering salary class 2, teachers in Junior high schools, are hereby repealed.

"CLASS 2.—TBACHIRS IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS

"A teacher In the Junior high schools who possesses the eligibility requirements of teachers In the elementary schools and who in addition has met the higher eligibility requirements established by the Board of Education for teachers in junior high schools shall be paid in accordance with the following schedules:

"A teacher in the Junior high school who possesses the eligibility requirements of teachers In the senior high and normal schools shall be paid in accordance with the following schedules,' 10 that the salary schedule us amended shall read as follows:

"CLASS 2.—TBACBIRR IJI JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS

"Group A.—A basic salary of $1,000 per year, with an annual increase iu salary of $100 for eight years, or until a maximum salary of $2,400 per year is reached.

"Group B.—A basic salary of $2,500 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for three years, or until a maximum salary of $2,800 per year is reached.

"Group C.—A basic salary of $1,800 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for 10 years, or until a maximum salary of $2,800 per year la reached.

"Group D.—A basic salary of $2,900 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for three years, or until a maximum salary of $3,200 per year is reached."

Skc. 2. That the Board of Education is hereby authorized to establish the eligibility requirements and prescribe such methods of appointment or promotion for teachers In the Junior high schools as it may Oeem proper, subject to provisions of law covering such matters now in effect or which may hereafter be enacted.

Sec. 3. That the following provision of section 9 of Article V of the act of June 4, 1924, "Provided further, That no 'person who has not received for at least one year the maximum salary of Group A in any class, or Group C of class 2 shall he eligible for promotion to Group B of any class or Group D of class 2," shall not apply during the ducal year 1928 to the teachers affected by the provisions of paragraph (d) of section 6 of the same act

Sec. 4. Amend paragraph (q) of section 6 of Article IV by adding the following:

"Provided further, That in the case of trade teachers in regularly organized trade schools the Board of Education is authorized to credit approved experience In the trades iu the same manner and to the same extent us though it were experience in teaching."

Skc. 5. That this act shall take effect ou its passage.

Mr. KING. Mr. President, I would like to ask the chairman of the Committee on the District of Columbia what change is made in existing law? The Senator knows we gave a great deal of attention to the existing law, and provided salaries which were, I think, very generous, in the main.

Mr. CAPPER. Mr. President, the bill does not make any increases in salaries. It was submitted to the Director of the Budget, and he reports that it is in line with the President's program. The bill corrects certain administrative defects and will insure a more efficient administration of the laws of the District as they apply to the teaching force.

Mr. KING. May I say to the Senator that he knows that some members of the committee have been receiving many complaints about the public schools, and if this will increase the efficiency, I am sure it ought to receive our approval.

Mr. CAPPER. I do not doubt for a moment but that it will work to the benefit of the schools.

The bill was reported to the Senate without amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

CONTRACTORS UNDER THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT

The bill (H. R. 11951) to amend the act entitled "An act for the relief of contractors and subcontractors for the post offices and other buildings and work under the supervision of the Treasury Department, and for other purposes," approved August 25, 191$), as amended by the acts of March 6, 1920, and February 27, 1926, was announced as next in order.

Mr. KING. I ask for an explanation of the bill.

Mr. ROBINSON of Arkansas. Let it go over.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will be passed over.

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE SAFETY OF LIFE AT SEA

The joint resolution (S. J. Res. 131) providing for the participation by the United States in the International Conference for the revision of the convention of 1914 for the safety of life at sea, was considered as in Committee of the Whole and was read, as follows:

Rcsoli-ed, etc., That the sum of $100,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary, Is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the expenses of participation by the United States In the international conference for the revision of the convention tf 1914 for the safety of life at sen. to be held in London, England, in 1929, including travel and subsistence or per diem In lieu of fiubsistence (notwithstanding the provisions of any other net), compensation of employees, stenographic and other services by contract if deemed necessary, rent of offices, purchase of necessary books nnd documents, printing and binding, printing of official visiting cords. «nd such other expenses as may be authorized by the Secretary of State.

The joint resolution was reported to the Senate without amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

MEETING Or PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS

The hill (H. R. 7373) providing for the meeting of electors of President and Vice President and for the issuance and transmission of the certificates of their selection and of the result of their determination, and for other purposes, was considered us in Committee of the Whole.

Tlit> bill had been reported from the Committee on Privileges mid Elections with amendments, on page 1, at the end of line 4 mid at the beginning of line 5. strike out the words "second Monday Mn December" and insert in lieu thereof the words "first Wednesday in January"; in line 14, on page 4, strike out the words "fourth Monday in December of the year in which." jind insert in lieu thereof the words " third Wednesday in the month of January after"; mid, in line 25 of said page, strike out the word "Monday" and insert In lieu thereof the won! '• Wednesday," so as to make the bill read:

Be it enacted, etc.. That the electors of President nml Vice President of each State shall meet ami give their votes on the first Wednesday In January next following their appointment at such place in each State as the legislature of such State shall direct.

Sbc. 2. That It shall he the duty of the executives of each State, as soon as practicable after Hip conclusion of the appointment of the electors In such State by the final ascertainment, under and in pursuance of tile laws of such State providing for such ascertainment, to communicate by registered mail utider the seal of the State to the Secretary of State of the T'nited States a certificate of such ascertainment of the electors appointed, setting forth the names of such electors and the cnnvass or other ascertainment mi('"r the laws of such State of the number of votes Riven or cast for each person for whose appointment any and all votes have been given or cast ; and it shall also thereupon be the duty of the executive of each State to deliver to the electors of such State, on or before the day on which they are required by section 1 of tills act to meet, six duplicates original of the same et rtificates under the seal of the State; and if there shall have been any final determination in a State In the manner provided for by law of a controversy or contest concerning the appointment of all or any of the electors of such Stat*'. it shall be the duty of the executive of such State, as soon as practicable after such determination, to communicate under the seal of thp State to the Secretary of State of the Vnlted States a certificate of such determination In form and manner as the same shall have been made; and the certificate or certificates so received by the Secretary of State shall be preserved by him for one year and shall be a part of the public records of Ills office and shall be open to public Inspection; and the Secretary of State of the United States at the first meeting of Con- j gres* thereafter shall transmit to the two Houses of Congress copies in full of each and every such certificate so received nt the State Department.

Sec. 3. That the electors shall make and sign six certificates of all the votes given by them, each of which certificates shall contain two distinct lists, one of the votes for President and the other of the votes for Vice President, and shall annex to each of the certificates one of the lints of the electors which shall have been furnished to them by direction of the executive of the Stale.

Sec. 4. That the electors shall dispose of the certificates so made by them and the lists attached thereto in the following manner:

Firtit. They shall forthwith forward by registered mail one of the same to the President of the Senate at the seat of government.

Second. Two of the same shall be delivered to the secretary of state of the State, one of which shall be held subject to the order of the President of the Senate, the other to be preserved by him for one year and shall be a part of the public records of his office and shall be open to public inspection.

Third. On the day thereafter they shall forward by registered mall two of such certificated and lists to the Secretary of State at the seat of government, one,of which shall be held subject to the order of the President of the Senate. The other shall be preserved by the Secretary of Stiiti- for one year and shall be a part of the public records of his ofnVe and shall be open to public inspection.

Fourth. They shall forthwith cause the other of the certificate and llst» to be delivered to the judge of the district In which the electors shall have assembled.

ttKC. 5. That when no certificate of vote and list mentioned in this act from any State shall have been received by the President of the Senate or by the Secretary of State by the third Wednesday In the month of January after the meeting of the electors shall have been held, the President of the Senate or, if he be absent from the seat of government, the Secretary of State shall request, by the most expeditious method available, the secretary of state of the State to send up the certificate and list lodged with him by the electors of such State; and it shall be his duly upon receipt of such request Immediately to transmit same by registered mall to the President of the Senate at the seat of government.

SEC. 6. That when no certificales of votes from any State shall have been received at the seat of government on the fourth Wednesday of the month of January, after the meeting of the electors shall have been

held, the President of the Senate or, If he be absent from the seat of government, the Secretary of State shall send a special messenger to the district judge in whose custody one certificate of votes from that State has been lodged, and such judge shall forthwith transmit that list by the hand of such messenger to the seat of government.

The amendments were agreed to.

Mr. UOBIN.SON of Arkansas. I think there should be an explanation made of the provisions of this bill. It appears to be rather an important measure.

Mr. BRATTON. Mr. President if the Senator from Arkansas will yield I will explain briefly what the bill does.

Mr. ROBINSON of Arkansas. I yield.

Mr. FESS. Mr. President, will the .Senator yield?

Mr. BKATTON. I yield.

Mr. FESS. When this matter was up at the lust call of the calendar I objected to its consideration. 1 have examined the bill since, and I withdraw my objection.

Mr. BRATTON. Mr. President, the bill does this, briefly: It dispenses with the necessity of presidential electors coming to the Capital in person to bring the returns. It provides for the creation of six certificates. Two of them are/ to be filed with the secretary of state of the Shite. One is to be filed with the United States district judge of the district in which the capital of the State is located. Two of them are to come to the Secretary of State here at Washington. That accounts for five copies.

The sixth copy Rocs by mail to the President of the Senate. The provision is that if the certificate mailed to the President of the Senate fails to arrive it is his duty to rail upon the Secretary of State here for a duplicate. If that duplicate is not available, it Is the duty of the President of the Senate to send to the secretary of state of the State for the duplicate copy. If that is not available, he sends a messenger to the United States judge to bring the certificate in his possession here in person. It is in the interest of economy and is perfectly safe as an administrative measure. I think there can be no objection to the bill.

Mr. PIIIPPS. Has it the support of the committee?

Mr. I'.RATTON. It has; of the Committee on Privileges and Elections.

Mr. KOBINSON of Arkansas. What is the approximate cost incurred because of the electoral messengers?

Mr. BRATTON. That I can not state to the Senator. Whatever it is is dispensed with through this measure. It is in the interest of economy, and is perfectly safe so far as it.s administration is concerned. I can conceive of no valid objection to the hill.

Mr. ROBINSON of Arkansas. Very well.

The bill was reported to the Senate as amended and the amendments were concurred in.

The amendments were ordered to be engrossed and the bill to be read a third time.

The bill was read the third time, and passed.

NAVAL CONSTRUCTION

The hill (H. R. 11526) to authorize the construction of certain naval vessels, and for other purposes, was announced as next in order.

Mr. LA FOLLETTE. Let that go over.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will be passed over.

REVISION OF PENAL LAWS

The bill (S. 3127) to amend section 217 as amended of the act entitled "An act to codify, revise, and amend the penal laws of Ihe United States," approved March 4, 190S), was considered as in Committee of the Whole.

Mr. KING. Mr. President. I would like to ask if the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads made a unanimous report on this bill.

Mr. PIIIPPS. I can only say that I was present at the meeting of the committee. We had a quorum, and there wan no objection to the bill. It was thought to be a proper measure. I do not know that all of the members of the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads were favorable to it.

Mr. FLETCHER. What does it accomplish?

Mr. PIIIPPS. It is another measure to prevent shipment through the mails of poisonous compounds, animals, insects, reptiles, and articles that would injure the mails or other property, whether sent as first-class matter or not.

Mr. BLAINE. Mr. President, if the Senator will yield, I will state to the Senator from Utah that when this 1)111 was reached on the last call of the calendar I took occasion to object to its consideration. In the meantime I have made very close investigation, and I lind that the only new matter legislated upon is contained in lines 9 to 14, page 2, reading us follows:

but the Postmaster General mny permit the transmission In the mails, under such rules and regulations as he shall prescribe as to preparation and packing, of any articles hereinbefore described which arc not outwardly or of their own force dangerous or Injurious to life, health, or property.

There is nothing stricken from the law. That language is added to the law.

Mr. KOBINSON of Arkansas. What are the circumstances which prompt the modification of the present law?

Mr. ELAINE. I iiiu not a member of the committee; I was just explaining the investigation I made. I therefore have no further objection.

The proposition is to permit the transmission by mail, for instance, of insecticides, fungicides, and other poisons used by wheat growers aud cotton growers and potato producers and all those who produce grain and crops that are constantly infected with pwts that can be destroyed by the use of poison. That is the main purpose. And under certain rules and regulations issued by the Post Office Department those articles, which are not outwardly or of their own force dangerous or injurious to life, health, or property, may be transmitted through the mails.

Mr. ROBINSON of Arkansas. It appears that the Postmaster General recommended this amendment of the law in his annual report.

Mr. LA FOLLETTE. May I say to the Senator that I think all the parties interested in this measure went over it very carefully, and the language which is now incorporated in the bill, I think, meets all objections which were raised; and I believe that the report of the committee is unanimous.

Mr. ROBINSON of Arkansas. I have no objection to the consideration of the bill.

Mr. KING. I have no objection. However, I want to invite the attention of the Senator from Wisconsin to the last two lines on page 3. It does seem to me that the penalty is too severe for merely defacing or injuring some mail matter. The penalty of 20 years or $10,000 fine as a maximum would not be too much for an attempt to kill, but merely for defacing an envelope it does seem to me that penalty is too great. But if the existing law carries the same penalty I shall not insist upon Its being amended. Otherwise, I should.

Mr. LA FOLLETTE. It is my information that this is merely a reenactment of the existing law so far as the penalty provisions are concerned.

Mr. KING. Let me say to the Senator that that shows the unwisdom of making a sort of a shotgun, omnium gatherum provision, as they have here. An attempt to kill is put in the same category with merely defacing the mails, and the same penalty is applied, 20 years in the penitentiary or a fine of $10,000. It is a very unwise provision.

The bill was reported to the Senate without amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

BILLS PASSED OVER

The bill (S. 2751) to amend section 213, act of March 4, 1909 (Criminal Code, title 18, sec. 330, U. S. C.), affixing penalties for use of mails in connection with fraudulent devices and lottery paraphernalia, was announced as next iu order.

Mr. FESS. Let that go over.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will be passed over.

The bill (S. 3902) to provide books and educational supplies free of charge to pupils of the public schools of the District of Columbia was announced as next, in order.

Mr. PII1PPS. Let that go over.

Mr. COPELAND. Mr. President, was there objection to the consideration of the bill?

The VICE PRESIDENT. The Senator from Colorado [Mr. Phipi's] objected, and the bill will be passed over.

PAY AND ALLOWANCES OK ENLISTED PERSONNEL

The bill (S. 3692) to amend the act entitled "An net to readjust the pay and allowances of the commissioned and enlisted personnel of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, Coast and Geodetic Survey, and Public Health Service," approved June 10, 1922, as amended, was announced as next in order.

Mr. SHORTRIDGE. Mr. President, I ask that the bill may be passed over temporarily. I make that request on behalf of the Senator from Washington [Mr. Jones], who perhaps may wish to offer an amendment. He is not opposed to the measure as drawn, but wishes to add to it by way of amendment, and I ask that it may go over, to be taken up this evening upon his return.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will be passed over.

TRANSCONTINENTAL POST BOAB

The bill (S. 1900) to provide for the construction of a post road and military highway from a point on or near the Atlantic coast to a point on or near the Pacific coast, and for other purposes, was announced as next in order.

Mr. KING. Mr. President, I objected to the consideration of this bill the other evening. I stated that some amendments had been suggested. I have not had time to prepare them. I invite the attention of the Senate to the importance and magnitude <>f the bill. I am willing that we shall take it up and havfe it read section by section and vote upon it,

Mr. BROUSSARD. Over.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will be passed over.

DILL PASSED OVER

The bill (S. 3890) to amend section 5 of the act entitled "An act making appropriations for the service of the Post Office Department for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1921, and for other purposes," was announced as next iu order.

Mr. VANDEXRERG. Over.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will be passed over.

BILL INDEFINITELY POSTPONED

The bill (S. 3210) providing for the men who served with the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe as engineer field clerks the status of Army field clerk and field clerk, Quartermaster Corps, of the United States Army, when honorably discharged, was announced as next in order, and that it hud been reported adversely from the Committee ou Military Affairs.

Mr. REED of Pennsylvania. I move that the bill be indefinitely postponed.

Mr. IIEFLIN. Who is the author of the bill?

The VICE PRESIDENT. The Senator from Maryland [Mr. Bbuck].

The motion was agreed to, and the bill was indefinitely postponed.

BILL PASSED OVER

The bill (H. R. 4652) for the relief of Charlie R. Pate was announced us next in order. Mr. KING. Over. The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will be passed over.

GRANT OF LAND AT IIOT 8PRINUS, N. HEX.

The bill (S. 2572) granting certain land in the town of Hot Springs, N. Mex., to the State of New Mexico, was considered as in Committee of the Whole and was read, as follows:

Be it enacted, etc., That the portion of block 05 marked "Reserve" on the plut of the town site of Hot Springs, N. Mex., be, and \i hereby, granted to the State of New Mexico: Provided, That If the Secretary of the Interior shall at any time find that the «ild tract, for the term of one year, has l>eeu used for other purposes than those connected with the maintenance of bathhouses, hotels, or other Improvements for the accommodation of the public the grant hereby made shall be void and of no elToct, and the Secretary of the Interior may thereafter dispose of said "Reserve" In accordance with existing law.

The bill was reported to the Senate without amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

BILLS PASSED OVER

The bill (S. 3136) creating the Roswcll laud district, establishing a land office at Roswell, N. Mex., and for other purposes, was announced as next in order.

Mr. PH1PPS. Over.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will be passed over.

The bill (S. 717) to provide for the deportation of certain alien seamen, and for other purposes, was announced as next in order.

Mr. METCALF. Over.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will be passed over.

The bill (S. 5S4) for the relief of Frederick D. Swank was announced as next in order.

Mr. HOWELL. Over.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will be passed over.

The bill (U. R. 5894) for the relief of the State Bank & Trust Co. of Fayettcville, Tenu., was announced as next in order.

Several Senators. Over.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will be passed over.

CONSTANCE D. LATHROP

The bill (H. R. 6195) granting six months' pay to Constance D. Lathrop was considered as in Committee of the Whole nntl was read, as follows:

He it enacted, etf.. Tliat Constance D. I.athrop, widow of the late Commander Patrick Theodore Moore- Lnthrop. TJnited States Navy, Is hereby allowed an amount ei]iial to six months' pay at the rate said I'airicU Theodore Moore Lathrop was receiving at the date of his death.

Bbc. 2. That the payment of the amount of money hereby allowed and authorized to ]t<* paid to said Constance 1). Lnthrop is authorised to Dp made from the appropriations for beneficiaries of officers who die while In the active net-vice of the United States Navy.

The bill was reported to the Senate without amendment, ordered to a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

ESTATE OF FRANK E. RIDCELY

The bill (H. R. 7142) for the relief of Frank E. Ridgely, dec-eased, was considered as in Committee of the Whole, and was read, as follows:

Be it enacted, etc.. That the late Commander Frank E. Rldgely, United States Navy, who was retired May 24, 1925, by reason of physical disability which originated in the line of duty between April 6, 1917, and March 3, 1921. while holding the higher temporary rank of captain. United States Navy, shall he regarded as having been retired in such higher rank as authorized by section 25 of the act approved Mar;-h 4, 192r, (4:1 Stat. L. 1278), for officers retired prior to March 4. l!>2fi: Proi'Wnl, That this act shall not entitle any person to additional pay, allowances, gratuity, or pension.

The bill was reported to the Senate without amendment, ordered to a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

QUARTERS FOB CHIEF OF NAVAL OPERATIONS

The bill (S. 4402) authorizing the Secretary of the Navy to assign to the Chief of Naval Operations the public quarters originally constructed for the Superintendent of the Naval Observatory in the District of Columbia was considered as in Committee of the Whole and was read, as follows:

Be it enacteil, etc.. That the Secretary of the Navy, In his discretion. is hereby authorized to assign to the Chief of Naval Operations the public quarters constructed under the authority of a provision contained In the act of March 2. 1891 (28 Stat. L. 806), for the official residence of the .Superintendent of the Naval Observatory In the District of Columbia.

The bill was reported to the Senate without amendment, ordered to he engrossed for a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

MARGARET W. PKARSON AND JOHN R. PEARSON

The bill (S. 1618) for the relief of Margaret W. Pearson and John R. Pearson, her husband, was considered ns in Committee of the Whole. The hill had been reported from the Committee on Clninis with an amendment to strike out all after the i-nacting clause and to insert:

Be it enacted, etc.. That the Court of Claims of the United States be, and hereby Is, given Jurisdiction to hear and determine the claim of Margaret W. Pearson and John H. Pearson, her husband, of Jacksonville, Fla., and to render judgment against the United States for compensation for the use. occupancy, and possession of a tract of land belonging to the snld Margaret W. Pearson and John R. Pearson, her husband, situated In Duvnl County. Kla.. during the period from December 10. 1920, to November 5, 1021: and for waste or damage to the inheritance, if any, attributable to the United States while in possession of said laud.

Str. K. Said claim shall not be considered as barred because of any existing statute of limitations with respect to suits against the United Stat'-s; nor because of any tort committed by any agent of the United States resulting In damage or waste to the inheritance; nor because of nonconipllance with section 3744, Revised Statutes.

Mr. KING. Mr. President, may I inquire of the Senator from Alabama why the statute of limitations is removed?

Mr. BLACK. For the reason that considerable litigation has already been incurred. The wrong method of procedure was adopted. While that was in process of disposition the statute of limitations operated, and it was not thought that the Government should claim the statute of limitations by reason of a mistake in procedure. There is no question but that the Government occupied the premises without any lease for a number of months, aud we limited the bill so as to permit a recovery, If any. only for the length of time the Government held* the property after the original lease had expired.

Mr. KING. I would like to ask I he Senator whether in his opinion the claimant availed himself of all opportunities, and if all legal remedies were prosecuted against the Government?

Mr. BLACK. He endeavored very diligently; in fact so diligently that I think he claimed too much.

The amendment was agreed to.

The hill was reported to the Senate as amended, and the amendment was concurred in.

The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

ROIIKKT B. MITRPHT

The bill (S. 3327) for the relief of Robert B. Murphy was considered as in Committee of the Whole and was read, aa follows:

Be it enacted, eto.. That In the administration of the pension laws or any laws conferring rights, privileges, or benefits upon persons honorably discharged from the United States Navy, their widows, children, and dependent relatives, Robert B. Murphy shall be held and considered to have been honorably discharged as a seaman, United States Navy, on May 28, 1899, but no pension, pay, nor bounty shall be held to have accrued prior to the passage of this act.

SEC. 2. The Secretary of the Navy is hereby authorized and directed to grant to such Robert B. Murphy a discharge certlllcate showing that he Is held and considered to have been honorably discharged as of such date.

The hill was reported to the Senate without amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

Mary M'cormiok

The hill (H. R. 5897) for the relief of Mary McCormick was considered as in Committee of the Whole. The bill had been reported from the Committee on Naval Affairs with an amendment on page 1, line D, after the word "death," to insert the words. "Provided, That the said Mary McCormick establishes that she was actually dependent upon her son, Arthur James McCormick, at the time of the latter's death," so as to make the bill rend:

Be it enacted, etc.. That the Secretary of the Navy be, and he U hereby, authorized and directed to cause to be paid from the appropriation "Pay of the Navy, 1925." to Mary McCormick. mother of Arthur James McCormick, late seaman, first class, United States Navy, the sum of $3o(i.40, being an amount equal to six months' pay at the rate received by said McCormick at the date of his death: Provided, That the said Mury McCormlrk establishes that she was actually dependent upon her son, Arthur James McCormick, at the time of the hitter's death.

The amendment was agreed to.

The bill was reported to the Senate as amended, and the amendment was concurred in.

The amendment was ordered to be engrossed, and the bill to be read a third time.

The bill Whs read the third time and passed.

BILL AND JOINT RESOLUTION PASSED OVER

The bill (H. It. 8559) to amend section 58 of the act of March 2, 1917, entitled "An act to provide a civil government for Porto Rico, and for other purposes," was announced as next In order.

Mr. ROBINSON of Arkansas. Over.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will be passed over.

The joint resolution (S. J. Res. 9) to establish a joint commission on insular reorganization was announced as next in order.

Mr. LA FOLLETTE. Mr. President, I should like to have an explanation of the joint resolution. In the absence of its author I ask that it may go over without prejudice.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The joint resolution will go over without prejudice.

THOMAS JEFFERSON SHROPSHIRE

The bill (H. R. 6185) for the relief of Thomas Jefferson Shropshire was announced as next in order. The bill hud been reported from the Committee on Military Affairs adversely.

Mr. REED of Pennsylvania. Mr. President, I move that the bill be indefinitely postponed.

Mr. ROBINSON of Arkansas. Let the bill go over.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will be passed over.

Mr. ROBINSON of Arkansas subsequently said: Mr. President. I withdraw my objection to the consideration of the motion of the Senator from Pennsylvania with reference to the indefinite postponement of Calendar 1132.

Mr. REED of Pennsylvania. I can explain that in a word.

Mr. ROBINSON of Arkansas. The Senator need not explain it. I have withdrawn my objection. I have no objection to it.

Mr. BROOKHART. Let the bill go over. I object.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill will take its place on the calendar and go over under objection.

SILVER BELL OK CRUISER "NEW ORLEANS"

The bill (II. R. 5826) authorizing the Secretary of the Navy, in his discretion, to deliver to the custody of the Louisiana State Museum, of the city of New Orleans, La., the silver bell In use on the cruiser Xcic Orleans, was considered as in Committee of the Whole, and was read as follows:

Be it enacted, etc., That the Secretary of the Navy is authorized, in his discretion, to deliver to the custody of the Louisiana State Museum, of the city of New Orleans, La., for preservation and exhibition the silver bell which was In use on the cruiser Nea Orleans: Prooided, That no expenses shall be incurred by the United States for the delivery of such silver boll.

The bill was reported to the Senate without amendment, ordered to a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

W. H. ANTHONY, JB.

The bill (S. 3427) authorizing the Secretary of the Navy to make a readjustment of pay to Gunner W. H. Anthony, jr., United States Navy (retired), was considered as in Committee of the Whole. The bill had been reported from the Committee on Naval Affairs with an amendment, on page 1, line 7, after numerals "1920" to strike out the words "for active service to this date, and thereafter such amount as would be due him resulting from this active service," and insert in lieu thereof the words, "for any active service performed while on the retired list," so as to make the bill read:

Be It enacted, etc., That the Secretary of the Navy is hereby authorized to examine into the service performed by Gunner W. H. Anthony, )t., United States Navy (retired), and to pay him such amount as would be due him on January 14, 1920, for any active service performed while on the retired list.

The amendment was agreed to.

The bill was reported to the Senate as amended, and the amendment was concurred in.

The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, read the'third time, and passed.

AIBEBT CAMPBELL

The bill (H. R. 4687) for the relief of Albert Campbell was announced as next in order.

Mr. KING. Let the bill go over.

Mr. COPELAND. Mr. President, I hope the Senator will withhold his objection. The man is dead and this Is to correct his record. It was a sincere prayer of my colleague from New York, Thaddeus Sweet, who was killed the other day in an airplane accident, that this bill might be passed. It Involves no money. The Department has recommended that the only way the record can be corrected is by an act of Congress. I hope the Senator will withdraw his objection and let the bill be passed.

Mr. KING. The record shows that the man was a deserter without excuse. If the death of the man justifies removing the charge of desertion, if that Is not incompatible with the public interest, I shall not object; but it does seem to me it is rather an unwise way to deal with the question. I withdraw the objection.

There being no objection, the Senate, as in Committee of the Whole, proceeded to consider the bill, and it was read, as follows:

He it enacted, etc., That In the administration of the pension laws Albert Campbell shall hereafter be held and considered to have been honorably discharged from the military service of the United States as a member of Company B, One hundred and fifty-seventh Regiment New York State Volunteers on the llth day of October, 1863: Provided, That no bounty, back pay, pension, or allowance shall be held to have accrued prior to the passage of this act.

The bill was reported to the Senate without amendment, ordered to a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

COAL AND ASPHALT, CHOCTAW AND CHICKASAW NATIONS

The bill (S. 3867) to extend certain existing leases upon the coal and asphalt deposits in the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations to September 25, 1932, and permit extension of time to complete payments on coal purchases, was considered as in Committee of the Whole. The bill had been reported from the Committee on Indian Affairs with an amendment to strike out all after the enacting clause and insert:

Be it enacted, etc., That the Secretary of the Interior be, and hereby if, authorized, in his discretion and under such rules, regulations, terms, and conditions as he may prescribe, to extend to September 25, 1932, existing developed mining leases of the segregated coal and asphalt lauds and deposits of the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations which by their terms would expire prior to that date: Provided, That application is made by the owners of the leases for such extension of time: And provided /uitltfr, That no lease shall be extended until the owner of such lease shall have paid fill royalties due thereunder.

Sec. 2. That the act of Congress approved February 8, 1918 (40 State. L. 433), as amended and modified by the act of Congress ap

proved February 22, 1021 (41 Stats. L. 1107), authorizing the Bale of the leased and unlcased coal and asphalt deposits in the segregated mineral land of the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations, Oklahoma, be, and the same Is hereby, amended and modified as follows:

"That the purchasers of any coal or asphalt deposits In the segregated mineral land of the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations heretofore sold to them arc hereby required to pay, within 60 days from the approval of this act, to the superintendent of the Five Civilized Tribes Agency, or such other official as the Secretary may designate, for the benefit of the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations, all balances of principal and Interest due from said purchasers on the purchase price: Provided, That in any case, upon application of the pnrchaser and showing made by him In support thereof, the Secretary of the Interior may, in his discretion and under such rules, regulations, terms, and conditions at he may prescribe, extend to such purchaser the time within which the purchaser may pay the balances of principal and interest due from him: Provided, however, That the time so allowed shall not in an; case extend beyond the period of four years from the date of the approval of this act: And provided further, That said purchaser shall be required to pay in equal monthly installments, during the extended periods, the balances of principal and interest due from him: Proviihi further, That each purchaser, before allowing an extension, shall furnish the Secretary of the Interior security for payment of the amouuU due under such extension, and upon application and showing made b; said purchaser, the Secretary of the Interior may allow such pnrchaser to pay said balances in quarterly or semiannual installments: Provided further, That upon failure of any purchaser to pay any installment within one month after the same becomes due under the terms of the time extension, the Secretary of the Interior Is hereby authorized to and shall declare the sale of the coal and asphalt deposits forfeited and canceled in accordance with the terms and conditions under which the sale was made, and, upon such forfeiture and cancellation, all amounts paid by such purchaser, principal and interest, shall become the property of the tribes. It is herein further provided that when application is made by any purchaser for extension of time within which to make payment of deferred Installments of the purchase price and interest thereon, and before action is taken thereon by the Secretary of the Interior under the provisions of this act, the governor of the Chickasaw Nation and the principal chief of the Choctaw Nation, or other legal representatives of said Indian nations, shall be notified thereof and afforded an opportunity to be heard or to flic a written statement of their views In the case: Provided, That if any developed coal or asphalt lease shall expire and the owner of the lease shall not apply for the renewal thereof, or if the sale of any developed coal or asphalt lease shall be declared forfeited and canceled, the Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized to take possession of said leased deposits and lease the same until September 25, 1932, or take whatever steps may be nece-ssary to preserve and protect such property."

Mr. KING. Mr. President, will the Senator from Oklahoma [Mr. Pine] explain Whether this, in his opinion, is advantageous for the Indians? We have had so many claims that the Indians have been despoiled of their possessions that I am anxious to know about it.

Mr. PINE. The Indians favor the bill. I introduced a bill at their request and at the request of the coal operators. The amendment was prepared by the department. The committee substituted the amendment for the original bill which I introduced. It is approved by everybody who is interested in it

Mr. KING. We have not the time to read all the bills and I do not want to delay proceedings unduly. I ask the Senator, if judgment is rendered in favor of the Indians or if they obtain a considerable sum from the leases, whether adequate steps are taken for the protection of the funds?

Mr. PINE. The money will be placed in the bauds of the department to be looked after for the Indians.

Mr. KING. I have no objection.

The amendment was agreed to.

The bill was reported to the Senate as amended, and the amendment was concurred In.

The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, read the third time, and passed.

The title was amended so as to read: "A bill to provide for the extension of the time of certain mining leases of the coal and asphalt, deposits in the segregated mineral land of the Clioctaw and Chickasaw Nations, and to permit an extension of time to the purchasers of the coal and asphalt deposits within the segregated mineral lands of the said nations to complete payments of the purchase price, and for other purposes."

ADVANCEMENT OF CREKK NATION FUNDS

The bill (S. 3868) authorizing an advancement, of certain funds standing to the credit of the Creek Nation in the Treasury of the United States to lie paid to one of the attorneys for the Creek Nation, and for other purposes, was considered as In Committee of the Whole. The bill had been reported from the

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