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Members of the House, our Government can not continue year after year to spend money by the millions without regard to our sincere obligations and without regard as to where the money comes from. It seems to me that we should be very thoughtful about these matters: that we should be sure that we owe the debt before we pay it.

We should not create the debt by legislative enactment and without any consideration. Why should we not treat such claims as those involved in this bill just like such claims would be treated by a municipality, a city, or county, or township? No municipal organization would pay claims of the character as those involved in this bill. It does not merit the support of this body, and I trust it will not receive such.

warrant officers of the regular ArmiY

Mr. MORIN. Mr. Speaker, I call up the bill (H. R. 8314) to amend an act of Congress approved March 4, 1927 (Pub., No. 795, 69th Cong.), to provide for appointment as warrant officers of the Regular Army of such persons as would have been eligible therefor but for the interruption of their status, caused by military service rendered by them as commissioned officers during the World War.

The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Pennsylvania calls up the bill (H. R. 8314) which the Clerk will report.

The Clerk read the bill, as follows:

H. R 8314, Seventieth Congress, first session

A bill to amend an act of Congress approved March 4, 1927 (Public, No. 795, 69th Cong.), to provide for appointment as warrant officers of the Regular Army of such persons as would have been eligible therefor but for the interruption of their status, caused by military service rendered by them as commissioned officers during the World War

Be it enacted, etc., That the Secretary of War be, and he hereby is, authorized and directed to appoint as warrant officers of the Regular Army any person whose service as commissioned officer in the Army during the World War, added to their service as quartermaster clerk, amounted to 12 years or more of service prior to June 4, 1920, and who were not eligible for appointment as field clerks, Quartermaster Corps, under the provisions of the act of August 29, 1916, because of the interruption of their 12 years' requisite service as quartermaster clerks to render commissioned service in the World War : Provided, That in determining length of service for longevity pay and retirement they shall be credited with and entitled to count the same military service as authorized for warrant officers, and all classified service rendered as clerks in the Military Establishment: Provided further, That the limitation in the act of June 30, 1922, on the number of warrant officers, United States Army, shall not apply to the appointees hereunder.

With the following committee amendments:

On page 1, line 5, strike out the word “person " and insert in lieu thereof the word “persons"; in the same line strike out the words “service as ”; and in line 6, strike out the word “officer " and insert the word “service.”

On page 2, in line 1, strike out the word “quartermater " and insert the word “quartermaster"; and after the word “War,” insert a colon and the following proviso: “Provided, That for the purposes of this act, the period of commissioned service during the World War prior to June 4, 1920, be deemed equivalent to a like period of detached service away from permanent station or duty beyond the continental limits of the United States.”

The committee amendments were agreed to. The bill as amended was ordered to be engrossed and read a third time, was read the third time, and passed. A motion to reconsider was laid on the table. CONSTRUCTION OF MILITARY POSTS Mr. MORIN. Mr. Speaker, I call up the bill (H. R. 6480) to authorize appropriations for construction of military posts and for other purposes and ask unanimous consent that the bill be considered in the House as in Committee of the Whole. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Pennsylvania? There was no objection. The Clerk read the bill, as follows: Be it enacted, etc., That there is hereby authorized to be appropriated $8,600 for the construction and installment in the Canal Zone of a concrete storehouse, with such utilities and appurtenances thereto as in the judgment of the Secretary of War may be necessary. The bill was ordered to be engrossed and read the third time; was read the third time, and passed. A motion to reconsider was laid on the table. construction AT THE UNITED STATES MILITARY AcADEMY, west PoinT Mr. MORIN. Mr. Speaker, I call up the bill (H. R. 11623) to authorize the construction at the United States Military

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The committee amendments were agreed to. Mr. REECE. Mr. Speaker, I offer the following amendment: Line 3, strike out the words “or eligible to hold "; and in line 8, after the word “State,” strike out the comma, insert a period, and strike out the remainder of line 8 and lines 9 and 10 ”; and amend the title by striking out the “s" in the word “ Superintendents” and the words “national cemeteries and.” Mr. CHAPMAN. If these amendments are adopted, does it eliminate ripper feature of the bill? Mr. REECE. Yes. Mr. BROWNING. As I understand, the bill as amended does not affect anybody holding office at present? Mr. REECE. No. Mr. HILL of Alabama. reappointed Mr. REECE. They are appointed for indefinite tenure. Mr. HILL of Alabama. They do not after four years have to be reappointed? Unless removed for cause they hold their position for life? Mr. REECE. They hold indefinitely. Mr. CRAMTON. Mr. Speaker, will the gentleman yield? Mr. REECE. Yes. Mr. CRAMTON. I have just come on the floor. As I understand, the bill is so worded that it requires that the superintodonts of the national military parks must be former service inen Mr. REECE. That is correct. Mr. CRAMTON. There is legislation pending with reference to their administration that proposes to transfer them to the National Park Service. I am not at all sure that legislation of the kind that the gentleman suggests would do in that case. Everyone is in Sympathy with the purpose that is named in the bill, but in the actual administration it is quite possible that a good deal of difficulty might be encountered in some specific cases. For instance, if the National Park Service takes over the administration of these important military parks—and for one I am not anxious that it should—it may be that they may want an experienced park man to take over one of these parks for a period in order to work out some problems, and that appointment could not be made under this inflexible law. I wonder if the bill could not be laid aside. I am opposed to the bill. Mr. REECE. Mr. Speaker, I think the gentleman is not justified in his apprehensions. The same provisions are now applicable to national cemeteries. There is no question but that ex-service men can be found for any of these superintendencies who are thoroughly qualified to administer the parks. Mr. CRAMTON. Has the gentleman any question that proper administration would insure such men being secured : Mr. REECE. That has not been the experience in the past. There are two military parks in Tennessee, and both of them

Do the superintendents have to be

have superintendents who are not ex-service men. Under the amendment that I am offering they are not disturbed.

Mr. CRAMTON. So the gentleman is accepting the situation as to them; but as to uncertain cases that may arise in the future, where great inconvenience might be caused, the gentleman is not prepared to make an exception.

Mr. REECE. If I may be permitted to say so, it seems to me that it is ridiculous to have a national military park which has boon made possible by the blood of ex-service men presided over by anyone else except an ex-service man. When there are 4,000,000 ex-service men in the United States, I am sure that one of them can be found who is qualified to properly administer a park.

Mr. CRAMTOX. Then why does the gentleman consent that two such parks shall continue to be so administered in his own Slate?

Mr. REECE. I am accepting that situation in order not to make the bill retroactive aud maybe do some one an injustice.

Mr. McREYNOLDS. And is it not n fact that one of these gentlemen who is a superintendent of the park has been in the civil service for 35 years and has been connected with this park for 25 years, and that the other gentleman who is a superintendent is in the civil service and has been there for 13 years?

Mr. REECE. Oh, yes; but one of the gentlemen, I think, was blanketed under the civil service, and an ex-service man was put out when he was put In.

The SPEAKER. The question is on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Tennessee.

The amendment was agreed to.

The bill as amended was ordered to be engrossed and read a third time, was read the third time, and passed.

A motion to reconsider the vote by which the bill was passed was laid on the table.

INSTRUCTION OF CHINESE SUBJECTS AT WEST POINT

Mr. MORIN. Mr. Speaker, I call up House Joint Resolution 39, which I send to the desk and ask to have read.

The Clerk read as follows:

House Joint Resolution 39

Resolved, etc., That the Secretary ot War be, and he U hereby, authorized to permit two Chinese subjects, to be designated hereafter by the Government of China, to receive instruction at the United States Military Academy at West Point: Prodded, That no expense shall be caused to the United States thereby, and that the said Chinese subjects shall atn-ee to comply with all regulations for the police and discipline of the academy, to be studious, and to give their utmost efforts to accomplish the courses in the various departments of instruction, and that the said Chinese subjects shall not be admitted to the academy until they shall have passed the mental and physical examinations prescribed for candidates from the United States, and that they shall be immediately withdrawn if deficient in studies or in conduct and so recommended by the academic board: And prodded further, That in the case of the said Chinese subjects the provisions of sections I.'i20 and 1321 of the Revised Statutes shall be suspended.

The House joint resolution was ordered to be engrossed and read a third time, was read the third time, and passed.

A motion to reconsider the vote by which the joint resolution was passed was laid on (he table.

INSTRUCTION OF SIAMESE SUBJECTS AT WEST POINT

Mr. MORIN. Mr. Speaker, I call up House joint resolution (H. J. Res. 40) authorizing the Secretary of War to receive, for instruction at the United States Military Academy at West Point, two Siamese subjects, to be designated hereafter by the Government of Siam, which I send to the desk and ask to have read.

The Clerk read as follows:

House Joint Resolution 40

Retolctd, etc., That the Secretary of War be, and ho is hereby, authorized to permit two Siamese subjects, to be designated hereafter by the (Jovernment of Slam, to receive Instruction at the United States Military Academy at West Point: Provided, That no expense shall be caused to the United States thereby, and that the said Siamese subjects shall agree to comply with all regulations for the police and discipline of the academy, to be studious, and to give their utmost efforts to pcuomplish the courses In the various departments of instruction, and that the said Siamese subjects shall not be admitted to the academy until they shall hnve passed the mental and physical examinations prescribed for candidates from the United States, nnd that they shall lie Immediately withdrawn If deficient In studies or in conduct and so recommended by the academic board: And provided further, That in the case of the said Siamese subjects the provisions of sections 1320 and 1321 of the Revised Statutes shall be tmsptnded.

The House joint resolution was ordered to be engrosK^tl and read a third time, was read the third time, and passed.

A motion to reconsider the vote by which the joint resolution was passed was laid on the table.

REGULATING SALES BY UTILITIES IN AKMY

Mr. MORIN. Mr. Speaker, I call up the bill (H.Ft. 7938) to regulate sales by utilities in the Army, on the Union Calendar, and ask unanimous consent that it be considered in the House as in Committee of the Whole.

The SPEAKER. The gentleman culls np the bill II. Ft_ 7938, on the Union Calendar, and asks unanimous consent that it be considered in the House as in Committee of the Whole. The Clerk will report the title of the hill.

The Clerk read the title of the bill.

The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the request «>f the gentleman from Pennsylvania?

There was no objection.

The Clerk read the bill, as follows:

Be it enacted, etc., That In operating any utility under tfa«? 'War Department selling services or supplies, the cost of the serv I <~ea or supplies no sold shall include all customary overhead costs of labor, rent, light, heat, and other expenses properly chargeable to the <ronduct of such utility.

The bill was ordered to be engrossed and read a thiril time, was read the third time, and passed.

A motion to reconsider the vote by which the bill was j>*isseil was laid on the table.

FLOOD CONTROL

The SPEAKER. House bill 8219 will be laid on the talkie, a similar flood control bill having been passed and become i»- law.

I'BESIDENT'S MESSAGE—REPORT OF DIRECTOR GENERAL OF BA1«__»*OADS (H. DOC. NO. 306)

The SPEAKER laid before the House the following from the President of the United States, which was rear* with the accompanying papers, referred to the Committ«--« on Interstate and Foreign Commerce and ordered to be prixated: To the Congress of the Vnitcd Slatet:

I transmit herewith for the information of the Congre-i^s * report-<if the Director General of Railroads covering the from January 1, 1927, to January 1, 1928.

Calvin Coon

The White House, May 16, 1028.

*"*

men

read

PRESIDENTS MESSAGE—INTERNATIONAL JURIDICAL

WIRELESS TELEGRAPHY (8. DOC. NO. 106)

The SPEAKER also laid before the House the following sage from the President of the United States, which was and, with the accompanying papers, was referred to the mittee on Foreign Affairs and ordered to be printed: To the Congress of the United States:

I transmit herewith a report from the Secretary of ^ requesting that the Congress be asked to enact legisB authorizing an appropriation in the sum of $12,350 to pit the expenditures involved in the participation by the IT States in the International Juridical Congress on Telegraphy to be held at Rome beginning October 1, 192!*

I recommend that the Congress enact legislation author" an appropriation for the sum mentioned in accordance wil9 recommendation of the Secretary of State.

Calvin

The White House, May 16, 1S28.

MUSCLE SHOALS

ited

Mr. MORIN. Mr. Speaker, I renew my motion that the insist on its amendments to the Senate Joint Resolution 4ft ask for a conference.

The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Pennsylvania iii that the House insist on its amendments to Senate Joint lution 40 and asks for a conference.

Before putting the motion the Chair would like to make t statement: When the gentleman from Pennsylvania offered ( motion a little while ago the Chair expressed doubt as whether the motion was in order. The gentleman from nessce I Mr. Gabrett] submitted that the motion was in under the precedents of the House. The Chair stated that had no recollection during liis term as a Member of this of such ji motion being offered. The Chair finds as a matter o( fact that once during his service in the House this motion \va>i made. It was as far back as 1!)07. The Chair can find no othet precedent except one that occurred in 1801. and in neither ous« was any opinion given by the occupant of the chair in 1907. The Chair reads from Hinds' Precedents, volume 5, the following:

0294. On February 27, 1891, the House had passed with an amendment the bill of the Senate (No. 3738) to place the American merchant marine engaged in the foreign trade upon nn equality with that of other notions.

Mr. John M. Farquhar, of New York, moved that the House request a conference with the Senate on the bill and amendment.

Mr. William M. Springer, of Illinois, made the point of order that the motion was not in order, the Senate not having disagreed to the amendment.

The Speaker pro tempore overruled the point of order on the ground that under the established practice of the House the same was permissible.

The Chiiir is unable to find that there was any precedent for that. The Chair again reads from Hinds, volume 5:

6300. On June 2f>, 1000, the House passed with an amendment the bill (S. 4-103) to amend the immigration laws.

After a vote on the passage of the bill Mr. James E. Watson, of Indiana, moved that the House ask for a conference.

This motion was agreed to.

So the Chair was practically correct in saying that the matter had never come up where it was decided during his service in the House.

The Chair is of the opinion that such a proceeding is contrary ti) established rules of parliamentary procedure. It is true it has occurred a number of times in another body, the object being to alter the ordinary proceedings in conference; Hint is, to have one body act where it would not naturally act. The Chair also finds that in both cases, so far as the House was concerned, this procedure was on the last day of the session. The Chair can see some reason why such a motion could be submitted on the last day. The Chair is clearly of the opinion, however, that it is against the rules and the proper practice of parliamentary procedure. The object of a conference is to harmonize disagreements. In this case there is no disagreement. We have no assurance that the Senate is not in agreement.

However, in view of these two precedents, the Chair does not care to assume the responsibility of refusing to recognize the gentleman from Pennsylvania. The Chair will give further attention and consideration to this matter and will reserve judgment, the next time such a motion is made, as to whether he will decline to recognize a gentleman making this motion. The question is on agreeing to the motion of the gentleman from Pennsylvania.

The question was taken, and the motion was agreed to.

Mr. MORIN. Mr. Speaker, if it is agreeable to the Speaker, I will give him the names of the conferees to-morrow morning.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA APPROPRIATION BILL

Mr. SIMMONS. Mr. Speaker. I ask unanimous consent to file n conference report on the District of Columbia appropriation bill up to midnight to-night. We are in agreement on everything except the matter of fiscal relations. On that we are in disagreement. I would like to call up the conference report to-morrow morning if this consent is granted.

Mr. GARNER of Texas. What is the gentleman's request?

Mr. SIMMONS. I ask unanimous consent to file a conference report on the District of Columbia bill until midnight to-night.

The SPEAKER. Is there objection?

There was no objection.

SENATE BILL REFERRED

A bill of the following title was taken from the Speaker's table and. under the rule, referred to the appropriate committee, as follows:

S. 3593. An act to authorize the leasing or sale of lauds reserved for agency, schools, and other purposes on the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Mont.; to the Committee on Indian Affairs.

EFTBOLLED HILLS SIGNED

Mr. CAMPBELL, from the Committee on Enrolled Bills, reported that they had examined and found truly enrolled bills of the following titles, when the Speaker signed the same:

H. K. 5695. An act authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to equitably adjust disputes and claims of settlers and others against the United States and between each other arising from incomplete or faulty surveys in township 19 south, range 26 east, and in sections 7, 8, 17, 18. 19, 30, 31. township 19 south, range 27 eiist, Tallahassee meridian. Lake County, in the State of Florida:

H. R. 8110. An act withdrawing from entry the northwest quarter section 12, township 30 north, range 19 east, Montana meridian;

U.K. 9112. An act for the relief of William Roderick Dorsey and other officers of the Foreign Service of the United States,

who, while serving abroad, suffered by theft, robbery, flre, embezzlement, or bank failures losses of official funds; and

H. It. 11022. An act to extend medical and hospital relief to retired officers and retired enlisted men of the United States Coast Gunrd.

The SPEAKER announced his signature to enrolled bills of the Senate of the following titles:

S. 1341. An act to amend the act entitled "An act to provide that the United States shall aid the States in the construction of rural post roads, and for other purposes," approved July 11, 1916, as amended and supplemented, and for other purposes; and

S. 4405. An act authorizing the Detroit River Canadian Bridge Co., its successors and assigns, to construct, maintain, and operate a bridge across the Detroit River at or near Stony Island, Wayne County, State of Michigan.

BILLS AND A JOINT RESOLUTION PRESENTED TO THE PRESIDENT

Mr. CAMPBELL, from the Committee on Enrolled Bills, repotted that this day they presented to the President of the United States, for his approval, bills and a joint resolution of the House of the following titles:

H. R. 8120. An act to repeal the sixty-first proviso of section 6 and the last proviso of section 7 of "An act to establish the. Mount McKinley National Park, in the Territory of Alaska," approved February 26, 1917;

H. R. 13032. An act to amend the act of February 8, 1895, entitled, "An act to regulate navigation on the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters ";

H. R. 13037. An act to amend section 1, rule 2, rule 3, subdivision (e), and rule 9 of an act to regulate navigation an the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters, enacted February 8, 1895 (ch. 64. 28 Stat. L. sec. 645) ; and

H. J. Res. 184. House joint resolution designating May 1 as Child Health Day.

ADJOURNMENT

Mr. MORIN. Mr. Speaker, I move that the House do now adjourn.

The motion was agreed to: accordingly (at 4 o'clock and 54 minutes p. m.) the House adjourned until to-morrow, Thursday, May 17, 1928, at 12 o'clock noon.

COMMITTEE HEARINGS

Mr. TILSON submitted the following tentative list of committee hearings scheduled for Thursday, May 17, 1928, as reported to the floor leader by clerks of the several committees:

COMMITTEE ON BANKING AND CURRENCY

(10.30 a. m.)

To amend the act approved December 23. 1913. known as the Federal reserve act; to define certain policies toward which the powers of the Federal reserve system shall be directed; to further promote the maintenance of a stable gold standard; to promote the stability of commerce, industry, agriculture, and employment; to assist in realizing a more stable purchasing power of the dollar (H. R. 11806).

COMMITTEE ON NAVAL AFFAIRS

(10.30 a. m.)

To authorize the Secretary of the Navy to proceed with the construction of certain public works (H. R. 13319).

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS

(10.30 a. m.)

To ascertain if the State Department is adequately equipped in both its foreign and domestic services (H. Res. 87).

To provide for the reorganization of the Department of State (H. R. 13179).

COMMITTEE ON RIVERS AND HARBORS

(10 a. m.)

To consider a report from the Chief of the Army Engineers on the proposal to deepen the Great Lakes channel.

COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE

(10 a. m.)

To provide overtime pay for employees in the Bureau of Animal Industry of the Department of Agriculture (II. R. 6509).

EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS, ETC.

529. Under clause 2 of Rule XXIV, a letter from the Secretary of War. transmitting report from the Chief of Engineers, United States Army, on preliminary examination and survey of Port Jefferson. N. Y. (II. Doc. No. 305) ; to the Commit lee on Rivers and Harbors and ordered to be printed, with illustrations.

REPORTS OF COMMITTEES ON PUBLIC BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS

Under clause 2 of Rule XIII,

Mr. MERRITT: Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. H. R. 12533. A bill to authorize the Secretary of Commerce to dispose of certain lighthouse reservations and to acquire certain lauds for lighthouse purposes; without amendment (Rept. No. 1700). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union.

Mr. ROY G. FITZGERALD: Committee on Revision of the Laws. H. R. 13621. A bill to authorize preparation and publication of supplements to the Code of Laws of the United States with perfecting amendments; printing of bills to codify the laws relating to the District of Columbia and of such code and of supplements thereto, and for distribution; without amendment (Rept. 1705). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union.

Mr. ROY G. FITZGERALD: Committee on Revision of the Laws. H. R. 13622. A bill to amend and supplement the Code of the Laws of the United States of America; without amendment (Rept. No. 1706). Referred to the House Calendar.

Mr. SMITH. Committee on the Public Lands. II. R. 13144. A bill to cede certain lands in the State of Idaho, including John Smiths Lake, to the State of Idaho for fish-cultural purposes, and for other purposes; with amendment (Rept. No. 1707). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union.

Mr. HAUGEN: Committee on Agriculture. S. J. Res. 130. A joint resolution suspending certain provisions of the law iu connection with the acquisition of lands within the Alabama National Forest; without amendment (Rept. No. 1708). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union.

REPORTS OF COMMITTEES ON PRIVATE BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS

Under clause 2 of Rule XIII,

Mr. HALE: Committee on Naval Affairs. H. R. 9009. A bill for the relief of Francis Leo Shea; with amendment (Rept. No. 1701). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House.

Mr. HALE: Committee on Naval Affairs. H. R. 11905. A bill for the relief of Commodore J. M. Moore, United States Coast Guard, retired; without amendment (Rept. No. 1702). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House.

Mr. SMITH: Committee? on the Public Lands. H. R. 310. A bill authorizing an addition to the Cache National Forest, Idaho with amendment (Rept No. 1703). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House.

Mr. BUCKBKE: Committee on the Post Office iind Post Roads. H. R. 13451. A bill to authorize the Postmaster General to hire vehicles from letter carriers for use iu service; without amendment (Rept. No. 1704). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House.

Mr. SINCLAIR: Committee on War Claims. H. R. 6350. A bill for the relief of Bertram Lehman; without amendment (Rept. No. 1710). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House.

Mr. LOWREY: Committee on Wiir Claims. II. R. 6174. A bill for the relief of May Gordon Rodos mid Sara Louise Rodes, heirs at law of Tyreo Rodes. deceased: with amendment (Rept. No. 1711). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House.

PUBLIC BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS

Under clause 3 of Rule XXII, public bills and resolutions were introduced and severally referred as follows:

By Mr. SINNOTT: A bill <U. R. 13824) authorizing L. L. Montague, his heirs, legal representatives, and assigns, to construct, maintain, and operate a bridge across the Columbia River at or near Arlington, Oreg.; to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce.

By Mr. JAMES: A bill (H. R. 1.3825) to authorize appropriations for construction at military posts, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Military Affairs.

By Mr. MOREHEAD: A bill (H. R. 13820) authorizing the Interstate Bridge Co., its successors and assigns, to construct, maintain, and operate a bridge across the Missouri River at or near Union, Nebr.; to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce.

By Mr. BUTLER: A bill (II. R. 13827) to prohibit the making of photographs, sketches, or maps, of vital military and naval defensive installations and equipment, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Military Affairs.

By Mr. MEAD: A bill (H. R. 13828) to provide a shorter workday on Saturday for postal employees; to the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads.

By Mr. O'COXXELL: A bill (IT. R. 13829) to provide a shorter workday on Saturday for postal employees; to the Committee on the Post Oflice and Post Koads.

By Mr. SABATH: A bill (H. R. 13830) amending section 33 of the Judicial Code; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. HOLADAY: A bill (H. R. 13831) relative to the dam across the Kankakee River at Momence, in Kankakee County, 111.; to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce.

By Mr. IIICKEY: A bill (H. R. 13832) to incorporate the Army and Navy Union of the United States of America; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. RATHBOXE: Joint resolution (H. J. Res. 306) requesting the President to direct all agencies of the Government that financial settlements can only be secured through the ordinary channels of law and duly authorized arbitration agencies; to the Committee on Foreign Affairs.

By Mr. McFADDKN: Concurrent resolution (H. Con. Res. 37) to print 3.000 additional copies of the hearings during the Sixty-ninth Congress on the bill (H. R. 7895) relating to the stabilization of the price level of commodities; to the Committee on Printing.

PRIVATE BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS

Under clause 1 of Rule XXII, private bills and resolutions were introduced and severally referred as follows:

By Mr. CASEY: A bill (H. R. 13833) granting a pension to Leslie M. Sparling; to the Committee on Pensions.

By Mr. CORNING: A bill (H. R. 13834) granting a pension to Josephine F. Thomas; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

By Mr. ENGLAND: A bill (H. R. 13835) granting a pension to John Fitzwater: to the Committee on Pensions.

By Mr. HICKEY: A bill (H. R. 13836) granting an increase of pension to Elizabeth Roberts; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

By Mr. MOREHEAD: A bill (H. R. 13837) granting a pension to Rachel A. Smith; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

Also, a bill (II. R. 13838) granting a pension to Rose Inez Smith ; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

By Mr. O'BRIEN: A bill (H. R. 13839) granting a pension to A. C. Rader; to the Committee ou Invalid Pensions.

By Mr. TAYLOR of Tennessee; A bill (H. R. 13840) granting a pension to Catherine Belcher; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

Also, a bill (H. R. 13841) granting a pension to Charles Booker; to the Committee on Pensions.

Also, a bill (H. R, 13842) granting an increase of pension to Annie Brooks; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

Also, a bill (II. R. 13843) granting an increase of pension to Mary Reed Johnson; to the Committee on Pensions.

By Mr. TEMPLK: A bill (H. R. 13K44) granting an Increase of pension to Mary M. Miller; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

PETITIONS, ETC.

Under clause 1 of Rule XXII, petitions and papers were laid on the Clerk's desk and referred as follows:

7054. Petition of the department of California of the United States Spanish War Veterans, in twenty-fifth annual encampment assembled ;tt San Diego, Calif., requesting the passage of House bill 12032: to the Committee on Military Affairs.

7055. By Mr. BOYLAN: Resolution adopted'by the Board of Estimates and Apportionment of New York City, in re transit situation in New York City; to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce.

7656. By Mr. CASEY: Petition in favor of Civil War pension bill, signed by William Bostick and 112 residents of Luzcrne Ccunty, Pa.; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

7657. By Mr. ESTEP: Petition of Military Veterans' Association of Federal Employees of Allegheny County, Daniel J. Judge, commander, Joseph Goldman, adjutant, room 213. Federal Building, Pittsburgh, Ph., urging passage of McKellar bill (S. 800) ; to the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads.

7658. By Mr. FITZPATRICK: Petition of the Maritime Association of the Port of New York, opposing the passage of the Vinson bill (H. R. 13646), entitled "Cotton futures trading act"; to the Committee on Agriculture.

7659. By Mr. GOODWIN: Petition of J. F. Lindquist and 18 other citizens of Onamia. Minn., in behalf of an increase in the pension for the Union veterans of the Civil War and widows of veterans; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

7660. By Mr. GR1EST: Petition of Christiana Woman's Christian Temperance Union, of Christiana, Pa.; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

7661. By Mr. HILL of Washington: Petition of C. A. Neylaud, of Spokane, Wash., and 25 others, protesting against House bill 78. and all other proposed compulsory Sunday observance legislation; to the Committee on the District of Columbia .

7«62. Also, petition of Mrs. J. II. Keiter. of Spokane, Wash., and 12 others, protesting against House bill 78, arid all other proposed compulsory Sunday observance legislation; to the Committee on the District of Columbia.

7663. Also, petition of Mrs. ,T. W. Lee, of Spokane. Wash., and 306 other persons, protesting against House bill 78, and nil other proposed compulsory Sunday observance legislation; to the Committee on the District of Columbia.

7664. By Mr. KINDRED: Resolution of the members of the first assembly district Regular Democratic Club, indorsing the action of the Veterans of Foreign Wars in the movement to have the Star Spangled Manner formally recognized by Congress as the national anthem of the United States; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

7065. By Mr. LETTS: Petition of Lulu McCune and other citizens of Iowa City, urging the passage of House bill 11410; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

7066. I5y Mr. LINDSAY: Petition of Flatbush Chamber of Commerce (Inc.), 887 Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn. N. Y., recording disapproval of the proposed bill (II. R. 8127) providing for transfer of river and harbor improvement to the Interior Department, and respectfully praying for defeat of the same; to the Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments. •

7667. Also, petition of Board of Estimate and Apportionment, City of New York, petitioning Congress to enact legislation, particularly amending section 380 of the Federal Judicial Code, preventing discriminatory action by United States Federal courts ; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

7668. By Mr. O'CONNELL: Petition of N. J. Crane, customshouse, N. Y., favoring the passage of Bacharach bill; to the Committee on Ways and Means.

7669. Also, petition of the Merchants Association of New York, opposing the passage of the Muscle Shoals bill; to the Committee on Military Affairs.

7H70. Also, petition of John Dowd. president the Marine Association of the Port of New York, opposing the passage of House bill 13646. known as the cotton futures trading act; to the Committee on Agriculture.

7071. By Mr. PERKINS: Petition signed by residents of Bergen County, N. J., advocating the National Tribune's Civil War pension bill; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

7672. By Mr. QUAYLE: Petition of the Board of Estimate and Apportionment. City of New York, favoring an amendment to section 380 of the Federal Judicial Code, he limited so as not to apply to a case where both parties are residents of the same State unless and until it is shown to the Federal courts that the parties to the action could not obtain justice by recourse to the State courts; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

7673. Also, petition of Blimey & Smith Co.. of New York City, opposing the passage of the Shipstead-LaGuardia bill (H. R. 77!i!>) ; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

7ti74. Also, petition of Gardiner H. Miller, vice president New York Cotton Exchange, opposing the Viuson bill (H. R. 13646), entitled "Cotton futures trading act"; to the Committee on Agriculture.

7675. Also, petition of Irving Marcus, of Brooklyn, N. Y., favoring the passage of House bill 088. for tile repeal of the war-time Pullman surcharge; to the Committee on Ways and Means.

7676. Also, petition of the Merchants' Association of New York, opposing the passage of Muscle Shoals bill; to the Committee on Military Affairs.

7677. Also, petition of Bayway Terminal of New York, opposing the Viuson bill (H. H. 13610), entitled "Cotton futures trading act "; to the Committee on Agriculture.

7678. Also, petition from John Dowd. president of the Maritime Association of the Port of New York, opposing the passage of the Vinson bill (H. R. 13646) entitled "Cotton futures trading act"; to the Committee on Agriculture.

7679. Also, petition of George F. Merritt, of Queen Village, Long Island, N. Y., favoring passage of the O'Connell bill, giving all postal employees a Saturday half holiday; to the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads.

7680. By Mr. TEMPLE: Resolution of Woman's Christian Temperance Union, of Claysville, Washington County. Pa., In support of the Lnnkford Sunday rest bill for the District of Columbia (H. R. 78) or similar measures; to the Committee on the District of Columbia.

7681. By Mr. WOOD: Petition of residents of Goodland. Ind.. asking that the Civil War pension bill become a law at the present .session of Congress; to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

7682. By Mr. WYANT: Petition of Woman's Christian Temperance Union, o£ Avonmore, Coulton, Vandergrift, and New

Kensington, Pa., favoring passage of Stalker-Jones bill to provide for increased penalties for violation of prohibition laws; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

SEXATE

Thursday, May 17,1928
(Leg'mlatire day of Thursday. May 3, 1928)

The Senate reassembled at 12 o'clock meridian, on the expiration of the recess.

PROSPERITY RESERVE—PUBLIC WORKS PLANNING

Mr. VAXDENBERG. Mr. President, before this session of Congress adjourns I hope we are going to be able to pass Senate bill 2475, which is the bill introduced by the senior Senator from Washington [Mr. Jones | and reported by the Committee on Commerce, proposing the principle of a prosperity reserve. But even after that is passed it is still going to be necessary, as I hope we arc going to do, to pass also the resolution submitted by the senior Senator from Wisconsin [Mr. La FolLette], which proposes a scientific and deliberative study, during the summer and fall, of the development of means for meeting unemployment crises and general economic depression.

I ask unanimous consent, to submit a resolution, with a syllabus attached, bearing upon this ultimate situation. I ask that the resolution be printed in the Record with the syllabus and referred to the Committee on Education and Labor.

There being no objection, the resolution (S. Res. 233) and syllabus were referred to the Committee on Education and Labor, and ordered to be printed in the Record, as follows:

Whereas it Is sound public policy to stabilize prosperity against periods of unemployment nnd Industrial depression; and

Whereas the long-range planning of essential public works if suitably financed can provide necessary opportunities for employment nnd for general economic stimulus if these public works, sound In themselves, be increased in periods which specifically disclose unemployment and depression; and

Whereas It Is to the economic gain of the Government to take advantage of relatively low costs prevailing at such times and to undertake enhanced public works In such periods, provided such works arc useful and advisable regardless of the emergency, and provided further that the works may be financed without an increase in current taxation; and

Whereas the Government has long considered such a program, as evidenced by the so-called Kenyon bill presented to the Senate In the first session of the Sixty-seventh Congress and the so-called Jones bill (S. 24751, presented to the present session of the Seventieth Congress and by the President's unemployment conference In 1021 under the chairmanship of Secretary of Commerce Hoover; nnd

Whereas the serious difficulty heretofore encountered In such a prospectus has been the Inadvisablllty of Increasing taxation In times of depression to finance these public works, because increased taxation is a factor which itself negatives the advantages otherwise intended aa a means to offset depression: and

Whereas the Government Is entitled temporarily to suspend Its sinking-fund payments for the retirement of the public debt during these occasional periods of declared emergency and pending the restoration of a normal Index, because the average retirement of the public debt at the present legalized annual rate In excess of fttOO.OOO.OOO. plus the proceeds of foreign-debt payments, Is ample even though occasionally interrupted ns proposed herewith: Therefore be It

/leiolred, That the Committee on Education and T-afoor or any special subcommittee therefrom which mny be particularly charged with an investigation of means to stabilize employment, is Instructed to Inquire into the situation herein net forth and to report to the Senate Us findings, in connection with any other findings thus reported, upon the long-range planning of public works and the concentration of actual construction, financed by the temporary transfer of funds otherwise allocated by law to the sinking fund, in definitive periods of unemployment and industrial depression.

SYLLABUS ACCOMPANYING SEXATK RESOLUTION 233

The fact that there is no contemporary economic depression involving unemployment to a definitive extent warranting special relief is an excellent reason why the present is a time when preparedness for such crises may be deliberately surveyed.

This resolution, addressed to the creation of a safely financed "prosperity reserve," Is builded upon the fundamental proposition that the Government can create helpful stimulus in periods of depression and unemployment by concentrating useful public works in such periods, provided the application of this remedy does not Itself involve baneful elements which negative the values and advantages sought.

The basic principle is not new. As stated In the resolution, it will be found In part In previous proposals submitted to the Congress. It la discussed at length by witnesses appearing before the Senate Commerce

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