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PAGES.

704

16.

707

S 1. Of the prescription of one year.
S 2. Of the prescription of three years.

706 S 3. Of the prescription of five years. S 4. Of the prescription of ten years. S 5. Of the prescription of thirty years, S 6. Of the rules relative to the prescription operating a discharge from debts.

Ib. Title 24. Of the signification of sundry terms of law employed in this Code.

710

708

TREATY OF CESSION, ETC.

TREATÝ

BETWEEN

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

AND THE

FRENCH REPUBLIC.

The President of the United States of America and the First Consul of the French Republic, in the name of the French people, desiring to remove all sources of misunderstanding relative to objects of discussion mentioned in the second and fifth articles of the convention of the eighth Vendemiaire an 9 (30th September, 1800), relative to the rights claimed by the United States, in virtue of the treaty concluded at Madrid the 27th October, 1795, between his Catholic majesty and the said United States, and willing to strengthen the union and friendship which at the time of the said convention was happily re-established between the two nations, have respectively named their plenipotentiaries, to wit, the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the senate of the said States, Robert R. Livingston, minister plenipotentiary of the United States, and James Monroe, minister plenipotentiary and envoy extraordinary of the said States, near the government of the French republic; and the First Consul, in the name of the French people, citizen Francis Barbé-Marbois, minister of the public treasury, who, after having respectively exchanged their full powers, have agreed to the following articles :

1.

ARTICLE I.

WHEREAS, by the article the third of the treaty concluded at St. Ildelfonso, the 9th Vendemiaire, an 9 (1st. October, 1800), between the First Consul of the French Republic and his Catholic majesty, it was agreed as follows: «His Catholic majesty promises and engages on his part to cede to the French Republic, six months after the full and entire execution of the conditions and stipulations herein relative to his royal highness the Duke of Parma, the colony or province of Louisiana, with the same extent that it now has in the hands of Spain and that it had when France possessed it; and such as it should be after the treaties subsequently entered into between Spain and other slales. » And whereas, in pursuance of the treaty, and particularly of the third article, the French Republic has an incontestible title to the domain and to the possession of the said territory: the First Consul of the French Republic desiring to give to the United States a strong proof of his friendship, doth hereby cede to the said United States, in the name of the French Republic, for ever and in full sovereignty, the said territory with all its rights and appurtenances, as fully and in the same manner as they have been acquired by the French Republic in virtue of the above-mentioned treaty concluded with his Catholic majesty.

ARTICLE II.

In the cession made by the preceding article are included the adjacent islands belonging to Louisiana, all public lots and squares, vacant lands, and all public buildings, fortifications, barracks, and other edifices which are not private property. The archives, papers and documents, relative to the domain and sovereignty of Louisiana and its dependencies, will be left in the possession of the com

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