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such collection, and for all public monies for which he may be responsible.

SEC. 24. No bill shall have the force of a law until, on three several days, it be read over in each house of the general assembly, and free discussion allowed thereon; unless in case of urgency, four-fifths of the house where the bill shall be depending may deem it expedient to dispense with this rule:

SEC. 25. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house of representatives, but the senate may propose amendments as in other bills; provided that they shall not introduce any new matter under the colour of an amendment which does not relate to raising a revenue.

SEC. 26. The general assembly shall regulate, by law, by whom and in what manner writs of election shall be issued to fill the vacancies which may happen in either branch thereof.

ARTICLE III.

Concerning the executive department.

SEC. 1. The supreme executive power of the state shall be vested in a chief magistrate, who shall be styled the Governor of the State of Louisiana.

Sec. 2. The governor shall be elected for the term of four years in the following manner : the citizens entitled to vote for representatives shall vote for a governor at the time and place of voting for representatives and senators. Their votes shall be returned by the persons presiding over the elections to the seat of government, addressed to the president of the senate, and on the second day of the general assembly the members of the two houses shall meet in the house of representatives, and immediately after the two candidates, who shall have obtained the greatest number of votes, shall be ballotted for, and the one having a niajority of votes shall be governor. - Provided, however, that if more than two candidates have obtained the highest number of votes, it shall be the duty of the general assembly to ballot for them in the manner above prescribed, and in case several candidates should obtain an equal number of votes next to the candidate who has obtained the highest number, it shall be the duty of the general assembly to select in the same manner the candidate who is to be ballotted for with him who has obtained the highest number of votes.

SEC. 3. The governor shall be ineligible for the succeeding four years after the expiration of the time for which he shall have been elected.

Sec. 4. He shall be at least thirty five years of age, and a citizen of the United States, and have been an inhabitant of this state at least six years preceding hiselection, and shall hold in his own right a landed estate of five thousand dollars value, agreeably to the tax list.

Sec. 5. He shall commence the execution of his office on the fourth Monday succeeding the day of his election, and shall continue in the execution thereof until the end of four weeks next succeeding the election of his successor, and until his successor shall have taken the oaths or affirmations prescribed by this constitution.

Sec. 6. No member of congress, or person holding any office under the United States, or minister of any religious society, shall be eligible to the office of governor.

Sec. 7. The governor shall, at stated times, receive for his services a compensation which shall neither be encreased nor diminished during the term for which he shall have been elected..

Sec. 8. He shall he commander-in-chief of the army and navy of this state, and of the militia thereof, except when they shall be called into the service of the United States, but he shall not command personally in the field, unless he shall be advised so to do by a resolution of the general assembly.

SEC. 9. He shall nominale and appoint, with the advice and consent of the senate, judges, sheriffs, and all other officers whose offices are established by this constitution, and whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for. —Provided however that the legislature shall have a right to prescribe the mode of appointment of all other offices to be established by law.

SEC. 10. The governor shall have power to fill up'vacancies that may happen during the recess of the legislature, by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of the next session.

Sec. 11. He shall have power to remit fines and forfeitures, and, except in cases of impeachment, to grant reprieves and pardons, with the approbation of the senate. In cases of treason he shall have power to grant reprieves until the end of the next session of the general assembly in which the power of pardoning shall be vested.

SEC. 12. He may require information in writing from the officers in the executive department, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices.

Sec. 13. He shall from time to time give to the general assembly information respecting the situation of the state, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he may deem expedient.

SEC. 14. He may on extraordinary occasions convene the general assembly at the seat of government, or at a different place if that should have become dangerous from an enemy or from contagious disorders; and in case of disagreement between the two houses with respect to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he may think proper, not exceeding fotur months.

SEC. 15. He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.

SEC. 16. It shall be his duty to visit the different counlies at least once in every two years, to inform himself

of the state of the mililia and the general condition of the country.

SEC. 17. In case of the impeachment of the governor, his removal from office, death, refusal to qualify, resignation, or absence from the state, the president of the senate shall exercise all the power and authority appertaining to the office of governor, until another be duly qualified, or the governor absent or impeached shall return or be acquitted.

SEC. 18. The president of the senate, during the time he administers the government, shall receive the same compensation which the governor would have received had he been employed in the duties of his office.

SEC. 19. A secretary of state shall be appointed and commissioned during that term for which the governor shall have been elected, if he shall so long behave himself well; he shall keep a fair register, and attest all official acts and proceedings of the governor, and shall, when required, lay the same and all papers, minutes and rouchers relative thereto, before either house of the general assembly, and shall perform such other duties as may be enjoined him by law.

Sec. 20. Every bill which shall have passed both houses shall be presented to the governor, if he approve he shall sign it, if not he shall return it with his objection to the house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large upon their journal, and proceed to re-consider it—if after such re-consideration two-thirds of all the members elected to that house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise be re-considered and if approved by two-thirds of all the members elected to that house, it shall be a law; but in such cases the voles of both houses shall be determined by yeas and rays, and the names of the members voting for

and against the bill, shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively ; if any bill shall not be returned by the governor within len days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, it shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the general assembly by their adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall be a law, unless sent back within three days after their next meeting.

SEC. 21. Every order, resolution or vote, to which the concurrence of both houses

may

be

necessary, except on a question of adjournment, shall be presented to the governor,

and before it shall take effecl be approved by him; or, being disapproved, shall be re-passed by twothirds of both houses.

SEC. 22. The free white men of this state shall be armed and disciplined for its defence; but those who belong to religious societies whose tenets forbid them to cairy arms, shall not be compelled so to do, but shall

pay an equivalent for personal service.

Sec. 23. "The militia of this state shall be organized in such manner as may be hereafter deemed most expedient by the legislature.

ARTICLE IV.

Concerning the judiciary department.

Sec. 1. The judiciary power shall be vested in a supreme court and inferior courts.

Sec. 2. The supreme court shall have appellale jurisdiction only, which jurisdiction shall extend to all civil cases when the matter in dispute shall exceed the sum of three hundred dollars. *

* 3 Martin 2, Bermudez vs. Ibanez: id. 43. Laverty vs. Duplessis: id. 171, 182, Agnez vs. Judice: id. 363, Ogren vs. Blackman: id. 322, Harper vs. his creditors.

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