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ducing the cumbersome merit lists and ensuring the appointment from the most capable. This would give irresistible strength to the old criticism that examinations are frequently too scholastic and exacting, while if the project were carried to its logical conclusion the area of selection would be reduced to three or less persons and the limitations of the old rules thus restored in a round-about-way. Another proposition is that the records of the fitness examinations shall be recorded as fully as those for merit, but this affords no relief from requiring the attendance of throngs of candidates at every test for fitness at an intolerable expense; and as the examiners are subordinates in the office where the vacancy is to be filled the same opportunity is afforded for "coaching" in advance favored competitors as has been detected when the questions for a merit examination have not been in the exclusive knowledge and charge of the Civil Service Commission and its selected agents. In brief, so long as appointing officers have any participation in the conduct of civil service examinations there will be danger that considerations other than those for the public weal may govern their results. I have faithfully endeavored to find some means whereby under your direction this danger could be averted by restrictive rules or other available means, but the defects in the law are inherent and so incurable by any device of administration.
The only effective remedy for these inherent defects is in my opinion a restoration of the previous law, since no possible circumspection could detect abuses of the present clear opportunities for favoritism, and its consequent evils and denial of fair play to all, granted to so many distinct officers. I do not see how they could be effectively guarded against by the vigilance of this Commission, aided by that of all citizens, official or other
wise, who desire to sustain the constitutional provision for the civil service, supplemented by your own purpose to punish, so far as you have the power, any infraction of that provision, in its letter or spirit.
SILAS W. BURT,
Civil Service Commissioner.
CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS OF THE CITY OF ALBANY, BROOK-
1. OPINIONS OF THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL, 1897.
2. DECISIONS OF THE SUPREME COURT AND COURT OF APPEALS, 1897.
CIVIL SERVICE STATUTES, RULES, CLASSIFICATION, REGULA
SAMPLES OF EXAMINATION QUESTIONS.
ROSTER OF STATE EMPLOYES.