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17. to Territorial legislation, the revision thereof, and aftecting Territories or the admission of States: to the Committee on the Territories;
18. to railways and canals, other than Pacific railroads: to the Committee on Railways and Canals;
19. to the manufacturing industries: to the Committee on Manufactures; 20. to the mining interests: to the Committee on Mines and Mining;
21. to the public buildings and occupied or improved grounds of the United States, other than appropriations therefor: to the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds;
22. to the railroads and telegraphic lines between the Mississippi River and the Pacific coast: to the Committee on Pacific Railroads;
23. to the levees of the Mississippi River: to the Committee on Levees and Improvements of the Mississippi River;
24. to education: to the Committee on Education; 25. to and affecting labor: to the Committee on Labor; 26. to the militia of the several States: to the Committee on the Militia;
27. to patents, copyrights, and trade-marks: to the Committee on Patents;
28. to the pensions of the Civil War: to the Committee on Invalid Pensions;
29. to the pensions of all the wars of the United States, other than the civil war: to the Committee on Pensions;
30. to private and domestic claims and demands, other than war claims, against the United States: to the Committee on Claims;
31. to claims arising from any war in which the United States has been engaged: to the Committee on War Claims;
32. to private claims to lands: to the Committee on Private Land Claims;
33. to the District of Columbia, other than appropriations therefor: to the Committee for the District of Columbia;
34. to the revision and codification of the statutes of the United States: to the Committee on the Revision of the Laws;
35. The examination of the accounts and expenditures of the several Departments of the government and the manner of keeping the same; the economy, justness, and correctness of such expenditures; their conformity with appropriation laws; the proper application of public moneys; the security of the government against unjust and extravagant demands; retrenchment; the enforcement of the payment of moneys due to the United States; the economy and accountability of public officers; the abolishment of useless offices; the reduction or increase of the pay of officers, shall all be subjects within the jurisdiction of the eight standing committees on the public expenditures, in the several Departments, as follows:
36. In the Department of State: to the Committee on Expenditures in the State Department;
37. In the Treasury Department: to the Committee on Expenditures in the Treasury Department;
38. In the War Department: to the Committee on Expenditures in the War Department;
39. In the Navy Department: to the Committee on Expenditures in the Navy Department;
40. In the Post-Office Department: to the Committee on Expenditures in the Post-Office Department;
41. In the Interior Department: to the Committee on Expenditures in the Interior Department;
42. In the Department of Justice: to the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Justice;
43. * In the Department of Agriculture: to the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Agriculture;
44. On public buildings: to the Committee on Expenditures on Public Buildings;
45. All proposed action touching the rules and joint rules and order of business shall be referred to the Committee on Rules;
46. Touching the expenditure of the contingent fund of the House, the auditing and settling of all accounts which may be charged therein by order of the House: to the Committee on Accounts;
47. The ascertainment of the travel of members of the House shall be made by the Committee on Mileage and reported to the Sergeant-at-Arms;
48. Touching the Library of Congress, statuary, and pictures: to the Joint Committee on the Library;
49. All proposed legislation or orders touching printing shall be referred to the Joint Committee on Printing on the part of the House;
50. The enrollment of engrossed bills; to the Joint Committee on Enrolled Bills;
51. The following-named committees shall have leave to report at any time on the matters herein stated, viz.: The Committee on Rules, on rules, joint rules, and order of business; the Committee on Elections, on the right of a member to his seat; the Committee on Ways and Means, on bills raising revenue; the committees having jurisdiction of appropriations, the general appropriation bills; the Committee on Rivers and Harbors, bills for the improvement of rivers and harbors; the Committee on the Public Lands, bills for the forfeiture of land grants to railroads and other corporations, bills preventing speculation in the public lands, and bills for the preservation of the public lands for the benefit of actual and bona fide settlers; the Committee on Enrolled Bills, enrolled bills; the Committee on Printing, on all matter re ferred to them of printing for the use of the House or two houses: the Committee on Accounts, on all matters of expenditure of the contingent fund of the House.
It shall always be in order to call up for consideration a report from the Committee on Rules, and pending the consideration the Speaker may entertain one motion that the House adjourn; but after the result is announced, he shall not entertain any other dilatory motion until the said report shall have been fully disposed of. Any commission authorized by law to report by bill to the House shall have leave to report such bill at any time, and may call the same up for consideration as provided in the fifth clause of Rule XXIV.
52. No committee shall sit during the sitting of the House without special leave.
53. It shall be the duty of the several committees having jurisdiction of the general appropriation bills to report said appropriation bills (except the general deficiency bill) within eighty days after the committees are announced in a long session, and within forty days after the commencement of a short session; and if any committee fail to so report, the reasons of such failure shall be privileged for consideration when called for by any member of the House.
The speaker shall appoint from among the delegates one additional member on each of the following committees, viz.: Coinage, Weights and Measures; Agriculture; Military Affairs; Post-Office and Post-Roads; Public Lands; Indian Affairs; Private Land Claims; and Mines and Mining; and two on the Committee on the Territories; and they shall possess in their respective committees the same powers and privileges as in the House, and may make any motion except to reconsider.
1. There shall be three calendars of business reported from committees, viz.:
First. A Calendar of the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union; to which shall be referred bills raising revenue, general appropriation bills, and bills of a public character, directly or indirectly appropriating money or property;
Second. A House Calendar, to which shall be referred all bills of a public character not raising revenue nor directly or indirectly appropriating money or property; and
Third. A Calendar of the Committee of the Whole House, to which shall be referred all bills of a private character.
2. The question of reference of any proposition, other than that reported from a committee, shall be decided without debate, in the following order, viz: a standing committee, a select committee; but the reference of a proposition reported by a committee, when demanded, shall be decided according to its character, without debate, in the following order, viz.: House Calendar, Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union, Committee of the Whole House, a standing committee, a select committee. All reports of committees on private bills, together with the views of the minority, shall be delivered to the clerk for printing and reference to the proper calendar under the direction of the Speaker in accordance with the foregoing clause, and the titles or subjects thereof shall be entered on the journal and printed in the Record.
OF DECORUM AND DEBATE.
1. When any member desires to speak or deliver any matter to the House, he shall rise and respectfully address himself to “Mr. Speaker,” and, on being recognized, may address the House from any place on the floor or from the Clerk's desk, and shall confine himself to the question under debate, avoiding personality.
2. When two or more members rise at once, the Speaker shall name the member who is first to speak; and no member shall occupy more than one hour in debate on any question in the House or in the committee, except as further provided in this rule.
3. The member reporting the measure under consideration from a committee may open and close, where general debate has been had thereon; and if it shall extend beyond one day, he shall be entitled to one hour to close, notwithstanding he may have used an hour in opening.
4. If any member, in speaking or otherwise, transgress the rules of the House, the Speaker shall, or any member may, call him to order; in which case he shall immediately sit down, unless permitted, on motion of another member, explain, and the House shall, if appealed to, decide on the case, without debate; if the decision is in favor of the member called to order, he shall be at liberty to proceed, but not otherwise; and, if the case require it, he shall be liable to censure or such punishment as the House may deem proper.
5. If a member is called to order for words spoken in debate, the member calling him to order shall indicate the words excepted to, and they shall be taken down in writing at the Clerk's desk and read aloud to the House; but he shall not be held to answer, nor be subject to the censure of the House therefor, if further debate or other business has intervened.
6. No member shall speak more than once to the same question without leave of the House, unless he be the mover, proposer, or introducer of the matter pending, in which case he shall be permitted to speak in reply, but not until every member choosing to speak shall have spoken.
7. While the Speaker is putting a question or addressing the House no member shall walk out of or across the hall, nor, when a member is speaking, pass between him and the Chair; and during the session of the House no member shall wear his hat, or remain by the Clerk's desk during the call of the roll or the counting of ballots, or smoke upon the floor of the House; and the Sergeant-at-Arms and Doorkeeper are charged with the strict enforcement of this clause.
ON CALLS OF THE ROLL AND HOUSE.
1. Upon every roll-call the names of the members shall be called alphabetically by surname, except when two or more have the same surname, in which ease the name of the State shall be added; and if there be two such members from the same State, the whole name shall be called; and after the roll has been once called, the Clerk shall call in their alphabetical order the names of those not voting; and thereafter the Speaker shall not entertain a request to record a vote or announce a pair.
2. In the absence of a quorum, fifteen members, including the Speaker, if there is one, shall be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, and in all calls of the House the names of the members shall be called by the Clerk, and the absentees noted; the doors shall then be closed, and those for whom no sufficient excuse is made may, by order of a majority of those present, be sent for and arrested, wherever they may be found, by officers to be appointed by the Sergeant-at-Arms for that purpose, and their attendance secured; and the House shall determine upon what condition they shall be discharged.
Members who voluntarily appear shall, unless the House otherwise direct, be immediately admitted to the Hall of the House, and they shall report their names to the Clerk to be entered upon the journal as present.
ON MOTIONS, THEIR PRECEDENCE, ETC. 1. Every motion made to the House and entertained by the Speaker shall be reduced to writing on the demand of any member, and shall be entered on the journal with the name of the member making it, unless it is withdrawn the same day.
2. When a motion has been made, the Speaker shall state it, or (if it be in writing) cause it to be read aloud by the Clerk before being debated, and it shall then be in possession of the House, but may be withdrawn at any time before a decision or amendment.
3. When any motion or proposition is made, the question, Will the House now consider it ? shall not be put unless demanded by a member.
4. When a question is under debate no motion shall be received but to fix the day to which the House shall adjourn, to adjourn, to take a recess, to lay on the table, for the previous question (which motions shall be decided with out debate), to postpone to a day certain, to refer or amend, or to postpone indefinitely, which several motions shall have precedence in the foregoing order; and 'no motion to postpone to a day certain, to refer, or to postpone indefinitely, being decided, shall be again allowed on the same day at the same stage of the question.
5. A motion to fix the day to which the House shall adjourn, a motion to adjourn, and to take a recess shall always be in order, and the hour at which the House adjourns shall be entered on the journal.
6. On the demand of any member, before the question is put, a question shall be divided if it include propositions so distinct-in substance that one being taken away a substantive proposition shall remain.
7. A motion to strike out and insert is indivisible, but a motion to strike out being lost shall neither preclude amendment nor motion to strike out and insert; and no motion or proposition on a subject different from that under consideration shall be admitted under color of amendment.
8. Pending a motion to suspend the rules the Speaker may entertain one motion that the House adjourn; but after the result thereon is announced he shall not entertain any other dilatory motion till the vote is taken on suspension.
9. At any time after the expiration of the morning hour it shall be in order to move that the House resolve itself into the Committee of the whole House on the state of the Union for the purpose of considering bills raising revenue, or general appropriation bills.
1. There shall be a motion for the previous question, which, being ordered by a majority of members present, if a quorum, shall have the effect to cut off all debate and bring the House to a direct vote upon the immediate question or questions on which it has been asked and ordered. The previous question may be asked and ordered upon a single motion, a series of motions allowable under the rules, or an amendment or amendments, or may be made to embrace all authorized motions or amendments and include the bill to its engrossment and third reading, and then, on renewal and second of said motion, to its passage or rejection. It shall be in order, pending the motion for or after the previous question shall have been ordered on its passage, for the Speaker to entertain and submit a motion to commit, with or without instructions, to a standing or select committee; and a motion to lay upon the table shall be in order on the second and third reading of a bill.
2. A call of the House shall not be in order after the previous question is ordered, unless it shall appear upon an actual count by the Speaker that a quorum is not present.
3. All incidental questions of order arising after a motion is made for the previous question and pending such motion, shall be decided, whether on appeal or otherwise, without debate.
1. When a motion has been made and carried or lost, it shall be in order for any member of the majority, on the same or succeeding day, to move for the reconsideration thereof, and such motion shall take precedence of all other questions except the consideration of a conference report, a motion to tix the day to which the House shall adjourn, to adjourn, or to take a recess, and shall not be withdrawn after the said succeeding day without the consent of the House, and thereafter any member may call it up for consideration : Provided, That such motion, if made during the last six days of a session, shall be disposed of when made.