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2. No bill, petition, memorial, or resolution referred to a committee, or reported therefrom for printing and recommitment, shall be brought back into the House on a motion to reconsider; and all bills, petitions, memorials, or resolutions reported from a committee shall be accompanied by reports in writing, which shall be printed.
When a motion or proposition is under consideration, a motion to amend and a motion to amend that amendment shall be in order, and it shall also be in order to offer a further amendment by way of substitute, to which one amendment may be offered, but which shall not be voted on until the original matter is perfected, but either may be withdrawn before amendment or decision is had thereon.
OF AMENDMENTS OF TIIE SENATE.
Any amendment of the Senate to any House bill shall be subject to the point of order that it shall first be considered in the Committee of the whole House on the state of the Union if, originating in the House, it would be subject to that point.
1. Bills and joint resolutions on their passage shall be read the first time by title and the second time in full, when, if the previous question is ordered, the Speaker shall state the question to be: Shall the bill be engrossed and read a third time? and if decided in the affirmative, it shall be read the third time by title, unless the reading in full is demanded by a member, and the question shall then be put upon its passage.
2. No appropriation shall be reported in any general appropriation bill, or be in order as an amendment thereto, for any expenditure not previously authorized by law, unless in continuation of appropriations for such public works and objects as are already in progress. Nor shall any provision in any such bill or amendment thereto changing existing law be in order, except such as, being germane to the subject matter of the bill, shall retrench expenditures by the reduction of the number and salary of the officers of the United States, by the reduction of the compensation of any person paid out of the Treasury of the United States, or by the reduction of amounts of money covered by the bill: Provided, That it shall be in order further to amend such bill upon the report of the committee having jurisdiction of the subjectmatter of such amendment, which amendment, being germane to the subject-matter of the bill, shall retrench expenditures.
3. All bills for improvements of rivers and harbors, and all bills of a private nature, shall be delivered to the Clerk, as in the case of memorials and petitions, for reference to appropriate committees.
4. No bill for the payment or adjudication of any private claim against the government shall be referred, except by unanimous consent, to any other than the following-named committees, viz.: To the Committee on Invalid Pensions, to the Committee on Pensions, to the Committee on Claims, to the Committee on War Claims, to the Committee on Private Land Claims, and to the Committee on Accounts,
OF PETITIONS, MEMORIALS, BILLS, AND RESOLUTIONS. 1. Members having petitions or memorials or bills of a private nature to present may deliver them to the Clerk, indorsing their names and the reference or disposition to be made thereof; and said petitions and memorials and bills of a private nature, except such as, in the judgment of the Speaker, are of an obscene or insulting character, shall be entered on the journal with the names of the members presenting them, and the Clerk shall furnish a transcript of such entry to the official reporters of debates for publication in the Record.
2. Any petition or memorial or private bill excluded under this rule shall be returned to the member from whom it was received; and petitions and private bills which have been inappropriately referred may, by direction of the committee having possession of the same, be properly referred in the manner originally presented; and an erroneous reference of a petition or private bill under this clause shall not confer jurisdiction upon the committee to consider or report the same.
3. All other bills, memorials, and resolutions, may in like manner be delivered, indorsed with the names of members introducing them, to the Speaker, to be by him referred, and the titles and references thereof shall be entered on the journal and printed in the Record of the next day, and correction in case of error of reference may be made by the House in accordance with Rule XI within three days immediately after the reading of the journal, by unanimous consent, or on motion of a committee claiming jurisdiction, or on the report of the committee to which the bill has been erroneously referred.
4. All resolutions of inquiry addressed to the heads of Executive Departments shall be reported to the House within one week after presentation.
OF COMMITTEES OF THE WHOLE HOUSE.
1. In all cases, in forming a Committee of the Whole House, the Speaker shall leave his chair after appointing a Chairman to preside, who shall, in case of disturbance or disorderly conduct in the galleries or lobby, have power to cause the same to be cleared.
2. Whenever a Committee of the Whole House finds itself without a quorum, the Chairman shall cause the roll to be called, and thereupon the committee shall rise, and the Chairman shall report the names of the absentees to the House, which shall be entered on the journal; but if on such call a quorum shall appear, the committee shall thereupon resume its sitting without further order of the House.
3. All motions or propositions involving a tax or charge upon the people; all proceedings touching appropriations of money, or bills making appropriations of money or property, or requiring such appropriation to be made, or authorizing payments out of appropriations already made, or releasing any liability to the United States for money or property, shall be first considered in a Committee of the Whole, and a point of order under this rule shall be good at any time before the consideration of a bill has commenced.
4. In Committees of the Whole House, business on their calendars shall be taken up in regular order, except bills for raising revenue, general appropriation bills, and bills for the improvement of rivers and harbors, which shall have precedence, and when objection is made to passing over any bill or proposition, the committee shall thereupon rise and report such objection to the House, which shall decide, without debate, whether such bill or proposition shall be considered or laid aside for the present; whereupon the committee shall resume its sitting without further order of the House.
5. When general debate is closed by order of the House, any member shall be allowed tive minutes to explain any amendment he may offer, after which the member who shall first obtain the floor shall be allowed to speak five minutes in opposition to it, and there shall be no further debate thereon; but the same privilege of debate shall be allowed in favor of and against any amendment that may be offered to an amendment; and neither an amendment nor an amendment to an amendment shall be withdrawn by the mover thereof unless by the unanimous consent of the committee.
6. The House may, by the vote of the majority of the members present, at any time after the five minutes' debate has begun upon proposed amendments to any section or paragraph to a bill, close all debate upon such section or paragraph, or, at its election, upon the pending amendments only (which motion shall be decided without debate); but this shall not preclude further amendment, to be decided without debate.
7. A motion to strike out the enacting words of a bill shall have precedence of a motion to amend; and, if carried, shall be considered equivalent to its rejection. Whenever a bill is reported from a Committee of the Whole with an adverse recommendation, and such recommendation is disagreed to by the House, the bill shall stand recommitted to the said committee without further action by the House. But before the question of concurrence is submitted, it is in order to entertain a motion to refer the bill to any committee, with or without instructions, and when the same is again reported to the House it shall be referred to the Committee of the Whole without debate.
The rules of proceeding in the House shall be observed in Committees of the Whole House so far as they may be applicable.
ORDER OF BUSINESS.
1. After the journal is read and approved each day, the Speaker shall lay before the House, for reference, inessages from the President, reports and communications from the heads of Departments, and other communications addressed to the House, and also such bills, resolutions, and other messages from the Senate as may have been received on previous days, but no such message, report, communication, bill, or resolution shall be printed except by order of the Speaker of the House; and House bills with Senate amendments which do not require consideration in Committee of the Whole may be at once disposed of as the House may determine.
2. On all days other than the first and third Mondays in each month as soon as the business on the Speaker's table bas been disposed of, there shall be a morning hour for reports from committees, which shall be appropriately referred and printed, and a copy thereof mailed by the Public Printer to each member and delegate, if requested in writing by the member or delegate; and the Speaker shall call upon each standing committee in regular order and then upon the select committees; and if the whole of the hour is not consumed by this call, then it shall be in order to proceed to the consideration of other business as hereinafter provided; but if he shall not complete the call within the hour, he shall resume it in the succeeding morning hour where he left off.
3. The morning hour for the call of committees shall not be dispensed with except by a vote of two-thirds of those present and voting thereon,
4. After the morning hour shall have been devoted to reports from committees (or the call completed), the Speaker shall again call the committees
in regular order for one hour, upon which call each committee, on being named, shall have the right to call up for consideration any bill reported by it on a previous day, on either the House or Union Calendar. And whenever any committee shall have occupied the said hour for one day, it shall not be in order for such committee to designate any other proposition for consideration until all the other committees shall have been called in their turn; and when any proposition shall have occupied two hours on this call it shall thereafter remain on the Calendar as unfinished business and be taken up in its order: Provided, That when the hour herein prescribed shall expire while the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union is considering a bill, the said committee shall rise without motion therefor.
5. After the hour under the preceding clause shall have been occupied, it shall be in order to proceed to the consideration of the unfinished business in which the House may have been engaged at an adjournment, and at the same time each day thereafter, other than the first and third Mondays, until disposed of; and it shall be in order to proceed to the consideration of all other unfinished business whenever the class of business to which it belongs shall be in order.
6. Unfinished business, if any, having been disposed of, motions shall be in order as follows:
First. That the House resolve itself into the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union to consider, first, bills raising revenue and general appropriation bills, and then other business on its Calendar.
Second. To proceed to the consideration of business on the House Calendar.
Third. On Friday of each week, after the morning hour, it shall be in order to entertain a motion that the House resolve itself into the Committee of the Whole House to consider business on the Private Calendar; and if this fail, then public business shall be in order as on other days.
PRIORITY OF BUSINESS.
All questions relating to the priority of business shall be decided by a majority without debate.
PRIVATE AND DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA BUSINESS.
1. Friday in every week shall be set apart for the consideration of private business, unless otherwise determined by the House.
2. The second and fourth Mondays in each month shall, when claimed by the Committee on the Distriet of Columbia, be set apart for the consideration of such business as may be presented by said committee.
3. Every Friday, unless otherwise ordered by the House, there shall be a session of the House, to begin at 8 o'clock P. m., and to terminate at halfpast 10 o'clock P. M., to consider and dispose of bills to remove political disabilities of individuals and private bills reported by the Committee on Pensions and the Committee on Invalid Pensions.
UNFINISHED BUSINESS OF THE SESSION.
After six days from the commencement of a second or a subsequent session of any Congress, all bills, resolutions, and reports which originated in the House, and remained undetermined at the close of the last preceding session, shall be in order for action, and all business before committees of the House at the end of one session shall be resumed at the commencement of the next session of the same Congress in the same manner as if no adjournment had taken place.
CHANGE OR SUSPENSION OF RULES, 1. No standing rule or order of the House shall be rescinded or changed without one day's notice of the motion therefor, and no rule shall be suspended except by a vote of two-thirds of the members present, nor shall the Speaker entertain a motion to suspend the rules except on the first and third Mondays of each month, preference being given on the first Monday to individuals and on the third Monday to committees, and during the last six days of a session.
2. All motions to suspend the rules shall, before being submitted to the House, be seconded by a majority by tellers, if demanded.
3. When a motion to suspend the rules has been seconded, it shall be in order, before the final vote is taken thereon, to debate the proposition to be voted upon for thirty minutes, one-half of such time to be given to debate in favor of, and one-half to debate in opposition to, such proposition, and the same right of debate shall be allowed whenever the previous question has been ordered on any proposition on which there has been no debate.
The presentation of reports of committees of conference shall always be in order, except when the journal is being read, while the roll is being called, or the House is dividing on any proposition. And there shall accompany every such report a detailed statement sufliciently explicit to inform the House what effect such amendments or propositions will have upon the mcasures to which they relate.
Whenever confidential communications are received from the President of the United States, or whenever the Speaker or any member shall inform the House that he has communications which he believes ought to be kept secret for the present, the House shall be cleared of all persons except the members and oflicers thereof, and so continue during the reading of such communications, the debates and proceedings thereon, unless otherwise ordered by the House.
READING OF PAPERS.
When the reading of a paper other than one upon which the House is called to give a tinal vote is demanded, and the same is objected to by any member, it shall be determined without debate by a vote of the House.
DRAWING OF SEATS.
1. At the commencement of each Congress, immediately after the members and delegates are sworn in, the Clerk shall place in a box, prepared for