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Statement showing the different monthly rates of pension, and the number pen. sioned at each rate, of the Army and Navy invalids, etc.-Continued.

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THE army of the United States, in 1890, consisted of the following forces, in officers and men :

Officers. Enlisted Men. Aggregate. Ten cavalry regiments.


6,482 Five artillery regiments.


3,957 Twenty-five infantry regiments.


13,002 Engineer battalion, recruiting parties,ordnance

department, hospital service, Indian scouts,
West Point, signal detachment, and general






25, 220



The United States are divided into eight military departments as follows:

DEPARTMENT OF THE EAST.-New England States, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio and the District of Columbia.

DEPARTMENT THE MISSOURI. - Michigan, Wisconsin, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, Indian and Oklahoma Territories.

DEPARTMENT OF CALIFORNIA.-California (excepting that portion south of the 35th parallel) and Nevada.

DEPARTMENT OF DAKOTA.- Minnesota, South Dakota (excepting so much as lies south of the 44th parallel), North Dakota, Montana and the post of Fort Yellowstone, Wyo.


DEPARTMENT OF THE PLATTE.—Iowa, Nebraska, Colorado and Wyoming (excepting the post of Fort Yellowstone, Wyo.), Utah, so much of Idaho as lies east of a line formed by the extension of the western boundary of Utah to the northeastern boundary of Idaho, and so much of South Dakota as lies south of the 44th parallel.

DEPARTMENT OF ARIZONA.–Arizona and New Mexico, and California south of the 35th parallel.

DEPARTMENT OF THE COLUMBIA. --Oregon, Washington, Idaho and Alaska, excepting so much of Idaho as is embraced in the Department of the Platte.

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After After After After

5 years' 10 years' 15 years' 20 years' Yearly. Monthly. service, service, service, service,

10 p. e. 20 p. c. 30 p. c. 40 p. c.

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service. service. service, service,

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NOTES. 1. An Aide-de-Camp to a Major-General is allowed $200 per year in addition to the pay of bis rank, not to be included in computing the service increase.-(Section 1,261, Revised Statutes.)

2. An Aide-de-Camp to a Brigadier-General is allowed $150 a year in addition to the pay of his rank, not to be included in computing the service increase.—(Section 1,261, Revised Statutes.)

3. An Acting Commissary of Subsistence is allowed $100 per year in addition to the pay of his rank, not to be included in computing the service increase.-(Section 1,201, Revised Statutes.)

4. Assistant Surgeons are entitled to the pay of Captain after five years' service, service to be reckoned from date of acceptance of appointment or commission.

5. Retired officers receive 75 per cent. of pay (salary and increase) of their rank.

6. A retired Chaplain receives 75 per cent. of pay (salary and increase) of his rank (Captain not mounted).

7. The officer in charge of the public buildings and grounds (Washington) has, while so serving, the rank, pay and emoluments of a Colonel.

8. For additional pay as mounted officers, see pars. 2,385 and 2,386, Regulations of the Army, 1881.

9. The principal assistant in the Ordnance Bureau of the War Department shall receive a compensation, including pay and emoluments, not exceeding that of a Major of Ordnance.

10. An Acting Judge-Advocate, detailed by the Secretary of War, is entitled to the pay and allowances of Captain of Cavalry.


Pay Department
Pay Department, bounty and miscellaneous.
Commissary Department.
Quartermaster's Department.
Medical Department
Ordnance Department.
Armories and arsenals.
Military Academy.
Improving rivers and harbors.
Damages by improvement of Fox and Wisconsin rivers.
Construction of military posts, roads, etc.
National cemeteries, roads, etc.
Expenses of recruiting.
Contingencies of the Army.
Signal Service
Expenses of military convicts..
Publication of official records of the war of the rebellion,
Support of National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers..
Support of Soldiers' Home.
Soldiers' Home permanent fund and interest account.
Support of military prison, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas,
Yellowstone National Park
Claims, reimbursements, reliefs, etc..
Miscellaneous items...


1,316,794.71 1,685,577.44 9,002,882.33

807,406.49 2,233,741.64


236,399.14 12,250,627,23

158,293.87 676,465.81 687,628.42 231,718.17 104,841.48

16,580.57 753,284.70

5,889.36 199,560.38 3,082,411.37

308,458.44 278,160.93 76,836.45 49,999.90 607,977.05 23,025.99

Total Military Establishment.




SINCE July 1, 1890, $4 a month has been retained from the pay of each enlisted man in the Army for the first year of his enlistment, to be paid him at discharge from the service, and forfeited unless he serves honestly and faithfully to the date of discharge—this sum to be treated as a deposit and bear interest from the end of the year in which it shall have accrued. Enlistments shall continue to be made for five years, but at the end of three years every soldier whose antecedent service has been faithful shall be entitled to a furlough for three months and at the end of such furlough, in time of peace, shall be entitled to his discharge on application, but soldiers so discharged shall not be entitled to the allowances provided in Section 1,290 of the Revised Statutes.

In time of peace the President may, in his discretion and under such rules and upon such conditions as he shall prescribe, permit any enlisted man to purchase his discharge from the Army. The purchase money to be paid under this section shall be paid to a paymaster of the Army and be deposited in the Treasury to the credit of one or more of the current appropriations for the support of the Army, to be indicated by the Secretary of War, and be available for the payment of expenses incurred during the fiscal year in which the discharge is made.

The Army ration, provided by law, has been increased by the addition thereto of one pound of vegetables, the proportion to be fixed by the Secretary of War.


The act of Jan. 13, 1891, amends Section 1,225, Revised Statutes, concerning details of officers of Army and Navy to educational institutions, so as to permit the President to detail not to exceed 75 U. S. Army officers. The maximum number of Army and Navy officers to be detailed at any one time under the act passed Sept. 26, 1888, amending Section 1,225, Revised Statutes, is increased to 85. No officer shall be detailed to or maintained at any of the educational institutions mentioned where instruction and drill in military tactics is not given ; and nothing in the act shall be construed to prevent the detail of officers of the Engineer Corps of the Navy as professors in scientific schools or colleges as now provided by act of Congress approved Feb. 26, 1879.


The act of Feb. 9, 1891, amends Section 1,216, Revised Statutes, to read that when any enlisted man of the Army shall have distinguished himself in the service the President may, at the recommendation of his commanding officer, grant him a certificate of merit. It also amends Section 1,285, Revised Statutes, to read that a certificate of merit granted to an enlisted man for distinguished service shall entitle him to additional pay at the rate of $2 per month while he is in the military service.


The act of Feb. 16, 1891, provides that when officers placed on the retired list shall have attained the age of 64 they shall be transferred to unlimited list. The limited retired list hereafter is to consist of 350 instead of 400, as now fixed by law. Officers who have been placed on the retired list by special authority of Congress are not to form part of the limited retired list established by this act

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