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Sheep and lambs: Number on farms, by classes, Jan. 1, 1957

(Thousand head]

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1 Includes 14,000 lambs on feed.

Sheep and lambs: Number on farms, by classes, Jan. 1, 1958

[Thousand head]


1 Includes 2,000 lambs on feed.


THIRD CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA Mr. Chairman, I am making this statement supporting H. R. 9539 and H. R. 9995, to extend the National Wool Act of 1954 for an additional 4-year period because the wool industry of this Nation urgently needs more time to revitalize production lost over a 15-year period.

The National Wool Act of 1954 put the wool industry in my six-county congressional district in northern California back in the healthy position of operating under the law of supply and demand. It did the same for practically every other woolgrowing area of the country. Virtually every pound of wool we shear in California, for example, is now being marketed and moved into channels of consumption. This is a far cry from only a few years ago when wool was being stockpiled in warehouses at great cost to the Government.

The act provides for an incentive price for shorn wool, to be established by the Secretary of Agriculture, after consultation with representatives of the industry and after taking into consideration prices paid and other cost conditions affecting sheep production. Growers actually sell their wool in normal marketing channels. At the end of the marketing year, when the average price received for shorn wool by all producers is known, payments are made to bring the national average return per pound up to the incentive level.

Additionally, the act provides a means for wool and lamb producers to spend their own funds to improve the marketing of their products. The growers believe this to be one of the most successful features of a thoroughly successful act.

Improved marketing is the big question mark in all agriculture today, and the wool industry is no exception. Sheepmen know that promotion of their products in this heyday of the American advertising man is of vital importance to the future welfare of their industry. Initial results in promotion by the woolgrowers have shown excellent progress. All they need is more time before the full impact of the advertising and promotion programs they have started will be realized.

As regards actual production of wool, in accord with the intention of the act, the Department of Agriculture discloses that sheep numbers and wool production still continue at low levels. Production of shorn wool in 1957 was approximately 226 million pounds compared with the 300 million pound goal under the act. This net decline, however, is shown to have been due primarily to drought conditions in Texas and several of the Western States.

As I do not need to inform most of the members of this committee, year-to-year increases in wool production can be expected to be only gradual, even under the most favorable conditions. It takes time to build up flock numbers, since, of course, only one lamb crop can be produced annually.

Regardless of the slowness of the industry's recovery, the various woolgrowers' associations in my section of the country inform me that they definitely feel that the National Wool Act is well on the way to accomplish the success that this committee, the Congress, and the sheepmen themselves desire. I urge you to help speed the progress the wool producers have made since 1954, by extending the National Wool Act.

House Office Building,

Washington, D. C.: It is my understanding that the House is now hearing testimony on the National Wool Act. Please have the following statement placed on the record: “The woolgrowing industry in the State of Idaho has long been an important segment of our economy and for it to survive and prosper the sheep growers need the protection of the National Wool Act. I would therefore respectfully urge your favorable report on this measure.


ATLANTA, Ga., February 3, 1958. Hon. HAROLD D. COOLEY,

Chairman, Agriculture Committee, United States House of Representatives,

Washington, D. C.: The renewal of the National Wool Act is essential to the continued production of sheep and wool in the State of Georgia. As Georgia's commissioner of Agriculture I strongly urge your favorable consideration of Legislation for this renewal and I will appreciate your presentation of this telegram to your committee at the time of the hearings in order that it be in your official records.

PHIL CAMPBELL, Georgia Commissioner of Agriculture.


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