« ПретходнаНастави »
even a reputed wife man go very great lengths in her cause ; and it is no secret to the world, that many lives have been facrificed by dif. ferent medical Knights-errant, at the instigation and in the support of their respective Dulcineas.
We mean not to discourage enquiries of the present kind, or to deny that advantages may be derived from the prosecution of them ; but only to infinuate the neceffity of being circumspect and reserved in drawing practical conclufions from them. There is a wide chasm, for instance, even between the most perfect knowledge of the chemical qualities of the bile, or any of the other fluids of the human body, and the applying that knowledge to practice, or to the core of diseases. The conclufion is at so very great a dilance from the premiles ; and the fighteft circumftance, unknown, overlooked, or mistaken, is capable of producing so great a change in the deduction ! Art. 17: A Treatise on the Diseases of Infants and Children.
12mo. 3 s. Johnston. 1772. We see nothing either deserving of praise or censure in this flight compendium, in which the Author has professedly availed himself of such aslistance from the works of preceding writers, as he found to be confirmed by his own experience. The Reader will not meet with much new information in this performance; nor indeed can a suf: ficiently copious and satisfactory account of the nature and cure of the various disorders to which' infants and children are liable, be comprehended in the narrow bounds of a work of this size, Art. 18. Serious Confiderations on fome remarkable Passages in a
Work lately published by Mr. B***, and presented to bis Majesty. 8vo.
Hewitt. 1773. Art. 19. Notes on Mr. William Bromfield's:Two Volumes of. Chirur
gical Observations, &c. &c. By D. A.S. M. D. and Professor of Surgery. 8vo. is. Jiongman. 1773.
We shall not enter into any particular detail of the Atrictures of these two spontaneous Reviewers of Mr. Bromfield's publication. We may perhaps be thought to have fufficiently criticised him already: but our censures will be considered as tender mercies, when compared with the sportive cruekies of the Serious Confiderer, and the more fober: but keen animadversions of the Annotator. We shall observe, with respect to the first, that his ftri&tures are delivered in a continued. ftrain of waggery, and contemptuous irony, commencing with the firft word of the title-page of his pamphlet, and carried on nearly to the end of it.
We cannot however dismiss this waggith critic without exprefling our admiration, and indeed, as Reviewers, our envy, at his astonishing rapidity, confidering him in the three characters of a Reader, a Confiderer, and a Penman. In an advertisement prefixed, he bespeaks the candour of the Reader in excuse for ftyle, &c. on the plea that
the following Observations were 'wrote the fame evening the Author read Mr. B.'s book, and have not undergone any correction. In our present straits, into which the daily increasing multitude of me- . dical publications, and other circumstances have driven us, we heartily with this expeditious gentleman would lend us his machine for a month or two. We use that name; as we are convinced he must
be poflefied of fome fingular mechanical contrivance, to enable him to expedice matters at this violent rate :- such a one belike as Dr. Burney mentions in his late German tour, that writes off voluntaries as fast as a man can conceive and play them.
The criticisms of the, Annotator are rather of a more ferions and argumentative caft. The principal fabjects on which he attacks Mr. Bromfield are, the method proposed by him, above animadverted upon by us, of treating concuffions of the brain ;-his affuming, in more than one instance, the discoveries of others to himself; and the improprieties, fingalarities, and negligences of his style. After treating the Observer with confiderable severity on these and a few other points, he acknowledges the utility of fome of the remarks contained in his performance; various parts of which, he confesses, may be read not only with safety but improvement. Art. 20. Medical and Chirurgical Observations, as an Appendix to
a former Publication. By Benjamin Gooch, Sargeon. 8vo. 5 s. 6 d. bound. Robinson. 1773.
The Public are already well acquainted with the mcrit of the Author's two former publications, the first of which, intitled, Cafes and practical Remarks in Surgery,' was republished a second time in the year 1767, and accompanied with • A pradical Treatise on Wounds, and other Chirurgical Su'jetts* To these two volumes the present will be found a very ufeful fupplement. The extraordinary cases, or other intere ting observations, that have occurred to the Author in the course of a long and extenfive practice, are related with lris usual plain ness and perspicuity; and his reflections on them are evidently those of an attentive, fenable, and well informed observer ; who seem's greatly to have at heart the improvement of his profeffion, and has himself very largely contributed towards it. Art. 21. The Friendly Physician. A new Treatise, &c. &c. By F. Spilsbury, Chymist. 8vo. Wilkie,
1773 The friendly Physician,' who has here benevolently presented us with a New Treatije,' has absolutely been at the pains to scrape to. gether a tolerable large bundle of recipes from dispenfatories, and of choice receipts from private practice;' and--good creature that he is,- has now and then thrown in a word or two into the bargain concerning the virtues of all the compounds, whether orthodox or heterodox, that he has recommended. All this he has done with the friendly view of instructing those who may be disposed to buy his medicine chests- (for this pbyfisian, after all, turns out to be a Chemist) to select the medicines with which they would have the aforesaid receptacles furnished. Different schemes are likewise drawn, and presented to their view, from a fix bottle caje, at fixteen shillings price, up to a twenty-barile case, at iwo guineas. We entertain no doube however but that, if they are disposed to practice on a ftill larger scale, The friendly Physician, and his Carpenter, will strain every nerve to accommodate them.
* See Monthly Review, vol. xviii. page 316, and vol. xxxix. page 158 D'd
Art. 22. An Account of the late Dr. Goldsmith's Illness, so far as
relates to the Exhibition of Dr. James's Powders : Together with Remarks on the Use and Abuse of powerful Medicines in the Bc. ginning of acute Diseases. By William Hawes, Apothecary. 4to. I s. Brown. 1774.
As many others befide our Medical Readers will find themselves deeply interested in the loss of Dr. Goldsmith, we are willing to take the most early notice of this publication. In the dedication of this pamphlet to Sir Joshua Reynolds and Mr. Burke, the Author, who attended the Doctor in his last and fatal illness, informs them that he has been induced to publish this account of the circumstances. pre; ceding that unhappy event, in consequence of the many private and public applications which have been made to him for that purpose ;--and the rather, as he has reason to believe some persons have formed very unjust and uncandid notions respecting his conduct in this affair.' Our Readers must be content with the following hort fummary, which however contains the material facts that have more particularly given occafion to the present publication.
On Friday the 25th of March, at eleven o'clock at night, the Author was called to Dr. Goldsmith, who, as we learn ellewhere, had been taken ill that day, and who complained to him of a violeni pain in his forehead, which had not been preceded by any cold shiverings. He had no pain in any other part, his tongue was moist, and his pulfe beat about go strokes in a minute. The Doctor had already --we suppose this fame day-saken a vomit of ipecacuanha wine, and declared to Mr. Hawes his intention of now taking Dr. James's Fever-powder. From this design Mr. H. vehemently but ineffectually endeavoured to dissuade him. Soon after Mr. H.'s departure, Dr. Fordyce visited the patient, and prescribed for him ; and early the next morning called upon the Author, and informed him that he had reprefented to Dr. G. the preceding night, the impropriety there would be in his taking Dr. James's Powders; but that instead of paying any attention to his remonftrances on this subject, he bad unhappily perfifted in his own resolution, and taken two or three doses of ihe. Powder, though it had operated both as a purgative and an emetic.'
On the Saturday morning, Mr. Hawes did not see Dr. Goldsmith, as he was told that he was dozing. In the evening he found him very bad, with a quick and small pulse, and so far exhausted, that he seemed to have neither strength nor spirits to speak,' except to declare, with a 'deep figh, and in a very low voice, that he wilhed he had taken his friendly advice last (Friday) night! By the foc. tor's fervant Mr. H. was informed that his master had been vomiting all day, and purging frequently, but that' nevertheless he would make him give him James's Fever-powders." so that, says the Au. thor" he fill continued the use of the medicine, and of consequence it encreased in its pernicious operation, by which means the evacuations were continued for at least eighteen hours.'
On Sunday morning, as we are left to guess, from the Author's indefinite mode of exprefling himself, he found the Doctor much worfe, and that he had pailed a very bad night; 'having vomited
several times, and had many loose ftools' — and lying absolutely funk with weakness. At the pressing solicitations of Mr. Hawes, exerted at the request of Dr. Fordyce, who' thought it righc to propose calling in another physician, as the patient would not follow his advice, and who hoped that by so doing, he would be convinced of the danger of his lituation, Dr. Turton was immediately joined in consultation. After this period, nothing more is here related concerning this case than that the two physicians regularly at., tended the patient 'twice a day till his death. This happened, as we are obliged to calculate from the public papers, about eight days afterwards.
On the whole, the Author, in very decisive terms, attributes the. loss which society has suftained, by the death of lo ingenious and worthy a member of it, to the mischievous effects of the Feverpowders, injudiciously administered. - Whether he is right or wrong in this conclufion, can scarce be collected by a reader of his 'cona cise,' but not clear, circumftantial or satisfactory account. The few however, who make use of their reason in medical matters, will certainly join with him in condemning' che present reigning pro.. penfity to quackery,' and the halty recourse had to active and powerfal remedies, through credulity, whim, or impatience, without any discriminating knowledge of the various circumstances respecting both the remedy and the disease, which may render the exhibition of themi beneficial or noxious.
We shall only add that, since the publication of this pamphlet, the proprietor of the Fever-pow.ders has, in support of the credit of that medicine, inserted in the public papers various declarations of the nurse and others who attended Dr. Goldsmith ; importing, among other matters of less consequence, that the fever-powders which the Doctor took in the interval between the Friday and Saturday night, and to which Mr. Hawes principally, ascribes the mischievous consequences that followed, were sent from the Author's own thop;-a circumstance concerning which Mr. H. is totally filent ;--and that there is strong reason to presume that they were not the Genuine Powe ders. On the other hand, however, Mr. Hawes has, through the fame channel, in answer to this last suggestion, presented the Public with two other declarations, respe&tively figned by his journeyman and maid-fervant; the first of whom affirms that the powders which he Carried to Dr. Goldsmith were the genuine fever powders, bought at the shop of Francis Newbery, junior; and the second declares that the held the candle, on the Friday night, while he broke the large broad feal off somewhat wrapped up in marble paper, which, on her inquiring, he told her contained James's Powder – But it is perhaps sather extrajudicial in us to take notice of chese, declarations : the evi- , dence is not properly before us. Art. 23 The Young Surgeon's Diętionary; ar, Pupil's Instructor,
&c, 12mo. 2. $. 6 d. sewed. Brown. No Dare. We should guess this to be another production of the Friendly Pbyficiar", or at least of some learned friend of his or possibly of his printer only ;-as' the same engraved view of the inside of a grand chemical laboratory is prefixed to this performance, that adorns Mr
Spillbury's publication, We can really find no other method of eftimating its worth than that of literally weighing it. The paper indeed on which this very small and coftly production is printed, though fufficiently coarfe and brown, might honetly, between man and man, be worth about two-pence halfpenny, when it came out, pure and undefiled, from the hands of the manufacturer. But the compiler and printer have had the addrefs, on its palling through their hands, to reduce it to waste paper ; in which state it will icarce fetch a far. thing. It weighs, cover and all, under four ounces. We now find ourselves fairly arrived the
bathos of medical authorship and reviewing; and fall take our leavé, for this month, of this new mode of criticism ; not however through the want of proper subjects for the scales and weights. At this tery inftant our ihelves groan under the increating load.
POETICA L. Art. 24: The Tears of Genius, Occafioned by the Death of Dr.
Goldsmith. 'By Courtney Melmoth.' 4t0. I s. 6 d. Becket, 1774. * In lamenting the death of Dr. Goldsmith, Mr. C. M. has been led to contemplatè likewise the face of others;' for, he adds, • within a few years our literary losses have been fatally multiplied, and many of the most valuable members have been suddenly lopped off from science and society.'
*The Tears of Genius, therefore, are fed not for Dr. G. only, but for Gray, Young, Sterne, Shenfione, Lyttelton, and Hawkesworth.
In celebrating these departed fons of Genius, their disconfolate mother imitates the peculiar manner and style of each; and we do not think her unhappy in some of the instances. Take, Reader, fome of the lines on Shenitone as a specimen :
And now, my lov'd SHENSTONE, for thee,
Thou pride of the pastoral train ;
Dear elegant Bard of the plain,
That shall echo the thickets among;
That robb'd the poor swains of thy fong.
That Aow'd from his delicate heart,
And NATURE was polith'd by Art, There are five more ftanzas facred to the memory of this pleasing writer; but the three we have given may suffice for a specimen.
The Author has precluded all criticism by alluring his readers, that this miscellaneous poem was begun and finished within a few hours after the news reached him that Dr. Golalmih was dead." This may serve to excuse any. Jittle defects in the performance; but if it be thought that another apology might be wanted for sending the piece in so much hurry to the press, the Poet replies, that it was done to prevent the occapon which produced the elegy from lofing the frength of the impreffion by delay. Por, alas, adds he, the traces of