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in their conduct. It has been seen that there is but little har. mony among them, that they are jealous of each other, bitter enemies to those who oppose their opinions, eager to form intrigues in order to increase and support their party; and now, to retard the utter ruin of their cabal, these haughty Philosophers are seen cringing to those in power, artfully calumniating merit whenever it appears in opposition to them, and oppreffing the vidims of their animosity in the most merciless manner. How natural is it, therefore, to cry out,---Are these the Guides we are to follow, these the Models we are to imitate, these the Idols we are to worship !

The interests of Society too have led to other reflections, To deny the immortality of the soul, to free the passions from every restraint, .to confound the ideas of right and wrong, to reduce every thing to self-love, to eradicate every virtue, to break every sacred tie, to attack the laws, to overturn the most sacred principles, to make human life, in a word, a mere composition of arbitrary motives, personal interests, sensual and irregular appetites, animal functions, to terminate it by an utter annihilation, to preach up suicide-what is this but insulting Society, and giving every member of it a fatal blow? What is this but depriving every mind of its vigour and energy, every soul of its principles and guide, and the most respectable prejudices of their advantages and their power? What can be expected from a Philosopher formed in such a school? Abandoned to himself, the sport of his own humours and caprice, the slave of his paffions, the constant victim of his own deplorable exiftence, wherein can he contribute to the happiness of others, being the most cruel enemy to himself?

Accordingly, as the fruit of this baneful, this comfortless doctrine, we see almost every where a general depravity, a narrowness of soul; an insensibility of heart; a corruption, or rather an utter annihilation of morals, and a total perverfion of the national genius. Little objects, little views, little motives, little inventions, little amusements, fucceed that warmth, that elevation of soul, which was the glory of our ancestors, who were superior to us in every thing, because they were not PhiLosophers. Alas! of what use would so much reafoning have been to them they had the talent of acting well! Is it not well known, that a passion for reasoning always supposes an imbecillity of soul? The Athenians, and all the other conquering nations were never subdued, till they knew better how to reason than how to live and to fight.

And have not letters a right to make the fame complaint ? This corrosive philosophy has destroyed talents in their very bud, has seduced them by mere chimeras, had bewildered them in their progress, turned them away from their proper objects, weakened the springs of genius, withered all its flowers, and baniched every sound principle of literature.

weakened

Has it not introduced among us those feeble, languid Dramas, which are only fit to lull the nation alleep, and to banish good Comedy from our Theatres ?-What walk of Literature has not felt the influence of its pestilential vapours ? Poetry, prose, eloquence, the pulpit, the bar, are all strongly marked with it; it is the head of Medusa, every thing is petrified at its approach.

It is the Philosophers who have placed Lucan above Virgil, Quinault above Boileau, Voltaire above Corneille and Racine, and Perrault, Boindin, and Terrasson above all the Writers of the last age.-It were easy to lengthen this picture, but all the follies and absurdities of the Philosophers Ihall be sufficiently exposed in the work which we now offer to the Public.

This is part of what our Author has advanced in a very spia rited preface. The work itself is of a piece with the preface, bold, spirited, and decisive; and though the Author's zeal against the Philosophers gets the better of his judgment and candour in some few instances, yet the warmth and earneftness wherewith he pleads the cause of sound literature and good morals, do honour to his principles and to his taste, and atone, in some measure, for the hafte, inaccuracy, and prejudice that appear in some of his articles.

The literary characters of the beft French Writers are, in general, strongly marked, particularly those of Corneille, Racine, Moliere, Fontaine, Boileau, Bossuet, Fenelon, both the Rourseaus, Voltaire, Montesquieu, Montagne, Pascal, Fontenelle, Flechier, D'Alembert, Bruyere, Crebillon, Buffon, Bayle, and some others. Meffrs. Diderot, Marmontel, Thomas, De la Harpe, Saint Lambert, and some others, appear to us to be treated with too much feverity; the work, however, upon the whole, muft be allowed to poffefs a very considerable degree of merit; and it is not merely a compliment to the Author, to say, that he is an agreeable Writer, and an able Critic.

ART. XIV. Horia D'Inghilterra, &c.—The History of England, written by Vin

centio Martinelli, and addressed to Sig. Luke Corfi. 4to. 3. Vols.

London. 1774. THIS Italian History of England is an abbreviated transla

tion of Rapin ; it will facilitate to the learner the acquisifion of the language in which it is written.

ART.

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ART. XV.
Lettera dell' Avvocato Fruftabirbe, &c.-A Letter from the Advocate

Frustabirbe to Sig. Antonio Sacchini, Master of the Chapel. 8vo.

Rome. 1774
AN

N insignificant quarrel between Baretti and Badini, the

former of whom had abused the opera called La Veftale of
the latter, seems to have given occasion to this impertinent
publication, which is prefaced by a poetical eulogium on Giar-
dini. 'Tis hard that we must not only feed these rats but be
pestered with their noise !

ART.

XVI.
Voyage D'une Françoise à Londres, &c.—A French Lady's Tour to
London, or Calumny defeated by the Truth of Facts. 8vo.

London. 1774.
OF
F equal importance to the Public with the foregoing, and,

in all appearance, equally respectable.

ART. XVII.
Lettre de Pekin, sur le Genie de la Langue Chinoise, &c.— A Letter

from Pekin on the Genius of the Chinese Language, and the Na-
ture of their symbolical Writings, compared with those of the ap-
cient Egyptians, in Answer to that of the Royal Society of Lon-
don, on the fame Subject; to which is added, an Exiract from
two new Publications of M. De Guignes, of the Academy of In-
scriptions and Belles Lettres at Paris, relative to the fame Enqui-
ries. By a Father of the Society of the Jesuits, Missionary at
Pekin. 410. Brussels. 1773
HE curious in Oriental learning will here find abundance

of amusement ; for this work contains not only an essay on
the genius and structure of the Chinese language, but a variety
of its characters, exhibited on copper-plates. These matters
neither admit of extracts nor abridgments.

THE

SHOU

ART.

XVIII.
Le Taureau blanc, &c.— The White Bull translated from the Syriac;
ascribed to Voltaire.

1774
HOULD we discharge one duty to the Public by giving

an explicit account of this performance, we should infringe
another, of greater importance. The growth of infidelity is
already so rapid, that the industry of its promoters seems to be
almoft superfluous.

Two different English translations are published: see our
Catalogue, in the Review for July, 1774.

Ι Ν D E X

To the REMARKABLE PASSAGES in this

VOLUME.

N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, see the

Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.

* For the remarkable Passages in the Foreign Articles, see the

Second Alphabet of this Index, in the last Leaf of the Sheet.

A.

Arts, obf. on the origin and pro.
A Bauzit, Mr. some account of,

gress of in England, &c. 443.
375. His works, ib.

ASHMOLE, Elias, some account
ABSENT Man, rid.cule of that

of, 169.
character, 262,

B.
Alcuin, the Anglo-Saxon, ac. B4BEL, confusion of tongues at,
count of his learning, 423.

and the consequent dispersion
ALDHELM, the Anglo-Saxon, ac- of mankind,-lingular deduc-
count of his learning, 422.

tions from, 439-441.
ALFRED, K. encomium on, as a BACON, Lord, censured as an his,
friend to learning, ib.

corian, 342.
AMERICA, British, political inves- BAILLY, M. his new methods of

rigations relating to, 134, 270, improving the theory of Jupi-
381, 485

ter's satellites, 353.
AMERICAN Indians (North) fome Bank, whether, on the whole, be-
ac. of, by Sir W. Johnson, 481.

neficial or hurtful to commerce,
ANGLO-Saxon Kings, not abso-

lute, 197. Difficulty of acquir- BARRINGTON, Daines, his essay
ing learning in their times, 200. on the periodical appearance of
At what period literature began birds, 283. His investigation of
to flourish under them, and by the distinguishing qualities of the
what means, 420.

rabbit and hare, 285.
Antelope, method of hunting in Birds, of periodical migration,

the E. Indies, poetically de- curious problem relating to,
fcribed, 311.

folved, 283.
APOCALYPSE humourously ex- BOLINGBROKE, Lord, his fine ta-

pounded and applied, 346. Sea lents, 369. His political wri-
riously discussed, as to its divine tings commended, 462.
authority. 378. Triumph of the BRADLEY, Mr. his directions for
Apocalypse, 379.

using the Micrometer, 29.
ARCTURUS, inquiry into the pro- BRIBERY, good story of the pu.
per motion of, 352

nilhaent of, 19.
REV. App. Vol. 1.

Q9

BRYDONI,

442:NGTON

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ties, 435•

BRYDONE, Mr. his account of a for altering the flyle, 462. :

remarkable fiery meteor, 478. ther confession of his errors, 4

Of some electrical exper. ib. His obs. on the knowledge of
Burky, Edmund, his character in world, 464.

form of an epitaph, 314. CHETAH, a kind of leopard en
Butter, Dr. his method of ex. ployed by the East Indians i

hibiting nemlock, for the cure hunting the Antelope, 312,
of the kinkcough, 46.

CHILPERIC, K. of France, bis
C.

short way of converting a Jew,
CÆSAR, remarks on his affaffi-

214.
nation, and the real motives Christ, enquiry into the perfon
of the conspirators, 267.

and character of, 86–92.
CAROLINA, South, political trans. CHRISTIAN II. K, of Denmark,
actions in that province, 208.

his bad character, 428.
Inconsiderate grant of money to

IV. his heroic cha-
che Bill of Rights, 210.

racter, and wise conduct, 429.
CARTHAGE, obs on the def. Ets of

- V. short account of,
her police, &c. 252.

434.
CHARLES 1. his own account of his

VI. his great quali-
zealous attachment to the
Church, 137. Consults cwo of CLARENDON, Lord. See HYDE.
the Bishops about a temporary The style of his hiftory censured,
allowance of the Prefbyterian

342.
mode of worshiņ, 138. The Clarke, Dr. Sam. his lift of ex.

antwer of the Brihops, ib. ceptionable passages in our lic
CHESTERFIELD, Lord, sketch of turgý, 102. Proposals for the

his character, 258. General Amendment of, ib.
account of his letters to his son, CLIMATEs, various, naturally pro-
259.

His advice on the subject duce the most wholesome food
of negligence in behaviour, 251. for the inhabitants appointed to
His character of an absent man, live under them, 438.
262. His cautions against the Coffee, curious historical parti-
feuuctions of pleasure, 263. His

culars relative to, 497.
invective against laugoter, 265. COLONIES, British, plan for tax.
His cautions againit historical ing them proposed, 274. Mea-
teftimony, 265. His flight opi- fures now used, by the mother
nion of women, 361. His ad. country with respect to them ex.
vice with regard to the art of ploded, 381. Another plan for
concealing our contempt of others, reconciliation, 485.
362, His remarks on good Constitution, British, its great
company, 363. Confesses his

excellence displayed, 455.
own pajl errors, 365. His cha- CONTEMPT of others, not to be.
racter of the great D. of Marl- too freely discovered, 362.
borough, 366. Of the Chancel- COUNTRY [quires, farcastic ac-
for Cowper, 368. Of Lord count of, igo.
Bolingbroke, 379. His licen- COURAGE defined, 16. Its affi-
rious countel, relative to an il- nity with patience, 18.
l.cit commerce between the COW PER, Lord Chancellor, his
sexes, 457. His excellent ser- oratorical character, 368.
mon on sweetness of manners, CROWN, of England, how far he..
with firmness of mind. 458. His vecitary among the Anglo-Saxe
necdotus with regard to the act ons, 196.

CUL

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