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On whatever fide the truth lies in regard to the subject particularly considered in this performance, it is well known that it has long been, and fill remains, a matter of doubt and debate among Christians, and also that many wise, 'learned, and excellent persons bave apprehended they had reason to adopt an opinion very different from that which this Writer endeavours to support, though they have got generally embraced what he immediately opposes under the name of Socinianism. However intrepid, therefore, and zealous this gentleman'may appear to him felf and to others, and however sincere the may really be in the caufe of virtue and religion, there is fome season to think that his zeal has, in this instance, rather exceeded his piety, his charity, or his wisdom. But it is not our province to arraign the Author, or decide on the subject : we shall therefore only observe further, that although Mr. Macgowan has advanced no new arguments in support of his doctrines, yet his manner of writing dir. covers a confiderable degree of acuteness and ingenuity ; with a vein of pleasantry which often serves, very innocently, to render a controversy, even on the most ferious subjects, in some measure lively and entertaining Art. 47• The Hertfordshire Melody; or, Pfalm-Singer's Recrea
tion. Being a valuable Collection of Psalms, Hymns, Anthems, &c. on various Occasions. To which is prefixed, a new, concise, and easy Introduction to the Art of Singing; and a copious Dictionary of the Terms made use of in Mufic. . By John Ivery, Teacher of Mufic at Northaw in Hertfordthire. 8vo. lengthwise. 2 s. 6d. Wheble. 1773.
A collection of pious tunes, many of them well known, and which, wicked as the Reviewers are sometimes said to be, have been familiar to their ears from their youth: we may, therefore, from our own *experience, safely recommend them to the use of our accusers, to har. -monise their minds, and bring them to a charitable turn os sentiment, fuitable to their zealous pretences to Christian principles. Art. 48. A Fragment of a Letter to an Orthodox Clergyman. By
a plain unlettered Christian. 8vo. 3d. Norwich, printed, and fold by Robinson in London. 1773.
The Editor of this letter tells the Reader, that it was written upwards of 20 years fince, to an elderly orthodox clergyman, by a very 'young person, of -no kind of education or advantage, more than an 'ordinary tradesman.'— The young man, however, appears to have poffeffed good natural parts, and to have offered, in this letter, a lenfible plea for heterodoxy.
The occasion of the letter was the Clergy man's having recommended Seeds Sermons to the Writer, in order, we suppose, to convert him to the trinitarian faith. Seed's arguments, however, seem to have failed of producing the wished-for effect; and the young man "here gives his reasons for ftill remaining as heterodox as before.
S E R M O N. I. The Power of Mufic, and the particular Influence of Church Music,
Preached in the Cathedral of Worcester, at the anniversary Meeting of the Choirs of Worcester, Hereford, and Glouceiter, September 8, 1773.. By John Rawlins, A.M. Rector of Leigh, minister of Badsey and Wickamford in Worcester, and Chaplain to Lord Archer. 8vo. 6d. Rivington. 1773.
A sermon on the same subject, and from the same text, Psalm lvii. 7, 8. is to be found in Atterbury's Discourses; but the powers of music on the human frame, and its tendency to elevate our devotion, are displayed in a much more liberal, extensive, and agreeable manner by the Rector of Leigh, than by the Bishop of Rochester. Music, however, is of that seducing nature, that in treating of its effects we are naturally beguiled into a declamatory strain of panegyric; and as found operates mechanically on the pasions, and instead of exercising the mind, lulls the understanding into a pleasing number, it's employment in religious purposes ought to be conducted with a very cautious hand, if we prefer rational piety to rapturous flights of intoxication and enthusiastic extasies.
London, Dec. 18, 1773. BEING
do not deviate. I hope you will admit in your article of Correspondence, the following account of an affair, of which fome account has been given by your Correspondent Amicus *.
• One of the principals in this unhappy dispute was the late Dr. Samuel Leeds. He had not the advantage of a liberal education, but by a remarkable natural propensity was determined to the study of phyfic. He endeavoured to make himself acquainted with the Materia Medica, and with the languages. He profecuted his ftudies at Edinburgh, where his asiduity was remarked by the Professors, who, though they were not unacquainted with his want of learning, granted him å degree. On his return to London, a vacancy happening for the post of Physician in the London Hospital, by the well-meant but too precipitate zeal of his friends he was proposed as candidate, and elected. After some time a diffatisfaction arose among the Governors'; it was publicly reported that his degree had been surreptitiously obtained; instances of barbarous orthography in his recipes were brought as proofs of his ignorance : the books of the Hospital testified in his favour that his practice was equally successful with that of his colleagues, but it was thought necetrary he should pais examination before the College of Phyficians in London: he perceived there was much prejudice against him, and resigned. Being informed that Dr. Fothergill had used expressions to his disadvantage, he lodged a complaint against him, before his own Society (the Quakers.] The Society apprehended that if the complaint should appear to be jutt, Dr. F. might, nevertheless, not be easily induced
In your Odober Review.'
to make a proper acknowledgment, and confidering that his refusing to do so, must subject him to a folemn, cenfure, agreed to difpenfe with their established rule for proceeding in cases of defamation, and proposed a decision of the affair by arbitration. The proposal was agreed to by both parties; five arbitrators were chosen; after many hearings and much deliberation, three of them awarded to Dr. Leeds five hundred pounds as damages; the other two pleaded as their reason for not joining in the 'award, “ that the three had refused to examine an evidence which Dr. F. said he could produce ;" the three asserted, and have verified their assertion on affirmation t, that they did make a proposal to renew the arbitration bonds, in order to hear any evidence that could be produced, which proposal the two and Dr. F. did not agree to I. Some of Dr. F.'s friends advised him to pay the five hundred pounds, fome advised him not to pay it; he proceeded to a trial in Westminster-hall; the award was fét aside. it is not designed to infinuate that regard was shewn to the rich for his riches, or to the popular for his popularity; but Judges are not infallible any more than och mortals. Leeds, now in circumstances of disgrace, attended with a total loss of his practice, appealed once more to his own Society; he complained against Dr. F. for refusing to fulfil the award given in consequence of their advice ; he was ad. mitted to several hearings, but many persons are of opinion that he was not heard with imparciality; the majority seemed determined to take no ftep which might tend to produce what they thought difre. putation to Dr. F. This, perhaps, was the first instance wherein there was rea?on for suspicion that an implicit attachment to a superior and amiable character, induced the Society to swerve from the line of strict justice. The arbitrators were men of character and understanding, doubtless they acted honestly and judiciously upon the evidence that came before them, and made the award from a convi&tion that Dr. F.'s expressions had actually given rise to the preju. dices against Leeds : it is remarkable that the evidence produced before the court of King's Bench insisted on proof of Leeds's ignorance and inability, not on proof that the words charged on Dr. F. were not spoken by him, or that they did not contribute to the injury of Leeds : though from proof of these circumstances only, the award could have been properly reversed. As it seems impossible that Dr. F. could know that his conduct had in no degree affected Leeds's reputation, though it might have hurt his pride, it would have been but confiftent with his allowed generosity, to have made him some reparation; the opportunity for this is now past, the poor man is no moro; probably fallen a victim to the vexation caused by this unforsunate affair: an affair of which much has been said, but little known, and which might have passed quietly to oblivion, had not your Correspondent recalled it into notice. I anı yours,
* + Vid. The Appeal in your July Review.'
| It was with great reluctance that one of the three accepted the office of arbitrator, nor did he accept it till after being particularly requested by Dr. F. to do so." 3
A Gentleman who figns his letter Difentor, pays us the compliment
of įmpartiality in our representations; bụt he feems to think that we are sometimes mijlakex, and not altogether free from the imputation of negligence. To the firft of these charges, we are very ready to plead guilty; but to the second we must, at least, take the liberty to demur.
The declaration, indeed, does not set forth any matter of way grievous complaint. It mentions a publication or two, of the last year, which have not yet made their appearance in our Review. Those publications, however, have not been overlooked :-they will be noticed in their due course, as we proceed in the payment of our
Our Correspondent particularly says" You have overlooked Wynne's poem, The Four Seasons, published in June last." We remember the advertisement of this poem; we allo recollect that the book was fent for about the time above-mentioned; and that our colle&or reported that “ the work was not published:” and as we have seen no advertisement of it, fince, -We conclude that it is not yet to be procured to
This Correspondent extols Dr. Goldsmith as the “ greatest paet of the age," and be infifts that the Author of The Academic Sportfmar, commended by us, in the Review for September last, has been a frameful borrower from the Doctor. We have neither the Traveller, the Deferred Village, nor Mr. Fitzgerald's performance at hand; but according to the extracts sent us by our Correspondent, there is in
deed a striking resemblance between several passages.quoted from the cademic Sportsman, and those which are set in comparison with them, from Dr. G. But, at the same time, we must be so free with our Core srespondent as to declare to him, that with respect to the greatest number of the passages which he has produced, we do not perceive
even the smallelt ground for the outcry of plagiarifm so violently tailed againit Mr. Fitzgerald, by Mr. Diffentor.
With what particular view our Correspondent has honoured os with this communication, we are at a loss to guess. He could not, furely, .expect us to commit to the press, a paper fo indifferently prepared for it; and in one or two respects, fo deficient also in point of Urbanity. If his design was, merely, to befriend us, by his hints, we are much obliged to him :-as we are to every Gentleman who favours us with remarks, on any subject, or point, that may tend toward che service of literature in general, or the improvement of our Review, in particular.
The insertion of Philofophia's Letter, relating to Plato's Divifion of Ideas (see Rev. for Sept. laft, p. 168) would lead us too far beyond the limits of our plan.
We readily admit that in any matter of opinion, or point of tafte, as well as in religion, a Disenter may be as much in the right as any member of the most perfect establiment under the fun.
# Since the above was sent to the press, this .pamphlet has beco procured,
Τ Η Ε
For FEBRUARY, 1774.
ART. I. An Ejay towards a Natural History of the County of Dublin,
accommodated to the noble Defigns of the Dublin Society; affording a fummary View, I. Of its Vegetables, with their mechanical and economical Uses, and as Food for Men and Cattle; a Catalogue of our Vegetable Poisons; and a Botanical Kalendar, exhibiting the respective Months in which most of the Simples in Use are found in Flower. II. Of its Animals. III. Of its Soil, and the State of its Agriculture ; its Fossils, Mines, Minerals, and some lately-discovered mineral Waters; particularly the fulphureous Water at Lacan, and its medicinal Virtues, from practical Observations. IV. Of the Nature of the Climate, from Diaries of the Weather, kept in Dublin for Fifty Years paft; interspersed with meteorological and economical Observations. By John Rutty, M. D. 8vo. 2 Vols. 125, Dublin printed ; and sold by Johnfton in London. 1772 CHE Dublin Society was instituted before the London af
fociation for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce. It was incorporated in the year 1750; and to the encouragement afforded by this public spirited body, to men of genius and enterprize, Ireland is indebted for many improvements in arts and manufactures (but especially in agriculture and hulbandry) which have been made in that country, within the last twenty years.
Another Convention, as Dr. Rutty expresses it, was formed in the capital of Ireland, soon after the above-mentioned aflociation, under the name of the Phyfico. Historical Society; the laudable designs of which co-operated with that of the Elder Body, in regard to an investigation of the natural productions
• This work has but lately been imported and advertised for sale in London.