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CIVIL INSTITUTIONS OF
NEW YORK STATE
ROBERT LANSING, B.A.
TTORNEY AT LAW
GARY M. JONES, M.A.
PRINCIPAL OF THE WATERTOWN, NEW YORK, HIGH SCHOOL
SILVER, BURDETT AND COMPANY
This volume, which is intended to treat solely of the governmental institutions of the State of New York, forms the second book of a treatise on civil government, of which the first book relates to the origin, growth and form of federal institutions. It is assumed that the student is already familiar with the general principles of government as well as the powers of the federal government and the rights of individuals, and all discussion of these subjects is here purposely omitted.
In treating this subject Part First is devoted to a review of the political growth of the Province of New York and an examination of the principal provisions of previous state constitutions. In this way the student is shown the beginnings of those institutions which are peculiar to the state government. Part Second contains a critical and analytical study of the present state constitution. The sections and clauses are inserted in the body of the text for the convenience of the student and to insure a careful study of the language of the document itself. The origin and growth of local governmental institutions are historically considered and their likeness to, or difference from, those of the State and Nation carefully pointed out. Taxation, corporations and similar subjects are given special treatment. The vague knowledge of the public in general as to the jurisdiction and
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procedure of courts of justice has induced the authors to deal quite freely with these subjects that the student may gain a comprehensive idea of the scope and purpose of judicial institutions.
Having completed the consideration of the state government proper, a chapter is devoted to the growth of political parties and their place and importance in popular government, together with the mode of conducting primaries, conventions, and elections. It has also been deemed advisable to define clearly and concisely the rights and duties of a citizen, and the book closes with a chapter upon this important subject.
The purpose of these last two chapters in particular, and of the book in general, is to furnish the student with a knowledge of the relations of the State to its citizens, which will be of practical value to him in the exercise of his public rights and will impress him with the responsibilities which rest upon every citizen of the State of New York in the performance of his political duties.
WATERTOWN, N. Y., November, 1902.