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45 VESSELS, WITH A TOTAL TONNAGE OF 86,304, HAVE BEEN DESTROYED IN
WAR ZONE FIRST FIVE DAYS OF FEBRUARY.
A compilation of results of first five days of the German submarine campaign since February 1, the day the new blockade order went into effect, follows: 1 Reported sunk:
Tonnage. Port Adelaide, British__
8, 181 Bravalla, Swedish
1, 553 Belford, British -
1, 955 Warley Pickering, British
4, 196 Floridian, British_
4,777 Wartenfels, British -
4, 511 Cerea, Russian ---
3, 512 Palmleaf, British--
206 Cliftonian, British
303 Thor II, Norwegian
144 Tamara, Norwegian
453 Rizel, Norwegian -
1, 771 Wasdall, Norwegian. Songdal, Norwegian..
Eavestone, British ----
500 1, 112
127 589 150 219 081 809 278 500 211 500
123 1, 000
Total tonnage previously
41, 877 Grand total since Feb. 1_
86, 304 Action of the Senate February 7, indorsing the President's position in breaking off diplomatic relations:
By a vote of 78 to 5 the Senate late yesterday afternoon recorded its emphatic approval of the President's severance of diplomatic relations with Germany. This action came after six hours of debate.
1 Up to Apr. 3 a total of 686 neutral vessels had been destroyed and 79 others which were attacked escaped. Of those sunk, 410 were Norwegian. 111 swedish, 61 Dutch, 50 Greek, 33 Spanish, 19 American, 1 Peruvian, and i Argentine.
A number of Senators expressed the view that the resolution was unnecessary, but declared they would vote for it so there might be no suspicion in Europe that the Senate and the American people were not solidly behind the President.
TEXT OF RESOLUTION. The text of the resolution follows: “Whereas the President has, for the reasons stated in his address
delivered to the Congress in joint session on February 3, 1917, severed diplomatic relations with the Imperial German Government by the recall of the American ambassador at Berlin and by handling his passports to the German ambassador at Washington;
and “Whereas, notwithstanding this severance of diplomatic intercourse,
the President has expressed his desire to avoid conflict with the Imperial German Government; and
ACTION IS APPROVED.
6. Whereas the President declared in this said address that if in his
judgment an occasion should arise for further action in the premises on the part of the Government of the United States he would submit the matter to the Congress and ask the authority of Congress to use such measures as he might deem necessary for protection of American seamen and people in the prosecution of their
peaceful and legitimate errands on the high seas: Therefore be it “Resolved, That the Senate approves the action taken by the President as set forth in his address delivered before the joint session of Congress, as stated above."
Neutrals decline to follow the American Government. Diplomats and press of small countries point to peril for them. They still fear the power of Germany. Dutch comment that the United States is far from war, with ample food and war material:
LONDON, February 6. The attitude of European nautrals in regard to the American suggestion that they break off diplomatic relations with Germany is being awaited with keen interest, but a canvass of the diplomatic representatives of these nations showed there was a general disposition to take time for consideration of the suggestion. Notwithstanding reports that Spain has taken action, the Spanish ambassador, Señor Merry del Val, who is being kept advised by his Government, had not received word up to noon to-day of any measures taken by his Government. The view prevailed in Spanish quarters that several days would be taken up with consideration of the various questions involved.
There are some indications already that Spain does not contemplate a rupture. They include the taking up of part of the Belgian relief work which the American rupture with Germany is deranging.
At the Swiss Legation it was said that although a preliminary note, in the nature of an inquiry, has been sent to Washington, it is not Switzerland's final reply. It has not been expected by entente
diplomats that Switzerland would take action which might involve her in the war, inasmuch as her frontiers would be exposed on three sides. From a military standpoint such action by Switzerland, it is pointed out, would not be wholly advantageous for the entente, and particularly for France, as it probably would mean that Germany would menace the unfortified French frontier adjoining Switzerland.
At the Scandinavian legations the general view, in the absence of definite advices, was that the exposed Baltic frontages of these countries made their situation much more dangerous than that of America, which would tend to restrain them from any decisive action.
As a result of this attitude on the part of the various European neutrals, the best-informed entente diplomats are inclined to believe that the American move will not be followed by these nations, although it is expected to exert strong moral influence on them.
HOLLAND TO TAKE TIME TO CONSIDER SITUATION-NO REASON AT THIS
MOMENT FOR SPECIAL ANXIETY, THE PREMIER TELLS PARLIAMENT.
The Hague, February 6. Premier Cort van der Linden made the following statement in the Second Chamber of the Dutch Parliament to-day:
“ Serious events occupy the Government's attention. At the present moment it is impossible to give information regarding them, but the Government will not neglect to give the chamber information as soon as expedient. There is no reason at this moment for special
[Special cable to the New York Times-Dispatch to the London Times.]
AMSTERDAM, February 6. Unquestionably President Wilson's words echo from the hearts of the freedom-loving Dutch, but it must not be forgotten that their position is one of extreme difficulty. Exposed as they are on the eastern frontier to an invasion from German troops and menaced with a complete stoppage of supplies by German submarines, they not unnaturally hesitate to take any steps calculated to expedite their annihilation at German hands.
President Wilson's words respecting the course other neutrals are jikely to follow is widely reproduced here, where sympathy is entertained for the attitude adopted by the United States, though the difference in circumstances of that country and Holland are pointed out generally in the press of various shades of opinion from the Socialist Volk to the Catholic Tyd.
The Handelsblad intimates that the Dutch Government's previous record does not encourage the supposition that it will proceed to extreme lengths in the event of complications arising from the sinking of Dutch vessels. America is not exposed to the perils of immediate invasion by an enemy who has proved himself absolutely devoid of the bowels of mercy, but Holland, which has already suffered much, is prepared to suffer a great deal more rather than incur the fate of Louvain, Dinant, and Liege. She does not want to give the Kaiser the chance to proclaim to the world, “My heart bleeds for the poor Dutch.”
PRESIDENT WILSON CRITICIZED.
[Special cable to the New York Times.]
The Hague, February 6. Commenting on the breaking off of diplomatic relations between the United States and Germany, the Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant says:
“ We are somewhat surprised that President Wilson allows himself to meddle in the affairs of other neutral states in suggesting that they follow America's example. There is every possibility that our government, which has to meet the exigencies of our country, sees things in a different light than the American Government cloes.
“America is a country well provided with iron, steel, grain, fats, and other food products. America does not border on belligerent countries. On the contrary, she is separated by a wide ocean, almost unattainable by the Central Powers. In American ports are countless German vessels, among them the largest and most magnificent of the German merchant fleet. All these, in the eventuality of war, could fall booty to America. Whereas America is self-supplying, Holland must rely on overseas and imports from Germany.
“But our overseas imports have been reduced to a minimum by the allies' policy. Germany delivers practically nothing. We have been prevented from laying in supplies for a rainy day. There is a scarcity of coal, grain, most food products, and fats. We have not enough iron and steel, and we are neighbors of Germany. President Wilson can well set an example without risking much. These are only a few points of the difference by which it can be seen that our international position is quite other than that of America.
“ Our Government has not been sitting still during the last week, but has been in touch with other neutrals whose position is more similar to ours than is America's. Mr. Wilson's step has certainly awakened much feeling here. There are many who greet it as the dawning of a new day.”
The Nieuwe Courant says: “ The neutrals have been robbed of their natural leader in peace action. The small nations of Europe that have kept out of the world-wide madness have been thrown on their own resources. Both for the future and present the position of the neutrals has grown decidedly worse.
“We need have no illusions about criticizing the seizure' of German ships in American ports. Confiscating vessels must be regarded as an action of war. Therefore we can not believe in this interpretation. It is perhaps only with the possibility of war in sight that special precautionary measures are taken. That the ships are still in German possession can not be doubted.
“ The President does not intend to let American citizens be dictated to as to which ships to travel on, nor American ships as to which route they may follow. Mr. Wilson demands the right for them to travel peacefully on the free seas, and demands an acknowledgment of this right from Germany. American correspondents retain the right to remain in Germany, according to the Prussian-American treaty of 1798."
The Nieuwes Van Den Dag says: "In any case the fact remains that if America goes to war the magnificent ships which are the pride of Germany's merchant fleet are lost for Germany. They would surely be most welcome as an increase to the entente's merchant fleet, and Germany would then be able to torpedo her own fine ships.”
HOLLAND STOPS TRAFFIC WITH ENGLAND.
LONDON, February 6. The port authorities of Holland have been notified, according to a Reuter dispatch from The Hague, that until further notice Dutch steamers will not be allowed to proceed to England.
The Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant says that several shipowners have received the following telegram from The Hague: “ The naval staff announces that the German Admiralty has informed them that Dutch ships which had already left North America on February 1 for English ports will be allowed to pass thereto but can not leave those ports without risk.” The Courant adds that as the telegram was not clear some of the shipowners have gone to The Hague to seek an explanation.
The Dutch Legation in Paris issued the following public notice to-day:
"All Dutch subjects having military obligations to fulfill, whether in the militia reserve or territorials, must present themselves without delay to the Dutch Consulate."
FEAR WILSON'S PEACE VIEWS-SOME RUSSIANS THINK HIS INFLUENCE IN
NEGOTIATIONS WILL NOT BE WELCOME.
[Special cable to the New York Times. Dispatch to the London Daily Chronicle.]
PETROGRAD, February 6. Russian opinion was very agreeably surprised by the rupture between America and Germany. The general impression is one of unqualified pleasure, and all speculations as to the possible consequences of the German submarine campaign are completely obscured by the moral effect of Wilson's act. ...Numbers of statesmen, including the minister for foreign affairs, M. Pokrovsky, M. Sazonoff, and Count Kokovtsoff, have expressed their views on the probable results of American intervention. For the most part they confine themselves to an estimate of the measures by which America could actively help the allies in the event of a declaration of war. Pokrovsky declines to forecast the future and dwells on the moral effect of the rupture of diplomatic relations. I am bound to add, however, that in some quarters a certain anxiety is expressed lest America's participation in the peace negotiations should have the effect of rather tying the hands of the entente powers in the matter of the reconstruction of Europe. This attitude must be regarded as the result of the impression left on many minds by Wilson's peace notes.