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It is compiled, however, on the most eclectic principle possible. Fathers and the mediæval writers jostle modern mystics, such as Novalis ; besides Thomas Reid, Thomas Carlyle, Spinoza, Dr. Johnson, Lady Blessington, and the New Republic.(pp. 218, 219). And it must not be overlooked that the author's description of pithy sayings and choice passages' is no mere paraphrase. Some of the sayings are more pithy than pious, and must be intended to serve as

awful examples' and reductiones ad absurdum of various prevalent modes of thought. They have all, however, the one quality of force in thought and expression, and will always adninister a wholesome fillip to the reader's thoughts, often by direct and valuable suggestion, sometimes by the antagonism they will arouse. The Homiletic Quarterly. Vol. II. (London: Richard D. Dickinson.) This is a periodical which is devoted to the exposition of portions of the Holy Scripture and to the accumulation of matter suitable to be used in sermons. It opens its pages impartially to Churchmen and Dissenters; and indeed, as far as we can see, the Nonconformist divines occupy the larger share of its pages. The 'Clerical Symposium' seems on the whole dull; too diffuse and wordy, and not sufficiently vivid and forceful. But it is a praiseworthy publication with a praiseworthy aim, and will no doubt improve as it goes on.

England's Inheritance in her Church; or, the Testimony of many Wit

nesses to the Value of the Church of England as the National Church. Collated and arranged by the Rev. WILLIAM WEBB, B.A., Rector of Allhallows, Exeter. (London: Seeley, Jackson,

and Halliday.) This is a commonplace book of the Disestablishment question; rather too long, but very useful nevertheless. It consists of quotations from sermons, speeches, leading articles, books, all bearing upon the advantages of an Established Church, and the real strength of its position, against any attacks but those of dishonesty or treason. It is a very useful lending-book, and the clergy will do well to have it. Our Established Church; its History, Philosophy, Advantages, and

Claims (with a Dissertation on the Anglican Form of Ordination).
By the Rev. MORRIS FULLER, M.A., Rector of Lydford, and

Incumbent of Princetown. (London: Pickering and Co.) MR. MORRIS FULLER's work is somewhat more ambitious. It aims to supply not merely the materials of a defence of the Church, but the defence itself, and it discusses the history, the advantages, the claims, and so on, of our Established Church ; in every case intelligently and adequately, and yet with sufficient terseness. We have never seen the evidence for the validity of the Apostolic Commission in the Anglican Church better given ; and the final chapter, 'Reasons for the Continuance of our Established Church,' is quite worth reprinting for more extensive circulation than a book can obtain. It deserves a most hearty commendation.

Hearty Services : Ten Sermons. By the Rev. J. G. NORTON. (London:

W. W. Gardner.) A GOOD word and hearty recommendation are due to these useful and vigorous sermons.' They are the work of the vicar of a suburban parish in the city of Durham, of which the church, after long decay, has been recently restored, and it is the kind of book to be useful in the parish of any clergyman who is trying to revive an interest in Church matters. Vigorous common sense and genuine earnestness mark them throughout, and if we do not concur in some of the views put forward towards the end, we do not know that they will in any way detract from the book's usefulness. Mission Sermons for a Year. By the Rev. H. Wilmot Buxton,

M.A. (London : Skeffington and Son.) The Future of the Human Race. By the Rev. A. B. Evans, D.D.

(London: Skeffington and Son.) Village Homilies. By the Rev. W. MILLER. (London : Skef

fington and Son.) Each of these three volumes of sermons deserves mention.

As to the first, it seems almost inconsistent with the idea of a Mission Sermon to provide a series of such sermons for the course of the Christian Year, and yet, when we come to read them, we find the idea so well carried out that we cannot but hope the volume will be widely used. There is something so definite, striking, and even piquant in every sermon, that they cannot fail to be serviceable.

The second is a reprint, and a seasonable one, considering the recent decease of its gifted writer, whose many admirers will be glad to buy it as a memorial of him. Somewhat eccentric, alike in style and in matter, as he was, it is needless to criticise the peculiarities of these clever sermons. They remind us of their author alike in his strength and in his weakness.

The third is evidently the work of a beginner. Somewhat florid, and with a style which will improve as time goes on, these sermons give good promise of future usefulness. They must, we think, have been rather 'over the heads' of a village audience. The Poor Man's Best Friend. By the Rev. F. E. WINSLOW, M.A.

(London: Skeffington and Son.) An excellent book for parochial use ; and in good bold clear type. The Christians and Moors of Spain. By C. M. YONGE. (London:

Macmillan and Co.) An exquisite piece of historical writing, and one which would instantly command attention at any time, but still more now that contemporary history draws so much attention to the subject of the Ottoman Empire. Literary Studies. By WALTER BAGEHOT. Edited by R. H. HUTTON.

2 vols. (London : Longmans and Co.) A GROUP of reviews and essays, not merely well worth reprinting, but of such an altogether peculiar character of merit and perception, that, however little the writer would have cast in his lot with the Church Quarterly Review, we cannot but wish that they may be read by all our clientèle. Primarily an economist and financier, he was also a man of thorough culture and real thought, and such papers as those on Bishop Butler and the Emotion of Conviction, to say nothing of others on purely literary subjects, merit careful notice. The volume contains a pleasing memoir of the author by Mr. R. H. Hutton, and one by Mr. Bagehot of Mr. James Wilson, who died whilst acting as Financial Minister in India. Sinai from the Fourth Egyptian Dynasty to the Present Day. By

Major H. S. PALMER. (London : Society for Promoting

Christian Knowledge.) This is one of the excellent series of Ancient History from the Monuments which the venerable Society is now putting forth, and deserves to be widely read. Modest and succinct in form, it gives the results of large investigation and of much independent study and thought.

AMERICAN THEOLOGY. A PACKET of books from New York has reached us which seem worthy of notice, both primarily in themselves, and further, in respect of the exceedingly low prices at which Messrs. Whittaker are publishing works intended to be useful in the religious education of their countrymen. We hope the evil of high-priced books is gradually being remedied among ourselves; but it is an evil unquestionably still.

The Valley of the Shadow contains eight sermons on the 'Doctrine of Future Punishment,' by Dr. C. H. Hall, which were preached at Brooklyn during the excitement caused among our Transatlantic brethren by Dr. Farrar's sermons on that subject. They are vigorous, clear, and pointed in language, and although occasionally words and opinions startle us with their free and independent-shall we say self-conceit?—we lay them down with a strong sense of respect for the writer, and thankfulness for the Divine reverence and belief which prevents his dogmatising, or professing to speak with rule and line demonstrations on these awful subjects, so wrapped in mystery by God's providence. S. Augustine meets with scant courtesy, save, indeed, that he is somewhat patronised by his New-World reader; and when Dr. Hall tells us that he does not hold the Prayer-Book to be infallible, we are inclined to ask who does? And to what end such a remark is made ?

The Social Law of God, by Dr. Lashburn, contains sermons on the Ten Commandments, of which those on the Law of the Household,' 'Social Purity,' and 'Social Honesty,' strike us as admirable in their handling their subjects from the practical, nineteenth-century point of view; and we wish that at home our preachers would oftener drive wholesome truths like these into their people's ears. The earlier sermons, touching on worship, &c., are less satisfactory, and betray an ignorance of true sacramental doctrine which altogether mars their usefulness, and would cause many readers to throw them aside at once.

Four short manuals, from the pen of the Rev. G. Shuin, of Newton, Mass., contain some very useful matter, which


have more weight among some English readers, thanks to the freshness of their Transatlantic word-clothing, than the more stereotyped books they are accustomed to.

I. A Manual of Instruction for Confirmation Classes has a great deal of excellent practical teaching. See Chapters iv. and vi., on 'Special Seasons, and Home Piety, bringing to bear the dogmatic teaching given upon everyday life.

II. À Manual of Church History is well drawn up, and on the whole is moderate and fair in its dealings with the Reformation, the Jesuits, Ultramontanism, &c. The chapter called 'Since the Reformation is interesting, and well written.

III. A Manual of Instruction on the Prayer-Book is interesting, from its bearing upon the Church's progress in America, and some of our English parochial readers may learn to value it and its PrayerBook more when seen through others' glasses.

IV. Questions about our Church is a little book intended for those outside the Church, who may be turning over in their minds the desirableness of joining her, and though not taking quite the highest ground possible, might be found very useful among Dissenters.

Each member of the whole batch will be likely, after its several fashion, to prove a useful addition to the parish tables of the parochiał clergy.


I. DEATH has been so much more busy with remarkable men abroad than has been the case at home that, contrary to our usual custom, we will commence our Annual Retrospect with the foreign rather than the domestic obituary.

Scarcely had the year opened when the new Kingdom of Italy lost, first, its most distinguished military commander, the General, La Marniora, familiar to all who remember the days of the Crimean War as having led the Italian Contingent which joined the English and French forces before Sebastopol, and a few days afterwards, at the moderate age of fifty-eight, the first King of the modern kingdom of Italy, Victor Emmanuel, who died January 9. Then, within a month, at the age of eighty-five, and after a pontificate of thirty-one years, passed away the spiritual potentate, who had so long and obstinately confronted the new King, Pope Pius the Ninth ; and almost immediately after him, the famous Jesuit astronomer and savant, Padre Secchi. But it has not only been in Italy that the

year 1878 has taken away the leading ecclesiastical characters. Early in October died Bishop Doupanloup, the ablest of French Bishops; and on October 24, Cardinal Cullen, aged 78, who had long directed the policy of the Roman Church in Ireland. Seldom, indeed, has a single year seen the departure of such a group of men, who had exercised so large an influence in such extensive spheres of action.

At home our greatest loss has been that of Bishop Selwyn, the great founder and organiser of the New Zealand Church, and whose Lichfield Episcopate, if not equally brilliant, was at least not unappreciated by those among whom he laboured with an untiring and unresting devotion, which left him no time or energy for work beyond his immediate diocese. The extraordinary demonstration of respect at his funeral in Lichfield ought to be chronicled, as showing that faithful labours, such as his, do not fail of their due estimation. To our human judgment, his removal was painfully inopportune, being just before the commencement of the second Congress of the Bishops of the Anglican Communion, in which he 'would have been the one great link between the Bishops of all its several branches. It is somewhat singular that his Episcopate at Lichfield exactly filled up the space between the first and second of these important gatherings. He died April 11, and was the only Diocesan Bishop of the Church in England who died during 1878. But October removed from us the first of the revived Suffragan Bishops, Bishop Mackenzie, of Nottingham; and Ireland has lost the Bishop of Cork, Dr. Gregg.

Supreme in his own way as Bishop Selwyn had been, perhaps ar. almost equally deep, though, of course, far less wide-spread feeling was excited at the death, on January 4, of Professor Mozley, whose general reputation had been lately so much increased by the publication of the now well-known volume of University Sermons, and the same month took away Mr. George Williams, vicar of Ringwood, best known through his keen interest in the affairs of the Eastern Church, and his long residence at Cambridge as Fellow of King's College.

Church architecture has lost Sir Gilbert Scott, whose fortune it had been to have superintended the restoration of nearly every English Cathedral, to say nothing of churches innumerable either built or restored, so that whatever else may have to be said of him it is certain that no other individual man has left so strong a mark upon the fabrics of the English Church. It should be added that he was the architect selected, after a European competition, to build the Hamburg Cathedral, after the great fire in that city of about forty years ago.

Other ecclesiastical names which deserve commemoration are those of Dr. Saunders, for five-and-twenty years Dean of Peterborough, a name deeply honoured by the elder among us, but for the last few years little heard of through failing health ; Dean Llewellin, of S. David's ; Dr. Jenkyns, Canon of Durham, and for many years Professor of Divinity in the University of Durham, and whose lectures in the first days of that University attracted so many Divinity students to it; Dr. Symons, ex-Warden of Wadham College, a face

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