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one corresponded to those of the other in the same formative period of their Iespective country's history. The same high ideals of patriotism fired the strong passions of both to consecrate their lives to the same noble cause of mankind. It is, therefore, with appropriate fitness, on this notable occasion, that we lin': to the name and fame of our immortal Washington, the name and fame of that other patriot, Irgentina's immortal San Jartín.
Jud now we, the posterity of the one, dedicate this memorial to you, the posterity of the other, and fervently exclaim: “ Viva la República !"
PRESENTATION OF THE STATUE BY THE AMERICAN MIXISTER.
The orator of the day bas well and eloquently expressed the feelings of our fellow-countrymen and countrywomen resident in the Argentine Republic towards the great Republic in which they live.
It is my privilege, on their behalf, to present the noble testimony of their sentiments, Before doing so I am happy to be able to read the following telegram:
“ THE WHITE HOUSE,
" Washington, July 4th. “ On the occasion of Your Excelleney's accepta nee of the monument to George Washington, presented to the Argentine Nation on this anniversary day of the independence of the United States by American citizens resident at Buenos Aires, in celebration of the centenary of Argentine independence, I offer to Your Excellency my congratulations on the progress made by the Argentine Wation and its high standing anong the nations of the world. I trust that Your Excellency will see in this noble monument a lasting evidence of the enduring friendship and goodwill which the American people entertain for the people of Argentina.
“ WOODROW WILson." I ask you, Mr. Minister, acting in the name of His Excellency the President, to accept this monument as our tribute to the glorious achievement of the first centenary of independence and of the esteem and friendship we entertain towards our great sister nation.
ACCEPTANCE OF THE STATUE BY THE MINISTER FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS.
The honour falls to me to interpret the sentiments of His Excellency the Presi. deut of the Nation and to give testimony of the gratitude of Argentina for the gift of this beautiful monument, which is destined to perpetuate in the eternal beauty of art the friendly participation of the North American residents in our Centenary celebrations.
It is a bappy and memorable circumstance that this ceremony should take place on the anniversary of that day on which, proelaiming the Independence of the United States, your forefathers gave life to a new nation which was des. tined to astonish the whole world by her marvellous progress. Nor is that circumstance less worthy of record that you should hare had the praise. worthy idea to offer us as your gift a statne of the noble American who stood and stands first in the affections of your fellow-citizens and whose memory is helil in veneration by all free men.
Washington holds high place in this, the fatherland of San Martin. His intellect and his work have received deep echo in the thoughts of our statesmen and in the spirit of our people from the earliest hours of Argentine nationality. He was a stimulant and an example to our ancestors. His effigy is the highest symbol of all that constitutes the greatness of your nation, which has inspired ours by the wisdom of her laws and the reality of her democracy.
Your Excellency: Gentlemen!
I express the wish that the statue of George Washington, rising amongst these trees, may help the children of the great northern Republic to feel more at home in this land from today onwaris und that every day the bonds of honest friendship which mite our countries may be strengthened more and more and that the policy of the two Governments may be urged towards the same ideal of liberty and justice.
The reply of His Excellency Doctor Roque Saenz Peña to the telegram of the President of the United States is as follows:
THE PRESIDENT OF ARGENTINA TO TIIE PRESIDENT.
In the person of Your Excellency I greet the great sister nation on the Occasion of the glorious anniversary of your Independence, and sincerely return thanks for your felicitous greetings to the Argentine Yation on this day, when we receive with satisfaction and gratitude the statue of the great Ameri(an, George Washington. It has given me great pleasure to assist at the mreiling of the monument consecrated to the immortal memory of the great Republic. Washington in Yorth America and San Martín in the South are examples of character and citizenship that have modelled the soul of new nationalities and guided their destinies. May the monument which I have just unveiled be an eternal symbol of friendship between these two nations, which are developing their dominions amid ideals of democracy and republicanism, I beg Your Excellency on this day of happy memory for America to accept the sentiments of friendship and sympathy of the Argentine Government and people for the people of the United States and for Your Excellency's personal wellbeing.
File No. 835.413127/10.
The American Consul General to the Secretary of State. No. 778.]
AMERICAN CONSULATE GENERAL,
Buenos Aires, July 18, 1913. Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith one of the bronze medals commemorating the presentation to the Argentine Nation of a statue of George Washington by American citizens resident in Argentina, for such disposition as the Department may care to make of it. I have [etc.]
R. M. BARTLEJAN. File No. 8:35,413W27/9.
The Secretary of State to the American Minister. No. 87.]
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, August 27, 1913. Sir: Referring to your No. 187, of July 5th last, the Department desires to say that it is directed by the President to ask you to convey to the George Washington Monument Committee of Buenos Aires an expression of his deep appreciation of its courtesy in forwarding to him the gold plaque struck to commemorate the dedication of the Washington monument at Buenos Aires on July 4th last. I am [etc.]
For Mr. Bryan:
J. B. MOORE. File No. $33,413W27/11. The Secretary of State to the American Consul General.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, September 13, 1913. Sir: Referring to your despatch No. 778 of July 18, 1913, there is mclosed for your information a copy of a letter from the Acting Librarian of Congress acknowledging the receipt of photographs and a bronze medal commemorating the presentation to the Argentine nation of a statue of George Washington, by American citizens resident in Argentina. I am (etc.)
For Mr. Bryan:
WILBUR J. CARR.
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS,
Washington, August 27, 1913. Sir: I beg to acknowledge the Department's letter of August 23,' with accompanying despatch from the American Consul-General at Buenos Aires, Argentina, transmitting a bronze medal (with three photographs) commemorating the presentation to the Argentine Nation of a statue of George Washing ton, by American citizens resident in Argentina.
I write for the Librarian to express our satisfaction in the possession of this medal, and our hearty acknowledgments to the Department for including this, the National Library of the United States, as the recipient of it.
We assume that no acknowledgment from the Library is to go to the Consul General. If one should be expedient, we shall be happy to transmit it. Very respectfully,
H. H. B. MEYER.
* Not printed.
NATURALIZATION CONVENTION OF 1871 VIOLATED BY THE ARREST AND IMPRISONMENT IN AUSTRIA-HUNGARY OF NATURALIZED AMERICAN CITIZENS ON THE CHARGE OF EVASION OF MILITARY SERVICE.
File No. 363.117R271.
The Secretary of State to the American Chargé d'Affaires. No. 305.]
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, July 16, 1913. Sir: The Department sends you herewith a copy of a letter' of July 9, from Mr. Morris Reich, of New York City, concerning the arrest in Galicia of his brother, Julius Reich, a naturalized citizen of the United States. It appears that his brother was kept in jail in Pruchnik from June 2 until June 6, and that his naturalization certificate, which was taken up by the local officials, as well as forty dollars which he was required to pay as a bond, was never returned to him. It appears further that this case has already been presented to you and that you have communicated with the Foreign Office in Vienna concerning it.
From the application upon which passport No. 3614 was issued to Julius Reich April 23, 1913, it appears that he was born in Lubaczow, Austria, August 15, 1888, emigrated to this country December 11, 1899, and obtained naturalization as a citizen of the United States in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York, April 28, 1911.
From the information before the Department it does not appear that Mr. Reich, who left Galicia and came to this country when a young boy, was liable to punishment under the provision of the second article of the Naturalization Convention of 1871 between the United States and Austria-Hungary. So far as the Department is informed the arrest and imprisonment of Mr. Reich and the retention of his naturalization certificate and bond were entirely unwarranted, and it is inferred that the apparent injustice was due to the error of overzealous local officials. If, as a result of your inquiries, this appears to be the case, you will please express the earnest hope of this Government that such instructions will be issued to the local officials that cases of this kind may not arise in the future. You will also ask for the immediate return of Mr. Reich's certificate of naturalization and the money referred to. I am [etc.]
For the Secretary of State:
J. B. MOORE.
* Not printed.
File No. 363.117/8.
The American Chargé d'Affaires to the Secretary of State. No. 514.]
Vienna, August 4, 1913. Sir: In view of the oft-recurring arrest and imprisonment in Austria-Hungary of naturalized American citizens on the charge of evasion of military service, and of the instructions contained in the last paragraph of the Department's No. 305 of the 16th ultimo. I addressed a note dated the 2nd instant to the Minister for Foreign Affairs, a copy of which is enclosed, calling his attention to the frequency of these cases and expressing the hope that the various local officials throughout the Dual Monarchy might be informed of the terms of the Treaty of Naturalization and instructed to give due and prompt consideration to the evidence presented in each case before having recourse to extreme measures.
During my interview with him on the same day I went more into detail, pointing out especially that the laws of Austria-Hungary granted no compensation or relief to persons unjustly arrested and held for trial, but provide only for cases of unjust conviction and punishment.
Count Berchtold promised to discuss the matter with the Minister of the Interior. I have [etc.]
The American Chargé d'Affaires to the Minister for Foreign Affairs. No. 418.]
l'icnna, August 2, 1913. Pursuant to instruction from his Government the undersigned, Chargé d'Affaires ad interim of the United States of America, has the honor to invite the attention of his excellency, Count Berchtold, Imperial & Royal Minister for Foreign Affairs, to the comparatively large number of cases of arrest and imprisonment of American citizens, former Austro-Hungarian subjects, whicli have occurred in the Dual Monarchy within recent months on the charge of cvision of military service.
In practically every instance proof has been given establishing the right of these persons to exemption from military service under the provisions of the Austro-Hungarian-American Naturalization Convention of 1871. It woull. :p pear that in the majority of cases ample proof of this fact was produced at the time of a rrest, but that in spite of this these persons have been subjected to the iridignity of imprisonment together with the sequestration of their papers uit funds, thereby inflicting on them, and often on their families, both inconvenience and loss.
While the American Government is in no wise desirous of either aiding or a hetting evasions of the just obligations of its naturalized citizens to the country of their origin, the undersigned veutures to express the hope that some means may be found by which the competent local authorities throughout the Dual Monarchy may be advised of the terms of the treaty of 1871 and that American citizens, born in Austria-Hungary, may be assured of il prompt examination of the evidence it hand before being deprived of either their property or liberty. The undersigned avails (etc.)