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INAUGURATION OF PRESIDENT MENOCAL.-PARTICIPATION IN
THE CEREMONIES OF A SPECIAL MISSION REPRESENTING THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
File No. 837.001M52/2.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, May 14, 1913. The personnel of the Special Mission to the inauguration of Presi. dent-elect Menocal is as follows:
Chief of Mission, Arthur M. Beaupré, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States at Habana, as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary on Special Mission, General Enoch H. Crowder, Judge Advocate General of the United States Army, as Representative on Special Mission, with rank of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary; and Mr. Dudley Field Malone, Third Assistant Secretary of State, as Representative on Special Mission, with rank of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary.
The Representatives, accompanied by their Secretary, Mr. Edward Bell, of the Division of Latin-American Affairs of the Department of State, will be conveyed from Key West to Habana on the U. S. S. Prairie. Make all necessary arrangements for their reception.
File No. 837.001M52/
The Acting Secretary of State to the American Minister.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, May 15, 1913. The Legation staff is hereby attached to the Special Mission.
File No. 837.001 M52/7.
The American Minister to the Secretary of State.
Habana, May 15, 1913. In the absence of instructions on the subject, Mr. Gibson will go to Key West to confer with the Special Representatives on the details of the mission, to expedite definite arrangements on arrival.
File No. 837.001M52/13.
The Cuban Chargé d'Affaires to the Acting Secretary of State.
LEGATION OF CUBA,
Washington, May 20, 1913. Sir: By order of my Government I have the honor of informing you that on this day Major General Mario G. Menocal and Doctor Enrique José Varona, President and Vice President elect of the Republic, respectively, have taken possession of the offices.
T'he Cabinet is composed of the following:
General Emilio Núñez, Secretary of Agriculture, Commerce and Labor:
Doctor Ezequiel Garcia Enseñat, Secretary of Public Instruction and Fine Arts;
Doctor Enrique Núñez, Secretary of Health and Charities; and
MANUEL DE LA VEGA.
Tile No. 837.001 M52, f. w.
Report of the Secretary of the Special Mission.
May 18. Arrived Key West 8 a. m. Met by Captain E. E. Hayden, U. S. N., Commandant of Key West Naval Station, and Mr. Hugh S. Gibson, First Secretary, American Legation, Habana, who had been sent over by Mr. Beaupré to meet the envoys. Arrived Habana 4:30 p. m. Salutes exchanged with Cabaña fortress. Met at ship by the Honorable A. M. Beaupré, United States Minister and Chief of Special Mission; Colonel Slocum, United States Military Attaché; Mr. F. T. Coxe, Second Secretary, United States Legation; Mr. Patterson, Sub-Secretary of State of Cuba; Senator Coronado. Secretary of Cuban Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, who came as the personal representative of the President-elect; Mr. J. L. Rodgers, American Consul General; and Señor Carrillo, attached to the Special Mission. Salute of seventeen guns fired as the Special Mission left the ship.
May 19. At 9:45 the Special Mission, attended by staff and attachés, called upon Sr. Sanguily, Secretary of State, and conversed for about twenty minutes. They then repaired by motor to the Finca América, Calabazar, about eighteen miles south of Habana, to call upon President Gómez. Mr. Beaupré, in presenting his col. leagues made a short address to President Gómez:
Address of the Special Mission to the retiring President, José M. Gómez, and
the reply of President Gómez.'
MB. PRESIDENT: Acting in accordance with the wishes of the President of the Crited States, we are present today as an evidence of the intimate and friendly interest of the American people and their Government in the welfare and prosperity of Cuba. We take pleasure, therefore, in extending to you the good wishes of the people of the United States and the sincere compliments of their President that you have maintained and are handing over to your successor a Government of law and order and a form of republican government which the people of the United States will be glad to see develop and prevail to the lasting good of the Cuban nation.
President Gómez replied as follows:
MR. MINISTER : I am very much gratified to hear from your excellency's lips in your quality as Chief of the Special Mission sent by the President of the United States of America in courteous reciprocation of that which I had the satisfaction of sending to Washiugton upon the occasion of a similar event, the gracious remarks which, in expressing the wishes and sentiments of the great citizen who is now the head of the American nation wisely and gloriously to guide its destinies, are the assurance of the noble interest which the people and Government of the United States of America so sincerely feel for the happiness and prosperity of the Cuban nation and the serurity of its republican institutions.
In transferring within a few hours hence the Presidency of the Republic to my illustrious successor, nothing can be more pleasing to me than the solemn and encouraging remarks which you have just made, and I pray your excellency will convey to President Wilson my grateful appreciation as a Cuban and my sincere wishes for his personal welfare and for the enduring prosperity and greatness of the American nation in the deserved and unalterable affection of her other sisters of this bemisphere, for the good of humanity and the glory of civilization.
Mr. Beaupré then introduced his colleagues and staff. Informal conversation followed and finally, champagne being served, President Gómez proposed a toast to the President and people of the United States, their progress, prosperity and peace. Mr. Malone proposed the health of the President of Cuba and the welfare of the Cuban people. The party then returned to Habana.
May 20. At 9:45 the Special Mission and staff, accompanied by Commander Scales of the U.S. S. Prairie, repaired to the Senate Chamber to witness the inauguration of Vice President Varona. Seats were reserved in front row. After this ceremony the Special Mission, staff, etc., went to the Palace, where they were received by President Gómez, and remained in conversation with friends till noon.
The following congratulatory telegram from the President of the United States to the incoming President was received by General Menocal:
The President to the President of Cuba.'
THE WHITE HOUSE,
Washington, May 20, 1913. T'pon this anniversary of the independence of the Cuban nation and the Occasion of Your Excellency's inauguration, permit me to add to the message of cordial friendship conveyed by the Ministers of the United States on Special Mission my own sincerest felicitation, and also to extend my best wishes that this Government's sister Republic of Cuba may, under your administration, have great prosperity. Pray accept my own cordial wishes for your continued health and happiness.
1 File No. 837.001M52/10.
* File No. 837.001M52/16A.
To this General Menocal replied:
The President of Cuba to the President.'
HABANA, Jay 20, 1913. It has been for me special cause of congratulation, after the delivery of the noble message of cordial friendship by the Ministers of the United States on Special Mission, to receive the telegram by which Your Excellency sent me your sincere felicitations and wishes for the success of my administration and the prosperity of Cuba. Profoundly grateful to Your Excellency, I renew to you my sentiments of cordial friendship and my aim to have the ties that bind Cuba to the United States drawn closer and closer. Accept, Excellency, my sincere wishes for your health and happiness.
MENOCAL. At noon General Menocal arrived to take the oath of office. President Gómez made a short speech turning over his office; General Menocal replied, and the oath of office was administered by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. President Menocal and General Gómez then repaired to a balcony overlooking Palace Square to receive the acclamations of the crowd. Colonel de la Torriente then took oath as Secretary of State. During the ceremonies the Special Mission and staff occupied a reserved enclosure immediately in front of the dais on which the President, retiring President, Supreme Court, etc., were standing.
On returning from the balcony, President Menocal retired with his Cabinet for a short consultation, after which he returned to the State Room and passed through to the Red Room. He thereupon despatched an aide-de-camp to invite the attendance of the Special Mission of the United States of America. On entering the Red Room, Mr. Beaupré in a few words informed President Menocal of the object of the mission:
Address of the Chief of the Special Mission to the President of Cuba, Jario G.
MR. PRESIDENT: It is my distinguished honor to hand to Your Excellency the letters by which the President of the United States accredits me and my col. leagues on special mission near your Government. At the same time I beg to extend to you our sincere congratulations and our good wishes for the wel. fare of your Government.
My colleague Mr. Malone will deliver to Your Excellency a personal message of congratulation and good will from the President of the United States, whose clese friend and representative he is. The terms and significance of this message afford sincere gratification to me and to my colleagues.
He then presented the letter accrediting him and his colleagues:
Letter of credence from the President, accrediting the Special Mission to the
President of Cuba.
GREAT AND GOOD FRIEND: Desiring to manifest the intimate interest of the United States in the welfare of the Cuban Nation and to emphasize the close and special relationship between the two countries, I have made choice of Arthur M. Beaupré, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States to Cuba, Brigadier General Enoch H, Crowder, Judge Advocate General of the Army, and Dudley Field Malone, Third Assistant Secretary of State, three of our distinguished citizens, as my special representatives, each with the
· File No. 837.001M52/17.
rank of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, on the occasion of the inauguration of Your Excellency to the Chief Magistracy of the Republic of Cuba.
I have entire confidence that they will render themselves acceptable to Your Excellency in the distinguished duty with which I have invested them,
I therefore request Your Excellency to receive them favorably and to accept from them the assurance of the high regard and friendship entertained for Your Excellency and the Government and People of Cuba by the Government and L'eople of the United States, and of my best wishes for your personal welfare and the prosperity of the Republic over which you have been called to preside. Your Good Friend,
WOODROW WILSON. . By the President:
W. J. BRYAN,
Secretary of State. WASHINGTON, May 14, 1913.
Mr. Malone then read the President's greeting, as follows: Address in behalf of the President, by Mr. Malone, Minister on Special Mission,
to the President of Cuba. MR. PRESIDENT: We congratulate you on this significant occasion, when, fol. lowing a closely contested election and an orderly and peaceful transfer of power from the party hitherto in control to an opposition party, you come to preside over the destinies of the Cuban people. This orderly transmission of authority is most gratifying and seems to indicate that the Cuban people bave successfully undergone one of the severest tests of republican government. • We bring you a cordial message of good will and encouragement in the duties which now fall to you, and we wish to express the hearty sympathy of the American people with every element of good government in Cuba. It is the wish and purpose of the President of the United States and of the Government 'which he represents to support firm and just government as against all elements 'of disorder. • As was stated by President Wilson in March last in his declaration of the poliey "that would be followed by the United Statene chief objects of his ad
its relations with its sister republics in the western hemisphere,' one of ministration will be to cultivate their friendship, to deserve their confidence, and to promote in every proper and honorable way the interests which are common to our respective countries.
The President earnestly desires the most cordial understanding and coöperation between the United States and Cuba. He believes that such coöperation is possible only when supported at every turn by just government based upon law. upon the consent of the governed, and upon public conscience. He will seek to make these principles and a firm opposition to all arbitrary or irregular force the basis of our mutual intercourse.
The American people are the friends of peace and can have no sympathy with tliose who seek to seize the power of government in order to advance their personal, ambitions. There can be no lasting peace in such circumstances. As friends who prefer the interests of peace and honor, the protection of privato rights and respect for the restraints of constitutional provisions, mutual respect must continue to be the foundation of the friendship which exists between 18.
The United States has nothing to seek in Cuba except the lasting interest of the people, the security of popular government and the development of such personal and commercial relations between Cuba and the United States as will redound to the profit and advantage of both and interfere with the right and liberties of neither.
In reiterating to you, Mr. President, these friendly assurances of the President of the United States, we desire to emphasize the carnestness and sincerity with which the people and the Government of the United States, as represented by their President, desire that the future of the Cuban nation shall be one of uninterrupted advance toward peace, prosperity and security. Our message is one of cordial friendship and felicitation. May Cuba, under your guidance, rise yet another stage upon her progress towards settled peace, happiness and contentment.
· See p. 7.
140322°-F R 1913-22