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General Menocal replied as follows: Reply of President Menocal to the Address by the Minister on Special Mission.


MESSIEURS ENVOYS EXTRAORDINARY AND MINISTERS PLENIPOTENTIARY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ON SPECIAL MISSION: It is a high honor to me to receive from the hands of your excellencies the letters of credence by which the President of the United States accredits you on special inission near my Gov. err ment, and, while expressing my deep appreciation of your sincere congratulaticus, I pray for your personal weal.

In receiving from one of you—from Mr. Malone the personal message of congratulation and good wishes from the President of the United States, whose close friend and representative he is, I cannot refrain from asking you to in. form your Président that the terms and significance of his message are the source of the greatest satisfaction to me and to my Government.

It is indeed a source of gratification to all who feel an interest in the future of the Cuban Republic, that, following a closely contested election in which both sides invariably showed profound respect for the laws, the transmission of power from the party hitherto in control to the party whose candidates triumphed at the polls and which, in cooperation with me, will henceforth govern Cuba, should have been accomplished in a manner so orderly and peaceful. The Cuban people have shown by this impressive act, so satisfactorily carried out a few minutes since, that they have successfully faced one of the most difficult trials of the republican form of government which we enjoy.

The happy fact that all the inhabitants of Cuba, and particularly their politieal organizations, have contributed to this normal transmission of the powers of government which your excellencies have just witnessed leads us to hope that the hearty sympathy which your excellencies express to me in the name of the American people with every element of good government in Cuba may never need be translated into the necessity for material support of the firm and just government which all Culans, without distinction of political creed, notv hope we may ever enjoy. The remarks which you have just delivered in the name of the United States persuade me and all Cubans, to an even greater degree than ever before, that the nation which so decisively contributed to the birth of the Cuban Republic has not for a single moment wa vered in its interest in the welfare of our people...

The relations between the great and small nations of the earth cannot be enduring and cordial save as they are inspired in a common feeling of respect and justice and, principally, a willingness on the part of the strong to help the weak. Hence the great significance for Cuba of the assurance which you give in President Wilson's name that he desires the most cordial coöperation between Cuba and the United States and that he believes that such coöperation is possible only when supported at every turn by just government based upon law, upon the consent of the governed, and upon public confidence, wherefore he will seek to make these principles and a firm opposition to all arbitrary or irregular force the basis of our mutual intercourse.

The purpose of Cuba, and, in her behalf, of my Government this day inaugurated, to maintain the most cordial relations with all the governments of the world necessarily leads her to cultivate by the most honorable and appropriate means the interests which are common to the peoples who inhabit this western hemisphere, destined to such a large share in the great civilization of which we form part. And in order that all may coöperate for the accomplishment of the purposes which President Wilson announced in his statements of last March, it is also indispensable that all shall feel that they are protected in their rights as truly free and independent peoples who while conscious of their rights are equally cognizant and mindful of their international obligations. Such are the bases of that mutual respect if it is to endure. This respect fortunately already exists, and I am more than ever confident that President Wilson and I will jointly strive to augment it-he as the head of one of the greatest nations of the earth, and I as the head of one of the smallest, but equal in our common sense of right and duty.

The United States has already given to the world palpable proofs of her great concern in the lasting interest of my people and Government, and there, fore President Wilson and I will, I am sure, during the terms of our respective

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administrations, find the means of developing, to a greater extent even than nou, such personal and commercial relations between Cuba and the United States as will redound, to the advantage of both countries and interfere with the rights and liberties of neither people.

I pray your excellencies will undertake to convey to President Wilson and the great and noble American people who did so much for Cuba in her days of greatest woe, along with our compliments, the most profound and cordial assurance of the sincere and loyal friendship of the Cuban people, of their Government, and of myself personally; and that at the same time you will express to President Wilson my best wishes for his personal happiness.

Mr. Beaupré presented his colleagues and staff; complimentary remarks were exchanged, and the Special Mission and staff retired.

At 7.30 p. m. Mr. and Mrs. Beaupré gave a dinner at the Legation in honor of the newly appointed Secretary of State, Colonel de la Torriente. Besides the Special Mission and staff there were present Mrs. Torriente, Mr. Montoro, appointed Presidential Secretary, and Mrs. Montoro, Mr. Patterson, Sub-Secretary of State, and Mrs. Patterson, Doctor Desvernine, of the Cuban Special Mission to the inauguration of the President, and Mr. Rivero, Chief of same and Cuban Minister to Washington.

May 21. At 9 a. m. Mr. Malone repaired to the Caballería wharf to embark. Besides the other members of the Special Mission and staff, Mr. Torriente, Secretary of State, and Mr. Patterson, Sub-Secretary of State, were present to bid him good-bye. On arrival on board, Mr. Malone was rendered a Minister's salute.

President Menocal, desirous of expressing in the highest degree his appreciation of the sending of the Special Mission to his inauguration, attached on this day, his first in office, two officers as A. D. C. to the Special Envoys remaining in Habana: Captain de Cárdenas to Mr. Beaupré, Major Silva to General Crowder.

In the evening a gala performance was given at the Opera in honor of President Menocal, which he attended with the members of his family. The audience was large and brilliant and all the Cabinet, most of the diplomatic corps, and a great number of prominent Habanese were present. Two boxes were placed at the disposal of the Special Mission and the entire personnel thereof (except Mr. Malone) attended : Mr. and Mrs. Beaupré; General Crowder;. Mr. Bell; Mr. Gibson; Colonel and Mrs. Slocum; Mr. Coxe; Major Silva; Captain de Cárdenas; Mr. Carrillo.

May 22. The only official function on this day was a banquet given br the Secretary of State and Señora de la Torriente at the Department of State to the Special Mission. Besides Mr. Beaupré, General Crowder and the staff of the Special Mission there were present the Vice President of Cuba; the retiring Vice President; most of the Cabinet and their wives; the retiring Secretary of State; the Sub-Secretary of State, and several Senators and Deputies; also the Mayor, the Speaker and the ex-Speaker-a thoroughly representative gathering of the most prominent people in official life in Cuba. There were no speeches.

May 23. General Crowder, accompanied by Mr. Bell, left on the P. &0. Mascotte for Key West. Mr. Beaupré and the staff of the Special Mission and the Legation were present to bid farewell to General Crowder, as well as the Secretary and Sub-Secretary of State of Cuba, several other officials, and a number of personal friends.

File No. 837.001M52/21.

No. 22.]

The Cuban Chargé d'Affaires to the Secretary of State.



Washington, June 3, 1913. Sir: I have the honor to send you, together with the office copy, the autograph letter which, upon the occasion of his assumption of the functions of the Executive Power, the Honorable General Mario G. Menocal directs to His Excellency the President of the United States, the Honorable Woodrow Wilson. I beg you to forward it to its high destination, and I avail [etc.]



The President of Cuba to the President.


Habana, May 20, 1913. GREAT AND GOOD FRIEND: I have the honor to inform Your Excellency that as a result of the general national elections on the first day of November of one thousand nine hundred twelve I was proclaimed on the twenty-first of last April by the Senate and House of Representatives in Congress assembled President of the Republic during the period from one thousand nine hundred thirteen to one thousand nine hundred sixteen.

And having on this day taken the oath required by the Constitution upon assuming the exercise of the Executive Power, I am glad to assure you that from the high post which I have been called to take by the vote of my fellowcitizens, it will be my invariable desire to strengthen the friendly relations that so happily exist between our Countries and Governments.

I earnestly wish prosperity for your Nation and personal happiness for Your Excellency, of whom, Great and Good Friend,

I am,

Your Good Friend,



Secretary of State.

File No. 837.001M52/21.

The Secretary of State to the American Minister. No. 239.1


Washington, June 23, 1913. SIR: I enclose, with office copy, a letter addressed by the President to His Excellency General Mario G. Menocal, acknowledging his letter of May 20 last in which he announced his election on November 1 last to the Presidency of the Republic of Cuba and his entrance upon the duties of that office.

You will forward the copy to the Foreign Office and deliver the original in the manner most agreeable to His Excellency. I am [etc.]

For the Secretary of State:



The President to the President af Cuba. GREAT AND GOOD FRIEND: I have received the letter of the 20th of May last, In which Your Excellency announced your election, on the 1st of November last, to the Presidency of the Republic of Cuba and your entrance upon the duties of the office.

I cordially reciprocate the sentiments you express for the continuance of the friendly relations which have heretofore existed between the United States and Cuba, and I assure Your Excellency of my best wishes for your personal welfare and for the prosperity of the Republic over which you have been called to preside. Your Good Friend,

By the President:

Secretary of State.
WASHINGTON, June 18, 1913.




The American Minister to the Secretary of State.

No. 612.]


Habana, January 29, 1913. SIR: Referring to previous correspondence in regard to the socalled insurrectionary claims of British, French and German subjects against the Republic of Cuba, I have the honor to report that President Gómez has addressed a message to Congress in request of authorization to arbitrate these claims. There is little, if any, likelihood of action by Congress during the present session which, if the custom of former years is observed, will adjourn some time next month reconvening the first Monday in April. I have [etc.]


File No. 437.00/47,

No. 654.]


Ilabana, March 15, 1913. Sir: Referring to my despatch No. 612, of January 29, 1913, reporting [etc.] I have the honor further to report that bills carrying out the President's recommendation have been drafted by the committees on Foreign Affairs, and Justice and Codes, and submitted to the House for consideration.

Both bills in effect contemplate authorizing the President of the Republic to enter into an agreement with the powers concerned for submitting to arbitration the principle involved, that is to say, whether the Republic of Cuba is responsible for damages to property of British, German and French subjects alleged to have been caused by Cuban revolutionary forces in the war of 1895–98. The bill of the Committee on Foreign Affairs authorizes the Executive to enter into an agreement with the interested powers, in the event that the arbitration is decided against Cuba, for the appointment of a commission to which determination of the individual claims shall be referred. This bill further provides that, after the commission in question shall have completed its labors, its findings shall be submitted to Congress for approval in accordance with the first transitory provision” of the Constitution. The bill of the Committee on Justice and Codes provides that in the event of a decision unfavorable to Cuba, the Executive shall enter into agreement with the claimant powers for the determination of individual claims by a commission, which agreement shall be submitted to the Senate for approval in accordance article 47 of the Constitution.” It contains no provision for the ultimate submittal of the findings of this commission to Congress, as does the bill of the Committee on Foreign Affairs. I have [etc.]

* Continued from For. Rel. 1912, pp. 276–293.


File No. 437.00/48.

No. 655.]


Habana, March 18, 1913. Sir: Referring to my despatch No. 654 of the 15th instant (etc.), I have the honor to report that at yesterday's session of the House the bill of the Committee on Foreign Affairs was approved and now goes to the Senate for action.

The text of this bill is as follows:

Article 1. The President of the Republic may enter into an agreement of arbitration with the accredited representatives of the Governments of Germany, England and France, for the purpose of determining whether the Republic of Cuba may be held responsible for damages to property of subjects of those nations alleged to have been caused by the revolutionary forces during the war of 1895-98.

Article 2. In the event that the tribunal of arbitration shall decide against the contention of the Republic of Cuba that the Republic is in no wise liable for the aforesaid damages, the President of the Republic is hereby authorized to enter into an agreement with the Governments of Germany, England and France for the formation of a commission to consider and pass upon claims filed in due time and form by subjects of those nations; the findings of which commission shall be duly submitted to the consideration and approval of the Congress of the Republic in conformity with the terms of the first transitory provision of the Constitution. I have [etc.]


File No. 437.00/49.

[Telegram-Paraphrase. )


Ilabana, March 27, 1913. The Cuban Senate yesterday approved House arbitration bill quoted in my No. 655 of March 18.


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